Florida in the Civil War
Florida seceded from the Union on 10 January 1861 and joined the Confederate States of America 8 February 1861. Soldiers from Florida served in both the Union and the Confederate armies. Florida raised 44 regiments and other units that served in the Confederate army. Florida also raised 4 regiments and other units that served in the Union army. She was readmitted to representation in Congress on 25 June 1868.
For more information, see:
- The Wikipedia article, Florida in the American Civil War.
- State Library and Archives of Florida, Florida Memory article, "The Smallest Tadpole", Florida in the Civil War.
Florida Military Units
Most units were numbered, however, some were named. See the table below for lists of the regiments, battalions, batteries, and unassigned companies.
The information in the lists of Florida Military Units comes from the Civil War Soldiers and Sailors web site. This web site also can be searched by the name of a soldier.
In order to locate the compiled service records of a Florida Confederate soldier, the unit in which he served must be known, or located through the use of an index. The index to Florida Confederate Service records is located on Family History Library microfilms 880001-880009. The service records are organized by the units in which the solider served. Within the unit, the service records are listed alphabetically by the soldier's last name. Florida Confederate service records are on 104 film reels(beginning with Family History Library microfilm 880103)
Pension applications for widows and Confederate veterans began in 1885 and continued through 1955. The applications are indexed on Family History Library microfilm 006717. The applications are on 169 rolls of microfilm at the Family History Library and are arranged by file number (beginning with Family History Library microfilm 006718). These same records can be viewed online at the State Archives of Florida .
Compiled Service Records - The Compiled Service Records for Florida soldiers ($) (Footnote.com) are now available online. In the future, these records will be made available at no charge through the National Archives web site. The compiled service records consist of an envelope containing card abstracts taken from muster rolls, returns, pay vouchers, and other records. Service records may provide rank, unit, date of enlistment, length of service, age, residence, and death date. The service records are also available at no charge at National Archives research rooms.
State militia records for the Confederate period are at the state arsenal in St. Augustine. For information, write to:
Department of Military Affairs
P.O. Box 1008
St. Augustine, FL 32085-1008
Florida Confederate Pension Application files are indexed and can be searched and viewed on this site. They are for both the veteran's and the widow's applications.
The Family History Library and the National Archives have the following records:
- Compiled service records: Family History Library microfilms 1299987-97
- Index to service records: Family History Library microfilm 821727
- Index to pension records: Family History Library microfilms 540757-541300
- (Pension records are only at the National Archives)
Civil War Pension Index Cards - An Index to Pension Applications of veterans who served in the US Army between 1861-1917 is available on FamilySearch. Each card gives the soldier’s name, application and certificate numbers, state of enlistment, and might include rank and death information. Other wars, of that time period, may be included.
Southern Claims Commission. If a Union sympathizer in Florida claimed a loss during the Civil War due to Union military confiscation, he could apply to the Southern Claims Commission for reimbursement. Only a few applied per county, but their neighbors were called as witnesses and asked dozens of questions. Hundreds of all kinds of residents in a county may be mentioned in answers to Commission questions, and their wartime activities described. To learn how to find records mentioning these neighbors in Florida counties during the Civil War see the Southern Claims Commission.
- Wikipedia.com, Florida in the American Civil War (accessed January 2011).