Finding Birth Information for Swedish Family History Research
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A person’s birth day, month, and year are key to correctly identifying an ancestor. Usually people find the birth information (or age) in other records first, such as the Household Examination records and many other record types too. In Swedish research, the entry in the parish birth and christening record is considered the primary source for this information. To do this, you must know 2 things:
- 1. The approximate birth year
- 2. The name of the parish where the parents (or mother) were residing at the time of the birth or christening.
Sometimes finding the estimated year or parish where the birth is recorded can be a challenge. In situations like this, you must turn to other records for clues. Then after you find enough clues (or just the right clues) you can verify the actual birth and christening entry.
The good news is, the entire kingdom of Sweden was organized into parishes long before birth and christening records were being written. This means the majority of births were recorded (back to when the parish records begin.) Unless there are gaps in the records, it’s not if a person’s birth was recorded, it’s where was it recorded.
The table below is a list of Swedish records that show birth information. The records have been ranked with the best source at the top, followed by others that might help.
|Name of Record||Jurisdiction||Record Description|
|Födelse och dopböcker||Församlingar (parishes)||These are the actual birth and christening books that were recorded by the parish priest at the time of the birth or christening. The information from the entry is equivalent to a modern birth certificate. Time Period: 1600’s - 1991|
|Husförhörslängder||Församlingar (parishes)||It is common to find a birth day, month, and year along with birthplace in the household examinations (depending on the time period and how the household examination was being kept.) In earlier time periods it might just be an age and possibly a birthplace. Time Period: 1600’s – 1894 (use Församlingsböcker after 1895)|
|Inflyttningsattester||Församlingar (parishes)||These are the moving-in certificates issued by a parish when a person moved to another parish. They were often kept by the incoming parish priest for future re-use. Because they help to identify a person, they are often found among marriage and engagement documents (handlingar or bilagor), court documents (for supporting a case), and were sometimes re-used when a person died (becoming a dödsattest.) Time Period: 1600’s – 1800’s|
|Kyrkoräkenskaper||Församlingar (parishes)||These are the parish accounts records of donations and payments. It was expected to make a donation for a service provided. If an entry was not recorded in the birth and christening records, but you believe the parents lived in the parish at the time, check the parish accounts to see if a donation was made at the time of the christening. Time Period: 1600’s – 1800’s|
|Utdrag ur födelse- och dopböcker||Domkapitel||Extraction of births and christenings in diocese records (sporadic.) Time Period: 1847 - 1859|
|Lasaretts-räkenskaper||Serafimer-ordensgillet||Hospital donation records (sporadic regional) Time Period: abt. 1750 -1860|
|Utdrag ur födelse- och dopböcker||Statistiska Centralbyrån (SCB)||Extracts of birth records sent to the government statistical agency. Time Period: 1860 - 1967|
|Barnmorske-dagböcker||Provinsialläkare / stadsläkare or hälsovårds-nämnder||Midwife records given to provincial doctors, city doctors or health services (sporadically kept.) Time Period: 1881 - 1955|
|Lasaretts-räkenskaper||Lasarett||Hospital account records. Time Period: abt. 1750 -1860|
|Sjukjournaler och födelseböcker||Sjukhus och barnbördshus||Journals from hospitals and maternity hospitals (sporadic.) Time Period: abt. 1875 -|
|Bilagor i domböcker||Häradsrätt / Tingslag||These are the supporting documents found among the court proceeding minutes. Birth information (or age) can be found on moving certificates, guardianship papers, documents regarding marriage, etc. Time Period: 1600’s – 1900’s|
|Generalmönsterrulla||Krigskollegiet||Birthdate (or age) is found on the general muster rolls. Time Period: 1680’s – 1880’s|
- Clemmensson, Per & Andersson, Kjell. Släktforska Steg för Steg. Natur och Kultur, Falköping 2005
- Norstedt Förlagsgrupp AB. Norstedts Engelska Ord. at www.ord.se