Fredericksburg (Independent City), Virginia

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United States Gotoarrow.png Virginia Gotoarrow.png Spotsylvania County Gotoarrow.png Fredericksburg (Independent City)




Parent County

1879--Fredericksburg became an independent city from Spotsylvania County in 1879. [1]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss


Fredericksburg, Rappahannock River, Virginia.JPG

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties


African American




  • Darter, Oscar H. The History of Fredericksburg Baptist Church, Fredericksburg, Virginia. Richmond, Virginia, 1959.


Searches of Fredericksburg court records should begin with:

  • Indexes of Court Records in the Clerk's Office, Fredericksburg, Virginia, 1782-1904. Original records, Fredericksburg City Courthouse, Fredericksburg, Va., microfilmed reproduction available at FHL. [Indexes the following records: District Court law book v. 8, 1782-1792; District Court law books 1790-1793, v. A-F 1789-1811; Superior Court of Law law order books v. G-H 1812-1831; Superior Court of Chancery chancery order books 1814-1831; Hustings Court orders v. A-O 1782-1871; Circuit Superior Court of Law and Chancery law order books v. A-E 1831-1875; Circuit Superior Court of Law and Chancery chancery order books v. A-D 1831-1872; Circuit Court chancery order books v. A2, B-C 1875-1904; Fredericksburg District Court (1789-1808) had jurisdiction over the following counties: Spotsylvania (including Fredericksburg), Caroline, King George, Stafford, Orange, and Culpeper; Superior Court of Chancery (1802-1831) had jurisdiction over the following localities: city of Fredericksburg and the counties of Caroline, Culpeper, Fauquier, Fairfax, Lancaster, Northumberland, Madison, King George, Orange, Prince William, Richmond, Spotsylvania, Stafford, Essex, and Westmoreland.]
  • See also Historic Court Records for indexes of Apprentice Records, Clerk's Order Books, Court Records, Free Negro / Slave records, Inquests, Marriage Records, Mayor's Court, Military Records & Wills.


  • [Mercer] John T. Goolrick. The Life of General Hugh Mercer. With Brief Sketches of General George Washington, John Paul Jones, General George Weedon, James Monroe and Mrs.Mary Ball Washington, Who were Friends and Associates of General Mercer at Fredericksburg; Also a Sketch of Lodge No. 4, A. F. and A. M., of Which Generals Washington and Mercer were Members; and a Genealogical Table of the Mercer Family. New York & Washington: The Neale Publishing Company, 1906. FHL Collection; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • [Page] Rutherford, Dolores Crumrine. Page Family Records in Virginia Counties. 2 vols. Carmichael, Calif.: D.C. Rutherford, 1982-2006. FHL Book 929.273 P141rdc v. 2 [Fredericksburg appears in Vol. 2 Part 2]
  • [Page] Rutherford, Dolores Crumrine. The Page Family in Virginia Personal Property Taxes (1782-1850). 2 vols. Carmichael, Calif.: D.C. Rutherford, 2002. FHL Book 929.273 P141rd v. 1-2 [Fredericksburg appears in Vol. 2]

Historic Residences

  • Goolrick, John T. Fredericksburg and the Cavalier Country: America's Most Historic Section, It's Homes: It's People and Romances. Richmond, Va.: Garrett & Massie, 1935. Available at FHL.
  • Goolrick, John T. Old Homes and History Around Fredericksburg: The Northern Neck and the Southside, Stafford and Spotsylvania Counties and Battle Sketches. Richmond: Garrett & Massie, c1929. Available at FHL; digital versions at Ancestry ($) and BYU Family History Archives.


  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. "Intercepted Letters Relating to America 1777-1811," The Genealogist, Vol. 14, No. 2 (Fall 2000):184-200; Vol. 15, No. 1 (Spring 2001):53-74. [Overseas correspondence of residents of Fredericksburg with the following surnames: Brook, Galibert, Hunter, Proudfitt.]

During the War of 1812, American officials reported finding a total of 7 British aliens, many of whom had families, living in Fredericksburg.[2]


Local Histories

  • Goolrick, John T. Fredericksburg and the Cavalier Country: America's Most Historic Section, It's Homes: It's People and Romances. Richmond, Va.: Garrett & Massie, 1935. Available at FHL.



French and Indian War
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at FHL. [Identifies some Fredericksburg militia officers, soldier enlistments, and veterans; see place name index.]
Civil War
Civil War Battle

The following Civil War battle was fought in Fredericksburg.

Maps of Civil War battles in Virginia: 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864, 1865

Since Fredericksburg became an independent city from Spotsylvania County in 1879, the Civil War records for Fredericksburg will be found in the Spotsylvania County military records.



Indexed images of the Virginia Gazette (1736-1780) are available online through the Colonial Williamsburg website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: The Geography of Slavery in Virginia. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.

  • 1787-1829 - Virginia Herald (Fredericksburg, Va.) at Genealogy Bank ($).

Free Lance Star Historical Papers online:

See also Accessing the Old Newspapers of Fredericksburg for newspaper indexes and more.


  • Cutten, George Barton. The Silversmiths of Virginia (together with Watchmakers and Jewelers) from 1694 to 1850. Richmond, Va.: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1952. Available at FHL. [Includes a section on Fredericksburg silversmiths.]


A free index to Fredericksburg (Independent City), Virginia wills and administrations ( ) is available at the Library of Virginia website.


 How can Virginia tax lists help me?

  • [1787] Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at FHL. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Fredericksburg is included in Vol. 2.]
  • [1787-1815] Heinegg, Paul. "Fredericksburg City Personal Property Tax List 1787-1815," Free African, available online. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
  • [1790, 1801] Indexed images of the 1790 and 1801 Personal Property Tax Lists of Fredericksburg, Virginia are available online at Binns Genealogy.
  • [1815] Ward, Roger D. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at FHL. [This source is based on the 1815 land tax. Spotsylvania County is included in Vol. 4.]

Vital Records

Societies and Libraries



  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. Kenneth Scott. British Aliens in the United States During the War of 1812. Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1979, 320-333. FHL Collection 973 W4s; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  3. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 17 August, 2012)
  4. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 17 August, 2012)