Florida Census

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United States  >  U.S. Census  >  Florida  >  Florida Census

Available and Lost Census Schedules

Florida: Existing and Lost Federal Census Schedules[1][2][3]
Exact Date Population Schedules Veterans/ Pensioners Slave Owners Mortality Agricultural Industrial/ Manufact- urers Defective Indian[4]
1940 Apr 1 Public release in 2012 - - - - - - -
1930 Apr 1 Exist - - - - - - -
1920 Jan 1 Exist - - - - - - -
1910 Apr 15 Exist - - - - - - Exist
1900 Jun 1 Exist - - - - - - Exist
1890 Jun 2 Lost Lost  - - - - - -
1885 Jun 1  Exist for all counties except Alachua, Clay, Columbia, and Nassau. - - Some counties missing  Some counties missing  Some counties missing -
1880 Jun 1 Exist - - Exist Exist Exist Exist -
1870 Jun 1 Exist - - Exist Exist Exist - -
1860 Jun 1 Exist except Hernando County (no census).  - Exist Exist Exist Exist - -
1850 Jun 1 Exist - Exist Exist Exist Exist - -
1840 Jun 1 Exist Exist - - - - - -
1830 Jun 1 Exist - - - - - - -


Sources and Notes

  1. Anne Bruner Eales, and Robert M Kvasnicka, ed., Guide to Genealogical Research in the National Archives of the United States, 3d ed. (Washington, D.C.: NARA, 2000), 32 and 43.
  2. William Thorndale, and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 69-78.
  3. William Dollarhide, The Census Book: A Genealogists Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1999), 105-106.
  4. Only for Indian schedules taken along with Federal population schedules.

Location

1790-1820 -- There are no federal census records for Florida in this time period.

1830-1930 -- Census records are available for Florida from 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930.

The following counties are missing for their years:
Brevard 1850; Orange 1830 and 1840; Santa Rosa, 1850: Volusia, 1840 and 1850.

1890 -- The 1890 census and veterans schedules were destroyed.

United States Censuses 1850-1920—Free Internet census indexes and images to the 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (index only), 1900, and 1920 (partial index only) can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search. These indexes show every name listed on the census, and except for 1880 and 1920, are also linked to census images including information about each person’s residence, age, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.

Historical Background

1819--Spain sold Florida to the United States. The treaty was not finalized until 1821.

1845--Florida becomes a state.

Indexes

United States Census Indexes 1850-1920—Free Internet census indexes to the 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, and 1920 (partial index only) can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search.

Statewide indexes--Indexes are available for the 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, and 1870 censuses. Soundex (phonetic) indexes on microfilm exist for part of the 1880 and all of the 1900, 1910, 1920 and 1930 censuses.

Ancestry--All Florida federal census records are indexed at www.ancestry.com.

Florida State Census of 1885 is available online at Record Search

Florida State Census of 1935 is available online at Record Search

Florida State Census of 1945 is available online at Record Search

Special Censuses

Mortality Schedules

The Florida State Archives has the 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880 mortality schedules. The Family History Library has the published indexes for each of these schedules.

Slave Holder Schedules

1850 United States Census Slave Schedules—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census Slave Schedules can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site listing each slave owner's name and residence. It also shows the age, gender, and color of the slaves. Slave names are not normally listed.

Colonial, Territorial and State Censuses

Colonial, territorial, and state censuses exist for 1783, 1786, 1790, 1793, 1814, 1825, 1837, 1845, 1855, 1865, 1868, 1875, 1885, 1895, 1935, and 1945. (Censuses taken in later years were destroyed.) Beginning with 1855, specific information is given for each individual. Only scattered fragments are available for the 1855 through 1895 censuses.

The censuses listed above are at the Florida State Archives. The Family History Library has returns for a few counties for various years on microfilm. The 1885 enumerations for 35 counties are on Family History Library films 888962-74.

1885 Florida State Census -- This census includes data concerning sex, age, relationship, occupation, place of birth of each family member and parents. There is also census data available for agriculture, manufacture and mortality.
A related wiki article describes a collection that is available for free online at FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site.To access the related wiki article that describes the census, see Florida 1885 State Census wiki article. To access the collection, see 1885 Florida State Population Census.  

1835 Florida State Census (images only)--Includes: name of each person in home, address, age, gender, race, relationship to head of household, place of birth, occupation, education, own or rent.

1845 Florida State Census (images only)--Includes: name of each person in the home, address, age, gender, race, place of birth, occupation & education.

Web Sites

FamilySearch Record Search has free census indexes and images for 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1900; but indexes only for 1880, and 1920.

Ancestry.com:  http://www.ancestry.com

Heritage Quest Online:  http://www.heritagequestonline.com

Census Online:  http://www.census-online.com/links/FL/

Genealogy Today:  http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/fl/census.html

Access Genealogy: http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/florida.htm

Mortality Schedules: http://mortalityschedules.com/

Sources