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Fairfax County, Virginia Genealogy

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 United States  > Virginia > Fairfax County

Location of Fairfax County, Virginia.png

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

History[edit | edit source]

Parent County[edit | edit source]

1742--Fairfax County was created 6 May 1742 from Prince William County. County seat: Fairfax [1]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

Places/Localities[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

Communities: Belle Haven . Burgundy Village . Engleside . Franconia . Groveton . Hayfield . Huntington . Hybla Valley . Kingstowne . Mount Vernon . Virginia Hills . Waynewood . Wilton Woods

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

African American[edit | edit source]

  • Sweig, Donald. Registrations of Free Negroes Commencing September Court 1822, Book No. 2 & Register of Free Blacks 1835, Book 3: Being the Full Text of the Two Extant Volumes, 1822-1861, of Registrations of Free Blacks Now in the County Courthouse, Fairfax, Virginia. Fairfax, Virginia : Prepared for publication and published by History Section, Office of Comprehensive Planning, Fairfax County, Virginia under the direction of the Fairfax County Board of Supervisors in cooperation with the Fairfax County History Commission, 1977. Available at FHL. Reviewed by Elizabeth Shown Mills in The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 86, No. 1 (Jan., 1978), pp. 114-115. Review available at FHL; digital version of review at JSTOR ($). 

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Church[edit | edit source]

Church of England

  • Liddle, Chester A. and Patricia H. Osisek. Families of Pohick Church, Truro Parish, Fairfax County, Virginia. Baltimore, Maryland: Gateway Press, 1991. FHL has original edition and two supplements.
  • Slaughter, Philip and Edward Lewis Goodwin. The History of Truro Parish in Virginia. G.W. Jacobs & Co., 1908. Digital book at Google Books (full-view).

Court[edit | edit source]


  • Horrell, Joseph. "George Mason and the Fairfax Court," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 91, No. 4 (Oct. 1983):418-439. Available at JSTOR ($).

County Court

Searches of Fairfax County Court Orders should begin with the Fairfax County History Commission and Edith Moore Sprouse's A Surname and Subject Index of the Minute and Order Books of the County Court, Fairfax County, Virginia, 1749-1800 [1802], A Surname and Subject Index of the Minute and Order Books of the Courts, Fairfax County, Virginia, Part IV, 1807-1829, and Fairfax County, Va. Court Records, 1835-1860. They also created A Cumulative Subject Index to the Court Order Books of Fairfax County, Virginia, 1749-1802.

Chancery Court

  • Indexes (1803-1963) and images (1803-1913) to Fairfax County, Virginia Chancery Records are available online through Virginia Memory: Chancery Records Index. These records, often concerned with inheritance disputes, contain a wealth of genealogical information.

Family Histories[edit | edit source]

It is anticipated that this bibliography will eventually identify all known family histories published about residents of this county. In addition to finding a direct ancestor’s surname listed, and watching to see if more recent publications make additions and corrections to earlier works, this list is also useful for determining if genealogists have published accounts, to quote Elizabeth Shown Mills, for any members of an ancestor’s “FAN Club” [Family, Associates, and Neighbors]. Checking publications about those individuals can lead you to new information about your own ancestry. Be mindful that compiled genealogies may contain errors.


  • Liddle, Chester A. and Patricia H. Osisek. Families of Pohick Church, Truro Parish, Fairfax County, Virginia. Baltimore, Maryland: Gateway Press, 1991. FHL has original edition and two supplements.


  • [Adams] Ljunstedt, Milnor. "The Adamses in the Northern Neck of Virginia (Upper Counties) and Some Nearby Counties of Maryland," The American Genealogist, Vol. 13 (1936):82-88, 233-241. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($).
  • [Ball] Ball, Palmer R. and Nancy Graves Ball Surface. The Ball Family of Southwest Virginia: A Genealogy of Some of the Descendants of Moses Ball of Fairfax County. Big Laurel, Virginia: Cumberland-Crafters, 1933. Available at FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • [Ball] Ball, Bonnie S., James Elihu Ball, and Estella Ball Brady. The Balls of Fairfax and Stafford in Virginia. Haysie, Virginia: B.S. Ball, 1961. Original edition available at FHL; 1976 reprint available at FHL; 1982 reprint available at FHL.
  • [Broadwater] Haycock, Robert Lee. "Career of Col. Charles Broadwater, Fairfax County, Va.," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 47, No. 3 (Jul. 1939):234-238. Available at FHL; digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • [Fairfax] Kilmer, Kenton and Donald Sweig. The Fairfax Family in Fairfax County: A Brief History. Fairfax, Virginia: Board of Supervisors, Fairfax County, Virginia, 1975. Available at FHL.
  • [Hunter] Bull, Mary Alice Hunter. Record of Hunter of Hunterston, Ayrshire, Scotland ... Record of Hunter of Abbotshill and Park, County Ayr, Scotland ... Record of Hunter of Ayrhill, Fairfax County, Virginia. Washington, D.C.: Gibson Bros., 1902. Available at FHL.
  • [Jones] Hymas, Barbara Perine. The Jones Family of Prince Georges County, Maryland and Fairfax County, Virginia, and Related Families, 1659-1997. Madison, Alabama: B.P. Hymas, 2000. Available at FHL.
  • [Kellar] Ratcliffe, Susan Kellar. Michael Kellar and Catharine Monroe of Fairfax County, Virginia: Their Family and Descendants, 1760-2002. Baltimore, Maryland: Gateway Press, 2002. Available at FHL.
  • [Maddy] Maddy, Olive and John K. Maddy. US Maddys: An Account of the Family in England and the Descendants of William Maddy of Fairfax County, Virginia and James Maddy of Fairfax and Orange Counties, Emigrants. Oskaloosa, Iowa: O. Maddy, 1950. Availalbe at FHL; 1985 edition also available at FHL.
  • [Reid] West, Donal S. and Lola Edwards Lindsey. The Descendants of Joseph Reid (1702-1749) and Elizabeth [Hampton], Absolom Reid (1727-) and Sarah Simpson (1735-), Joab Reid (1762-1855) and Nancy West (1764-1805) of Fairfax Co., VA & Adams and Brown Co., OH. 6 vols. [Fort Wayne, Indiana: D.S. West], 1997. Available at FHL.
  • [Rousseau] Rousseau, Marilyn K. "The Colonial Virginia Ancestry of a Pioneer Florida Family: William H. Rousseau (1818-1870), Florida House of Representatives 1852, Florida State Senate 1865," The American Genealogist, Vol. 79, No. 3 (Jul. 2004):184-198.
  • [Sadd] Coles, Edwin Wagner. William Sadd (1710-1770) of England, His Son William Said (1747-1807) of Fairfax County, Virginia and His Descendants. n.p.: E.W. Coles, 1999. Available at FHL.
  • [Simpson] Simpson, Gustavus Sailer. One Simpson Line of Fairfax County Virginia. Worthington, Ohio: G.S. Simpson, 1996. Available at FHL.
  • [Simpson] Neibling, Robert C. Solving Ihe identities of Gilbert Simpson (1699 - 1773) of Charles County, Maryland & Fairfax County, Virginia & His Son John Simpson (1739 - 1801) of Fairfax County Virginia & Loudoun County, Virginia. Gulf Shores, Alabama: R.C. Neibling, 2000. Available at FHL.
  • [Simpson] Neibling, Robert C. Profiles of the Three Gilbert Simpsons: of Eighteenth Century Fairfax County, Virginia. Gulf Shores, Alabama: R.C. Neibling, 2001. Available at FHL; digital version at BYU Family History Archives. [2 copies at FHL.]
  • [Thomas] Gilbert, Betty J. Robert Thomas (d.1768), Fairfax Co., Va. and His Descendants. Topeka, Kansas: B.J. Gilbert, 1981. Available at FHL. [FHL title incorrectly states Thomas died in 1868.]
  • [Thomas] Gilbert, Betty J. Robert Thomas, d. 1768 Fairfax Co. Va.: and His Ancestors. Decorah, Iowa: Anundsen, 2002. Available at FHL.
  • [Triplett] Russell, Thomas Triplett. The Family of Francis Triplett of Fairfax County, Virginia. MSS., Clayton Library, Houston, Texas, available at FHL.
  • [Vanlandingham] Vanlandingham, J. Leon. Vanlandingham/Vallandigham/Vallandingham Genealogy: Michael and Anne Dawson Vallandigham of Fairfax County, Virginia and Their Descendants. Norman, Oklahoma: J.L. Vanlandingham, 2006. Available at FHL.

Historic Residences[edit | edit source]

  • Moxham, Robert Morgan. Belmont Plantation on the Occoquan, Fairfax County, Virginia. North Springfield, Virginia: Colonial Press, 1975. Available at FHL.

Immigration[edit | edit source]

Land[edit | edit source]

Grants and Patents

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

  • Sweig, Donald M. "The Virginia Nonimportation Association Broadside of 1770 and Fairfax County: A Study in Local Participation," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 87, No. 3 (Jul. 1979):316-325. Available at JSTOR ($).

Maps[edit | edit source]

  • Mitchell, Beth and Donald M. Sweig. An Interpretive Historical Map of Fairfax County, Virginia, in 1760: Showing Landowners, Tenants, Slave Owners, Churches, Roads, Ordinaries, Ferries, Mills, Tobacco Inspection Warehouses and the Towns of Alexander and Colchester. Virginia: Office of Comprehensive Planning, County of Fairfax, 1987. Available at FHL.

Military[edit | edit source]

French and Indian War

  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at FHL. [Identifies some Fairfax Parish and Fairfax County militia officers, soldier enlistments, and veterans; see place name index.]
  • Crozier, William Armstrong. Virginia Colonial Militia 1651-1776. Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1954. Available at FHL; digital book at Ancestry ($). [Identifies some Fairfax County militia officers and soldiers; see place name index.]

Civil War

  • Harrison, Noel G. "Atop an Anvil: The Civilians' War in Fairfax and Alexandria Counties, April 1861-April 1862," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 106, No. 2 (Spring, 1998), pp. 133-164. Digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • Johnson, William Page. Brothers and Cousins: Confederate Soldiers and Sailors of Fairfax County, Virginia. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1995. Available at FHL

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Indexed images of the Virginia Gazette (1736-1780) are available online through the Colonial Williamsburg website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: The Geography of Slavery in Virginia. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.

Probate[edit | edit source]

Local Court

  • Holbrook, E. Richardson. Copies of the Wills of General George Washington: The First President of the United States and of Martha Washington, His Wife, and Other Interesting Records of the County of Fairfax, Virginia Wherein They Lived and Died. Washington, D. C.: National Capital Press, 1904. Available at FHL. [2 copies at FHL.]
  • King, Junie Estelle Stewart. Abstracts of Wills and Inventories, Fairfax County, Virginia 1742-1801. 1936; reprint, Baltimore, MD, USA: Clearfield, 1996. Original edition and 1959 reprint available at FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Will of John Littleton of Fairfax Co., Va. 1745, Photocopy, available at FHL.

London Courts

  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. North American Wills Registered in London 1611-1857. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2007. [Includes will of a resident of Fairfax County proved in London. These records often help establish an immigrant's place of origin.]

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Vital Records[edit | edit source]


  • Hiatt, Marty and Craig Roberts Scott. Implied Marriages of Fairfax County, Virginia. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1994. Available at FHL.

Societies and Libraries[edit | edit source]

Websites[edit | edit source]

  • USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
  • Family History Library Catalog

References[edit | edit source]

  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).