Frederick County, Maryland Genealogy

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United States Gotoarrow.png Maryland Gotoarrow.png Frederick County

Guide to Frederick County Maryland genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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Online Records

Frederick County, Maryland
Map of Maryland highlighting Frederick County
Location in the state of Maryland
Map of the U.S. highlighting Maryland
Location of Maryland in the U.S.
Founded June 10, 1748
County Seat Frederick
Frederick County, Maryland Courthouse.JPG
Address Frederick County Courthouse
12 East Church Street/100 W Patrick Street
Frederick, MD 21701
Phone: 301-600-9000
Frederick County Website

Frederick County Maryland Courthouse


Beginning Dates for Frederick County, Maryland Genealogy Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1898 1778 1898 1776 1748 1748

Clerk of the Circuit Court has marriage records from 1778, probate records from 1744, and land records from 1748.[1]

Frederick County Maryland History

  • Named for Frederick Calvert, 6th Lord Baltimore, last of the Lords Baltimore.

Parent County

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

Timeline: The following important events in the history of Frederick County affected political jurisdictions, family movements, and record keeping.

Frederick County Maryland Places/Localities

Populated Places

  • Brunswick
  • Frederick
  • Burkittsville
  • Emmitsburg
  • Middletown
  • Mount Airy
  • Myersville
  • New Market
  • Thurmont
  • Walkersville
  • Woodsboro
  • Rosemont
Census Districts
  • Ballenger Creek
  • Braddock Heights
  • Clover Hill
  • Discovery-Spring Garden
  • Green Valley
  • Linganore-Bartonsville
  • Adamstown
  • Graceham
  • Ijamsville
  • Jefferson
  • Knoxville
  • Ladiesburg
  • Lewistown
  • Libertytown
  • Lake Linganore
  • Monrovia
  • New Midway
  • Point of Rocks
  • Rocky Ridge
  • Sabillasville
  • Sunny Side
  • Tuscarora
  • Urbana
  • Wolfsville

Neighboring Counties

Maryland counties:

Pennsylvania counties:

Virginia county:

Frederick County Maryland Genealogy Resources

Getting Started

For colonial families, start with Genealogical Index to Frederick County, Md.: The First Hundred Years (4 vols., 2076 pages). With 200,000 entries, this is the largest index of its kind for Frederick County. It is available at the New England Historic Genealogical Society Library in Boston, Mass.; the Genealogical Society of Pennsylvania; the National Genealogical Society Library; the Maryland Genealogical Society; the Frederick County, Maryland Public Library; the Carroll County, Maryland Public Library; and the Lancaster Mennonite Historical Society.[2]


Holdcraft's tombstone inscriptions have been published in:

Holdcraft, Jacob Mehrling. Names in Stone: 75,000 Cemetery Inscriptions from Frederick County, Maryland. Two Volumes. Reprinted as More Names in Stone. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1985. (Family History Library book 975.287 V3h 1985)


Provincial Census of 1776, Frederick County; Including Lower Potomac Hundred, August 22, 1776; George Town Hundred, August 22, 1776; [Unnamed] Hundred, including present Montgomery County, 1776; Elizabeth Hundred, July 22, 1776 (24 pages of facsimile reproductions); Sugar Land Hundred, September 2, 1776; North West Hundred, September 2, 1776 is available online, see pages 177-257 of:

  • Brumbaugh, Gaius Marcus. Maryland Records: Colonial, Revolutionary, County and Church from Original Sources. Vol. 1. Baltimore, Md.: Williams & Wilkins Company, 1915. Digital version at Google Books.

Federal Census reports available 1790-1930 including slave and veterans schedules. For tips on accessing Frederick County, Maryland Genealogy census records online, see: Maryland Census.


Maryland State Archives' Guide to Maryland Religious Institutions identifies all churches known to have existed in Frederick County, Maryland. It covers all denominations and includes record descriptions. The following records from their collection have been digitized and made available to view for free online:


Early Baptist churches (with years constituted):

  1. Antitun (1750)[3]
  2. Connecocheague (1743)[3] Tunker and Mennonist chapels at Connecocheague.
  3. Middle Creek (about 1747)[3]
  4. Monacacy (1749)[3]
  5. Piper Creek (1751)[3]
Church of England

Gotoarrow.png See also All Saints Parish


Family Histories

It is anticipated that this bibliography will eventually identify all known family histories published about residents of this county. Use this list to:

  • Locate publications about direct ancestors
  • Find the most updated accounts of an ancestor's family
  • Identify publications, to quote Elizabeth Shown Mills, about an ancestor's "FAN Club" [Friends, Associates, and Neighbors]


Compiled genealogies that treat multiple Frederick County families include:

  • Russell, George Ely. "Frenchmen Early in Frederick County, Maryland," The Genealogist, Vol. 15, No. 2 (Fall 2001):225-255. [Includes the following families: Appollo, Bellameaude de la Vincendiere, Boisneuf, Chevalier de Petray, de Heaulme, de la Marche, Denoue, Eckman, Huguest de Court, Josse, Julian, LaBeron, Louie, Marcilly, Puzenot, St.-Martin de Bellevue, Seguin, Zins.]


  • [Baker] Hurley, William Neal. Baker Families of Maryland. Bowie, Md.: Heritage Books, Inc., 2001. FHL Book 929.273 B167Hwn.
  • [Beckwith] See de Hinojosa.
  • [Bowell] Bowell, Lillian and William Bowell. A Bowell Family History. St. Paul, Minn.
  • [Butcher] Brown, Nancy Clark. "Are You Related To...Loretta Webb Lynn," The Appalachian Quarterly, Vol. 12, No. 4 (Dec. 2007):4-22. FHL Book 975.5743 D25a v. 12.
  • [Chapline] Dare, Maria J. Liggett. Chaplines from Maryland and Virginia. Washington, D.C.: M.J.L. Dare, 1902. FHL Film 896749 Item 3; digital version at Internet Archive.
  • [Chilton] Dorman, John Frederick. "The Chilton Families of Virginia and Maryland," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 11, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1967):71-78; Vol. 11, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1967):121-125; Vol. 11, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1967):167-174; Vol. 12, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1968):15-18; Vol. 12, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1968):83-86; Vol. 12, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1968):109-113; Vol. 12, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1968):169-175; Vol. 13, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1969):32-36; Vol. 13, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1969):65-71; Vol. 13, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1969):177-180; Vol. 14, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1970):15-22; Vol. 14, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1970):75-82; Vol. 14, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1970):123-128; Vol. 14, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1970):165-168; Vol. 15, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1971):32-41; Vol. 15, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1971):122-124; Vol. 15, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1971):259-264; Vol. 16, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1972):301-306; FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 11-v. 16; digital version at American Ancestors ($).
  • [DeButts] Russell, George Ely. "DeButts Family of Maryland and Virginia," The Genealogist, Vol. 12, No. 2 (Fall 1998):131-188.
  • [de Hinojosa] Hoff, Henry B. "Alexander de Hinojosa and His Descendants in Maryland," The American Genealogist, Vol. 79, No. 4 (Oct. 2004):260-273.
  • [Devilbiss] Harris, Mrs. Norris. "The Devilbiss Family of Frederick County, Md.," The Maryland and Delaware Genealogist, Vol. 30, No. 4 (Fall 1989):144-145; Vol. 31, No. 1 (Winter 1990):28-29. FHL US/CAN Book 975 B2m.
  • [Dick] Hoffman, Muriel M. History of Peter and Christina Shutt Dick Family: Frederick County, Maryland, Wilkes County, North Carolina, Muhlenberg County, Kentucky, Simpson County, Kentucky, Sangamon County, Illinois, Cass, County, Illinois. Anchor, Ill.: Hoffman, 1970. FHL Book 929.273 D55h
  • [Firestone] Russell, George Ely. "Founders of the American Firestone Family," National Genealogical Society Quarterly, Vol. 52, No. 4 (Dec. 1964):241-244. FHL Collection 973 B2ng v. 52
  • [Fluck] Andersen, Patricia Abelard. "Jacob Fluck of Middletown, Frederick County, Maryland, and His Flook and Fluke Descendants," National Genealogical Society Quarterly, Vol. 72 (1984):163-190; Vol. 73 (1985):319-320. Digital version at National Genealogical Society website ($); FHL Book 973 B2ng v. 72 (1984)-v. 73 (1985).
  • [Getzendanner] Getzendanner, David. Thomas Getzendanner of Maryland and South Carolina; His Descendants: The Getson and Danner Families of Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Arkansas, and Texas. Salem, Ore.: D. Getzendanner, 1993. FHL Book 929.273 G335get
  • [Hoover] Hayden, Richard A. "Using Relationships to Establish Origins: Casper and Catherine Hoover of Pennsylvania and Maryland," National Genealogical Society Quarterly, Vol. 91, No. 4 (December 2003):298-313. FHL Collection 973 B2ng v. 91
  • [Lamar] Lamar, William Harmong, "Thomas Lamar of the Province of Maryland, and a Part of His Descendants," Publications of the Southern History Association, Vol. 1, No. 3 (Jul. 1897):203-210. Digitized by Internet Archive.
  • [Levy] Bush, Kathryn L. and Lewis Michael Bush. The Levy Story: Some Descendants of David Levy, Revolutionary Soldier of Frederick, Maryland: A Genealogy of Levy, Hinkley, Kinsey, Etchison, Bush, Blaho, Istvan and Related Families. Panama City, Fla.: Curry Printing, c2002. FHL Fiche 6005360. Digital version at Family History Archives - free. Perhaps the David Levi transported from London in 1756, see Old Bailey Online.
  • [Maynard] Dorman, John Frederick. "Maynard Family of Frederick County, Maryland," National Genealogical Society Quarterly, Vol. 48 (1960):187-195.
  • [Nead] Wurstner, Betty Miller. Genealogy of the Matthias Nead Family in America, 1752-1973. Typescript, Dunbar Library, Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio. Copy: FHL Film 1871571 Item 21.
  • [Prather] Lewis, Olan R. The Thomas Prather Family. Lakeport, Calif.: O.R. Lewis, 1988. FHL Book 929.273 A1 no. 5324.
  • [Price] Harris, Mrs. Norris. "The Price Family of Frederick County, Md.," The Maryland and Delaware Genealogist, Vol. 31, No. 1 (Winter 1990):26-27; Vol. 31, No. 2 (Spring 1990):70. FHL US/CAN Book 975 B2m.
  • [Rawlins] Lancaster, Jeannie. "Rawlins Family," Tree Builders, Christian County Genealogical Society, Vol. 27, No. 3 (Fall 2006):57-67. Digital version at FamilySearch Books Online.
  • [Schaun] Jones, Anthony. Peter Schaun. Dallas, Texas: privately published, 1981. FHL Book 929.273 Sch19j.
  • [Shultz] Bushman, Katherine G. Shultz of Augusta County, Virginia: Being A Supplement to the Material Recorded in The Genealogical Record of the Schwenkfelder Families, Edited by Samuel K. Brecht, 1923. Staunton, Va.: K.G. Bushman, 1974. FHL Book 929.273 Sh92bk.
  • [Slusher] King, Hatcher and Alta King. Turman and Slusher Genealogy, 1757-1974: Christopher Slusher Sr., Wife, Eva, Lebanon County, Pennsylvania, Fredrick, Washington counties, Maryland, Montgomery, Floyd counties, Virginia. MSS. Microfilmed 1974-1975: FHL Collection.
  • [Whitaker] Whitaker-Buck, Ruby M. Mark Whitaker, Baltimore County, Maryland (c1670-1729) and Allied Families. Sacramento, Calif.: privately published, 1992. Digital version at FamilySearch Books Online - free.
  • [Whitmore] Nycum, H.C. and Norman Niccum. "Whitmore Family of Frederick County, Maryland," National Genealogical Society Quarterly, Vol. 52 (1964):85.
  • [Williams] Birch, Nicki Peak. "Tracking Basil Williams of Maryland and Pennsylvania Through Changing Residences and Multiple Marriages," National Genealogical Society Quarterly, Vol. 96, No. 1 (March 2008):23-37. FHL Collection 973 B2ng v. 96


  • Come join our Frederick County, Maryland Genealogy Group at Facebook




Through a Joint eGovernment Service of the Maryland Judiciary and the Maryland State Archives, free images and indexes of the complete series of Frederick County Deed Books (1748-present) have been uploaded to their website: MDLandRec.Net: A Digital Image Retrieval System for Land Records in Maryland. (Requires free registration.)

Local Histories

The History of Frederick County by T.J.C. Williams, in two volumes.

The Diary Of Jacob Engelbrecht, in two volumes.



Revolutionary War

Frederick County men served in the 6th Maryland Regiment[4] and the 7th Maryland Regiment.[5]

  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital version at Google Books. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Maryland, Frederick County on page 127.]

The 1778 Oath of Fidelity lists for Frederick County have been published in:

  • Brumbaugh, Gaius Marcus. Revolutionary Records of Maryland. Washington, D.C.: R.H. Darby Print., 1924. Digital version at FamilySearch Books Online - free.
War of 1812
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Maryland, Frederick County, pp. 146-149. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
Civil War
Civil War Battle

The following Civil War battles were fought in Frederick County.

  • September 14, 1862 = South Mountain, also known as Crampton's, Turner's, and Fox's Gaps[6]
  • July 9, 1864 = Monocacy, also known as the Battle that Saved Washington[7]

Map showing Civil War battles in Maryland.

Civil War

Civil War service men from Baltimore County served in various regiments. Men often joined a regiment or a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are the military units that were formed in or had many men from Bailtimore County.

- 1st Regiment, Maryland Cavalry, Potomac Home Brigade , Company A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, K, L, and M
- 1st Regiment, Maryland Infantry, Potomac Home Brigade, Company A, B, D, G, I, and K
- 3rd Regiment, Maryland Infantry, Potomac Home Brigade  Company G, and K
- 3rd Regiment, Maryland Cavalry, Company I
- 5th Regiment, Maryland Infantry, Company E
- 6th Regiment, Maryland Infantry, Company D
- 7th Regiment, Maryland Infantry,  Company B, E, and G.
- 8th Regiment, Maryland Infantry, Company E


  • Russell, George Ely. "Frenchmen Early in Frederick County, Maryland," The Genealogist, Vol. 15, No. 2 (Fall 2001):225-255.




Research Guides

  • Andersen, Patricia Abelard. “Research in Frederick County.” Maryland Genealogical Society Journal 52, no. 1 (2011): 75-88.
  • Russell, Donna Valley. Frederick County, Maryland, Genealogical Research Guide. Middletown, Md.: Catoctin Press, 1987.


  • 1733 - Russell, Donna Valley. "1733 Taxables," Western Maryland Genealogy, Vol. 3, No. 3 (July 1987):99-103.
  • 1760-1761 - "Frederick County Rent Rolls, 1760-61," Western Maryland Genealogy, Vol. 2, No. 3 (July 1986):111-114.
  • 1761 - "Taxables in Sugarland Hundred, Frederick Co., 1761," Western Maryland Genealogy, Vol. 6, No. 3 (July 1990):103-105.
  • 1761 - "Taxables in the Old Town, Frederick Co., 1761," Western Maryland Genealogy, Vol. 6, No. 3 (July 1990):106.
  • 1768-1769, 1771-1772 - Wright, F. Edward. Early Lists of Frederick County, 1765-1775. Silver Spring, Md.: Family Line Publications, 1986. Rent.
  • 1771, 1777 - Russell, George Ely. "Carrollton Manor Rent Rolls, 1771 and 1777," Western Maryland Genealogy, Vol. 5, No. 3 (Jul. 1989):98-102.
  • 1798 - "1798 Frederick County Assessments," Western Maryland Genealogy, Vol. 7, No. 1 (Jan. 1991):21-25; Vol. 7, No. 2 (Apr. 1991):60-67; Vol. 9, No. 4 (Oct. 1993):158-165; Vol. 10, No. 1 (Jan. 1994):20-30; Vol. 10, No. 2 (Apr. 1994):80-81; Vol. 10, No. 3 (Jul. 1994):129-133; Vol. 10, No. 4 (Oct. 1994):182-186; Vol. 11, No. 1 (Jan. 1995):15-22; Vol. 11, No. 2 (Apr. 1995):66-74; Vol. 11, No. 3 (Jul. 1995):128-135; Vol. 11, No. 4 (Oct. 1995):162-169.

Vital Records



Voting Records

"Poll List of Presidential Election, November 9-12, 1796, Frederick County, Md.," (1,917 voters are identified) is available online, see pages 271-295 in:

  • Brumbaugh, Gaius Marcus. Maryland Records: Colonial, Revolutionary, County and Church from Original Sources. Vol. 1. Baltimore, Md.: Williams & Wilkins Company, 1915. Digital version at Google Books.

Frederick County Maryland Genealogy Societies and Libraries The Historical Society of Frederick County Maryland. Frederick County library Maryland Room Frederick County Genealogical Society

Family History Centers

Frederick County Maryland Genealogy Websites

  • FamilyHart Online Database This online database contains over 719,000 linked family names that contain many many Frederick County families. This database grows by 1,000 names per week and is updated online quarterly.
  • "Frederick Co.," in Genealogical Sources in Periodicals at The Maryland State Archives.

Frederick County Maryland Genealogy References

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Frederick, Maryland page 317, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Book Review, Western Maryland Genealogy, Vol. 9, No. 3 (Jul. 1993):139.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Morgan Edwards, Materials Towards a History of the Baptists in the Provinces of Maryland Virginia North Carolina South Carolina Georgia (1772). Digitized by SCDL Collections - free.
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "6th Maryland Regiment,", accessed 31 May 2012.
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "7th Maryland Regiment,", accessed 31 May 2012.
  6. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 7 August 2012)
  7. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 2 August 2012)