Difference between revisions of "France Genealogy"

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== Getting started with French research  ==
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Guide to '''France ancestry, family history, and genealogy:''' birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.
 +
==Country Information==
 +
France is a country in Western Europe bordered by [[Belgium Genealogy|Belgium]], [[Luxembourg Genealogy|Luxembourg]], [[Germany Genealogy|Germany]], [[Switzerland Genealogy|Switzerland]], [[Italy Genealogy|Italy]], [[Monaco Genealogy|Monaco]], [[Spain Genealogy|Spain]], and [[Andorra Genealogy|Andorra]]. The French Republic was established in 1792. The official language is French.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "France," in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'', https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/France, accessed 23 March 2016.</ref>
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==Getting Started ==
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{| style="vertical-align: top;"|
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|-
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Welcome to the France page! FamilySearch Wiki is a community website dedicated to helping people throughout the world learn how to find their ancestors. Through the France page you can learn how to find, use, and analyze French records of genealogical value. The content is variously targeted to beginners, intermediate, and expert researchers. Here you will find helpful research tools and research guidance. Please visit the help page to learn more about using the site. The French Page is a work in progress, your contributions and feedback are essential! For help with specific areas in France, click [[:Category:France|here]] for a list of locations and topics.  
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<h3>Getting Started with France Research</h3>
 +
Links to articles on getting started with France research.
  
''See the tutorials at the FamilySearch Learning Center on basic ''[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/results.html?fq=place%3A%22France%22 ''French Research'']''and on&nbsp;''[https://familysearch.org/learningcenter/results.html?fq=place%3A%22France%22 ''Reading French Handwritten Records'']''.''
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*[[France Search Strategies for Births, Marriages and Deaths|Vital Record Search Strategies]]
 
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*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/875 Class: Finding Your French Ancestors Online Part 1, (FamilySearch and Ancestry)]
== History of France  ==
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*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/876 Class: Finding Your French Ancestors Online Part 2 (FranceGenWeb)]  
 
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*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/876 Class: Finding Your French Ancestors Online Part 3 (Geneanet)]  
See the Facebook page ''[http://www.facebook.com/pages/Histoire-de-France-sites-et-blogs/348011018559505 "Histoire de France - sites et blogs"]'' for more information.
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:[[France Genealogy#More France Research Strategies|''See More Research Strategies'']]
 
 
== Jurisdictions  ==
 
 
 
Prior to March 1790 France was organized into provinces.&nbsp; Several administrative regions of France still carry the names of the former provinces.
 
 
 
==== Historic Provinces (and their capitals)  ====
 
 
 
{| width="99%" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 
|-
 
| valign="top" |
 
*[[Alsace|Alsace (Strasbourg)]]  
 
*[[Angoumois|Angoumois (Angoulême)]]
 
*[[Anjou|Anjou (Angers)]]
 
*[[Artois|Artois (Arras)]]
 
*[[Aunis|Aunis (La Rochelle)]]
 
*[[Auvergne|Auvergne (Clermont-Ferrand)]]
 
*[[Berry|Berry (Bourges)]]
 
*[[Bourbonnais|Bourbonnais (Moulins)]]
 
*[[Brittany|Brittany (Rennes)]]
 
*[[Burgundy|Burgundy (Dijon)]]
 
*[[Bearn|Béarn (Pau)]]
 
*[[Champagne|Champagne Troyes)]]
 
*[[Comtat|Comtat Venaissin (Papal Fief)]]
 
*[[Corsica|Corsica (Ajaccio)]]
 
*[[Dauphine|Dauphiné (Grenoble)]]
 
*[[Flandres and Hainaut|Flandres and Hainaut (Lille)]]
 
*[[Foix|Foix (Foix)]]
 
*[[Franche-Comte|Franche-Comté (Besançon)]]
 
*[[Guyenne and Gascony|Guyenne and Gascony (Bordeaux)]]
 
*[[Ile-de-France|Île-de-France (Paris)]]
 
 
 
| valign="top" |
 
*[[Languedoc|Languedoc (Toulouse)]]
 
*[[Limousin|Limousin (Limoges)]]
 
*[[Lorraine|Lorraine (Nancy)]]
 
*[[Maine, France|Maine (Le Mans)]]
 
*[[Marche|Marche (Guéret)]]
 
*[[Montbelliard|Montbelliard, Fief of Württemberg]]
 
*[[Mulhouse (Imperial Free City)|Imperial Free City of Mulhouse]]
 
*[[Nice|Nice, County of]]
 
*[[Nivernais|Nivernais (Nevers)]]
 
*[[Normandy|Normandy (Rouen)]]
 
*[[Orleanais|Orléanais (Orléans)]]
 
*[[Picardy|Picardy (Amiens)]]
 
*[[Poitou|Poitou (Poitiers)]]
 
*[[Provence|Provence (Aix-en-Provence)]]
 
*[[Rhone-Alpes|Rhône-Alpes (Lyon)]]
 
*[[Roussillon|Roussillon (Perpignan)]]
 
*[[Saintonge|Saintonge (Saintes)]]
 
*[[Savoy|Savoy, Duchy of (Chambéry then Turin)]]
 
*[[Touraine|Touraine (Tours)]]
 
*[[Trois-Eveches|Trois-Évêchés (Metz, Toul and Verdun)]]
 
  
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| style="vertical-align: top; width: 20%; padding-left: 10px"|
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<h3>France Research Tools</h3>
 +
Links to articles and websites that assist in French research.
 +
*[[France_Record_Selection_Table|Record Finder]]
 +
*[[French Wordlist|French Word List]]
 +
*[[French Handwriting|French Handwriting Guide]]
 +
*[[France Resources|France Resources]]
 +
:[[France Genealogy#More France Research Tools|''See More Research Tools'']]
 
|}
 
|}
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<br>
  
==== Departments  ====
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{{Click|File:ORP France3.png|France Online Genealogy Records}}[[File:Ask the Community Button New Version.jpg|link=FamilySearch Genealogy Research Groups on Facebook]]
  
Today France is divided into 96 departments plus 5 overseas departments. This number has changed over the years, in 1790 there were 83 and at the height of Napoleon's reign there were as many as 130. Records are kept on the town level, but one needs to know in which department the town is located.
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== France Clickable Map ==
  
{| width="600" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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{|
 
|-
 
|-
| valign="top" align="left" |  
+
|
*01 [[Ain|Ain]]
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{{France Clickable Map}}
*02 [[Aisne|Aisne]]
 
*03 [[Allier|Allier]]
 
*04 [[Alpes-de-Haute-Provence|Alpes-de-Haute-Provence]]
 
*05 [[Hautes-Alpes|Hautes-Alpes]]
 
*06 [[Alpes-Maritimes|Alpes-Maritimes]]
 
*07 [[Ardèche|Ardèche]]
 
*08 [[Ardennes|Ardennes]]
 
*09 [[Ariège|Ariège]]
 
*10 [[Aube|Aube]]
 
*11 [[Aude|Aude]]
 
*12 [[Aveyron|Aveyron]]
 
*13 [[Bouches-du-Rhône|Bouches-du-Rhône]]
 
*14 [[Calvados|Calvados]]
 
*15 [[Cantal|Cantal]]
 
*16 [[Charente|Charente]]
 
*17 [[Charente-Maritime|Charente-Maritime]]
 
*18 [[Cher|Cher]]
 
*19 [[Corrèze|Corrèze]]
 
*2A [[Corse-du-Sud|Corse-du-Sud]]
 
*2B [[Haute-Corse|Haute-Corse]]
 
*21 [[Côte d'Or|Côte d'Or]]
 
*22 [[Côtes d'Armor|Côtes d'Armor]]
 
*23 [[Creuse|Creuse]]
 
*24 [[Dordogne|Dordogne]]
 
*25 [[Doubs|Doubs]]
 
*26 [[Drôme|Drôme]]
 
*27 [[Eure|Eure]]
 
*28 [[Eure-et-Loir|Eure-et-Loir]]
 
*29 [[Finistère|Finistère]]
 
*30 [[Gard|Gard]]
 
*31 [[Haute-Garonne|Haute-Garonne]]
 
*32 [[Gers|Gers]]
 
*33 [[Gironde|Gironde]]
 
 
 
| valign="top" align="left" |
 
 
 
*34 [[Hérault|Hérault]]
 
*35 [[Ille-et-Vilaine|Ille-et-Vilaine]]
 
*36 [[Indre|Indre]]
 
*37 [[Indre-et-Loire|Indre-et-Loire]]
 
*38 [[Isère|Isère]]
 
*39 [[Jura|Jura]]
 
*40 [[Landes|Landes]]
 
*41 [[Loir-et-Cher|Loir-et-Cher]]
 
*42 [[Loire|Loire]]
 
*43 [[Haute-Loire|Haute-Loire]]
 
*44 [[Loire-Atlantique|Loire-Atlantique]]
 
*45 [[Loiret|Loiret]]
 
*46 [[Lot|Lot]]
 
*47 [[Lot-et-Garonne|Lot-et-Garonne]]
 
*48 [[Lozère|Lozère]]
 
*49 [[Maine-et-Loire|Maine-et-Loire]]
 
*50 [[Manche|Manche]]
 
*51 [[Marne|Marne]]
 
*52 [[Haute-Marne|Haute-Marne]]
 
*53 [[Mayenne|Mayenne]]
 
*54 [[Meurthe-et-Moselle|Meurthe-et-Moselle]]
 
*55 [[Meuse|Meuse]]
 
*56 [[Morbihan|Morbihan]]
 
*57 [[Moselle|Moselle]]
 
*58 [[Nièvre|Nièvre]]
 
*59 [[Nord|Nord]]
 
*60 [[Oise|Oise]]
 
*61 [[Orne|Orne]]
 
*62 [[Pas-de-Calais|Pas-de-Calais]]
 
*63 [[Puy-de-Dôme|Puy-de-Dôme]]
 
*64 [[Pyrénées-Atlantiques|Pyrénées-Atlantiques]]
 
*65 [[Hautes-Pyrénées|Hautes-Pyrénées]]
 
*66 [[Pyrénées-Orientales|Pyrénées-Orientales]]
 
 
 
| valign="top" align="left" |
 
 
 
*67 [[Bas-Rhin|Bas-Rhin]]
 
*68 [[Haut-Rhin|Haut-Rhin]]
 
*69 [[Rhône|Rhône]]
 
*70 [[Haute-Saône|Haute-Saône]]
 
*71 [[Saône-et-Loire|Saône-et-Loire]]
 
*72 [[Sarthe|Sarthe]]
 
*73 [[Savoie|Savoie]]
 
*74 [[Haute-Savoie|Haute-Savoie]]
 
*75 [[Paris, France|Paris]]
 
*76 [[Seine-Maritime|Seine-Maritime]]
 
*77 [[Seine-et-Marne|Seine-et-Marne]]
 
*78 [[Yvelines|Yvelines]]
 
*79 [[Deux-Sèvres|Deux-Sèvres]]
 
*80 [[Somme|Somme]]
 
*81 [[Tarn|Tarn]]
 
*82 [[Tarn-et-Garonne|Tarn-et-Garonne]]
 
*83 [[Var|Var]]
 
*84 [[Vaucluse|Vaucluse]]
 
*85 [[Vendée|Vendée]]
 
*86 [[Vienne|Vienne]]
 
*87 [[Haute-Vienne|Haute-Vienne]]
 
*88 [[Vosges|Vosges]]
 
*89 [[Yonne|Yonne]]
 
*90 [[Territoire-de-Belfort|Territoire-de-Belfort]]
 
*91 [[Essonne|Essonne]]
 
*92 [[Hauts-de-Seine|Hauts-de-Seine]]
 
*93 [[Seine-St.Denis|Seine-St.Denis]]
 
*94 [[Val-de-Marne|Val-de-Marne]]
 
*95 [[Val-d’Oise|Val-d’Oise]]
 
*971 [[Guadeloupe|Guadeloupe]]
 
*972 [[Martinique|Martinique]]
 
*973 [[Guyane|Guyane]]
 
*974 [[Reunion Island|La Réunion]]
 
*976 [[Mayotte|Mayotte]]
 
 
|}
 
|}
  
== Research Tools  ==
+
'''Click on the specific department name either on the map above or the list below to access the FamilySearch wiki article for that department.'''
 
 
*Listing of all [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/list#page=1&countryId=1927089 records collections for France] available on FamilySearch.org.
 
*[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/images/f/f9/Finding_Records_of_Your_Ancestors_in_France_.pdf Finding Records of your Ancestors in France 1792 to 1880]
 
*[[France Letter Writing Guide]]
 
*[https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/images/b/b6/France_Research_Outline.pdf France Research Outline]
 
*[[French Archives Online]]
 
*[[French Handwriting]]
 
*[[French Republican Calendar]]
 
*[[French Wordlist]]
 
*[[Gallica: The French “Library of Congress”]]
 
*[http://net.lib.byu.edu/fslab/researchoutlines/Europe/France.pdf Research Guide for France by BYU]
 
*[[France Websites|France Records&nbsp;Websites]]
 
 
 
'''Wiki article describing online collections are found at:'''  
 
  
*[[France Births and Baptisms (FamilySearch Historical Records)|France Births and Baptisms (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
+
== Jurisdictions ==
*[[France Deaths and Burials (FamilySearch Historical Records)|France Deaths and Burials (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
+
=== Departments ===
*[[France Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)|France Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
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Today France is divided into 96 departments, plus 5 overseas departments. This number has changed over the years, in 1790 there were 83 and at the height of Napoleon's reign there were as many as 130. Records are kept on the town level, but one needs to know in which department the town is located.
*[[France, Coutance, Parish Church Registers (FamilySearch Historical Records)|France, Coutance, Parich Church Registers (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
*[[France, Diocese of Coutances et d'Avranche, Parish Registers (FamilySearch Historical Records)|France, Diocese of Coutances et d'Avranche, Parish Registers (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
*[[France, Coutances et d'Avranche Diocese, Inquiries of Consanguinity (FamilySearch Historical Records)|France, Coutances et d'Avranche Diocese, Inquiries of Consanguinity (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
*[[France, Protestant Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)|France, Protestant Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
*[[France, Quimper et Léon - Parish Registers (FamilySearch Historical Records)|France, Quimper et Léon - Parish Registers (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
  
== Research Strategies ==
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'''Note: The numbers in parentheses following the department name correspond to the numbers on the map above.  ''Territoire-de-Belfort'' does not have a number on the map; it is located immediately below Haut-Rhin (68).  The ''(1)'' on the map corresponds to the Paris area shown on the left inset. The final five departments listed below are overseas not shown on map above; their FamilySearch wiki pages may be opened by clicking on the names.'''
 +
   
 +
{|
 +
|-
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|style="vertical-align:top "|
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*[[Ain, France Genealogy|Ain]] (01)
 +
*[[Aisne, France Genealogy|Aisne]] (02)
 +
*[[Allier, France Genealogy|Allier]] (03)
 +
*[[Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, France Genealogy|Alpes-de-Haute-Provence]] (04)
 +
*[[Hautes-Alpes, France Genealogy|Hautes-Alpes]] (05)
 +
*[[Alpes-Maritimes, France Genealogy|Alpes-Maritimes]] (06)
 +
*[[Ardèche, France Genealogy|Ardèche]] (07)
 +
*[[Ardennes, France Genealogy|Ardennes]] (08)
 +
*[[Ariège, France Genealogy|Ariège]] (09)
 +
*[[Aube, France Genealogy|Aube]] (10)
 +
*[[Aude, France Genealogy|Aude]] (11)
 +
*[[Aveyron, France Genealogy|Aveyron]] (12)
 +
*[[Bouches-du-Rhône, France Genealogy|Bouches-du-Rhône]] (13)
 +
*[[Calvados, France Genealogy|Calvados]] (14)
 +
*[[Cantal, France Genealogy|Cantal]] (15)
 +
*[[Charente, France Genealogy|Charente]] (16)
 +
*[[Charente-Maritime, France Genealogy|Charente-Maritime]] (17)
 +
*[[Cher, France Genealogy|Cher]] (18)
 +
*[[Corrèze, France Genealogy|Corrèze]] (19)
 +
*[[Corse-du-Sud, France Genealogy|Corse-du-Sud]] (2A)
 +
*[[Haute-Corse, France Genealogy|Haute-Corse]] (2B)
 +
|style="vertical-align:top"|
  
*[[France - Birth - 1539-1791|Birth records 1539-1791]]  
+
*[[Côte d'Or, France Genealogy|Côte d'Or]] (21)
*[[France - Birth - 1792-Present|Birth records 1792-Present]]  
+
*[[Côtes d'Armor, France Genealogy|Côtes d'Armor]] (22)
*[[France - Death - 1539-1791|Death records 1539-1791]]  
+
*[[Creuse, France Genealogy|Creuse]] (23)
*[[France - Death - 1792-Present|Death records 1792-Present]]  
+
*[[Dordogne, France Genealogy|Dordogne]] (24)
*[[France - Marriage - 1539-1791|Marriage records 1539-1791]]  
+
*[[Doubs, France Genealogy|Doubs]] (25)
*[[France - Marriage - 1792-Present|Marriage records 1792-Present]]<br>
+
*[[Drôme, France Genealogy|Drôme]] (26)
 +
*[[Eure, France Genealogy|Eure]] (27)
 +
*[[Eure-et-Loir, France Genealogy|Eure-et-Loir]] (28)
 +
*[[Finistère, France Genealogy|Finistère]] (29)
 +
*[[Gard, France Genealogy|Gard]] (30)
 +
*[[Haute-Garonne, France Genealogy|Haute-Garonne]] (31)
 +
*[[Gers, France Genealogy|Gers]] (32)
 +
*[[Gironde, France Genealogy|Gironde]](33)
 +
*[[Hérault, France Genealogy|Hérault]] (34)
 +
*[[Ille-et-Vilaine, France Genealogy|Ille-et-Vilaine]] (35)
 +
*[[Indre, France Genealogy|Indre]] (36)
 +
*[[Indre-et-Loire, France Genealogy|Indre-et-Loire]] (37)
 +
*[[Isère, France Genealogy|Isère]] (38)
 +
*[[Jura, France Genealogy|Jura]] (39)
 +
*[[Landes, France Genealogy|Landes]] (40)
 +
*[[Loir-et-Cher, France Genealogy|Loir-et-Cher]] (41)
 +
|style="vertical-align:top"|
  
== Featured Content  ==
+
*[[Loire, France Genealogy|Loire]] (42)
 +
*[[Haute-Loire, France Genealogy|Haute-Loire]] (43)
 +
*[[Loire-Atlantique, France Genealogy|Loire-Atlantique]] (44)
 +
*[[Loiret, France Genealogy|Loiret]] (45)
 +
*[[Lot, France Genealogy|Lot]] (46)
 +
*[[Lot-et-Garonne, France Genealogy|Lot-et-Garonne]] (47)
 +
*[[Lozère, France Genealogy|Lozère]] (48)
 +
*[[Maine-et-Loire, France Genealogy|Maine-et-Loire]] (49)
 +
*[[Manche, France Genealogy|Manche]] (50)
 +
*[[Marne, France Genealogy|Marne]] (51)
 +
*[[Haute-Marne, France Genealogy|Haute-Marne]] (52)
 +
*[[Mayenne, France Genealogy|Mayenne]] (53)
 +
*[[Meurthe-et-Moselle, France Genealogy|Meurthe-et-Moselle]] (54)
 +
*[[Meuse, France Genealogy|Meuse]] (55)
 +
*[[Morbihan, France Genealogy|Morbihan]] (56)
 +
*[[Moselle, France Genealogy|Moselle]] (57)
 +
*[[Nièvre, France Genealogy|Nièvre]] (58)
 +
*[[Nord, France Genealogy|Nord]] (59)
 +
*[[Oise, France Genealogy|Oise]] (60)
 +
*[[Orne, France Genealogy|Orne]] (61)
 +
*[[Pas-de-Calais, France Genealogy|Pas-de-Calais]] (62)
 +
|style="vertical-align:top"|
  
(Your text or images here)  
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*[[Puy-de-Dôme, France Genealogy|Puy-de-Dôme]] (63)
 +
*[[Pyrénées-Atlantiques, France Genealogy|Pyrénées-Atlantiques]] (64)
 +
*[[Hautes-Pyrénées, France Genealogy|Hautes-Pyrénées]] (65)
 +
*[[Pyrénées-Orientales, France Genealogy|Pyrénées-Orientales]](66)
 +
*[[Bas-Rhin, France Genealogy|Bas-Rhin]] (67)
 +
*[[Haut-Rhin, France Genealogy|Haut-Rhin]] (68)
 +
*[[Rhône, France Genealogy|Rhône]] (69)
 +
*[[Haute-Saône, France Genealogy|Haute-Saône]] (70)
 +
*[[Saône-et-Loire, France Genealogy|Saône-et-Loire]] (71)
 +
*[[Sarthe, France Genealogy|Sarthe]] (72)
 +
*[[Savoie, France Genealogy|Savoie]] (73)
 +
*[[Haute-Savoie, France Genealogy|Haute-Savoie]] (74)
 +
*[[Paris, France Genealogy|Paris]] (75)
 +
*[[Seine-Maritime, France Genealogy|Seine-Maritime]] (76)
 +
*[[Seine-et-Marne, France Genealogy|Seine-et-Marne]] (77)
 +
*[[Yvelines, France Genealogy|Yvelines]] (78)
 +
*[[Deux-Sèvres, France Genealogy|Deux-Sèvres]] (79)
 +
*[[Somme, France Genealogy|Somme]] (80)
 +
*[[Tarn, France Genealogy|Tarn]] (81)
 +
*[[Tarn-et-Garonne, France Genealogy|Tarn-et-Garonne]] (82)
 +
*[[Var, France Genealogy|Var]] (83)
  
== Related Content  ==
+
|style="vertical-align:top"|
 +
*[[Vaucluse, France Genealogy|Vaucluse]] (84)
 +
*[[Vendée, France Genealogy|Vendée]] (85)
 +
*[[Vienne, France Genealogy|Vienne]] (86)
 +
*[[Haute-Vienne, France Genealogy|Haute-Vienne]] (87)
 +
*[[Vosges, France Genealogy|Vosges]] (88)
 +
*[[Yonne, France Genealogy|Yonne]] (89)
 +
*[[Territoire-de-Belfort, France Genealogy|Territoire-de-Belfort]] (90)
 +
*[[Essonne, France Genealogy|Essonne]] (91)
 +
*[[Hauts-de-Seine, France Genealogy|Hauts-de-Seine]] (92)
 +
*[[Seine-Saint-Denis, France Genealogy|Seine-St.Denis]] (93)
 +
*[[Val-de-Marne, France Genealogy|Val-de-Marne]] (94)
 +
*[[Val-d’Oise, France Genealogy|Val-d’Oise]] (95)
 +
<br>
  
French citizens of Alsace-Lorraine (Haut Rhin, Bas Rhin, Moselle) often speak German. Many people from this area moved to Russia and the Ukraine and are discussed in [[Germans from Russia|Germans from Russia]].
+
'''Territories'''<br>
 +
<br>
 +
*[[French Guiana, France Genealogy|Guyane]]
 +
*[[Guadeloupe, France Genealogy|Guadeloupe]]
 +
*[[Martinique, France Genealogy|Martinique]]
 +
*[[Mayotte, France Genealogy|Mayotte]]
 +
*[[Reunion Island, France Genealogy|La Réunion]]
 +
*[[Saint Martin Genealogy|Saint Martin]]
 +
|-
 +
|}
  
== Did you know?  ==
+
=== Historic Provinces and their Capitols ===
 
+
{| style="width:100%; vertical-align:top;"
*The archives of&nbsp;most of the ''départements''&nbsp;(states) in France&nbsp;and 60 French cities have digitized a wide range of historical records and made them available online. Additional French archives are coming online monthly.&nbsp;Records available often&nbsp;include birth, marriage, and death records, cadastral and other land records, military records, censuses, and more. Click [http://www.geneawiki.com/index.php/Archives_en_ligne#Archives_d.C3.A9partementales here] to see the latest updates.  
+
|-
*French national censuses are seldom used for primary research by most family historians, and many have not been microfilmed.  
+
|style="width:20%;"|
*Some French military records begin as early as the 1500s.&nbsp;Records&nbsp;since the 19th century&nbsp;may&nbsp;include information about an ancestor's military career, such as promotions, places served, pensions, and conduct. In addition, these records may include information about his age, birthplace, residence, occupation, physical description, and family members.
+
*[[Alsace|Alsace (Strasbourg)]]
 
+
*[[Charente, France Genealogy#Former County of Angoumois|Angoumois (Angoulême)]]
== Things you can do  ==
+
*[[Anjou|Anjou (Angers)]]&nbsp;  
 
+
*[[Pas-de-Calais, France Genealogy#Former Region of Artois|Artois (Arras)]]
In order to make this wiki a better research tool, we need your help! Many tasks need to be done. You can help by:<br>
+
*[[Charente-Maritime, France Genealogy#Former Province of Aunis|Aunis (La Rochelle)]]
 +
*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Auvergne (Clermont-Ferrand)]
 +
*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berry,_France Berry (Bourges)]
 +
*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bourbonnais Bourbonnais (Moulins)]
 +
*[[Brittany|Brittany (Rennes)]]
 +
*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burgundy Burgundy (Dijon)]
 +
*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B%C3%A9arn Béarn (Pau)]
 +
|style="width:20%;"|
 +
*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Champagne_(province) Champagne (Troyes)]
 +
*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comtat_Venaissin Comtat Venaissin (Papal Fief)]
 +
*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corsica Corsica (Ajaccio)]
 +
*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dauphin%C3%A9 Dauphiné (Grenoble)]
 +
*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/County_of_Flanders Flandres and Hainaut (Lille)]
 +
*[[Ariège, France Genealogy#Former County of Foix|Foix (Foix)]]
 +
*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franche-Comt%C3%A9 Franche-Comté (Besançon)]
 +
*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Guyenne] and [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gascony Gascony] (Bordeaux)
 +
*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%8Ele-de-France Île-de-France (Paris)]
 +
*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Languedoc Languedoc (Toulouse)]
 +
|style="width:20%; vertical-align:top"|
 +
*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Limousin Limousin (Limoges)]
 +
*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lorraine Lorraine (Nancy)]
 +
*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maine_(province) Maine (Le Mans)]
 +
*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/County_of_La_Marche Marche (Guéret)]
 +
*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/County_of_Montb%C3%A9liard Montbelliard, Fief of Württemberg]
 +
*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mulhouse Imperial Free City of Mulhouse]
 +
*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/County_of_Nice Nice, County of]
 +
*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nivernais Nivernais (Nevers)]
 +
*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Normandy Normandy (Rouen)]
 +
*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orl%C3%A9anais Orléanais (Orléans)]
 +
|style="width:20%; vertical-align:top"|
 +
*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Picardy Picardy (Amiens)]
 +
*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poitou Poitou (Poitiers)]
 +
*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Provence Provence (Aix-en-Provence)]
 +
*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rh%C3%B4ne-Alpes Rhône-Alpes (Lyon)]
 +
*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roussillon Roussillon (Perpignan)]
 +
*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saintonge Saintonge or Xaintonge (Saintes)]
 +
*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savoy Savoy, Duchy of (Chambéry then Turin)]
 +
*[https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savoie_Propre Savoie Propre (Chambéry)]
 +
*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tarentaise_Valley Tarentaise (Moûtiers)]
 +
|style="width:20%; vertical-align:top"|
 +
*[https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maurienne Maurienne (Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne)]
 +
*[https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genevois_(province) Genevois (Annecy)]
 +
*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chablais Chablais (Thonon-les-Bains)]
 +
*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Faucigny Faucigny (Bonneville)]
 +
*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Touraine Touraine (Tours)]
 +
*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Three_Bishoprics Trois-Évêchés (Metz, Toul and Verdun)]
  
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 
 
|-
 
|-
|
 
*[[Edit a page|Expand an article]] or [[Special:Shortpages|short page]]
 
*[[How to author an article in the Wiki|Create a new article]]<br>
 
*[[How to categorize an article|Categorize articles]]<br>
 
 
|
 
*[[Create an external link|Add external links to articles]]
 
*[[Create an internal link|Add internal links to articles]]
 
*[[FamilySearch Wiki:Translation|Translate pages]]
 
 
|}
 
|}
  
Articles that need editing:  
+
=== French Oversees Territories ===
 +
Many of the records of the French overseas territories are on-line at [http://anom.archivesnationales.culture.gouv.fr/ ''Les Archives nationales d’outre-mer'']'', ''literally The Overseas National Archives.<br>
 +
<br>
  
*[[French Records Online|French Records Online]]
+
==More France Research Strategies==
 
+
Research strategies give guidance on how to research or what records to search for first.  Below are additional research strategy wiki articles for France.
{{H-langs|en=France|fr=France}}
+
*How to find [[France - Birth - 1539-1791|births,]] [[France - Marriage - 1539-1791|marriages]], [[France - Death - 1539-1791|deaths]], 1539-1791
 
+
*How to find [[France_-_Birth_-_1792-Present|births,]] [[France - Marriage - 1792-Present|marriages,]] and [[France - Death - 1792-Present|deaths,]] 1792-Present
</div>
+
*[[Media:Finding_Records_of_Your_Ancestors_in_France_.pdf|Finding Records of your Ancestors in France 1792 to 1880]]
 
 
[[Category:France]]
 
 
 
<div style="width: 24%; float: left;">
 
{| border="0" style="background: none repeat scroll 0% 0% rgb(255, 255, 240); -moz-background-inline-policy: continuous;" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 
|-
 
| align="center" style="font-family: verdana; background: none repeat scroll 0% 0% rgb(238, 238, 238);" | '''Beginners Corner'''
 
|-
 
| align="left" style="background: none repeat scroll 0% 0% rgb(249, 243, 253);" |  
 
 
*[[France Getting Started|Getting Started]]  
 
*[[France Getting Started|Getting Started]]  
 
*[[France What's the next step?|What's the next step?]]  
 
*[[France What's the next step?|What's the next step?]]  
 
*[[France Finding your ancestor in the records|Finding your ancestor in the records]]  
 
*[[France Finding your ancestor in the records|Finding your ancestor in the records]]  
*[[France Resources|France Resources]]
+
*[[Germans from Russia|Germans from Russia]] - to locate German-speaking French citizens of Alsace-Lorraine
 +
*[[France How to Guides|"How to" Guides]]
 +
===Research Tutorials===
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/287 '''Beginning Research in France'''] - Parts 1 and 2
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/875 '''Finding Your French Ancestors Online'''] - Parts 1, 2, and 3
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/878 '''Out of the Ashes of Paris'''] How to find your Parisian ancestors
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/517 '''Guide to reading parish records of Toulouse''']
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/84 '''Reading French Handwritten Records''']
 +
**Lesson 1: The French Alphabet
 +
**Lesson 2: Key Words and Phrases
 +
**Lesson 3: Reading French Records
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/341 '''Comprendre L'écriture de nos Ancêtres'''] - (Understanding the Writing of Our Ancestors) Parts 1 and 2
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/459 '''Using FranceGenWeb to Access French Records Online''']
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/ask/learningViewer/881 '''Calendar Changes in France, Germany, Switzerland, and the Low Countries''']
  
<br>
+
==More France Research Tools==
 
+
[[Image:Francerecords.jpg|right|900px|Francerecords.jpg]]
|-
+
Research tools can include resources that assist in locating correct records to search and determining the correct locality to search in.  Below are links and Wiki articles to research tools in France.<br>
| align="center" style="font-family: verdana; background: none repeat scroll 0% 0% rgb(238, 238, 238); -moz-background-inline-policy: continuous;" | '''News and Events'''
+
*[[French Archives Online|French Archives Online]]  
|-
+
*[[Using France Online Department Archives|Step-by-Step How to Use France Online Department Archives]]
| align="left" style="background: none repeat scroll 0% 0% rgb(249, 243, 253); -moz-background-inline-policy: continuous;" |
+
*[[France Letter Writing Guide]]  
*Hot off the Press!
+
*[[French Republican Calendar]]  
*Current Events
+
*[[Gallica: The French “Library of Congress”]]  
 
+
*[http://www.culture.fr/Genealogie/Grand-Memorial Military records from the WWI Era 1887-1921 online]
more...
 
 
 
|-
 
| align="center" style="font-family: verdana; background: none repeat scroll 0% 0% rgb(238, 238, 238); -moz-background-inline-policy: continuous;" | '''Topics'''
 
|-
 
| align="left" style="background: none repeat scroll 0% 0% rgb(249, 243, 253); -moz-background-inline-policy: continuous;" |
 
*[[France Archives and Libraries|Archives and Libraries]]
 
*[[France Biography|Biography]]
 
*[[France Cemeteries|Cemeteries]]
 
*[[France Census|Census]]
 
*[[France Church History|Church History]]  
 
*[[France Church Records|Church Records]]
 
*[[France Civil Registration- Vital Records|Civil Registration]]
 
*[[France Directories|Directories]]
 
*[[France Emigration and Immigration|Emigration and Immigration]]
 
*[[France Ethnic Groups|Ethnic Groups]]
 
*[[France Gazetteers|Gazetteers]]  
 
*[[France Genealogy|Genealogy]]
 
*[[France Heraldry|Heraldry]]  
 
*[[France Historical Geography|Historical Geography]]  
 
*[[France History|History]]  
 
*[[France Huguenots|Huguenots]]
 
*[[Insee Number|Insee Number]]
 
*[[France Language and Languages|Language and Languages]]
 
*[[France Maps|Maps]]
 
*[[France Military Records|Military Records]]
 
*[[France Minorities|Minorities]]
 
*[[France Names, Personal|Names, Personal]]
 
*[[France Naturalization and Citizenship|Naturalization and Citizenship]]
 
*[[France Newspapers|Newspapers]]
 
*[[France Nobility|Nobility]]
 
*[[France Notarial Records|Notarial Records]]
 
*[[France Periodicals|Periodicals]]
 
*[[France Probate Records|Probate Records]]  
 
*[[France Record Selection Table|Record Selection Table]]
 
*[[France Societies|Societies]]
 
*[[France Search Strategies for Births, Marriages and Deaths|Vital Record Search Strategies]]
 
 
 
|-
 
| align="center" style="font-family: verdana; background: none repeat scroll 0% 0% rgb(238, 238, 238); -moz-background-inline-policy: continuous;" | '''Helpful Websites'''
 
|-
 
| align="left" style="background: none repeat scroll 0% 0% rgb(249, 243, 253); -moz-background-inline-policy: continuous;" |
 
 
*[http://www.geneanet.org/ GeneaNet]  
 
*[http://www.geneanet.org/ GeneaNet]  
 
*[http://wiki.geneanet.org/ GeneaWiki]  
 
*[http://wiki.geneanet.org/ GeneaWiki]  
 
*[http://www.genealogylinks.net/europe/france/index.html France Genealogy Links]  
 
*[http://www.genealogylinks.net/europe/france/index.html France Genealogy Links]  
*[http://genealogy.about.com/od/france/ French Genealogy &amp; Family History]  
+
*[http://genealogy.about.com/od/france/ French Genealogy and Family History]  
 
*[http://www.cyndislist.com/france.htm Cyndi's List: France]  
 
*[http://www.cyndislist.com/france.htm Cyndi's List: France]  
 
*[http://www.gefrance.com/ Genealogy and Family History in France]  
 
*[http://www.gefrance.com/ Genealogy and Family History in France]  
*[http://www.kindredtrails.com/france.html France Genealogy]
+
*[[France Websites|More Websites]]
*[http://genforum.genealogy.com/france/ France Genealogy Forum]
 
*[http://www.frenchlines.com/passenger_index_en.php Le Havre Passenger List 1864-1936]
 
*[http://anom.archivesnationales.culture.gouv.fr/caomec2/ Online records for Algeria]  
 
*[http://infobel.com/France/ French Telephonedirectory]
 
  
<br>  
+
==FamilySearch Resources==
 +
Below are FamilySearch resources that can assist you in resourcing your family.
 +
*[[Genealogy Help on Facebook|Facebook Communities]] - Facebook groups discussing genealogy research
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/location/1927095?region=Finland Historical Records]
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/locations/centerlocator?c=Finland Family History Center locator map]
 +
== References ==
 +
<references />
  
|}
+
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<br>
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<br>
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<br>
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<br>
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<br>
 +
__NOTOC__
 +
[[Category:France|.]]
  
{{Forum badge
 
| layout = vertical
 
| link = http://forums.familysearch.org/en/forumdisplay.php?f=8
 
| name = France Research Fourms
 
}}{{Online course badge
 
| layout = vertical
 
| link = https://www.familysearch.org/learningcenter/lesson/beginning-research-in-france-part-1-of-2/560
 
| name = France courses
 
}}
 
  
{{FacebookGRC badge
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[[Category:Move Content]]
| layout = vertical
 
| link = https://www.facebook.com/pages/France-Genealogy-Research/374516879237899?cid=GRCW_France
 
}}
 
</div>
 

Latest revision as of 16:26, 20 September 2017

France Research Topics
Flag of France.png
Beginning Research
Record Types
France Background
Ethnicity
Local Research Resources
Moderator
The FamilySearch moderator for France is SugdenHG
Europe
France

Guide to France ancestry, family history, and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Country Information

France is a country in Western Europe bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Monaco, Spain, and Andorra. The French Republic was established in 1792. The official language is French.[1]

Getting Started

Getting Started with France Research

Links to articles on getting started with France research.

See More Research Strategies

France Research Tools

Links to articles and websites that assist in French research.

See More Research Tools



{{{link}}}Ask the Community Button New Version.jpg

France Clickable Map

AinAisneAllierAlpes-de-Haute-ProvenceHautes-AlpesAlpes-MaritimesArdècheArdennesAriègeAubeAudeAveyronBouches-du-RhôneCalvadosCantalCharenteCharente-MaritimeCherCorrèzeCorse-du-SudHaute-CorseCôte d'OrCotes d'ArmorCreuseDordogneDoubsDrômeEureEure-et-LoirFinistèreGardHaute-GaronneGersGirondeHéraultIlle-et-VilaineIndreIndre-et-LoireIsèreJuraLandesLoir-et-CherLoireHaute-LoireLoire-AtlantiqueLoiretLotLot-et-GaronneLozèreMaine-et-LoireMancheMarneHaute-MarneMayenneMeurthe-et-MoselleMeuseMorbihanMoselleNièvreNordOiseOrnePas-de-CalaisPuy-de-DômePyrénées-AtlantiquesHautes-PyrénéesPyrénées-OrientalesBas-RhinHaut-RhinRhôneHaute-SaôneSaône-et-LoireSartheSavoieHaute-SavoieParisSeine-MaritimeSeine-et-MarneYvelinesDeux-SèvresSommeTarnTarn-et-GaronneVarVaucluseVendéeVienneHaute-VienneVosgesYonneTerritoire-de-BelfortEssonneHauts-de-SeineSeine-Saint-DenisVal-de-MarneVal-d’OiseMap-france-departments.png
About this image

Click on the specific department name either on the map above or the list below to access the FamilySearch wiki article for that department.

Jurisdictions

Departments

Today France is divided into 96 departments, plus 5 overseas departments. This number has changed over the years, in 1790 there were 83 and at the height of Napoleon's reign there were as many as 130. Records are kept on the town level, but one needs to know in which department the town is located.

Note: The numbers in parentheses following the department name correspond to the numbers on the map above. Territoire-de-Belfort does not have a number on the map; it is located immediately below Haut-Rhin (68). The (1) on the map corresponds to the Paris area shown on the left inset. The final five departments listed below are overseas not shown on map above; their FamilySearch wiki pages may be opened by clicking on the names.


Territories

Historic Provinces and their Capitols

French Oversees Territories

Many of the records of the French overseas territories are on-line at Les Archives nationales d’outre-mer, literally The Overseas National Archives.

More France Research Strategies

Research strategies give guidance on how to research or what records to search for first. Below are additional research strategy wiki articles for France.

Research Tutorials

More France Research Tools

Francerecords.jpg

Research tools can include resources that assist in locating correct records to search and determining the correct locality to search in. Below are links and Wiki articles to research tools in France.

FamilySearch Resources

Below are FamilySearch resources that can assist you in resourcing your family.

References

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "France," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/France, accessed 23 March 2016.