Fairfield County, South Carolina Genealogy

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Template:South Carolina-stubUnited States  Gotoarrow.png South Carolina Gotoarrow.png Fairfield County

This article is about a county in South Carolina. For other uses, see Fairfield (disambiguation).

Fairfield County, South Carolina
Map of South Carolina highlighting Fairfield County
Location in the state of South Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting South Carolina
Location of South Carolina in the U.S.
Founded 1798
County Seat Winnsboro

Quick Dates

Fairfield County's civil records start the following years:

Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1915 1911  1915  1790  1785  1787 

County Courthouse


Fairfield County Courthouse
101 S. Congress St.
Winnsboro, SC 29180

Fairfield County
Clerk of Court/Register of Deeds

101 S. Congress St.
P.O. Drawer 299
Winnsboro, SC 29180
Phone: 803-712-6526
Court and land records

Fairfield County Probate Court
P.O. Box 385
Congress Street
Winnsboro, SC 29180
Phone: 803-712-6519
Probate and marriage records


The county name is derived from the fair fields within its bounds.[1]

Parent County

1798--Fairfield County was created in 1798 from Camden District.
County seat: Winnsboro

County Pronunciation

  1. Hear it spoken[2]

Boundary Changes

"Rotating Formation South Carolina County Boundary Maps" (1682-1987) may be viewed for free at the My South Carolina Genealogy website. They rely on AniMap 3.0 software.

Record Loss


Populated Places

Adger Feasterville Parr Smallwood
Alston Flint Hill Richtex Stover
Blair Gladden Grove (hist.) Ridgeway Strother
Biddle (hist.) Jenkinsville Rion Sueville (hist.)
Bucklick Jennings Rock Hill White Oak
Centerville Lebanon Rockton Winnsboro
Clayton Longtown Salem Crossroads Winnsboro Mills
Cool Branch Lylesford (hist.) Shelton Woodward
Dawkins Mitford Simpson
Douglass Monticello

Neighboring Counties

Chester | Kershaw | Lancaster | Newberry | Richland | Union


Research Guides

African Americans

United States African Americans Gotoarrow.png South Carolina African Americans


There are more than # burial grounds in the county. To view a list, see Fairfield County, South Carolina Cemeteries.


Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1790 7,623
1800 10,087 32.3%
1810 11,857 17.5%
1820 17,174 44.8%
1830 21,546 25.5%
1840 20,165 −6.4%
1850 21,404 6.1%
1860 22,111 3.3%
1870 19,888 −10.1%
1880 27,765 39.6%
1890 28,599 3.0%
1900 29,425 2.9%
1910 29,442 0.1%
1920 27,159 −7.8%
1930 23,287 −14.3%
1940 24,187 3.9%
1950 21,780 −10.0%
1960 20,713 −4.9%
1970 19,999 −3.4%
1980 20,700 3.5%
1990 22,295 7.7%
2000 23,454 5.2%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.

1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930 federal population schedules of Fairfield County are available online. For tips on accessing census records online, see South Carolina Census. If you're having trouble finding your ancestors in online indexes, try checking printed indexes. Created by local experts familiar with the area's families, these indexes are often transcribed more accurately than online nationwide indexes.

See South Carolina Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book for more information about statewide printed indexes.

See Fairfield County, SC census assignments, including links to transcribed files [The USGenWeb Census Project®]

1820 Manufactures

The original manufactures schedules for South Carolina are kept at the NARA, Washington, D.C. FHL copies: FHL Collection 1024517 - 1024518.

Published abstract:

  • National Archives. Indexes to Manufactures Census of 1820. 1920; reprint, Knightstown, Ind.: Bookmark, 1977. FHL Collection 973 X2m 1820; digital version at Lineages. [Includes this county.]
1840 Revolutionary War Pensioners
  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census. Washington, D.C.: Blair and Rives, 1841. FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840; FHL Collection 2321; digital versions at Google Books. [See South Carolina, Fairfield District on page 142.]
1850, 1870, 1880
  • Myer, Lois C. Fairfield County, South Carolina Census, 1850, 1870 and 1880. Typescript. Microfilmed 1969. FHL Collection 599049 Item 2

Census takers uncharacteristically recorded the birth town or county of residents this census year.[3]


The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

LDS Ward and Branch Records

  • Ridgeway
  • Winnsboro

See also Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints Marker at The Historical Marker Database. "Site of five buildings 1897-1986. Enemies of church burned two, tornado destroyed one."



DNA Double Helix.png
DNA has been collected from men claiming descent from the following Charleston County residents. FamilySearch has not independently verified the lineages of those tested.


More than 65 genealogies have been published about Fairfield County families. To view a list, visit Fairfield County, South Carolina Genealogy.



The original Fairfield County deed books are kept at the county courthouse. The years 1785 to 1902 have been microfilmed: FHL Collection. Deed Book A has been published:

  • Draine, Tony. Fairfield County, S.C., Deed Book A, 1785-1788. Columbia, S.C.: Draban, 1991. FHL Collection 975.749 R2d
Plats For State Land Grants 1784-1868

This series consists of recorded copies of plats for state land grants for the Charleston and the Columbia Series with their certificates of admeasurement or certification.  All personal names and geographic features on these plats are included in the repository's On-line Index to Plats for State Land Grants

The South Carolina Constitution of 1790 required the surveyor general to maintain offices in both the new capital at Columbia and in Charleston. The surveyor general began to use separate volumes for recording plats in his Columbia office in 1796. Before that, all plats were recorded in the set of volumes begun in Charleston in 1784. After 1796, most plats for land grants in the Upper Division of the state were recorded and filed in Columbia. The surveyor general chose to make the Columbia volumes a continuation of the state plat volumes begun in Charleston and gave the initial Columbia volume the number thirty-six to correspond with the number of the volume that had then been reached in the Charleston series. As a result, there are volumes numbered thirty-six through forty-three from each office, but the records in them are not duplicative.

Also included are the Plan Books containing Plats and Plans.

Local Histories

  • Ederington, William.History of Fairfield County, South Carolina  (Tuscaloosa, Alabama : Willo Publishing Co., [1902]) , 95 pages. A manuscript history published in the News & Herald, a newspaper of Winnsboro, Fairfield County, South Carolina, in installments, on the dates as indicated with each installment herein. Book found at FHL 975.749 H2r. Digital copy at Archive.org. Other copies
  • McMaster, Fitz Hugh. History of Fairfield County, South Carolina:From "before the white man came" to 1942  (Spartanburg, South Carolina : The Reprint Company, 1980 . Reprint of original published: Columbia, S.C. : State Commercial Printing Company, 1946.), 257 pages.  Book found at FHL 975.749 H2m and Other Libraries.



  • "Palmetto Regiment roster, Fairfield and Chester Companies, 1847," Fairfield Genealogical Society Newsletter, March 2003, Volume 16, Issue 1. Fairfield Chapter SCGS : Winnsboro, SC.
  • "Florida War, 1836, SC veterans in 1878," Fairfield Genealogical Society Newsletter, December 2000, Volume 15, Issue 4. Fairfield Chapter SCGS : Winnsboro, SC.
Revolutionary War
  • McCrady, Edward. Heroes of the Old Camden District, South Carolina, 1776-1861: An Address to the Survivors of Fairfield County, Delivered at Winnsboro, S.C., September 1st, 1888, by Col. Edward McCrady, Jr., of Charleston, S.C. Richmond, Va.: Wm. Ellis Jones, Book and Job Printer, 1888. Digital version at Google Books.
  • "Battle of Rocky Mount, 1770," Fairfield Genealogical Society Newsletter, June 2003, Volume 16, Issue 2. Fairfield Chapter SCGS : Winnsboro, SC.
  • "Fairfield redcoats," Fairfield Genealogical Society Newsletter, 1992, Volume 5, Issue 2. Fairfield Chapter SCGS : Winnsboro, SC.
  • "Revolutionary soldiers buried in county," Chester County Genealogical Society Bulletin, December 1981, Volume 4, Issue 4. Chester County Genealogical Society : Richburg, South Carolina. FHL Collection Book 975.74 D25b.
  • "Soldiers graves," Daughters of the American Revolution Magazine, January 1966, Volume 100, Issue 1. Daughters of the American Revolution : Washington D.C. FHL Collection Book 973 B2dar.
  • "Battle of the Mobleys meeting house," Historical Magazine, June 1873, Volume 1, Issue 6 and April 1873, Volume 1, Issue 4. Henry B. Dawson : Morrisania, New York.
  • Shelton, Kenneth A. All that dare oppose them : the Whig victory at Mobley's Meeting House, June 1780 : Being a history of the victory of the Whigs over the Tories at the Battle of Mobley's Meeting House on Little River, Fairfield district, South Carolina in June 1780. [Gainsville, Virginia\ : K.A. Shelton, c2005. FHL Collection Book 975.749 M2s.
War of 1812
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, South Carolina, Fairfield County, p. 185. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
Civil War

Civil War service men from Fairfield County served in various regiments. Men often joined a regiment or a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were formed in Fairfield County or from many of its men.

  • McMaster, Fitz Hugh. History of Fairfield County, South Carolina:From "before the white man came" to 1942  (Spartanburg, South Carolina : The Reprint Company, 1980 . Reprint of original published: Columbia, S.C. : State Commercial Printing Company, 1946.), 257 pages. Civil War pages 125-142. Some company rosters.  Book found at FHL 975.749 H2m and Other Libraries.



The Library of Congress has identified the following historic newspapers for Fairfield County, South Carolina on their Chronicling America website. For publication details, including dates of publication, frequency, preceding and succeeding titles, and to find out which libraries have holdings, click on the newspaper title.



Tap into the minds of local experts. Editors of genealogical periodicals publish unique sources that researchers new to their area may not encounter. Periodicals at various levels (county, region, and state) may carry articles useful to research in this area. For this county, see:

  • Chester District Genealogical Society Bulletin
  • Fairfield Genealogical Society Newsletter


Probate is the “court procedure by which a will is proved to be valid or invalid” and encompasses “all matters and proceedings pertaining to the administration of estates, guardianships, etc.”[4] Various types of records are created throughout the probate process. These may include, wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. For further information see probate records in South Carolina.

The South Carolina Department of Archives and History has  microfilms or typescripts of wills, inventories, bills of sale, power of attorneys, bonds, notes, administrations, judgments, and sales records. They have placed Will Transcriptions for 1782 to 1855 online. Index searchable by name and the image is available.

  • Will of John Lee of Little River, Fairfield Co., S.C. 1786. MSS., South Carolina Archives, Kershaw County Wills, Vol. 1 of Wills not recorded, pp. 59-61. FHL 1597743 Item 37

Wills, 1785-1904. Probate Court, Fairfield County, South Carolina. FHL Film1294208  Includes index.


Original sources

The South Carolina Department of Archives and History microfilmed the collection, Return of Taxable Property in the District of Fairfield for the Year 1843. Copies: FHL Film 1294221 Item 3

Published abstracts
  • [1792] Tax List, 1792, Chester District Genealogical Society Bulletin, Vol. 13, No. 3 (Sep. 1990); Vol. 13, No. 4 (Dec. 1990).
  • [1792] Draine, Tony and Edd Bannister. Fairfield County SC Tax Returns, 1792. Columbia, S.C.: Draban, 1991. FHL Book 975.749 R4d

Vital Records

Archives, Libraries, and Museums


Fairfield County Library Main Branch
300 Washington Street
Winnsboro, South Carolina 29180
Telephone: 803-635-4971
Fax: 803-635-7715
Email: library@fairfield.lib.sc.us
Hours: Monday to Wednesday 9:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m., Thursday 9:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m., Friday 9:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m., Saturday 9:00 a.m. to 1:00 p.m.
Catalog: Fairfield County Library catalog is part of the SC Lends system powered by Evergreen. It is best viewed with Firefox.

The Historical Room contains published South Carilina Materials with emplasis on Fairfield County including cemetery records; local newspapers on microfilm from 1866; microfilms of early wills, probate records, and some census records. There are no manuscripts or loose papers.

Ridgeway Branch Library
175 South Palmer Street
Ridgeway, South Carolina
Telephone: 803-337-2068 
Hours: Monday to Thorsday 2:00 p.m. to 6:00 p.m.


The Fairfield County Museum

231 S. Congress St.
P. O. Box 6
Winnsboro, South Carolina 29180
Phone: 803-635-9811
Fax: 803-815-9811
Email: fairfieldmus@truvista.net
Office Hours: Tuesday - Friday 10:00 AM- to 5:00 PM (closed for lunch); Sat 10:00 AM to 3:00 PM
Free Admission

This museum is located in a historic house which displays local artifacts. A gift shop sells publications on local history. The Museum has welcoms volunteer to help with various projects that include: archeological projects such as - scouting to find Revolutionary battle sites for National Park Service surveys,the identification of a section of the Great Philadelphia Wagon Road that had been forgotten by time in dense forest cover, the discovery of an eighteenth century riverboat canal, and the locating and documenting of old graveyards.

Societies - Genealogical, Historical, Lineage 

Fairfield Chapter SCGS
P.O. Box 696
Winnsboro SC 29180

Family History Centers

Family History Centers in South Carolina

Web Sites

Wikipedia has more about this subject: Fairfield County, South Carolina


  1. "List of counties in South Carolina," Wikipedia.
  2. Voice of Phillip Stalvey, resident of Myrtle Beach, S.C. (2011).
  3. Alycon Trubey Pierce, "In Praise of Errors Made by Census Enumerators," National Genealogical Society Quarterly, Vol. 81, No. 1 (March 1993):51-55. FHL Book 973 B2ng
  4. Henry Campbell Black, Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed. (St. Paul, Minnesota: West Publishing Co., 1979), 1081, "probate."