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Galicia may refer to:

  • Galicia, Spain, autonomous community of Spain, with the official status of a nationality
    • Suebic Kingdom of Galicia, a post-Roman kingdom in the Iberian Peninsula
    • Kingdom of Galicia, a medieval kingdom
    • Republic of Galicia, an ephemeral passage in the history of Galicia that only lasted one day
  • Galicia or Halychyna, a historical region spanning southeastern Poland and western Ukraine. Over the last few centuries Galicia or Galacia has changed hands a number of times. It has been part of Austria, Poland and the Ukraine.
    • Principality of Galicia–Volhynia or Kingdom of Rus, a medieval kingdom
    • Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria, a crown land of the Austrian Empire and, later, of Austria-Hungary
    • West Galicia, a short-lived administrative region of the Austrian Empire, eventually merged into the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria
    • District Galicia, a district of the General Government during the World War II occupation of Poland by Nazi Germany
  • Galicia, Philippines, a barangay in Negros Occidental, Philippines
  • Nueva Galicia, a region of New Spain, now in Mexico
  • Nueva Galicia, an old name applied to the Chiloé Archipelago in southern Chile