Florida in the Civil War

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United States  Gotoarrow.png  U.S. Military  Gotoarrow.png  Florida  Gotoarrow.png  Military  Gotoarrow.png Florida in the Civil War


Florida seceded from the Union on 10 January 1861 and joined the Confederate States of America 8 February 1861. She raised 44 regiments and other units that served in the Confederate army. Florida also raised 4 regiments and other units that served in the Union army. She was readmitted to representation in Congress on 25 June 1868.

Florida Units by Number or by Name

Confed. Units
A to Z
A to Z
Union Units

Confederate Units

  • 1st Battalion, Florida Special Cavalry (Confederate)
    1st Special Infantry Battalion, originally mustered as artillery, was organized during the fall of 1861 with six companies. During June 1964, it became part of the 10th Florida Infantry Regiment. Liuetnenant Colonels Daniel P. Holland and Charles F. Hopkins and Major William W. Scott were in command.
  • 1st Regiment, Florida Infantry
    1st Infantry Regiment, formerly the 1st Florida Infantry Battalion, was assembled in March, 1861, at Chattahoochee Arsenal. Its members were from the counties of Leon, Alachua, Madison, Jefferson, Jackson, Franklin, Gadsden, and Escambia. In December, 1862, it was united with the 3rd Florida Infantry Regiment. Few surrendered on April 26, 1865. The field officers were Colonels J. Patton Anderson and William Miller, Lieutenant Colonels William K. Beard and Thaddeus A. McDonell, and Major Clover A. Ball.
  • 1st Regiment, Florida Cavalry (Confederate)
    Organized in July, 1861, near Tallahassee, Florida. It served in Florida until the spring of 1862 when seven companies were dismounted, and Companies A, E, and F continued to serve as cavalry.
    It surrendered on April 26, 1865. r, 1863, the 1st Cavalry (dismounted) was consolidated with the 4th Florida Infantry Regiment.
  • 2nd Battalion, Florida Infantry (Confederate)
    2nd Infantry Battalion, formerly the 2nd Battalion Partisan Rangers, was organized during the summer of 1863 with five companies, later increased to six. In June, 1864, four companies merged into the 10th Florida Regiment and two into the 11th Florida Regiment
  • 2nd Regiment, Florida Infantry (Confederate) <br>2nd Infantry Regiment completed its organization at Jacksonville, Florida, in July, 1861. Its twelve companies contained men from Escambia, Columbia, Leon, Marion, Jackson, Alachua, St. Johns, Putnam, Hamilton, Nassau, and Madison counties.
    On April 9, 1865, it surrendered
  • 3rd Regiment, Florida Infantry (Confederate)
    3rd Infantry Regiment was formed near Pensacola, Florida, in July, 1861 The unit served along the coast at Talbot Island and Cedar Keys, then moved to Mobile during December, 1862, consolidated with the 1st Florida Infantry Regiment
  • 7th Regiment, Florida Infantry (Confederate)
    was organized at Gainesville, Florida, in April, 1862.  During the war it served in R.C. Trigg's, Finley's, and J.A. Smith's Brigade, Army of Tennessee.  The unit surrendered on April 26, 1865.
  • 8th Regiment, Florida Infantry (Confederate)
    8th Infantry Regiment completed its organization at Lake City, Florida, during the summer of 1862. The unit was soon ordered to Virginia.  surrendered with the Army of Northern Virginia.
  • 9th Regiment, Florida Infantry (Confederate)
    9th Infantry Regiment was organized at Hanover Junction, Virginia, in June, 1864,  the unit served with the Army of Northern Virginia at Cold Harbor, It was involved in the Appomattox Campaign and surrendered on April 9, 1865,
  • 10th Regiment, Florida Infantry (Confederate)
    10th Infantry Regiment was assembled in June, 1864. It was formed by consolidating six companies of the 1st and four of the 2nd Florida Infantry Battalions. Some of the men were from Alachua and Putnam counties. It surrendered with the Army of Northern Virginia.
  • 11th Regiment, Florida Infantry (Confederate)
    11th Infantry Regiment was organized in June, 1864, by consolidating part of the 2nd and the 4th Florida Infantry Battalions. Many of the men were recruited in Hendry, Jackson, and Bradford counties. In April, 1865, it surrendered 4 offciers and 19 men.
  • Dunham's Company, Florida Light Artillery (Milton Light Artillery (Confederate)
    organized in November, 1861, at Apalachicola, Florida. During the summer of 1863 it was divided; Company A fought at Lake City, Cedar Run, and Milton, and Company B at Olustee, Horse Landing, and Gainesville. Assigned to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, March, 1865, was at Camp Sumter, Georgia, it was included in the surrender on May 10, 1865.
  • Kilcrease Light Artillery (Confederate)
    " was formed in the spring of 1863. It was assigned to the Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, was included in the surrender at Tallahassee, Florida, on May 10, 1865. commanded by Captains Patrick Houston and F.L. Villepique.

Union Units

  • 1st Regiment, Florida Cavalry
    Mustered in: Organized at Barrancas, Fla., December, 1863, to August, 1864.
    Mustered out: Duty in Western and Middle Florida till November. Mustered out November 17, 1865.
  • 2nd Regiment, Florida Cavalry
    Organized at Cedar Keys and Key West, Fla., December, 1863, to June, 1864.
    Duty in District of Florida till November. Mustered out November 29, 1865.
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