Difference between revisions of "Fort Yuma Indian Agency (California)"

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== Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency  ==
 
== Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency  ==
  
Yuma, Quechan, Cocopah  
+
Yuma, [[Quechan Indians|Quechan]], [[Cocopah Indians|Cocopah]]
  
 
== History  ==
 
== History  ==
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Although it was assumed that Fort Yuma Agency, during its early years, was in Arizona, it was actually located across the Colorado River in the extreme southeastern corner of California (see [[Fort_Yuma_Indian_Agency_(California)|Fort Yuma Indian Agency in California]]).  
 
Although it was assumed that Fort Yuma Agency, during its early years, was in Arizona, it was actually located across the Colorado River in the extreme southeastern corner of California (see [[Fort_Yuma_Indian_Agency_(California)|Fort Yuma Indian Agency in California]]).  
  
Fort Yuma initially was a military post. A reservation was established for the Yuma Indians in 1884. The Indians on this reservation were supervised by the Colorado River Agency, and later by the Tule River Agency.  
+
Fort Yuma initially was a military post. A reservation was established for the Yuma Indians in 1884. The Indians on this reservation were supervised by the [[Colorado River Indian Agency (Arizona)|Colorado River Agency]], and later by the [[Tule River Indian Agency (California)|Tule River Agency]].  
  
 
A school was established, at first by the Catholic Sisters, in about 1880. The school was obtained by the federal government in 1895 and made a reservation boarding school. In 1900, the school was given agency status.  
 
A school was established, at first by the Catholic Sisters, in about 1880. The school was obtained by the federal government in 1895 and made a reservation boarding school. In 1900, the school was given agency status.  
  
The Fort Yuma Agency was transferred to the Colorado River Agency, 1 August 1935, and made a subagency.<ref>Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981, p. 160.</ref>  
+
The [[Fort_Yuma_Indian_Agency_(California)|Fort Yuma Agency]] was transferred to the [[Colorado River Indian Agency (Arizona)|Colorado River Agency]], 1 August 1935, and made a subagency.<ref>Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981, p. 160.</ref>  
  
 
For a good history of 19th Century Fort Yuma, California, see Historic California Posts: Fort Yuma -- [http://www.militarymuseum.org/FtYuma.html http://www.militarymuseum.org/FtYuma.html]  
 
For a good history of 19th Century Fort Yuma, California, see Historic California Posts: Fort Yuma -- [http://www.militarymuseum.org/FtYuma.html http://www.militarymuseum.org/FtYuma.html]  
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*Other administrative records, 1907-1951
 
*Other administrative records, 1907-1951
  
Microfilm copies of [[Superintendents' Annual Narrative and Statistical Reports (BIA), 1907-1938|''...Narrative and Statistical Reports...'']] for the Fort Yuma Agency, 1905-1937, are included in National Archives Microcopy M1011, Rolls 55-56<ref>''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy M1011, p. 27.</ref>, available in the National Archives system and in the collections of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, beginning with their {{FHL|479404|title-id|disp=microfilm numbers 1724273-1724274}}.<br>  
+
Microfilm copies of [[Superintendents' Annual Narrative and Statistical Reports (BIA), 1907-1938|''...Narrative and Statistical Reports...'']] for the Fort Yuma Agency, 1905-1937, are included in National Archives Microcopy M1011, Rolls 55-56<ref>''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy M1011, p. 27.</ref>, available in the National Archives system and in the collections of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, beginning with their {{FHL|479404|title-id|disp=microfilm numbers 1724273-1724274}}.<br>
  
 
The 1900 federal census included population schedules for the Yuma Indian Reservation. The census includes the non-Indian employees of the Fort Yuma Agency, as well as many pages of [[Indian Population Schedules -- 1900 United States Census|Indian Population Schedules]] for the native population of the Reservation. They are recorded as District 248, Yuma Indian Reservation, in San Diego County, California.  
 
The 1900 federal census included population schedules for the Yuma Indian Reservation. The census includes the non-Indian employees of the Fort Yuma Agency, as well as many pages of [[Indian Population Schedules -- 1900 United States Census|Indian Population Schedules]] for the native population of the Reservation. They are recorded as District 248, Yuma Indian Reservation, in San Diego County, California.  
  
Annual [[American Indian Census Rolls|''Indian Census Rolls'']] were taken at this agency for 1905 and from 1915 thru 1935. These rolls have been microfilmed by the [http://www.archives.gov/ National Archives] as part of their Microcopy Number M595, rolls 165 thru 166<ref>''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy M595, p. 51.</ref>. Copies of these records are also available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their {{FHL|297519|title-id|disp=microfilm numbers 576854-576855}}). These census rolls are also available online at Ancestry.com's subscription web site.<br>  
+
Annual [[American Indian Census Rolls|''Indian Census Rolls'']] were taken at this agency for 1905 and from 1915 thru 1935. These rolls have been microfilmed by the [http://www.archives.gov/ National Archives] as part of their Microcopy Number M595, rolls 165 thru 166<ref>''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy M595, p. 51.</ref>. Copies of these records are also available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their {{FHL|297519|title-id|disp=microfilm numbers 576854-576855}}). These census rolls are also available online at Ancestry.com's subscription web site.<br>
  
 
A partial listing of the Indian residents in Yuma County, California in 1928 is [http://www.indiancanyon.org/pics/census1928names/yuma1.html available online].  
 
A partial listing of the Indian residents in Yuma County, California in 1928 is [http://www.indiancanyon.org/pics/census1928names/yuma1.html available online].  
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== References  ==
 
== References  ==
  
<references />  
+
<references />
  
*''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.<br>  
+
*''American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications''. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.<br>
*Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.<br>  
+
*Hill, Edward E. (comp.). ''Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians''. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.<br>
*Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches''. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.<br>  
+
*Hill, Edward E. ''The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches''. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.<br>
 
*''Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880''. National Archives Microcopy T1105.  
 
*''Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880''. National Archives Microcopy T1105.  
 
*Marquette University. ''Guide to Catholic-Related Records in the Midwest about Native Americans.''  
 
*Marquette University. ''Guide to Catholic-Related Records in the Midwest about Native Americans.''  
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*"Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.
 
*"Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.
  
[[Category:American_Indian_Agencies]][[Category: California Indian Reservations]]
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[[Category:American_Indian_Agencies]] [[Category:California_Indian_Reservations]]

Revision as of 16:46, 14 January 2011

United States Gotoarrow.png American Indians Gotoarrow.png California Gotoarrow.png Indians of California Gotoarrow.png Fort Yuma Indian Agency (California)

Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency

Yuma, Quechan, Cocopah

History

Although it was assumed that Fort Yuma Agency, during its early years, was in Arizona, it was actually located across the Colorado River in the extreme southeastern corner of California (see Fort Yuma Indian Agency in California).

Fort Yuma initially was a military post. A reservation was established for the Yuma Indians in 1884. The Indians on this reservation were supervised by the Colorado River Agency, and later by the Tule River Agency.

A school was established, at first by the Catholic Sisters, in about 1880. The school was obtained by the federal government in 1895 and made a reservation boarding school. In 1900, the school was given agency status.

The Fort Yuma Agency was transferred to the Colorado River Agency, 1 August 1935, and made a subagency.[1]

For a good history of 19th Century Fort Yuma, California, see Historic California Posts: Fort Yuma -- http://www.militarymuseum.org/FtYuma.html

Records

Some records of the Fort Yuma Agency are in the Pacific Regional Archives of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) in Los Angeles[2], including:

  • Education records, 1913-1928
  • Register of births and deaths, 1915-1925
  • Allotment files, 1923-1935
  • Census records, n.d.
  • Other administrative records, 1907-1951

Microfilm copies of ...Narrative and Statistical Reports... for the Fort Yuma Agency, 1905-1937, are included in National Archives Microcopy M1011, Rolls 55-56[3], available in the National Archives system and in the collections of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, beginning with their microfilm numbers 1724273-1724274.

The 1900 federal census included population schedules for the Yuma Indian Reservation. The census includes the non-Indian employees of the Fort Yuma Agency, as well as many pages of Indian Population Schedules for the native population of the Reservation. They are recorded as District 248, Yuma Indian Reservation, in San Diego County, California.

Annual Indian Census Rolls were taken at this agency for 1905 and from 1915 thru 1935. These rolls have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of their Microcopy Number M595, rolls 165 thru 166[4]. Copies of these records are also available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm numbers 576854-576855). These census rolls are also available online at Ancestry.com's subscription web site.

A partial listing of the Indian residents in Yuma County, California in 1928 is available online.

References

  1. Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981, p. 160.
  2. Guide to Federal Records, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75. Available online.
  3. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy M1011, p. 27.
  4. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy M595, p. 51.
  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
  • Marquette University. Guide to Catholic-Related Records in the Midwest about Native Americans.
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online
  • "Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.