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In France the term Huguenots was used to denote French Calvinist Protestants.
A first synod of church reformers in Paris in 1539 constituted a Reformed Church, Eglise réformée, on Calvinist lines whose adherents became known as Huguenots. They grew to become a significant minority in many areas of France by the time of their second synod in Poitiers in 1561.
Not all French protestants were Huguenots: the Lutheran church, la Confession d'Augsbourg was legally tolerated in Alsace and their church registers date back to 1525. If you have protestant ancestors from Alsace, it is important to know if they were Lutheran or Huguenot.
French churches were already established in London, Canterbury and Norwich by the time of the St Bartholomew's Day massacre in 1572 which prompted the first great wave of refugees to Britain. Increasing persecution from 1661 which culminated in the 1685 Revocation of the Edict of Nantes (1685) led to the second great wave. It is estimated that some 40,000–50,000 Huguenots settled in England, mostly in London.
Strictly speaking the term huguenots refer to French Calvinists, in English the term embraces Walloons and Dutch refugees from the Low Countries.
The Huguenot Society of London was formed in 1885 and is now known as The Huguenot Society of Great Britain and Ireland. It published R. E. G. Kirk, Returns of Aliens in London, 1523–1603 (1900-1908) in 10 volumes and 4 parts.
= North America
French Huguenots led by Laudonnière settled in Florida in 1564. An initial plantation of 300 established Fort Caroline now part of present day Jacksonville.
Jean Ribault establsihed a French Huguenot colony in South Carolina in 1562. American Presbyterianism can trace its origins to this foundation.
- Huguenots de France et d'ailleurs (Huguenots of France and elsewhere). In French with some pages in Dutch, English, German, Italian and Spanish, describes itself as the portal for protestant genealogy in France (Le site portail de la généalogie protestante en France).
- Musée virtuel du protestantisme (English version). Published by the Fondation Pasteur Eugène Bersier in Paris.
- The Huguenot Society of Great Britain and Ireland. In English; says its mission is "to promote the publication and interchange of knowledge about the history of French Protestant migration".
Did you know?
Local Huguenot churches were called temples whereas Catholic churches were called églises.
- "Huguenots" in Gordon Campbell (ed.), The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance (2003, Oxford University Press) ISBN-13: 9780198601753 via Oxford Reference Online (2012) eISBN: 9780191727795 accessed 15 February 2013.