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Fairfax County, Virginia Genealogy

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 United States  > Virginia > Fairfax County

Location of Fairfax County, Virginia.png

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

History[edit | edit source]

Parent County[edit | edit source]

1742--Fairfax County was created 6 May 1742 from Prince William County. County seat: Fairfax [1]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

Places/Localities[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

Communities: Belle Haven . Burgundy Village . Engleside . Franconia . Groveton . Hayfield . Huntington . Hybla Valley . Kingstowne . Mount Vernon . Virginia Hills . Waynewood . Wilton Woods

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

African American[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Census[edit | edit source]

1850

1890 Union Veterans

Church[edit | edit source]

General

  • Hiatt, Marty and Craig Roberts Scott. Loudoun County, Virginia, Tithables, 1758-1786. 3 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1995. Available at FHL. [Volume 1 includes a 1749 tithables list for Fairfax County which identifies tithe payers and many of their religions.]

Church of England

  • Liddle, Chester A. and Patricia H. Osisek. Families of Pohick Church, Truro Parish, Fairfax County, Virginia. Baltimore, Maryland: Gateway Press, 1991. FHL has original edition and two supplements.
  • Slaughter, Philip and Edward Lewis Goodwin. The History of Truro Parish in Virginia. G.W. Jacobs & Co., 1908. Digital book at Google Books (full-view).

Court[edit | edit source]

General

  • Horrell, Joseph. "George Mason and the Fairfax Court," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 91, No. 4 (Oct. 1983):418-439. Available at JSTOR ($).

County Court

Searches of Fairfax County Court Orders should begin with the Fairfax County History Commission and Edith Moore Sprouse's A Surname and Subject Index of the Minute and Order Books of the County Court, Fairfax County, Virginia, 1749-1800 [1802], A Surname and Subject Index of the Minute and Order Books of the Courts, Fairfax County, Virginia, Part IV, 1807-1829, and Fairfax County, Va. Court Records, 1835-1860. They also created A Cumulative Subject Index to the Court Order Books of Fairfax County, Virginia, 1749-1802.

Chancery Court

  • Indexes (1803-1963) and images (1803-1913) to Fairfax County, Virginia Chancery Records are available online through Virginia Memory: Chancery Records Index. These records, often concerned with inheritance disputes, contain a wealth of genealogical information.

Superior Court of Chancery

The Superior Court of Chancery of Fredericksburg (1802-1831) had jurisdiction over certain Fairfax County court cases. An index has been compiled:

  • Indexes of Court Records in the Clerk's Office, Fredericksburg, Virginia, 1782-1904. Original records, Fredericksburg City Courthouse, Fredericksburg, Va., microfilmed reproduction available at FHL. [Indexes the following records: District Court law book v. 8, 1782-1792; District Court law books 1790-1793, v. A-F 1789-1811; Superior Court of Law law order books v. G-H 1812-1831; Superior Court of Chancery chancery order books 1814-1831; Hustings Court orders v. A-O 1782-1871; Circuit Superior Court of Law and Chancery law order books v. A-E 1831-1875; Circuit Superior Court of Law and Chancery chancery order books v. A-D 1831-1872; Circuit Court chancery order books v. A2, B-C 1875-1904; Fredericksburg District Court (1789-1808) had jurisdiction over the following counties: Spotsylvania (including Fredericksburg), Caroline, King George, Stafford, Orange, and Culpeper; Superior Court of Chancery (1802-1831) had jurisdiction over the following localities: city of Fredericksburg and the counties of Caroline, Culpeper, Fauquier, Fairfax, Lancaster, Northumberland, Madison, King George, Orange, Prince William, Richmond, Spotsylvania, Stafford, Essex, and Westmoreland.]

Family Histories[edit | edit source]

It is anticipated that this bibliography will eventually identify all known family histories published about residents of this county. In addition to finding a direct ancestor’s surname listed, and watching to see if more recent publications make additions and corrections to earlier works, this list is also useful for determining if genealogists have published accounts, to quote Elizabeth Shown Mills, for any members of an ancestor’s “FAN Club” [Family, Associates, and Neighbors]. Checking publications about those individuals can lead you to new information about your own ancestry. Be mindful that compiled genealogies may contain errors.

General

  • Liddle, Chester A. and Patricia H. Osisek. Families of Pohick Church, Truro Parish, Fairfax County, Virginia. Baltimore, Maryland: Gateway Press, 1991. FHL has original edition and two supplements.

Bibliography

  • [Adams] Ljunstedt, Milnor. "The Adamses in the Northern Neck of Virginia (Upper Counties) and Some Nearby Counties of Maryland," The American Genealogist, Vol. 13 (1936):82-88, 233-241. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($).
  • [Ball] Ball, Palmer R. and Nancy Graves Ball Surface. The Ball Family of Southwest Virginia: A Genealogy of Some of the Descendants of Moses Ball of Fairfax County. Big Laurel, Virginia: Cumberland-Crafters, 1933. Available at FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • [Ball] Ball, Bonnie S., James Elihu Ball, and Estella Ball Brady. The Balls of Fairfax and Stafford in Virginia. Haysie, Virginia: B.S. Ball, 1961. Original edition available at FHL; 1976 reprint available at FHL; 1982 reprint available at FHL.
  • [Broadwater] Haycock, Robert Lee. "Career of Col. Charles Broadwater, Fairfax County, Va.," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 47, No. 3 (Jul. 1939):234-238. Available at FHL; digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • [Fairfax] Kilmer, Kenton and Donald Sweig. The Fairfax Family in Fairfax County: A Brief History. Fairfax, Virginia: Board of Supervisors, Fairfax County, Virginia, 1975. Available at FHL.
  • [Hunter] Bull, Mary Alice Hunter. Record of Hunter of Hunterston, Ayrshire, Scotland ... Record of Hunter of Abbotshill and Park, County Ayr, Scotland ... Record of Hunter of Ayrhill, Fairfax County, Virginia. Washington, D.C.: Gibson Bros., 1902. Available at FHL.
  • [Jones] Hymas, Barbara Perine. The Jones Family of Prince Georges County, Maryland and Fairfax County, Virginia, and Related Families, 1659-1997. Madison, Alabama: B.P. Hymas, 2000. Available at FHL.
  • [Kellar] Ratcliffe, Susan Kellar. Michael Kellar and Catharine Monroe of Fairfax County, Virginia: Their Family and Descendants, 1760-2002. Baltimore, Maryland: Gateway Press, 2002. Available at FHL.
  • [Maddy] Maddy, Olive and John K. Maddy. US Maddys: An Account of the Family in England and the Descendants of William Maddy of Fairfax County, Virginia and James Maddy of Fairfax and Orange Counties, Emigrants. Oskaloosa, Iowa: O. Maddy, 1950. Availalbe at FHL; 1985 edition also available at FHL.
  • [Reid] West, Donal S. and Lola Edwards Lindsey. The Descendants of Joseph Reid (1702-1749) and Elizabeth [Hampton], Absolom Reid (1727-) and Sarah Simpson (1735-), Joab Reid (1762-1855) and Nancy West (1764-1805) of Fairfax Co., VA & Adams and Brown Co., OH. 6 vols. [Fort Wayne, Indiana: D.S. West], 1997. Available at FHL.
  • [Rousseau] Rousseau, Marilyn K. "The Colonial Virginia Ancestry of a Pioneer Florida Family: William H. Rousseau (1818-1870), Florida House of Representatives 1852, Florida State Senate 1865," The American Genealogist, Vol. 79, No. 3 (Jul. 2004):184-198.
  • [Sadd] Coles, Edwin Wagner. William Sadd (1710-1770) of England, His Son William Said (1747-1807) of Fairfax County, Virginia and His Descendants. n.p.: E.W. Coles, 1999. Available at FHL.
  • [Simpson] Simpson, Gustavus Sailer. One Simpson Line of Fairfax County Virginia. Worthington, Ohio: G.S. Simpson, 1996. Available at FHL.
  • [Simpson] Neibling, Robert C. Solving Ihe identities of Gilbert Simpson (1699 - 1773) of Charles County, Maryland & Fairfax County, Virginia & His Son John Simpson (1739 - 1801) of Fairfax County Virginia & Loudoun County, Virginia. Gulf Shores, Alabama: R.C. Neibling, 2000. Available at FHL.
  • [Simpson] Neibling, Robert C. Profiles of the Three Gilbert Simpsons: of Eighteenth Century Fairfax County, Virginia. Gulf Shores, Alabama: R.C. Neibling, 2001. Available at FHL; digital version at BYU Family History Archives. [2 copies at FHL.]
  • [Thomas] Gilbert, Betty J. Robert Thomas (d.1768), Fairfax Co., Va. and His Descendants. Topeka, Kansas: B.J. Gilbert, 1981. Available at FHL. [FHL title incorrectly states Thomas died in 1868.]
  • [Thomas] Gilbert, Betty J. Robert Thomas, d. 1768 Fairfax Co. Va.: and His Ancestors. Decorah, Iowa: Anundsen, 2002. Available at FHL.
  • [Triplett] Russell, Thomas Triplett. The Family of Francis Triplett of Fairfax County, Virginia. MSS., Clayton Library, Houston, Texas, available at FHL.
  • [Vanlandingham] Vanlandingham, J. Leon. Vanlandingham/Vallandigham/Vallandingham Genealogy: Michael and Anne Dawson Vallandigham of Fairfax County, Virginia and Their Descendants. Norman, Oklahoma: J.L. Vanlandingham, 2006. Available at FHL.

Historic Residences[edit | edit source]

  • Moxham, Robert Morgan. Belmont Plantation on the Occoquan, Fairfax County, Virginia. North Springfield, Virginia: Colonial Press, 1975. Available at FHL.

Immigration[edit | edit source]

Land[edit | edit source]

Grants and Patents

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

  • Sweig, Donald M. "The Virginia Nonimportation Association Broadside of 1770 and Fairfax County: A Study in Local Participation," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 87, No. 3 (Jul. 1979):316-325. Available at JSTOR ($).

Maps[edit | edit source]

  • Mitchell, Beth and Donald M. Sweig. An Interpretive Historical Map of Fairfax County, Virginia, in 1760: Showing Landowners, Tenants, Slave Owners, Churches, Roads, Ordinaries, Ferries, Mills, Tobacco Inspection Warehouses and the Towns of Alexander and Colchester. Virginia: Office of Comprehensive Planning, County of Fairfax, 1987. Available at FHL.

Migration[edit | edit source]

  • Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 21, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1977):167-171. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($). [These records often identify migrants who left the county and their intended destinations. Fairfax County's 1787-1790 Delinquent Lists appear on pp. 170-171.]

Military[edit | edit source]

French and Indian War

  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at FHL. [Identifies some Fairfax Parish and Fairfax County militia officers, soldier enlistments, and veterans; see place name index.]
  • Boogher, William F. Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources. Washington: n.p., 1903. Available at FHL; digital version at Google Books. [Includes a chapter titled "Legislative Enactments connecting the preceding historic sketch [French and Indian War, Lord Dunmore's War] with the adjudication of the resulting accounts that follow; with the list of officers, soldiers and civilians entitled to compensation for military and other services rendered." For Fairfax County, see p. 76-79.]
  • Crozier, William Armstrong. Virginia Colonial Militia 1651-1776. Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1954. Available at FHL; digital book at Ancestry ($). [Identifies some Fairfax County militia officers and soldiers; see place name index.]
  • Mayo, Sandra. "Fairfax and Prince William Counties in the French and Indian War," Northern Virginia Heritage, Vol. 9, No. 1 (Feb. 1987). Digital version at Historic Prince William.

Civil War

World War I

Naturalization[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Indexed images of the Virginia Gazette (1736-1780) are available online through the Colonial Williamsburg website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: The Geography of Slavery in Virginia. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.

Petitions[edit | edit source]

  • Boogher, William F. Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources. Washington: n.p., 1903. Available at FHL; digital version at Google Books. [Includes a chapter titled "Petition from Fairfax County, Virginia, for Importation of Salt, November 23, 1775," see pp. 172-173.]

Private Papers[edit | edit source]

  • [Huntt] "Huntt Family Bible: Fairfax County, Virginia," The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 3, No. 12 (Jun. 1985):3-5. Available at FHL.

Probate[edit | edit source]

Local Court

  • Holbrook, E. Richardson. Copies of the Wills of General George Washington: The First President of the United States and of Martha Washington, His Wife, and Other Interesting Records of the County of Fairfax, Virginia Wherein They Lived and Died. Washington, D. C.: National Capital Press, 1904. Available at FHL. [2 copies at FHL.]
  • King, Junie Estelle Stewart. Abstracts of Wills and Inventories, Fairfax County, Virginia 1742-1801. 1936; reprint, Baltimore, MD, USA: Clearfield, 1996. Original edition and 1959 reprint available at FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Will of John Littleton of Fairfax Co., Va. 1745, Photocopy, available at FHL.

London Courts

  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. North American Wills Registered in London 1611-1857. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2007. [Includes will of a resident of Fairfax County proved in London. These records often help establish an immigrant's place of origin.]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

  • Grundset, Eric G. *"Fairfax County Genealogy," The Virginia Genealogical Society Newsletter, Vol. 10, No. 3 (May-Jun. 1984):1-2. Available at FHL; digital version at Virginia Genealogical Society website.

School[edit | edit source]

Taxation[edit | edit source]

At first glance, researchers might conclude that Virginia tax lists contain very little family history data, though one soon learns that valuable genealogical conclusions can be drawn from these records, nicknamed "annual censuses," such as: relationships, approximate years of birth, socio-economic status, identification of neighbors, the ability to distinguish between persons of the same name, evidence of land inheritance, years of migration, and years of death.

Virginia began enumerating residents' payments of personal property and land taxes in 1782. These two types of taxation were recorded in separate registers. Personal property tax lists include more names than land tax lists, because they caught more of the population. The Family History Library has an excellent microfilm collection of personal property tax lists from 1782 (or the year the county was organized) well into the late nineteenth century for most counties, but only scattered land tax lists. Microfilm collections at The Library of Virginia include land tax lists for all counties and independent cities for the years 1782 through 1978, as well as personal property tax lists for the years 1782 through 1930 (and every fifth year thereafter). Taxes were not collected in 1808. 

Some tax records are available online or in print, though published abstracts often omit useful details found only in the original sources. Statewide indexes can help genealogists identify specific counties where surnames occurred in the past, providing starting points for research.[2][3]

  • [1744] Boogher, William F. Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources. Washington: n.p., 1903. Available at FHL; digital version at Google Books. [Poll List for the Election of Burgesses for Fairfax County, 1744, see pp. 116-125.]
  • [1748/1749] Steadman, Melvin Lee. Falls Church by Fence and Fireside. Falls Church, Virginia: Falls Church Public Library, 1964. Available at FHL. [1748/1749 tithables list for Fairfax County.]
  • [1749] Hiatt, Marty and Craig Roberts Scott. Loudoun County, Virginia, Tithables, 1758-1786. 3 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1995. Available at FHL. [Volume 1 includes a 1749 tithables list for Fairfax County which identifies tithe payers and many of their religions.]
  • [1787] Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at FHL. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Fairfax County is included in Vol. 2.]
  • [1787-1790] Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 21, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1977):167-171. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($). [These records often identify migrants who left the county and their intended destinations. Fairfax County's 1787-1790 Delinquent Lists appear on pp. 170-171.]
  • [1789, 1799] Indexed images of the 1789 and 1799 Personal Property Tax Lists of Fairfax County, Virginia are available online, courtesy: Binns Genealogy.
  • [1815] Ward, Roger D. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at FHL. [This source is based on the 1815 land tax. Fairfax County is included in Vol. 4.]

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Marriage

  • Hiatt, Marty and Craig Roberts Scott. Implied Marriages of Fairfax County, Virginia. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1994. Available at FHL.

Societies and Libraries[edit | edit source]

  • Lloyd House, Alexandria, Virginia
  • Public Library, Alexandria, Virginia
  • The Virginia Room, The City of Fairfax Regional Library, Fairfax, Virginia

Websites[edit | edit source]

  • USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
  • Family History Library Catalog

References[edit | edit source]

  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. "Using Personal Property Tax Records in the Archives at the Library of Virginia," Library of Virginia, http://www.lva.virginia.gov/public/guides/rn3_persprop.htm.
  3. "Using Land Tax Records in the Archives at the Library of Virginia," Library of Virginia, http://www.lva.virginia.gov/public/guides/rn1_landtax.pdf.