Fond du Lac Indian Reservation (Minnesota)
The Fond du Lac Reservation is a federally-recognized reservation in Minnesota.
- Established -- 30 Sep 1854
- Agency (BIA) --
- Principal tribes -- Fond du Lac Band of Chippewa of Lake Superior
- Population -- 2010 is 1,655
The Fond du Lac Reservation was established by Treaty of Sept. 30, 1854 (X, 1109) and an act of May 26, 1872 (XVII, 190). Grand Portage Reservation was also established on September 30, 1854, through the same treaty.
Some of the Chippewas from the Fond Du Lac Band of Chippewas, probably lived in Wisconsin. They were relocated to the Little Shell Pembina Chippewa White Earth Reservation. That probably began in the 1860s but increased during the 1880s and 1890s. In 1901, the population of the Removal Fond Du Lac Chippewas at the Little Shell Pembina Chippewa Reservation of northern Minnesota, was 100.
Fond Du Lac Reservation is probably a part of the 11 million acre (17,187 sq. mi. or 44,515 sq. km.) Little Shell Pembina Chippewa Reservation of northern Minnesota that chiefs Little Shell III and Red Thunder, refused to cede in 1892.
In 1901, the Indian population of Fond Du Lac Reservation was 771. In 1930, the Indian population of Fond Du Lac Reservation was 1,298. Fond Du Lac Reservation gained in an Indian population between 1901 and 1930, at around 90%. According to the 2010 census, the Indian population of Fond Du Lac Reservation is 1,655. Between 1930 and 2010, the Indian population at Fond Du Lac Reservation increased by almost 600. Between 2000 and 2010, the Indian population increased at Fond Du Lac Reservation by 302, or by nearly 25%.
After the Indian Reorganization Act was accepted at Fond Du Lac Reservation, the Indian population increased at a much slower rate. One of the goals of the Indian Reorganization Act was to relocate Indians from Reservations, to white communities and to assimilate them into communal societies. Reservation leaders are probably doing positive projects at the Fond Du Lac Reservation to keep their citizens on the reservation to preserve their language and culture. It is important that the culture and language of the First Nation peoples be preserved and passed on to subsequent generations and viewed as the important history of the United States that it is. .
There are at least six Chippewa communities within Fond Du Lac Reservation. With an eye toward the preservation of the culture and the language of the American Indians, the reservation leaders should expand Indian settlements at Fond Du Lac. It would be desirable for them to issue a name for each of the communities and financially support each one so they can accept jurisdiction over their communities borders or city limits. It would help to use as little land as possible for community growth. Place hydroponic farms (greenhouse farming) within each community so employment is available and safe food (even tropical food) is grown. Form fishing and hunting societies which follow Federal and State laws and which will function as new employment opportunities for members of the tribes.
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- Volume 1 -- Not yet published
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- Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
- Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
- Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
- Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
- Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
- Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
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- Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
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- Volume 16 -- Not yet published
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- Volume 18 -- Not yet published
- Volume 19 -- Not yet published
- Volume 20 -- Not yet published
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