Florida Census

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Portal:United States Census >Florida

Available and Lost Census Schedules

FLORIDA:  Existing and Lost Federal Census Schedules[1]
  Population Schedules Vets Slave Mortal Agricu Indust Defect
1830 Jun 1 Exist for all counties.            
1840 Jun 1 Exist for all counties. Exist          
1850 Jun 1 Exist for all counties.   Exist Exist Exist Exist  
1860 Jun 1 Exist for all counties except Hernando (no census).   Exist Exist Exist Exist  
1870 Jun 1 Exist for all counties.     Exist Exist Exist  
1880 Jun 1 Exist for all counties.     Exist Exist Exist Exist
1885 Exist for all counties except lost Alachua, Clay, Columbia, and Nassau.     Exist Exist Exist  
1890 Jun 2 Lost Lost          
1900 Jun 1 Exist for all counties.            
1910 Apr 15 Exist for all counties.            
1920 Jan 1 Exist for all counties.            
1930 Apr 1 Exist for all counties.            


Location

1790-1820 -- There are no federal census records for Florida in this time period.

1830-1930 -- Census records are available for Florida from 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930.

The following counties are missing for their years:
Brevard 1850; Orange 1830 and 1840; Santa Rosa, 1850: Volusia, 1840 and 1850.

1890 -- The 1890 census and veterans schedules were destroyed.

United States Censuses 1850-1920—Free Internet census indexes and images to the 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880 (index only), 1900, and 1920 (partial index only) can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search. These indexes show every name listed on the census, and except for 1880 and 1920, are also linked to census images including information about each person’s residence, age, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.

Historical Background

1819--Spain sold Florida to the United States. The treaty was not finalized until 1821.

1845--Florida becomes a state.

Indexes

United States Census Indexes 1850-1920—Free Internet census indexes to the 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, and 1920 (partial index only) can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search.

Statewide indexes--Indexes are available for the 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, and 1870 censuses. Soundex (phonetic) indexes on microfilm exist for part of the 1880 and all of the 1900, 1910, 1920 and 1930 censuses.

Ancestry--All Florida federal census records are indexed at www.ancestry.com.

Special Censuses

Mortality Schedules

The Florida State Archives has the 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880 mortality schedules. The Family History Library has the published indexes for each of these schedules.

Slave Holder Schedules

1850 United States Census Slave Schedules—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census Slave Schedules can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site listing each slave owner's name and residence. It also shows the age, gender, and color of the slaves. Slave names are not normally listed.

Colonial, Territorial and State Censuses

Colonial, territorial, and state censuses exist for 1783, 1786, 1790, 1793, 1814, 1825, 1837, 1845, 1855, 1865, 1868, 1875, 1885, 1895, 1935, and 1945. (Censuses taken in later years were destroyed.) Beginning with 1855, specific information is given for each individual. Only scattered fragments are available for the 1855 through 1895 censuses.

The censuses listed above are at the Florida State Archives. The Family History Library has returns for a few counties for various years on microfilm. The 1885 enumerations for 35 counties are on Family History Library films 888962-74.

1885 Florida State Population Census  includes sex, age, relationship, occupation, place of birth of each family member and parents. Also census for agriculture, manufacture and mortality.

1835 Florida State Census (images only)--Includes: name of each person in home, address, age, gender, race, relationship to head of household, place of birth, occupation, education, own or rent.

1845 Florida State Census (images only)--Includes: name of each person in the home, address, age, gender, race, place of birth, occupation & education.

Web Sites

FamilySearch Record Search has free census indexes and images for 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1900; but indexes only for 1880, and 1920.

Ancestry.com:  http://www.ancestry.com

Heritage Quest Online:  http://www.heritagequestonline.com

Census Online:  http://www.census-online.com/links/FL/

Genealogy Today:  http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/fl/census.html

Access Genealogy: http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/florida.htm

Mortality Schedules: http://mortalityschedules.com/

Sources

  1. William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 69-78, and William Dollarhide, The Census Book: A Genealogist's Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes (Bountiful, Utah: HeritageQuest, 1999), 105-106, and A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: with Their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshals of the Several Judicial Districts, under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census (Washington, D.C.: Blair and Rives, 1841), 193-94. Digitized by Google Book in 2008.