Difference between revisions of "Florida in the Civil War"

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''[[United States|United States]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Military Records|U.S. Military]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Florida]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Florida Military Records|Military]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Florida_in_the_Civil_War|Florida in the Civil War]]''  
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| link2=[[Florida Military Records|Florida Military]]
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| link3=[[Florida in the Civil War]]
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=== Introduction  ===
 
=== Introduction  ===
  
[[Image:Confed Monument St Augustine.jpg|thumb|right|300px]]
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Florida seceded from the Union on 10 January 1861 and joined the Confederate States of America 8 February 1861. Soldiers from Florida served in both the Union and the Confederate armies. Florida raised 44 regiments and other units that served in the Confederate army. Florida also raised 4 regiments and other units that served in the Union army. She was readmitted to representation in Congress on 25&nbsp;June 1868.<ref name="wikipedia">Wikipedia.com, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florida_in_the_American_Civil_War Florida in the American Civil War] (accessed January 2011).</ref> The U.S. War Department credited Florida with 1,290 white Union soldiers.<ref>United States. War Department, ''The War of the Rebellion: a Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies'', (Washington, District of Columbia: Govt. Print. Office, 1880-1901), Series 3, Volume 4, page 1269. {{FHL|31516|item|disp=FHL book 973 M29u ser.3 v. 3, FHL film 845422}}.</ref>
  
Florida seceded from the Union on 10&nbsp;January 1861 and joined the Confederate States of America 8&nbsp;February 1861. Soldiers from Florida served in both the Union and the Confederate armies. Florida raised 44&nbsp;regiments and other units that served in the Confederate army. Florida also raised 4&nbsp;regiments and other units that served in the Union army. She was readmitted to representation in Congress on 25&nbsp;June 1868.
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For more information, see:
  
*For more information, see the Wikipedia article, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florida_in_the_American_Civil_War Florida in the American Civil War].
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*The Wikipedia article, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florida_in_the_American_Civil_War Florida in the American Civil War].  
 +
*State Library and Archives of Florida,&nbsp;Florida Memory article, [http://www.floridamemory.com/OnlineClassroom/FloridaCivilWar/history.cfm "The Smallest Tadpole", Florida in the Civil War.]
  
*The information&nbsp;in the lists of&nbsp;Florida Units comes from the [http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/ Civil War Soldiers and Sailors] web site. This web site also can be searched by the name of a soldier.<br>
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=== Florida Military Units ===
<center>'''Florida Units by Number or by Name'''</center>
 
<br>
 
<div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; color: black; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); text-align: center">'''''Confed. Units'''''</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); text-align: center">[[Florida Civil War Confederate Units 1st through 11th|1st-11th]]</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: left; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); text-align: center">[[Florida Civil War Confederate Units A to Z|A to Z]]</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: right; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); text-align: center">[[Florida Civil War Union Units A to Z|A to Z]]</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: right; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); text-align: center">[[Florida Civil War Union Units 1st through 11th|1st-11th]]</div><div style="padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; float: right; padding-bottom: 5px; margin: 4px; width: 60px; color: black; padding-top: 5px; height: 40px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); text-align: center">'''''Union Units'''''</div><div style="float: left; width: 100%"></div>
 
<br>
 
  
=== '''Confederate Records'''&nbsp;  ===
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Most units were numbered, however, some were named. See the table below for lists of the regiments, battalions, batteries, and unassigned companies.
  
In order to locate the compiled service records of a Florida Confederate soldier, the unit in which he served must be known, or located through the use of an index. The index to Florida Confederate Service records is located on Family History Library microfilms {{FHL|281062|title-id|disp=880001-880009}}. The service records are organized by the units in which the solider served. Within the unit, the service records are listed alphabetically by the soldier's last name. Florida Confederate service records are on 104 film reels(beginning with Family History Library microfilm {{FHL|281062|title-id|disp=880103}})  
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The information in the lists of Florida Military Units comes from the [https://www.nps.gov/civilwar/soldiers-and-sailors-database.htm Civil War Soldiers and Sailors] web site. This web site also can be searched by the name of a soldier.
 +
<center>'''Florida Military Units by Number or by Name'''</center><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; color: black; padding-top: 5px">'''''Confed. Units'''''</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Florida Civil War Confederate Units 1st through 11th|1st-11th]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Florida Civil War Confederate Units A to Z|A to Z]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: right; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Florida Civil War Union Units A to Z|A to Z]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: right; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Florida Civil War Union Units 1st through 2nd|1st-2nd]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: right; height: 40px; color: black; padding-top: 5px">'''''Union Units'''''</div><div style="width: 100%; float: left"><br><center>'''Florida Units by Type of Unit'''</center><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(255,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 28px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; color: black; padding-top: 5px"></div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; color: black; padding-top: 5px">'''''Confed. Units'''''</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Florida Civil War Confederate Infantry Units|Infantry]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Florida Civil War Confederate Cavalry Units|Cavalry]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Florida Civil War Confederate Artillery Units|Artillery]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Florida Civil War Confederate Militia Units|Militia]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(208,208,208); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Florida Civil War Confederate Other Units|Other]]</div><div style="width: 100%; float: left"><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(255,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 184px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; color: black; padding-top: 5px"></div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; color: black; padding-top: 5px">'''''Union Units'''''</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Florida Civil War Union Cavalry Units|Cavalry]]</div><div style="text-align: center; padding-bottom: 5px; background-color: rgb(204,255,255); margin: 4px; padding-left: 5px; width: 60px; padding-right: 5px; float: left; height: 40px; padding-top: 5px">[[Florida Civil War Union Unassigned Units|Unassign- ed Units]]<div style="width: 100%; float: left"><br></div></div></div></div>
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<br>
  
Pension applications for widows and Confederate veterans began in 1885 and continued through 1955. The applications are indexed on Family History Library microfilm {{FHL|294522|title-id|disp=006717}}. The applications are on 169 rolls of microfilm at the Family History Library and are arranged by file number (beginning with Family History Library microfilm {{FHL|294522|title-id|disp=006718}}). These same records can be viewed online at the [http://www.floridamemory.com/Collections/PensionFiles/ State Archives of Florida] .  
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<br>
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=== Confederate Records ===
 +
 
 +
 
 +
==== Service Records  ====
 +
 
 +
'''Compiled Service Records''' <br>
 +
 
 +
*{{RecordSearch|1932369|Florida, Civil War Service Records of Confederate Soldiers, 1861-1865}} (Free) (FamilySearch) is a searchable card index. The index is courtesy of Fold3. This collection is a part of RG 109,War Department Collection of Confederate Records and is National Archive Microfilm Publication M251. [https://familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Florida,_Service_Records_of_Confederate_Soldiers_of_the_Civil_War_%28FamilySearch_Historical_Records%29 Description].<br>
 +
 
 +
*The [http://go.fold3.com/civilwar_records Compiled Service Records] ($) (Fold3.com) for Union and Confederate soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Florida are now available online. In the future, these records will be [http://www.archives.gov/press/press-releases/2007/nr07-41.html made available at no charge] through the National Archives web site. The compiled service records consist of an envelope containing card abstracts taken from muster rolls, returns, pay vouchers, and other records. Service records may provide rank, unit, date of enlistment, length of service, age, place of birth, and date of death. The service records are also available at no charge at [http://www.archives.gov/locations/archival-research.html National Archives research rooms]. For more information see [[Confederate Service Records|Confederate Service Records]].
  
 
State militia records for the Confederate period are at the state arsenal in St. Augustine. For information, write to:  
 
State militia records for the Confederate period are at the state arsenal in St. Augustine. For information, write to:  
Line 25: Line 49:
 
'''Adjutant General'''<br>Department of Military Affairs<br>Attn.: M.I.L.P.<br>P.O. Box 1008<br>St. Augustine, FL 32085-1008<br>Telephone: 904-823-0315<br>Fax: 904-823-0309  
 
'''Adjutant General'''<br>Department of Military Affairs<br>Attn.: M.I.L.P.<br>P.O. Box 1008<br>St. Augustine, FL 32085-1008<br>Telephone: 904-823-0315<br>Fax: 904-823-0309  
  
[http://www.floridamemory.com/Collections/PensionFiles/ Florida Confederate Pension Application] files are indexed and can be searched and viewed on this site. They are for both the veteran's and the widow's applications. <br>
+
==== Pension Records  ====
 +
 
 +
Pension applications for widows and Confederate veterans began in 1885 and continued through 1955. The applications are indexed on Family History Library microfilm {{FHL|294522|title-id|disp=006717}}. The applications are on 169 rolls of microfilm at the Family History Library and are arranged by file number (beginning with Family History Library microfilm {{FHL|294522|title-id|disp=006718}}). These same records can be viewed online at the [http://www.floridamemory.com/Collections/PensionFiles/ State Archives of Florida]. They are for both the veteran's and the widow's applications.
 +
 
 +
*'''1885-1955''' - {{RecordSearch|1913411|Florida Confederate Veterans and Widows Pension Applications, 1885-1955}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
 +
 
 +
==== Confederate Prisoners of War ====
 +
 
 +
*[https://search.findmypast.com/search-world-Records/united-states-records-of-confederate-prisoners-of-war-1861-1865-browse United States, Records Of Confederate Prisoners Of War, 1861-1865] at findmypast - Index
 +
 
  
 
=== '''Union Records'''  ===
 
=== '''Union Records'''  ===
 +
 +
==== Service Records  ====
 +
 +
*FamilySearch. {{RecordSearch|1932395|Florida, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865}}. This collection is a part of RG 94, Records of the Adjutant General's Office, 1780's-1917 and is National Archive Microfilm Publication M400. Index courtesy of Fold3. [[Florida, Service Records of Confederate Soldiers of the Civil War (FamilySearch Historical Records)|Description]].<br>
  
 
The Family History Library and the National Archives have the following records:  
 
The Family History Library and the National Archives have the following records:  
Line 36: Line 73:
 
*(Pension records are only at the National Archives)
 
*(Pension records are only at the National Archives)
  
<br>'''Civil War Pension Index Cards''' - A free Internet index to pension applications of veterans who served in the US Army between 1861-1917 is available on [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1471019 FamilySearch Record Search]. Each card gives the soldier’s name, application and certificate numbers, state of enlistment, and might include rank and death information. Other wars, of that time period, may be included.  
+
'''Compiled Service Records''' - The [http://go.fold3.com/civilwar_records Compiled Service Records] ($) (Fold3.com) for Union and Confederate soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Florida are now available online. In the future, these records will be [http://www.archives.gov/press/press-releases/2007/nr07-41.html made available at no charge] through the National Archives web site. The compiled service records consist of an envelope containing card abstracts taken from muster rolls, returns, pay vouchers, and other records. Service records may provide rank, unit, date of enlistment, length of service, age, place of birth, and date of death. The service records are also available at no charge at [http://www.archives.gov/locations/archival-research.html National Archives research rooms]. For more information see [[Union Service Records|Union Service Records]].
 +
 
 +
==== Pension Records  ====
 +
 
 +
'''Civil War Pension Index Cards''' - An {{RecordSearch|1471019|Index to Pension Applications}} of veterans who served in the US Army between 1861-1917 is available on FamilySearch. Each card gives the soldier’s name, application and certificate numbers, state of enlistment, and might include rank and death information. The majority of the records are of Civil War veterans, but the collection also includes records for veterans of the Spanish-American War, the Philippine Insurrection, the Indian Wars, and World War I. For more information see [[Union Pension Records|Union Pension Records]].
 +
 
 +
=== Contraband Camps  ===
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 +
The web site [http://www.lastroadtofreedom.com/ Last Road to Freedom] has information on America's Civil War Contraband Camps.  
 +
 
 +
=== Southern Claims Commission  ===
  
 
'''Southern Claims Commission.''' If a Union sympathizer in Florida claimed a loss during the Civil War due to Union military confiscation, he could apply to the Southern Claims Commission for reimbursement. Only a few applied per county, but their neighbors were called as witnesses and asked dozens of questions. Hundreds of all kinds of residents in a county may be mentioned in answers to Commission questions, and their wartime activities described. To learn how to find records mentioning these neighbors in Florida counties during the Civil War see the [[Southern Claims Commission|Southern Claims Commission]].  
 
'''Southern Claims Commission.''' If a Union sympathizer in Florida claimed a loss during the Civil War due to Union military confiscation, he could apply to the Southern Claims Commission for reimbursement. Only a few applied per county, but their neighbors were called as witnesses and asked dozens of questions. Hundreds of all kinds of residents in a county may be mentioned in answers to Commission questions, and their wartime activities described. To learn how to find records mentioning these neighbors in Florida counties during the Civil War see the [[Southern Claims Commission|Southern Claims Commission]].  
  
<br>
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<br>  
<div></div>
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=== Websites  ===
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 +
*Florida. Department of State. [http://www.flheritage.com/facts/reports/civilwar/index.cfm Florida in the Civil War] has good information about the history of Florida in the Civil War on various topics with pictures. (accessed 7 June 2012)
 +
*
 +
 
 +
==== Grand Army of the Republic (GAR)  ====
 +
 
 +
Grand Army of the Republic founded in 1866 - 1956, was the largest veteran’s organization in the country after the Civil War. It was a fraternal organization members were veterans of the Union Army, US Navy, Marines and Revenue Cutler Service who served in the American Civil War. The group supported voting rights for black veterans, and lobbied the U.S. Congress to establish veterans' pensions. In 1890 the membership was 490,000.
 +
 
 +
In 1888 there were 10 posts and 279 members in the state of Florida
 +
 
 +
[http://suvcw.org/garposts/fl.pdf GAR Posts in the State of Florida]
 +
 
 +
The FamilySearch Catalog list records of the&nbsp;[https://familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&keyword=Florida+Grand+Army+of+the+Republic&prekeyword=Florida+Grand+Army+of+the+Republic Florida Grand Army of the Republic]
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 +
==== Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War  ====
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 +
With the death of the last member of the Grand Army of the Republic the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War was formed.
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<br>
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=== References  ===
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{{reflist}}<div></div><div></div><div></div><div></div>
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<br>{{U.S. Civil War}}
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[[Category:Florida_-_Military_-_Civil_War,_1861-1865]]
 
[[Category:Florida_-_Military_-_Civil_War,_1861-1865]]

Latest revision as of 14:30, 6 June 2018

Florida
Florida Military
Florida in the Civil War
Florida in the Civil War

Introduction

Florida seceded from the Union on 10 January 1861 and joined the Confederate States of America 8 February 1861. Soldiers from Florida served in both the Union and the Confederate armies. Florida raised 44 regiments and other units that served in the Confederate army. Florida also raised 4 regiments and other units that served in the Union army. She was readmitted to representation in Congress on 25 June 1868.[1] The U.S. War Department credited Florida with 1,290 white Union soldiers.[2]

For more information, see:

Florida Military Units

Most units were numbered, however, some were named. See the table below for lists of the regiments, battalions, batteries, and unassigned companies.

The information in the lists of Florida Military Units comes from the Civil War Soldiers and Sailors web site. This web site also can be searched by the name of a soldier.

Florida Military Units by Number or by Name
Confed. Units
1st-11th
A to Z
A to Z
1st-2nd
Union Units

Florida Units by Type of Unit
Confed. Units
Infantry
Cavalry
Artillery
Militia
Other
Union Units







Confederate Records

Service Records

Compiled Service Records

  • The Compiled Service Records ($) (Fold3.com) for Union and Confederate soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Florida are now available online. In the future, these records will be made available at no charge through the National Archives web site. The compiled service records consist of an envelope containing card abstracts taken from muster rolls, returns, pay vouchers, and other records. Service records may provide rank, unit, date of enlistment, length of service, age, place of birth, and date of death. The service records are also available at no charge at National Archives research rooms. For more information see Confederate Service Records.

State militia records for the Confederate period are at the state arsenal in St. Augustine. For information, write to:

Adjutant General
Department of Military Affairs
Attn.: M.I.L.P.
P.O. Box 1008
St. Augustine, FL 32085-1008
Telephone: 904-823-0315
Fax: 904-823-0309

Pension Records

Pension applications for widows and Confederate veterans began in 1885 and continued through 1955. The applications are indexed on Family History Library microfilm 006717. The applications are on 169 rolls of microfilm at the Family History Library and are arranged by file number (beginning with Family History Library microfilm 006718). These same records can be viewed online at the State Archives of Florida. They are for both the veteran's and the widow's applications.

Confederate Prisoners of War


Union Records

Service Records

The Family History Library and the National Archives have the following records:

  • Compiled service records: Family History Library microfilms 1299987-97
  • Index to service records: Family History Library microfilm 821727
  • Index to pension records: Family History Library microfilms 540757-541300
  • (Pension records are only at the National Archives)

Compiled Service Records - The Compiled Service Records ($) (Fold3.com) for Union and Confederate soldiers who served in organizations from the state of Florida are now available online. In the future, these records will be made available at no charge through the National Archives web site. The compiled service records consist of an envelope containing card abstracts taken from muster rolls, returns, pay vouchers, and other records. Service records may provide rank, unit, date of enlistment, length of service, age, place of birth, and date of death. The service records are also available at no charge at National Archives research rooms. For more information see Union Service Records.

Pension Records

Civil War Pension Index Cards - An Index to Pension Applications of veterans who served in the US Army between 1861-1917 is available on FamilySearch. Each card gives the soldier’s name, application and certificate numbers, state of enlistment, and might include rank and death information. The majority of the records are of Civil War veterans, but the collection also includes records for veterans of the Spanish-American War, the Philippine Insurrection, the Indian Wars, and World War I. For more information see Union Pension Records.

Contraband Camps

The web site Last Road to Freedom has information on America's Civil War Contraband Camps.

Southern Claims Commission

Southern Claims Commission. If a Union sympathizer in Florida claimed a loss during the Civil War due to Union military confiscation, he could apply to the Southern Claims Commission for reimbursement. Only a few applied per county, but their neighbors were called as witnesses and asked dozens of questions. Hundreds of all kinds of residents in a county may be mentioned in answers to Commission questions, and their wartime activities described. To learn how to find records mentioning these neighbors in Florida counties during the Civil War see the Southern Claims Commission.


Websites

  • Florida. Department of State. Florida in the Civil War has good information about the history of Florida in the Civil War on various topics with pictures. (accessed 7 June 2012)

Grand Army of the Republic (GAR)

Grand Army of the Republic founded in 1866 - 1956, was the largest veteran’s organization in the country after the Civil War. It was a fraternal organization members were veterans of the Union Army, US Navy, Marines and Revenue Cutler Service who served in the American Civil War. The group supported voting rights for black veterans, and lobbied the U.S. Congress to establish veterans' pensions. In 1890 the membership was 490,000.

In 1888 there were 10 posts and 279 members in the state of Florida

GAR Posts in the State of Florida

The FamilySearch Catalog list records of the Florida Grand Army of the Republic

Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War

With the death of the last member of the Grand Army of the Republic the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War was formed.


References

  1. Wikipedia.com, Florida in the American Civil War (accessed January 2011).
  2. United States. War Department, The War of the Rebellion: a Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, (Washington, District of Columbia: Govt. Print. Office, 1880-1901), Series 3, Volume 4, page 1269. FHL book 973 M29u ser.3 v. 3, FHL film 845422.