Federal Horse Path

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United States Gotoarrow.png Migration Gotoarrow.png Trails and Roads; Gotoarrow.png Federal Horse Path

Back in 1806 no one had an idea about an interstate or freeway but as the nation grew a horse path for postal riders was carved through the woods of the Creek Indian nation from the middle of Georgia to the coast of Alabama. What started as a postal horsepath through a malaria-infested wilderness occupied by Indians was widened into a military road for use during the War of 1812 and became a primary thoroughfare for pioneers. The accessibility to Indian land provided by the road was a principal cause of the Creek Indian War of 1813-1814; moreover, it expedited the exodus of the Creek Indians and permitted English-speaking settlers to enter western Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi.[1]

Historical Background

In 1798, the United States formed the Mississippi Territory which included a large portion of present day Alabama and Mississippi. When the United States purchased the Louisiana Territory from France in 1803, an access route was needed to this new territory. The First Treaty of Washington, more formally known as the Treaty with the Creeks 1805, was an agreement between the U.S. government and the Creek Nation in which the latter ceded a large swath of territory in central Georgia. The U.S. Government got the Creek Nation to give permission for a "horse path" from the Ocmulgee River to the Mobile River, through the Creek Nation. The “horse path” became the Federal Road. By this route, thousands of settlers would enter the Mississippi Territory (present-day Alabama and Mississippi), creating tensions with the Creeks in east Alabama that resulted in conflict and their eventual removal west. .[2] [3]

Internet Sites


  1. The Federal Road Through Georgia[[1]]
  2. Burnt Corn, Alabama[[2]]
  3. First Treat of Washington (1805)[[3]]