Available and Lost Census Schedules
|1830 Jun 1||Exist for all counties.|
|1840 Jun 1||Exist for all counties.||Exist|
|1850 Jun 1||Exist for all counties.||Exist||Exist||Exist||Exist|
|1860 Jun 1||Exist for all counties except Hernando (no census).||Exist||Exist||Exist||Exist|
|1870 Jun 1||Exist for all counties.||Exist||Exist||Exist|
|1880 Jun 1||Exist for all counties.||Exist||Exist||Exist||Exist|
|1885||Exist for all counties except lost Alachua, Clay, Columbia, and Nassau.||Exist||Exist||Exist|
|1890 Jun 2||Lost||Lost|
|1900 Jun 1||Exist for all counties.|
|1910 Apr 15||Exist for all counties.|
|1920 Jan 1||Exist for all counties.|
|1930 Apr 1||Exist for all counties.|
1790-1820 -- There are no federal census records for Florida in this time period.
1830-1930 -- Census records are available for Florida from 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930.
The following counties are missing for their years:
Brevard 1850; Orange 1830 and 1840; Santa Rosa, 1850: Volusia, 1840 and 1850.
1890 -- The 1890 census and veterans schedules were destroyed.
United States Censuses 1850-1920—Free Internet census indexes and images to the 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (index only), 1900, and 1920 (partial index only) can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search. These indexes show every name listed on the census, and except for 1880 and 1920, are also linked to census images including information about each person’s residence, age, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.
1819--Spain sold Florida to the United States. The treaty was not finalized until 1821.
1845--Florida becomes a state.
Statewide indexes--Indexes are available for the 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, and 1870 censuses. Soundex (phonetic) indexes on microfilm exist for part of the 1880 and all of the 1900, 1910, 1920 and 1930 censuses.
Ancestry--All Florida federal census records are indexed at www.ancestry.com.
The Florida State Archives has the 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880 mortality schedules. The Family History Library has the published indexes for each of these schedules.
Slave Holder Schedules
1850 United States Census Slave Schedules—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census Slave Schedules can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site listing each slave owner's name and residence. It also shows the age, gender, and color of the slaves. Slave names are not normally listed.
Colonial, Territorial and State Censuses
Colonial, territorial, and state censuses exist for 1783, 1786, 1790, 1793, 1814, 1825, 1837, 1845, 1855, 1865, 1868, 1875, 1885, 1895, 1935, and 1945. (Censuses taken in later years were destroyed.) Beginning with 1855, specific information is given for each individual. Only scattered fragments are available for the 1855 through 1895 censuses.
The censuses listed above are at the Florida State Archives. The Family History Library has returns for a few counties for various years on microfilm. The 1885 enumerations for 35 counties are on Family History Library films 888962-74.
1885 Florida State Population Census includes sex, age, relationship, occupation, place of birth of each family member and parents. Also census for agriculture, manufacture and mortality.
1835 Florida State Census (images only)--Includes: name of each person in home, address, age, gender, race, relationship to head of household, place of birth, occupation, education, own or rent.
1845 Florida State Census (images only)--Includes: name of each person in the home, address, age, gender, race, place of birth, occupation & education.
FamilySearch Record Search has free census indexes and images for 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1900; but indexes only for 1880, and 1920.
Heritage Quest Online: http://www.heritagequestonline.com
Census Online: http://www.census-online.com/links/FL/
Genealogy Today: http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/fl/census.html
Access Genealogy: http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/florida.htm
Mortality Schedules: http://mortalityschedules.com/
- William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 69-78, and William Dollarhide, The Census Book: A Genealogist's Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes (Bountiful, Utah: HeritageQuest, 1999), 105-106, and A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: with Their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshals of the Several Judicial Districts, under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census (Washington, D.C.: Blair and Rives, 1841), 193-94. Digitized by Google Book in 2008.