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{{FamilySearch_Collection
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{{breadcrumb
|CID=CID2019835
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| link1= [[United States Genealogy|United States]]
|title=Georgia, Andersonville Prison Records, 1864-1865
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| link2=
|location=
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| link3=
|scheduled=}}<br>
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| link4=
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| link5= [[Georgia, United States Genealogy|Georgia]]
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}}
  
== Record Description  ==
 
  
This collection contains images of records of Federal (Union) prisoners of war confined at Andersonville prison 1864-1865. The collection consists of prison hospital admissions, death and burial records, registers of prison departures, prisoner claims for reimbursements, and consolidated monthly reports. This collection is NARA microfilm publication M1303 and is from Record Group 249 Records of the Commissary General of Prisoners.
+
{{US NARA HR Infobox
 +
| CID=CID2019835
 +
| title=Georgia, Andersonville Prison Records, 1862-1865 
 +
| location=Georgia
 +
| LOC_01 =Georgia
 +
| LOC_02 =Sumter
 +
| LOC_03 =
 +
| record_type = Prisoner of War Records 
 +
| record_group_nr =249
 +
| record_group_title =[https://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/249.html Records of the Commissary General of Prisoners]
 +
| start_year = 1864
 +
| end_year = 1865
 +
| micro_pub_nr =M1303
 +
| micro_pub_title =Selected Records of the War Department Commissary General of Prisoners Relating to Federal Prisoners of War Confined at Andersonville, GA, 1864-65
 +
| micro_pub_rolls = 6
 +
| micro_pub_nr_02 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_02 =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_02 =
 +
| micro_pub_nr_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_nr_04 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_04 =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_04 =
 +
| coll_series =
 +
| arrangement =
 +
| NAID = [https://catalog.archives.gov/id/576 576] 
 +
| language =
 +
| FS_URL_01 =[[Union Prisoner of War Records]] 
 +
| FS_URL_02 =[[Georgia Genealogy (state)]]
 +
| FS_URL_03 =[[Georgia Archives and Libraries]]
 +
| FS_URL_04 =[[United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865|United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865]]
 +
| FS_URL_05 =[https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/results?count=20&placeId=354&query=%2Bplace%3A%22United%20States%2C%20Georgia%22%20%2Bkeywords%3Aprison FamilySearch Library Catalog].
 +
| FS_URL_06 =[[Georgia Research Tips and Strategies]]
 +
| FS_URL_07 =[[Step-by-Step Georgia Research, 1880-Present]]
 +
| FS_URL_08 =
 +
| FS_URL_09 =
 +
| FS_URL_10 =
 +
| RW_URL_01 =[http://www.nps.gov/ande/learn/historyculture/documenting_union_pows.htm National Park Service Documenting Prisoners of War held at Andersonville]
 +
| RW_URL_02 =[https://www.civilwar.org/learn/articles/andersonville-prison Civil War Trust: Andersonville Prison]
 +
| RW_URL_03 =[https://www.nps.gov/ande/learn/historyculture/camp_sumter.htm Camp Sumter/ Andersonville Prison]
 +
| RW_URL_04 =[https://www.nps.gov/ande/learn/historyculture/camp_sumter_history.htm History of the Andersonville Prison]
 +
| RW_URL_05 =[https://www.nps.gov/ande/learn/historyculture/documenting_union_pows.htm Documenting Prisoners of War held at Andersonville]
 +
| RW_URL_06 =[https://www.nps.gov/civilwar/soldiers-and-sailors-database.htm Soldiers and Sailors Database]
 +
| RW_URL_07 =[https://archive.org/details/listofunionsoldi01atwa Buried at Andersonville]
 +
| RW_URL_08 =[http://civilwarprisoners.com/search.php?database=andersonville Civil War Prisoners]
 +
| RW_URL_09 =
 +
}}
  
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
+
== What is in This Collection? ==
 +
The Georgia, Andersonville Prison Records, 1864–1865 collection contains images of records of Federal (Union) prisoners of war confined at Andersonville Prison in Georgia during the last 14 months of the Civil War. The collection consists of prison hospital admissions, death and burial records, registers of prison departures, prisoner claims for reimbursements, and consolidated monthly reports. This collection is part of the National Archives and Records (NARA) microfilm publication M1303 and is from Record Group 249 [https://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/249.html Records of the Commissary General of Prisoners.] The microfilm publication for M1303 can be located and downloaded from [https://eservices.archives.gov/orderonline/start.swe?SWECmd=Login&SWECM=S&SRN=&SWEHo=eservices.archives.gov the National Archives Microfilm Resources for Research: A Comprehensive Catalog.]
 +
Microfilm Publication 1303 includes the following NAIDs:
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.  
+
{| class="wikitable"
 +
! NAID No !! NARA Title
 +
|-
 +
| *[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/597573 597573] || Registers of Federal Prisoners of War
 +
|-
 +
| *[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/597574 597874 ] || Registers of Federal Prisoners of War Admitted to the Hospital
 +
|-
 +
| *[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/597575 597575] || Statements of Money Claimed by Federal Prisoners of War
 +
|-
 +
| *[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/597579  597579] || List of Funds Claimed by Federal Prisoners of War
 +
|-
 +
| *[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/597581 597581] || Consolidated Monthly Reports of Federal Prisoners of War
 +
|-
 +
| *[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/597583 597583] || Register of Federal Prisoners of War Admitted to the Hospital
 +
|-
 +
| *[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/597584 597584] || Registers of Deaths and Burials of Federal Prisoners of War
 +
|-
 +
| *[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/597586 597586] || Registers of Deceased Federal Prisoners of War
 +
|-
 +
| *[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/597590 597590] || Lists of Deceased Federal Prisoners of War
 +
|-
 +
| *[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/597595 597595] || Partial Name Index to Records of Federal Prisoners of War Interred
 +
|-
 +
| *[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/617230 617230] || Morning Reports of Federal Prisoners of War
 +
|}
 +
===General Information About Andersonville Prison===
 +
Andersonville Prison was built at the Confederate garrison of Camp Sumter just outside of Andersonville, Sumter County, Georgia in 1864. Built as a more secure location for Federal prisoners of war located in Richmond, Virginia, Andersonville was the largest Confederate Prisoner of War cam. The prison housed 45,000 prisoners during its 14 months of operation. Andersonville was designed to house a maximum of 10,000 prisoners, but received as many as 400 prisoners a day, housed an average of 22,000–26,000 prisoners, and held 32,000 prisoners during its peak operation of August of 1864.  
  
{{Collection citation
+
The location of Andersonville Prison was chosen because it was in an area with a more abundant food supply; however, due to deteriorating war conditions the Confederate army was unable to provide adequate housing, food, clothing, or medical care to the soldiers held captive at Andersonville. Because of deteriorating conditions and a breakdown of the prisoner exchange system, the soldiers at Andersonville endured much suffering, and there was a high mortality rate. Many of the prisoners at Andersonville were moved to other prison camps throughout the South after Sherman’s march through Georgia. Andersonville was closed in April–May of 1865 after General Robert E. Lee surrendered to General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse in Virginia.
| text = <!--bibdescbegin-->Federal Archives and Records Center. "Andersonville Prison Records". NARA publication microfilm publication number M1303 United States Federal Archives and Records Center, Washington, DC.<!--bibdescend-->
 
}}
 
  
[[Georgia, Andersonville Prison Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
+
===To Browse This Collection===
  
== Record Content  ==
+
{{Collection_Browse_Link
 
+
|CID=CID2019835
'''The key genealogical facts vary in these records. However, they generally include the following:'''
+
|title=Georgia, Andersonville Prison Records, 1862-1865
 +
}}
  
[[Image:Georgia, Andersonville Prison Record DGS 7012077 38.jpg|thumb|right|240x380px]]
+
==What Can These Records Tell Me?==
 +
The following information may be found in these records:
  
 +
'''Prison'''
 
*Name of prisoner  
 
*Name of prisoner  
 
*Date of entry in the report, list, or ledger  
 
*Date of entry in the report, list, or ledger  
 
*Reason for entry in the repost, list, or ledger
 
*Reason for entry in the repost, list, or ledger
 
'''Depending on the list, the following information may also be included:'''
 
 
 
*Birth date and place  
 
*Birth date and place  
 
*Death date and place  
 
*Death date and place  
Line 43: Line 117:
 
*Release or transfer date
 
*Release or transfer date
  
== How to Use the Record ==
+
==Collection Content ==
 
+
=== Sample Image ===
To begin your search you will need to know the full name of the soldier and some other identifying information such as age, birth, or death date.
+
<gallery>
 
+
Image:Georgia, Andersonville Prison Record DGS 7012077 38.jpg|
If you are having difficulty finding your ancestor, look for variations in the spelling of the name. If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names. You may also want to search the records of other prisons.
+
</gallery>
 
 
==== Search the Collection ====
 
 
 
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:<br>
 
⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page<br>
 
⇒Select the "Document Type" <br>
 
⇒Select the "Volume, description, date, and range" which takes you to the images<br>
 
 
 
Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.
 
 
 
==== Using the Information ====
 
 
 
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. This information will often lead you to other records. For example:  
 
 
 
*Death dates may lead to death certificates, mortuary, or burial records.  
 
*Use the age to calculate an approximate birth date.
 
*Use the birth date or age along with the prior residence, enlistment place, or place of birth to locate census, church, and land records.
 
*Place of enlistment or previous residence may lead to other military or pension records. Be aware that Confederate pensions were awarded by the individual states.
 
*Prisoners who enlisted in the United States military may have service records or pensions from the United States.
 
 
 
You may also find these search tips helpful:
 
  
*Compile a list of other prisoners with the same surname. If the surname is uncommon, they may be relatives.
+
== How Do I Search This Collection?  ==
*When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
+
Before searching this collection, it is helpful to know:
 +
*The name of the soldier
 +
*The date of the event
  
== Related Websites  ==
+
=== View the Images ===
 +
View images in this collection by visiting the '''{{RecordSearch|2019835|Browse Page|access=browse}}''':
 +
# Select the '''Document Type'''
 +
# Select  the '''Volume, Description, Date, and Range''' to view the images.
 +
<br>
 +
{{Tip|More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/2019835 Georgia, Andersonville Prison Records, 1862-1865]. Some catalog records link to multiple references. In this case, click on a reference to find a camera icon to see images.}}
  
*[http://www.americanwars101.com/pow/1861-1865.html Union and Confederate Prisoner of War Camps]
+
=== How Do I Analyze the Results? ===
 +
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a [[Use_Appropriate_Forms#Prepare_a_Research_Log | research log]].
  
== Related Wiki Articles ==
+
== What Do I Do Next? ==
 +
=== I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now? ===
 +
*Use the age to calculate a birth date and to find other records such as birth, christening, census, land and death
 +
*Search for military service records
 +
*Search for military pension records
 +
=== I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking For, What Now? === 
 +
*Try viewing the original record to see if there were errors in the transcription of the name, age, residence, etc.  Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name
 +
*Collect entries for every person who has the same surname.  This list can help you identify possible relations that can be verified by records
 +
*If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby locality  
 +
*Standard spelling of names typically did not exist during the periods our ancestors lived in. Try variations of your ancestor’s name while searching the index or browsing through images
 +
*Remember that sometimes individuals went by [http://usgenweb.org/research/nicknames.html nicknames] or alternated between using first and middle names
 +
=== Record Finder===
 +
Consult the [[Georgia Research Tips and Strategies]] and its Record Finder to search other records
  
*[[Union Prisoner of War Records]]
+
== Related Digital Books ==
*[[United States Civil Records|United States Civil War]]
 
*[[United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865|United States Civil War, 1861-1865]]
 
*[[United States Civil War 1861 to 1865, Part 2|United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865, Part 2]]
 
  
== Contributions to This Article  ==
+
*[https://dcms.lds.org/delivery/DeliveryManagerServlet?dps_pid=IE1220563&from=fhd Iowa Monuments Rolls of Iowa Soldiers Buried at Andersonville]
 +
*[https://dcms.lds.org/delivery/DeliveryManagerServlet?dps_pid=IE5952054&from=fhd FamilySearch Digital Books Pennsylvania at Andersonville]
 +
*[https://dcms.lds.org/delivery/DeliveryManagerServlet?dps_pid=IE2110108&from=fhd FamilySearch Digital Books Report of the Michigan Andersonville Monument Commission]
  
{{Contributor_invite}}
+
== Citing this Collection  ==
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.
 +
 +
;Collection Citation:"Georgia, Andersonville Prison Records, 1862-1865." Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. <nowiki>http://FamilySearch.org</nowiki> : 14 June 2016. Citing NARA microfilm publication M1303. Washington D.C.: National Archives, n.d.
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
+
{{Image_Citation}}
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].
+
'''[[#top|Top of Page]]'''
  
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
+
== How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki? ==
  
{{Incomplete Citations}}  
+
{{Contributor_invite}}
  
“Argentina, Buenos Aires, Catholic Church Records, 1635-1981,” images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org: accessed 28 February, 2012), La Plata &gt; San Ponciano &gt; Matrimonios 1884-1886 &gt; image 71 of 389 images, Artemio Avendano and Clemtina Peralta, 1884; citing Parroquia de San Ponciano en la Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina, Matrimonios. San Ponciano, La Plata.
+
[[Category:NARA_Military_Records]]
 +
[[Category:United States FamilySearch Historical Records]]

Latest revision as of 20:10, 20 June 2018

United States
Georgia


Access the Records
Georgia, Andersonville Prison Records, 1862-1865
CID2019835
{{{CID2}}}
{{{CID3}}}
{{{CID4}}}
{{{CID5}}}
{{{CID6}}}
{{{CID7}}}
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Sumter, Georgia, United States
United States flag.png
Flag of the United States of America
NARA seal300.jpg
Seal of the National Archives
Record Description
Record Type Prisoner of War Records
Record Group RG 249: Records of the Commissary General of Prisoners
Collection years 1864-1865
Microfilm Publication M1303. Selected Records of the War Department Commissary General of Prisoners Relating to Federal Prisoners of War Confined at Andersonville, GA, 1864-65. 6 rolls.
National Archives Identifier 576
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
National Archives and Records Administration


What is in This Collection?

The Georgia, Andersonville Prison Records, 1864–1865 collection contains images of records of Federal (Union) prisoners of war confined at Andersonville Prison in Georgia during the last 14 months of the Civil War. The collection consists of prison hospital admissions, death and burial records, registers of prison departures, prisoner claims for reimbursements, and consolidated monthly reports. This collection is part of the National Archives and Records (NARA) microfilm publication M1303 and is from Record Group 249 Records of the Commissary General of Prisoners. The microfilm publication for M1303 can be located and downloaded from the National Archives Microfilm Resources for Research: A Comprehensive Catalog. Microfilm Publication 1303 includes the following NAIDs:

NAID No NARA Title
*597573 Registers of Federal Prisoners of War
*597874 Registers of Federal Prisoners of War Admitted to the Hospital
*597575 Statements of Money Claimed by Federal Prisoners of War
*597579 List of Funds Claimed by Federal Prisoners of War
*597581 Consolidated Monthly Reports of Federal Prisoners of War
*597583 Register of Federal Prisoners of War Admitted to the Hospital
*597584 Registers of Deaths and Burials of Federal Prisoners of War
*597586 Registers of Deceased Federal Prisoners of War
*597590 Lists of Deceased Federal Prisoners of War
*597595 Partial Name Index to Records of Federal Prisoners of War Interred
*617230 Morning Reports of Federal Prisoners of War

General Information About Andersonville Prison

Andersonville Prison was built at the Confederate garrison of Camp Sumter just outside of Andersonville, Sumter County, Georgia in 1864. Built as a more secure location for Federal prisoners of war located in Richmond, Virginia, Andersonville was the largest Confederate Prisoner of War cam. The prison housed 45,000 prisoners during its 14 months of operation. Andersonville was designed to house a maximum of 10,000 prisoners, but received as many as 400 prisoners a day, housed an average of 22,000–26,000 prisoners, and held 32,000 prisoners during its peak operation of August of 1864.

The location of Andersonville Prison was chosen because it was in an area with a more abundant food supply; however, due to deteriorating war conditions the Confederate army was unable to provide adequate housing, food, clothing, or medical care to the soldiers held captive at Andersonville. Because of deteriorating conditions and a breakdown of the prisoner exchange system, the soldiers at Andersonville endured much suffering, and there was a high mortality rate. Many of the prisoners at Andersonville were moved to other prison camps throughout the South after Sherman’s march through Georgia. Andersonville was closed in April–May of 1865 after General Robert E. Lee surrendered to General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse in Virginia.

To Browse This Collection

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Georgia, Andersonville Prison Records, 1862-1865.

What Can These Records Tell Me?

The following information may be found in these records:

Prison

  • Name of prisoner
  • Date of entry in the report, list, or ledger
  • Reason for entry in the repost, list, or ledger
  • Birth date and place
  • Death date and place
  • Burial date and place
  • Cause of death
  • Age
  • Physical description
  • Names of relatives or friends
  • Enlistment date and place
  • Last residence prior to enlistment
  • Monies exchanged
  • Release or transfer date

Collection Content

Sample Image

How Do I Search This Collection?

Before searching this collection, it is helpful to know:

  • The name of the soldier
  • The date of the event

View the Images

View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page:

  1. Select the Document Type
  2. Select the Volume, Description, Date, and Range to view the images.


How Do I Analyze the Results?

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.

What Do I Do Next?

I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?

  • Use the age to calculate a birth date and to find other records such as birth, christening, census, land and death
  • Search for military service records
  • Search for military pension records

I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking For, What Now?

  • Try viewing the original record to see if there were errors in the transcription of the name, age, residence, etc. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name
  • Collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you identify possible relations that can be verified by records
  • If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby locality
  • Standard spelling of names typically did not exist during the periods our ancestors lived in. Try variations of your ancestor’s name while searching the index or browsing through images
  • Remember that sometimes individuals went by nicknames or alternated between using first and middle names

Record Finder

Consult the Georgia Research Tips and Strategies and its Record Finder to search other records

Related Digital Books

Citing this Collection

Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.

Collection Citation
"Georgia, Andersonville Prison Records, 1862-1865." Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : 14 June 2016. Citing NARA microfilm publication M1303. Washington D.C.: National Archives, n.d.
Image Citation:
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.

Top of Page

How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.