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{{stub}} ''[[United States|United States ]] > [[Virginia|Virginia]] > Fairfax County''
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| link2=[[Virginia, United States Genealogy|Virginia]]
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[[Image:Location of Fairfax County, Virginia.png|thumb|right|300px]]
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Guide to '''Fairfax County Virginia ancestry, family history and genealogy''' birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, immigration records, and military records.  
  
== County Courthouse  ==
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{{Click|Image:VA_ORP.png|Virginia Online Genealogy Records}}
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{{Infobox U.S. County
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| county = Fairfax County
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| adoption_sign =
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| custom_text =
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| boundary_map = Fairfax_County_Boundary_Map.JPG
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| county_map = Location_of_Fairfax_County,_Virginia.png
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| state = Virginia
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| state_map = Virginia.png
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| founded year = 1742
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| founded date =
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| seat wl = City of Fairfax
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| building image = VirginiaFairfaxCourthouse.jpg
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}}
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== County Information ==
  
== History  ==
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=== Description ===
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Fairfax County is located in the Northern portion of the Commonwealth of Virginia and included in the Washington, DC Metropolitan area. The County was named for Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron<ref>https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fairfax_County,_Virginia</ref>.
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=== Fairfax County Virginia Courthouse  ===
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[[Image:{{VAFairfaxcourthouse}}]]
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[http://www.fairfaxcounty.gov/ Fairfax County Courthouse]<br>4110 Chain Bridge Road<br>Fairfax, Virginia 22030<br>Phone: 703-246-4168<br>
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Clerk Circuit Court has birth records 1853-1912<br>marriage recrods from 1853, divorce records from 1850,<br>probate Court and land records from 1742<ref name="HBG">''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'', 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Fairfax County, Virginia. Page 713 {{WorldCat|50140092|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}.</ref>
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{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
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|-
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| bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" colspan="7" | <center>'''Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records'''<ref>''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'', 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Fairfax County, Virginia . Page 710-723 {{WorldCat|50140092|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 715-720.</ref></center>
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|-
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| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Fairfax County, Virginia Genealogy#Birth|Birth*]]'''
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| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Fairfax County, Virginia Genealogy#Marriage|Marriage]]'''
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| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Fairfax County, Virginia Genealogy#Death|Death*]]'''
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| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Fairfax County, Virginia Genealogy#Court Records|Court]]'''
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| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Fairfax County, Virginia Genealogy#Land and Property Records|Land]]'''
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| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Fairfax County, Virginia Genealogy#Probate Records|Probate]]'''
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| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Fairfax County, Virginia Genealogy#Census Records|Census]]'''
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|-
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| width="14.2%" align="center" |1853
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| width="14.2%" align="center" |1853
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| width="14.2%" align="center" |1853
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| width="14.2%" align="center" |1742
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| width="14.2%" align="center" |1742
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| width="14.2%" align="center" |1742
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| width="14.2%" align="center" |1810
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|-
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| colspan="7"| <center>Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1912. <br>General compliance year is unknown.</center>
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|}
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== Fairfax County Virginia History  ==
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<div style="width: 100%; float: left">
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[[Image:{{6thLordFairfax}}]]
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The county is named after [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Fairfax,_6th_Lord_Fairfax_of_Cameron Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron] (1693-1781), [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northern_Neck_Proprietary Proprietor of the Northern Neck].
  
 
==== Parent County  ====
 
==== Parent County  ====
  
'''1742'''--Fairfax County was created 6 May 1742 from [[Prince William County, Virginia|Prince William]] County. '''County seat:''' Fairfax <ref name="Handybook">''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'',10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref>
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'''1742'''--Fairfax County was created 6 May 1742 from [[Prince William County, Virginia|Prince William]] County. <br>'''County seat:''' City of Fairfax<br>
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In 1649, King Charles II of England granted the land between the Potomac and Rappahannock Rivers, known as the Northern Neck, to a group of his most loyal supporters. By 1681, one of those men, Thomas, Lord Culpeper, and Governor of the Virginia Colony, had acquired the interests of the others. Upon his death in 1689, his daughter Catherine inherited his approximately 5 million acres land holding. Catherine married Thomas, fifth Lord Fairfax, and upon their deaths in 1719, the Northern Neck lands passed to their son, Thomas, sixth Lord Fairfax, and Baron of Cameron. <ref name="HBG" />  
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==== Boundary Changes: ====
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Fairfax County was formed in 1742 from the northern part of Prince William County. Prince William County was created in 1731 from a portion of Stafford County (and a part of King George County), Stafford County was created in 1664 from Westmoreland County, which was created in July 1653 from the northern portion of Northumberland County, itself formed in 1648.  
  
==== Boundary Changes  ====
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In 1757, the northwestern two-thirds of Fairfax County became Loudoun County. The current border between Fairfax and Loudoun was re-established in 1957.&nbsp; In 1789, the area that now encompasses Alexandria City and Arlington County was donated to the Federal Government during the creation of the District of Columbia in 1791 and designated Alexandria County of the District of Columbia until 1846, when it was returned to Virginia as the independent county of Alexandria. In 1870, the city of Alexandria seceded as an independent Virginia city and in 1920, Alexandria County was renamed Arlington County. <br>
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 +
For animated maps illustrating Virginia county boundary changes, [http://www.mapofus.org/virginia/ "Rotating Formation Virginia County Boundary Maps"] (1617-1995) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.
  
 
==== Record Loss  ====
 
==== Record Loss  ====
  
== Places/Localities  ==
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[[Image:War.jpg|right|175px|War.jpg]] Fairfax County: created in 1742, original wills, marriage registers, and deeds as well as many other loose papers were destroyed during the Civil War; deed books for twenty-six of the fifty-six years between 1763 and 1819 are missing.<ref name="lost">[http://www.lva.virginia.gov/public/guides/rn30_lostrecords.pdf Lost Records Localities: Counties and Cities with Missing Records], 2, in ''Library of Virginia'' (accessed 4 April 2014).</ref> <br><br>
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 +
*Lost censuses: 1790, 1800, 1890
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The records of some parents counties have also been lost:
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*Prince William County: created in 1731, many county court records have been lost, destroyed, or stolen at various times. Scattered years of deeds, wills, and orders, as well as various bond books and a plat book, survive.
 +
*Stafford County: created in 1664, many pre-Civil War county court records were lost to vandalism during the war. Scattered years of deeds, wills, and orders have survived as has an old General Index.
 +
*Northumberland County: created in 1645, suffered some loss in a fire in the clerk's office on 25 October 1710.
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*Westmoreland County: created in 1653, lost an order book for the period 1764-1776 to theft, and many loose papers were damaged during both the Revolutionary War and the Civil War.
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See also: [http://www.lva.virginia.gov/public/guides/burned_juris/ Burned Jurisdiction Database], courtesy: Library of Virginia.
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 +
{{Fire+}}
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== Fairfax County Virginia Places/Localities  ==
  
 
==== Populated Places  ====
 
==== Populated Places  ====
  
'''Communities:''' Belle Haven . Burgundy Village . Engleside . Franconia . Groveton . Hayfield . Huntington . Hybla Valley . Kingstowne . Mount Vernon . Virginia Hills . Waynewood . Wilton Woods
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Fairfax County contains two independent cities, three incorporated towns, and 79 unincorporated localities, thirty-four of which are designated as unincorporated census designated places (CDP).
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'''Cities:''' The cities are the City of Fairfax and the City of Falls Church.<br>
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 +
The area around the courthouse in Fairfax City was initially incorporated in 1805 as the town of Providence, officially renamed the Town of Fairfax in 1874, and incorporated as an independent city in 1961 as the City of Fairfax, although it remains the county seat of Fairfax County. Court and land records are kept by Fairfax Circuit Court.
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The City of Falls Church gained township status in 1875 and was incorporated as an independent city in 1948. However, court and land records were kept by Fairfax Circuit Court until the end of 1987. Records after that date can be found in Arlington County.  
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'''Towns: '''The three incorporated towns in Fairfax County are Herndon, incorporated in 1879, Vienna, first known as Ayr Hill until it changed its name to Vienna in the 1850's and later was incorporated in 1890, and Clifton, incorporated in 1902.  
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'''Unincorporated Communities: '''The thirty-four unincorporated communities within Fairfax County identified by the U.S. Census Bureau as (unincorporated) Census-Designated Places are:<br>Annandale; Bailey's Crossroads; Belle Haven; Burke; Centreville; Chantilly; Dunn Loring; Fort Belvoir; Fort Hunt; Franconia; Great Falls; Groveton; Huntington; Hybla Valley; Idylwood; Jefferson; Lake Barcroft; Lincolnia; Lorton; Mantua; McLean; Merrifield; Mount Vernon; Newington; North Springfield; Oakton; Pimmit Hills; Reston; Rose Hill; Seven Corners; Springfield; Tysons Corner; West Springfield; Wolf Trap;
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The other forty-five unincorporated communities are:<br>Accotink; Arcturus; Barkers Crossroads; Blevinstown; Browns Mill; Butts Corner; Cobbs Corner; Colchester; Colchester Hunt; Comptons Corner; Cooktown; Crowells Corner; Culmore; Donovans Corner; Doveville; Dranesville; Fair Lakes; Fairfax Station; Farrs Corner; Five Forks; Four Corners; Hattontown; Hollindale; Jermantown; Kings Park; Kings Park West; Kingstowne; Langley; Lees Corner; Lewinsville; Lewis Park; Makleys Corner; Mason Neck; Matildaville; New Alexandria; Oak Hill; Odricks Corner; Pohick; Schneider Crossroads; Shady Oak; Strathmeade Springs; Sunset Hills; Uniontown; Virginia Hills; Westhampton
 +
 
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According to the 2000 census, the 13 largest communities in Fairfax County by population are all unincorporated.<br>
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== Fairfax County Virginia Genealogy Resources  ==
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==== Getting Started  ====
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Compiled genealogies are a good place to start research for this area, see [[Fairfax County, Virginia Genealogy|Fairfax County, Virginia Genealogy]].  
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If you are researching families who lived in Fairfax County, Virginia between the 1740s and 1790s, the Sparacios' books are a great time saver. They comprehensively index several publications covering that period:
  
==== Neighboring Counties  ====
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*Sparacio, Ruth Trickey and Sam Sparacio. ''Surname Index of Antient Press Publications''. 14+ vols. McLean, Va.: R. &amp; S. Sparacio, Antient Press, 1993-. {{FHL|645782|item}}&nbsp;975.5 P22s v. 1-2; publisher's website: [http://www.antientpress.com/ Antient Press].
  
*[[Arlington County, Virginia|Arlington]]
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==== Research Guides  ====
*[[Charles County, Maryland|Charles County, Maryland]]
 
*[[Loudoun County, Virginia|Loudoun]]
 
*[[Montgomery County, Maryland|Montgomery County, Maryland]]
 
*[[Prince George's County, Maryland|Prince George's County, Maryland]]
 
*[[Prince William County, Virginia|Prince William]]
 
*[[District of Columbia|Washington, DC]]
 
  
== Resources  ==
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*Grundset, Eric G. "Fairfax County Genealogy," ''The Virginia Genealogical Society Newsletter,'' Vol. 10, No. 3 (May-Jun. 1984):1-2. {{FHL|137581|item|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [https://www.vgs.org/ Virginia Genealogical Society] website ($).
  
 
==== African American  ====
 
==== African American  ====
  
*''[http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/lhsc_online_collection_guides/african_american/index.html Guide to African-American Resources]'', Alexandria Library Local History/Special Collections is available online, courtesy: [http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/ Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections].  
+
In 1870, the town of Alexandria had one of the largest African American populations in Virginia.<ref name="no">''Ninth Census of the United States: Statistics of Population, Tables I to VIII Inclusive'' (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1872), 280. Digital version at [http://books.google.com/books?id=f-HVXFBdT_kC Google Books]; {{FHL|281281|item|disp=FHL Book 973 X2pcu}}.</ref>
*Lane, Estelle. "News of Interest to Colored Readers," ''Alexandria Gazette''. 1927-1928 is available online, courtesy: [http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/ Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections].  
+
 
*Sweig, Donald. ''Registrations of Free Negroes Commencing September Court 1822, Book No. 2 &amp; Register of Free Blacks 1835, Book 3: Being the Full Text of the Two Extant Volumes, 1822-1861, of Registrations of Free Blacks Now in the County Courthouse, Fairfax, Virginia''. Fairfax, Virginia&nbsp;: Prepared for publication and published by History Section, Office of Comprehensive Planning, Fairfax County, Virginia under the direction of the Fairfax County Board of Supervisors in cooperation with the Fairfax County History Commission, 1977. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=84427&disp=Registrations+of+free+negroes+commencing%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL]. Reviewed by Elizabeth Shown Mills in ''The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography'', Vol. 86, No. 1 (Jan., 1978), pp. 114-115. Review available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=16216&disp=Virginia+magazine+of+history+and+biograp%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL]; digital version of review at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR]&nbsp;($).  
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''[http://www.freedmenscemetery.org/resources/resources.shtml Guide to African-American Resources]'', Alexandria Library Local History/Special Collections is available online, courtesy: [http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/ Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections].  
*[http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/lhsc_genealogy_resources/vols/vols.html Volunteers for Freedom: Black Civil War Soldiers in Alexandria National Cemetery] is available online, courtesy: [http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/ Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections].  
+
 
*[http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/lhsc_genealogy_resources/aavr/vtext.html Voter Registration in Alexandria, Virginia: African Americans, 1902-1954] is available online, courtesy: [http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/ Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections].
+
*Freedmen's Bureau [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1596147 Letters or Correspondence, 1865-1872]
 +
*Lane, Estelle. "News of Interest to Colored Readers," ''Alexandria Gazette''. 1927-1928 is available online, courtesy: http://www.freedmenscemetery.org/resources/resources.shtml Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections].  
 +
*Sweig, Donald. ''Registrations of Free Negroes Commencing September Court 1822, Book No. 2 &amp; Register of Free Blacks 1835, Book 3: Being the Full Text of the Two Extant Volumes, 1822-1861, of Registrations of Free Blacks Now in the County Courthouse, Fairfax, Virginia''. Fairfax, Virginia&nbsp;: Prepared for publication and published by History Section, Office of Comprehensive Planning, Fairfax County, Virginia under the direction of the Fairfax County Board of Supervisors in cooperation with the Fairfax County History Commission, 1977. {{FHL|84427|item}}; reviewed by Elizabeth Shown Mills in ''The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography'', Vol. 86, No. 1 (Jan., 1978), pp. 114-115. Review: {{FHL|16216|item}}; digital version of review at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR] ($).  
 +
*[http://www.freedmenscemetery.org/resources/resources.shtml Volunteers for Freedom: Black Civil War Soldiers in Alexandria National Cemetery] is available online, courtesy: [http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/ Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections].  
 +
*[http://www.freedmenscemetery.org/resources/resources.shtml Voter Registration in Alexandria, Virginia: African Americans, 1902-1954] is available online, courtesy: [http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/ Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections].
 +
 
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==== Bible Records  ====
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{{VABible}}*'''[Huntt]''' "Huntt Family Bible: Fairfax County, Virginia," ''The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society'', Vol. 3, No. 12 (Jun. 1985):3-5. {{FHL|413326|item|disp=FHL}}.
  
 
==== Cemeteries  ====
 
==== Cemeteries  ====
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{| width="75%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="3" border="1"
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|-
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| width="30%" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" align="center" | '''Tombstone Transcriptions Online'''
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| width="30%" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" align="center" | '''Tombstone Transcriptions in Print'''
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| width="30%" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" align="center" | '''List of Cemeteries in the county'''
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|-
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [https://www.findagrave.com/memorial Findagrave.com]
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | {{FHL|442735|subject-id|disp=Family History Library}}
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [https://www.findagrave.com/cemetery-browse/USA/Virginia/Fairfax-County?id=county_2831 Findagrave.com]
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|-
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://genealogenie.net/fairfax/cemeteries.shtml VAGenWeb]
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=su%3Acemetery+Fairfax+Virginia&qt=advanced&dblist=638 WorldCat]
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [https://billiongraves.com/search/cemetery Billion Graves]
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|-
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://usgwarchives.net/va/fairfax.htm VAGenWeb Archives]
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
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|-
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://www.usgwtombstones.org/virginia/fairfax.html Tombstone Project]
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
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|-
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [http://virginiagravestones.org/cemeteries.php?selected_cid=29 Virginia Gravestones]
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
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|-
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" | [https://billiongraves.com/search# Billion Graves]
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" |
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|-
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| bgcolor="#F0F0F0" colspan="3" | See [[Virginia Cemeteries|Virginia Cemeteries]] for more information.
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|}
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*'''1800-1986''' - {{RecordSearch|3013259|Virginia, Jewish Cemetery Records Index, ca. 1800-1986}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index
 +
*[http://www.freedmenscemetery.org/resources/resources.shtml Civil War Era Burials - Alexandria National Cemetery] is available online, courtesy: [http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/ Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections].
 +
*[http://www.freedmenscemetery.org/resources/resources.shtml Volunteers for Freedom: Black Civil War Soldiers in Alexandria National Cemetery] is available online, courtesy: [http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/ Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections].
 +
 +
Individual Cemeteries:
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 +
BillionGraves:
  
*[http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/lhsc_genealogy_resources/alex_natl_cem/cem.html Civil War Era Burials - Alexandria National Cemetery] is available online, courtesy: [http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/ Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections].
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*[https://billiongraves.com/cemetery/Andrew-Chapel-Cemetery/148667 Andrew Chapel United Methodist Church Cemetery, Dranesville]
*[http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/lhsc_genealogy_resources/vols/vols.html Volunteers for Freedom: Black Civil War Soldiers in Alexandria National Cemetery] is available online, courtesy: [http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/ Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections].
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*[https://billiongraves.com/cemetery/Brown's-Memorial%20-Cemetery/148929 Brown's Memorial Cemetery, Dranesville]
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*[https://billiongraves.com/cemetery/Gooding-Family-Cemetery/126344 Gooding Family Cemetery, Annandale]
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*[https://billiongraves.com/cemetery/Jerusalem-Baptist-Church-Cemetery/158760 Jerusalem Baptist Church Cemetery, Fairfax]
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*[https://billiongraves.com/cemetery/Lee-Chapel-Cemetery/109146 Lee Chapel Cemetery, Burke]  
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*[https://billiongraves.com/cemetery/Lewinsville-Presbyterian-Cemetery/148690 Lewinsville Presbyterian Cemetery, Dranesville]
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*[https://billiongraves.com/cemetery/Mount-Pleasant-Baptist-Cemetery/111110 Mount Pleasant Baptist Cemetery, Herndon]
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*[https://billiongraves.com/cemetery/Mount-Zoar-Cemetery/111115 Mount Zoar Cemetery, Fairfax]
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*[https://billiongraves.com/cemetery/Pleasant-Grove-Cemetery/111111 Pleasant Grove Cemetery, McLean]
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*[https://billiongraves.com/cemetery/Pohick-Churchyard/126346 Pohick Churchyard Cemetery, Lorton]  
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*[https://billiongraves.com/cemetery/Saint-Mary-Cemetery/126343 Saint Mary Cemetery, Fairfax Station]  
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*[https://billiongraves.com/cemetery/Sydenstricker-Methodist-Cemetery/111116 Sydenstricker Methodist Church Cemetery, Newington]
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<br>
  
 
==== Census  ====
 
==== Census  ====
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{{VAcensus}}
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{{Historical populations
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|type = USA
 +
|heading = Census
 +
|footnote = Source: [https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/index.xhtml "American FactFinder".] United States Census Bureau.
 +
|1790 |12320
 +
|1800 |13317
 +
|1810 |13111
 +
|1820 |11404
 +
|1830 |9204
 +
|1840 |9370
 +
|1850 |10682
 +
|1860 |11834
 +
|1870 |12952
 +
|1880 |16025
 +
|1890 |16655
 +
|1900 |18580
 +
|1910 |20536
 +
|1920 |21943
 +
|1930 |25264
 +
|1940 |40929
 +
|1950 |98557
 +
|1960 |275002
 +
|1970 |455021
 +
|1980 |596901
 +
|1990 |818584
 +
|2000 |969749
 +
}} '''''1782 Enumeration'''''
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 +
*[http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1790m-02.pdf Fairfax County Heads of Families - 1782] at U.S. Census Bureau - free. County begins on page 16.
 +
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'''''1785 Enumeration'''''
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 +
*[http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1790m-03.pdf Fairfax County Heads of Families - 1785] at U.S. Census Bureau - free. County begins on page 85.
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'''''1820 Manufacturers Census'''''
 +
 +
*"1820 Manufacturers Census," ''Northern Virginia Genealogy'', Vol. 2, No. 3 (Jul. 1997):125-126. Available at {{FHL|788508|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [Includes Fairfax, Fauquier, and Loudoun counties.]
  
 
'''''1850'''''  
 
'''''1850'''''  
Line 52: Line 248:
 
*Tallichet, Marjorie D. Alexandria City and County 1850 Census. Heritage Books, Inc., 1986. Index is available [http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/lhsc_genealogy_resources/census/census.html online], courtesy: [http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/ Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections].
 
*Tallichet, Marjorie D. Alexandria City and County 1850 Census. Heritage Books, Inc., 1986. Index is available [http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/lhsc_genealogy_resources/census/census.html online], courtesy: [http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/ Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections].
  
'''''1890 Veterans Census'''''  
+
'''''1890 Union Veterans'''''
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/lhsc_genealogy_resources/cwvets/cwvets.html 1890 Veterans Census Northern Virginia]&nbsp;is available online, courtesy: [http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/ Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections].
 +
*"Virginia's Union Veterans: Eleventh Census of the United States 1890."  [http://www.pwcvabooks.com Prince William County Virginia], by Ronald Ray Turner.
 +
*{{FHL|686323|item|disp=FHL Collection.}}
 +
 
 +
==== Church Records  ====
 +
 
 +
===== General  =====
 +
 
 +
*Hiatt, Marty and Craig Roberts Scott. ''Loudoun County, Virginia, Tithables, 1758-1786''. 3 vols. Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., 1995. {{FHL|702851|item|disp=FHL}}. [Volume 1 includes a 1749 tithables list for Fairfax County which identifies tithe payers and many of their religions.]
 +
 
 +
Scheel's map of Fairfax County, Virginia identifies the locations of early churches and meetinghouses circa 1776. The Family History Library has a copy: {{FHL|505590|item|disp=FHL Map 975.53 E7s}}.
 +
 
 +
===== Baptist  =====
 +
 
 +
Early Baptist churches (with years constituted):
  
*[http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/lhsc_genealogy_resources/cwvets/cwvets.html 1890 Veterans Census Northern Virginia]&nbsp;is available online, courtesy: [http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/ Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections].
+
#'''Alexandria''' (1803).<ref name="baptist" /> Minutes begin in 1803:&nbsp;{{FHL|360642|item|disp=FHL Films 985599-985600}}. Includes lists of members and baptisms.  
 +
#'''Back Lick''' (1782).<ref name="baptist">Robert Baylor Semple and George William Beale, ''A History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia'' (1810; reprint, Richmond, Va.: Pitt and Dickinson, 1894), 386-387. Digital version at [http://books.google.com/books?id=t6RhTC8ziQQC Google Books].</ref>
 +
#'''Bull Run''' (1775).<ref name="baptist" />
 +
#'''Difficult '''(1775).<ref name="baptist" />
 +
#'''Frying Pan''' (1791).<ref name="baptist" />
 +
#'''Hedgeman's River''' (1791), Jeffersonton, Va.<ref name="baptist" /> A history was published in ''Virginia Baptist Register'', Issue 13 (1974).
 +
#'''Popeshead '''(1775).<ref name="baptist" />
  
==== Church  ====
+
{{VAbap}}
  
'''''General'''''
+
Fairfax County fell within the bounds of the Ketocton Association.
 +
 
 +
===== Church of England  =====
 +
 
 +
[[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] See also [[Cameron Parish, Virginia|Cameron Parish]]<br>[[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] See also [[Fairfax Parish, Virginia|Fairfax Parish]]<br>[[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] See also [[Truro Parish, Virginia|Truro Parish]]
 +
 
 +
===== Quaker  =====
  
*Hiatt, Marty and Craig Roberts Scott. ''Loudoun County, Virginia, Tithables, 1758-1786''. 3 vols. Athens, Georgia:&nbsp;Iberian Pub. Co., 1995. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=702851&disp=Loudoun+County%2C+Virginia%2C+tithables% FHL]. [Volume 1 includes a 1749 tithables list for Fairfax County which identifies tithe payers and many of their religions.]
+
*'''Alexandria Monthly Meeting''' (1783-1885).<ref name="jay">Jay Worrall, ''The Friendly Virginians: America's First Quakers'' (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Publishing Company, 1994), 537-539. {{FHL|702792|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 K2wj}}.</ref> Hinshaw published the early records: {{FHL|192159|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D2he 1993 v. 6}}.<ref>William Wade Hinshaw, Thomas W. Marshall and John Cox, ''Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy'' (Ann Arbor, Mich.: Edwards Bros., 1950). Vol. 6. {{FHL|192159|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D2he 1993 v. 6}}.</ref> Wright also published the early records (1800-1870): {{FHL|767163|item|disp=FHL Book 975.529 K2w}}.<ref>F. Edward Wright, ''Early Church Records of Alexandria City and Fairfax County, Virginia'' (Westminster, Md.: Family Line Publications, 1996). {{FHL|767163|item|disp=FHL Book 975.529 K2w}}.</ref>
  
'''''Church of England'''''
+
:{{Find A Grave|2182900|Quaker Burial Ground, Alexandria, Va.}} (81+ entries)
  
*Liddle, Chester A. and Patricia H. Osisek. ''Families of Pohick Church, Truro Parish, Fairfax County, Virginia''. Baltimore, Maryland: Gateway Press, 1991. [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=453483&disp=Families+of+Pohick+Church%2C+Truro+Paris%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL] has original edition and two supplements.
+
*'''Woodlawn Monthly Meeting''' (begun 1846)<ref name="jay" />
*Slaughter, Philip and Edward Lewis Goodwin. ''The History of Truro Parish in Virginia''. G.W. Jacobs &amp; Co., 1908. Digital book at [http://books.google.com/books?id=izkSAAAAYAAJ Google Books] (full-view).
 
  
 
==== Court  ====
 
==== Court  ====
Line 71: Line 294:
 
'''''General'''''  
 
'''''General'''''  
  
*Horrell, Joseph. "George Mason and the Fairfax Court," ''The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography'', Vol. 91, No. 4 (Oct. 1983):418-439. Available at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR]&nbsp;($).
+
*Horrell, Joseph. "George Mason and the Fairfax Court," ''The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography'', Vol. 91, No. 4 (Oct. 1983):418-439. Digital version at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR] ($).
  
 
'''''County Court'''''  
 
'''''County Court'''''  
  
Searches of Fairfax County Court Orders should begin with the Fairfax County History Commission and Edith Moore Sprouse's [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=117110&disp=A+Surname+and+subject+index+of+the+minut%20%20&columns=*,0,0 A Surname and Subject Index of the Minute and Order Books of the County Court, Fairfax County, Virginia, 1749-1800 [1802]],&nbsp;[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=274881&disp=A+Surname+and+subject+index+of+the+minut%20%20&columns=*,0,0 A Surname and Subject Index of the Minute and Order Books of the Courts, Fairfax County, Virginia, Part IV, 1807-1829], and [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=291674&disp=Fairfax+County%2C+Va%2E+court+records%2C%20%20&columns=*,0,0 Fairfax County, Va. Court Records, 1835-1860]. They also created [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=117357&disp=A+Cumulative+subject+index+to+the+court+%20%20&columns=*,0,0 A Cumulative Subject Index to the Court Order Books of Fairfax County, Virginia, 1749-1802].  
+
Searches of Fairfax County Court Orders should begin with the Fairfax County History Commission and Edith Moore Sprouse's:  
 +
 
 +
#{{FHL|117110|item|disp=A Surname and Subject Index of the Minute and Order Books of the Courts, Fairfax County, Virginia, Parts I-III}}
 +
#{{FHL|274881|item|disp=A Surname and Subject Index of the Minute and Order Books of the Courts, Fairfax County, Virginia, Part IV, 1807-1829}}
 +
#{{FHL|291674|item|disp=Fairfax County, Va. Court Records, 1835-1860}}.
 +
 
 +
They also created {{FHL|117357|item|disp=A Cumulative Subject Index to the Court Order Books of Fairfax County, Virginia, 1749-1802}}.
 +
 
 +
*Mitchell, Beth. ''Fairfax County Road Orders 1748-1800''. 2003. Digital version at [http://www.smitherman.net/documents/fccob.pdf Smitherman.net] - free. Includes name index.
  
 
'''''Chancery Court'''''  
 
'''''Chancery Court'''''  
Line 81: Line 312:
 
*Indexes (1803-1963) and images (1803-1913) to Fairfax County, Virginia Chancery Records are available online through [http://www.virginiamemory.com/collections/chancery/ Virginia Memory: Chancery Records Index]. These records, often concerned with inheritance disputes, contain a wealth of genealogical information.
 
*Indexes (1803-1963) and images (1803-1913) to Fairfax County, Virginia Chancery Records are available online through [http://www.virginiamemory.com/collections/chancery/ Virginia Memory: Chancery Records Index]. These records, often concerned with inheritance disputes, contain a wealth of genealogical information.
  
==== Family Histories  ====
+
'''''Dumfries District Court and Superior Court of Law'''''
  
It is anticipated that this bibliography will eventually identify all known family histories published about residents of this county. In addition to finding a direct ancestor’s surname listed, and watching to see if more recent publications make additions and corrections to earlier works, this list is also useful for determining if genealogists have published accounts, to quote Elizabeth Shown Mills, for any members of an ancestor’s “FAN Club” ['''F'''amily, '''A'''ssociates, and '''N'''eighbors]. Checking publications about those individuals can lead you to new information about your own ancestry. Be mindful that compiled genealogies may contain errors.
+
*Dumfries District Court Order Books, 1793-1817. Original records, Prince William County Courthouse, Manassas, Va.; available on microfilm at {{FHL|395905|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [Dumfries District Court encompassed Fairfax, Fauquier, Loudoun, and Prince William counties.]
  
'''''General'''''  
+
'''''Fredericksburg Superior Court of Chancery'''''  
 +
 
 +
The Superior Court of Chancery of Fredericksburg (1802-1831) had jurisdiction over certain Fairfax County court cases. An index has been compiled:
  
*Liddle, Chester A. and Patricia H. Osisek. ''Families of Pohick Church, Truro Parish, Fairfax County, Virginia''. Baltimore, Maryland: Gateway Press, 1991. [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=453483&disp=Families+of+Pohick+Church%2C+Truro+Paris%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL] has original edition and two supplements.
+
*Indexes of Court Records in the Clerk's Office, Fredericksburg, Virginia, 1782-1904. Original records, Fredericksburg City Courthouse, Fredericksburg, Va., microfilmed reproduction available at {{FHL|674265|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [Indexes the following records: District Court law book v. 8, 1782-1792; District Court law books 1790-1793, v. A-F 1789-1811; Superior Court of Law law order books v. G-H 1812-1831; Superior Court of Chancery chancery order books 1814-1831; Hustings Court orders v. A-O 1782-1871; Circuit Superior Court of Law and Chancery law order books v. A-E 1831-1875; Circuit Superior Court of Law and Chancery chancery order books v. A-D 1831-1872; Circuit Court chancery order books v. A2, B-C 1875-1904; Fredericksburg District Court (1789-1808) had jurisdiction over the following counties: Spotsylvania (including Fredericksburg), Caroline, King George, Stafford, Orange, and Culpeper; Superior Court of Chancery (1802-1831) had jurisdiction over the following localities: city of Fredericksburg and the counties of Caroline, Culpeper, Fauquier, Fairfax, Lancaster, Northumberland, Madison, King George, Orange, Prince William, Richmond, Spotsylvania, Stafford, Essex, and Westmoreland.]
  
'''''Bibliography'''''
+
==== Genealogy&nbsp;  ====
  
*'''[Adams]''' Ljunstedt, Milnor. "The Adamses in the Northern Neck of Virginia (Upper Counties) and Some Nearby Counties of Maryland," ''The American Genealogist'', Vol. 13 (1936):82-88, 233-241. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=319844&disp=The+American+genealogist%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL]; digital version at [http://www.newenglandancestors.org/database_search/TAG.asp New England Ancestors]&nbsp;($).
+
More than 225 genealogies have been published about Fairfax County families. To view a list, visit [[Fairfax County, Virginia Compiled Genealogies|Fairfax County, Virginia Compiled Genealogies]].
*'''[Ball]''' Ball, Palmer R. and Nancy Graves Ball Surface. ''The Ball Family of Southwest Virginia:&nbsp;A Genealogy of Some of the Descendants of Moses Ball of Fairfax County''. Big Laurel, Virginia: Cumberland-Crafters, 1933. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=237486&disp=The+Ball+family+of+Southwest+Virginia%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL]; digital version at [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=17050 Ancestry] ($).
 
*'''[Ball]''' Ball, Bonnie S., James Elihu Ball, and Estella Ball Brady. ''The Balls of Fairfax and Stafford in Virginia''. Haysie, Virginia: B.S. Ball, 1961. Original edition available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=237509&disp=The+Balls+of+Fairfax+and+Stafford+in+Vir%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL]; 1976 reprint available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=237514&disp=The+Balls+of+Fairfax+and+Stafford+in+Vir%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL]; 1982 reprint available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=165765&disp=The+Balls+of+Fairfax+and+Stafford+in+Vir%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL].
 
*'''[Broadwater] '''Haycock, Robert Lee. "Career of Col. Charles Broadwater, Fairfax County, Va.," ''The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography'', Vol. 47, No. 3 (Jul. 1939):234-238. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=16216&disp=Virginia+magazine+of+history+and+biograp%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL]; digital version at&nbsp;[http://www.jstor.org JSTOR]&nbsp;($).
 
*'''[Fairfax]''' Kilmer, Kenton and Donald Sweig. ''The Fairfax Family in Fairfax County:&nbsp;A Brief History''. Fairfax, Virginia: Board of Supervisors, Fairfax County, Virginia, 1975. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=250879&disp=The+Fairfax+family+in+Fairfax+County%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL].
 
*'''[Hunter]''' Bull, Mary Alice Hunter. ''Record of Hunter of Hunterston, Ayrshire, Scotland ... Record of Hunter of Abbotshill and Park, County Ayr, Scotland ... Record of Hunter of Ayrhill, Fairfax County, Virginia''. Washington, D.C.: Gibson Bros., 1902. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=225008&disp=Record+of+Hunter+of+Hunterston%2C+Ayrshi%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL].
 
*'''[Jones]''' Hymas, Barbara Perine. ''The Jones Family of Prince Georges County, Maryland and Fairfax County, Virginia, and Related Families, 1659-1997''. Madison, Alabama: B.P. Hymas, 2000. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=959631&disp=The+Jones+family+of+Prince+Georges+Count%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL].
 
*'''[Kellar]''' Ratcliffe, Susan Kellar. ''Michael Kellar and Catharine Monroe of Fairfax County, Virginia: Their Family and Descendants, 1760-2002''. Baltimore, Maryland: Gateway Press, 2002. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=1061354&disp=Michael+Kellar+and+Catharine+Monroe+of+F%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL].
 
*'''[Maddy]''' Maddy, Olive and John K. Maddy. ''US Maddys: An Account of the Family in England and the Descendants of William Maddy of Fairfax County, Virginia and James Maddy of Fairfax and Orange Counties, Emigrants''. Oskaloosa, Iowa: O. Maddy, 1950. Availalbe at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=442455&disp=US+Maddys%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL]; 1985 edition also available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=573802&disp=US+Maddys%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL].
 
*'''[Reid]''' West, Donal S. and Lola Edwards Lindsey. ''The Descendants of Joseph Reid (1702-1749) and Elizabeth [Hampton], Absolom Reid (1727-) and Sarah Simpson (1735-), Joab Reid (1762-1855) and Nancy West (1764-1805) of Fairfax Co., VA &amp; Adams and Brown Co., OH''. 6 vols. [Fort Wayne, Indiana: D.S. West], 1997. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=729661&disp=The+descendants+of+Joseph+Reid+%281702%2%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL].  
 
*'''[Rousseau]''' Rousseau, Marilyn K. "The Colonial Virginia Ancestry of a Pioneer Florida Family: William H. Rousseau (1818-1870), Florida House of Representatives 1852, Florida State Senate 1865," ''The American Genealogist'', Vol. 79, No. 3 (Jul. 2004):184-198.
 
*'''[Sadd]''' Coles, Edwin Wagner. ''William Sadd (1710-1770) of England, His Son William Said (1747-1807) of Fairfax County, Virginia and His Descendants''. n.p.: E.W. Coles, 1999. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=826309&disp=William+Sadd+%281710%2D1770%29+of+Englan%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL].
 
*'''[Simpson]''' Simpson, Gustavus Sailer. ''One Simpson Line of Fairfax County Virginia''. Worthington, Ohio: G.S. Simpson, 1996. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=677257&disp=One+Simpson+line+of+Fairfax+county+Virgi%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL].
 
*'''[Simpson]''' Neibling, Robert C. ''Solving Ihe identities of Gilbert Simpson (1699 - 1773) of Charles County, Maryland &amp; Fairfax County, Virginia &amp; His Son John Simpson (1739 - 1801) of Fairfax County Virginia &amp; Loudoun County, Virginia''. Gulf Shores, Alabama: R.C. Neibling, 2000. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=1019689&disp=Solving+the+identities+of+Gilbert+Simpso%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL].
 
*'''[Simpson]''' Neibling, Robert C. ''Profiles of the Three Gilbert Simpsons: of Eighteenth Century Fairfax County, Virginia''. Gulf Shores, Alabama: R.C. Neibling, 2001. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=1042117&disp=Profiles+of+the+three+Gilbert+Simpsons%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL]; digital version at [http://contentdm.lib.byu.edu/u?/FH11,82360 BYU Family History Archives]. [2 copies at FHL.]
 
*'''[Thomas]''' Gilbert, Betty J. ''Robert Thomas (d.1768), Fairfax Co., Va. and&nbsp;His Descendants''. Topeka, Kansas: B.J. Gilbert, 1981. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=302411&disp=Robert+Thomas+%28d%2E1868%29%2C+Fairfax+%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL]. [FHL title incorrectly states Thomas died in 1868.]
 
*'''[Thomas]''' Gilbert, Betty J. ''Robert Thomas, d. 1768 Fairfax Co. Va.: and His Ancestors''. Decorah, Iowa: Anundsen, 2002. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=1108088&disp=Robert+Thomas%2C+d%2E+1768+Fairfax+Co%2E%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL].
 
*'''[Triplett]''' Russell, Thomas Triplett. ''The Family of Francis Triplett of Fairfax County, Virginia''. MSS., Clayton Library, Houston, Texas, available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=403916&disp=The+family+of+Francis+Triplett+of+Fairfa%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL].
 
*'''[Vanlandingham]''' Vanlandingham, J. Leon. ''Vanlandingham/Vallandigham/Vallandingham Genealogy: Michael and Anne Dawson Vallandigham of Fairfax County, Virginia and Their Descendants''. Norman, Oklahoma: J.L. Vanlandingham, 2006. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=1349135&disp=Vanlandingham%2FVallandigham%2FVallandin%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL].
 
  
 
==== Historic Residences  ====
 
==== Historic Residences  ====
  
*Moxham, Robert Morgan. ''Belmont Plantation on the Occoquan, Fairfax County, Virginia''. North Springfield, Virginia: Colonial Press, 1975. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=64762&disp=Belmont+Plantation+on+the+Occoquan%2C+Fa%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL].
+
*Moxham, Robert Morgan. ''Belmont Plantation on the Occoquan, Fairfax County, Virginia''. North Springfield, Virginia: Colonial Press, 1975. Available at {{FHL|64762|title-id|disp=FHL}}.
  
 
==== Immigration  ====
 
==== Immigration  ====
  
*Coldham, Peter Wilson. ''North American Wills Registered in London 1611-1857.'' Baltimore:&nbsp;Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2007. [Includes will of a resident of Fairfax County proved in London. These records often help establish an immigrant's place of origin.]  
+
'''Alexandria''', along the Potomac River, and '''Belvoir Plantation''', have been ports since colonial times.<ref>Donald G. Shomette, ''Maritime Alexandria: The Rise and Fall of an American Entrepôt'' (2003).</ref> Unfortunately, no official passenger lists survive for the eighteenth century.
*[http://www.immigrantservants.com/search/advancedResults.php?surname=&givenName=&varientSurnameSpellings=&gender=&dateOfBirthDay=&dateOfBirthMonth=&dateOfBirthQuantifier=&dateOfBirthYear=&placeOfBirthParish=&placeOfBirthTown=&placeOfBirthCity=&placeOfBirthCounty=&placeOfBirthColony=&placeOfBirthNation=&occupations=&religions=&orphan=&familyPosition=&immigrationYearQualifier=&immigrationYear=&portOfDepartureTown=&portOfDepartureCity=&portOfDepartureCounty=&portOfDepartureNation=&placeOfArrivalTown=&placeOfArrivalCounty=&placeOfArrivalColony=&shipName=&convict=&yearOfIndentureQualifier=&yearOfIndenture=&lengthOfIndentureYears=&lengthOfIndentureMonths=&yearOfFreedomQualifier=&yearOfFreedom=&placeOfIndentureTown=&placeOfIndentureCity=&placeOfIndentureCounty=Fairfax&placeOfIndentureColony=Virginia&agentSurname=&agentGivenName=&agentTitle=&masterSurname=&masterGivenName=&masterTitle=&residenceParish=&residenceTown=&residenceCity=&residenceCounty=&residenceColony=&residenceNation=&landowner=&literate=&spouseSurname=&spouseGivenName=&spouseMarriageDateDay=&spouseMarriageDateMonth=&spouseMarriageDateQualifier=&spouseMarriageDateYear=&spouseMarriageLocationParish=&spouseMarriageLocationCounty=&spouseMarriageLocationColony=&spouseMarriageLocationNation=&deathDateDay=&deathDateMonth=&deathDateQualifier=&deathDateYear=&deathLocality=&deathCounty=&deathColony=&deathState=&testate=&proofServantStatus=&proofConvictStatus=&headright=&preServitudeSources=&postServitudeSources=&comments=&family=&sourceCitations=&interestedResearchers= List of imported servants and transported convicts from Europe] who served labor terms in Colonial Fairfax County, Virginia (work in progress), courtesy: [http://www.immigrantservants.com Immigrant Servants Database].
+
 
 +
*Cantwell, John A. "Imported Indentured White Servitude in Fairfax and Prince William Counties, 1750-1800," unpub. M.A. Thesis, George Mason University, 1986. [Cantwell identifies many of the servants he found by name. The individuals Cantwell identifies by name have been indexed in the Immigrant Servants Database (see below).]
 +
*[[Peter Wilson Coldham|Coldham, Peter Wilson]]. ''North American Wills Registered in London 1611-1857.'' Baltimore:&nbsp;Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2007. [Includes will of a resident of Fairfax County proved in London. These records often help establish an immigrant's place of origin.]  
 +
*The Port of Alexandria, MSS. Contains correspondence between the Secretary of the Treasury and the Collectors Office in Alexandria. A few are addressed to the Custom House in Alexandria. Letters cover 1789-1815. {{FHL|301773|item|disp=FHL Film 850091 Item 6}}.<br>
 +
 
 +
{{ImmigrantServants|Fairfax}}
 +
 
 +
==== Land and Property  ====
  
==== Land  ====
+
An early settlers map is available for Fairfax County. The cartographers plot the locations of pioneers from the 1760 era. The Family History Library has a copy: {{FHL|562957|item|disp=FHL Map Collection}}.
  
 
'''''Grants and Patents'''''  
 
'''''Grants and Patents'''''  
  
*Davey. [http://www.directlinesoftware.com/pool.htm 253 patents dated 1651-1911 in what is now Fairfax, Fauquier, Northumberland, Prince William, Stafford, and Westmoreland Counties, Virginia placed on a map]. DeedMapper.&nbsp;[Names of those who received land patents, dates, land descriptions, and references may be viewed free of charge (click "Index" next to the county listing, which is "Nova" in this instance); however, in order to view the maps, it is necessary to purchase Direct Line Software's [http://www.directlinesoftware.com/ DeedMapper]&nbsp;product.]
+
*Davey. [http://www.directlinesoftware.com/pool.htm 253 patents dated 1651-1911 in what is now Fairfax, Fauquier, Northumberland, Prince William, Stafford, and Westmoreland Counties, Virginia placed on a map]. DeedMapper.&nbsp;[Names of those who received land patents, dates, land descriptions, and references may be viewed free of charge (click "Index" next to the county listing, which is "Nova" in this instance); however, in order to view the maps, it is necessary to purchase Direct Line Software's [http://www.directlinesoftware.com/ DeedMapper]&nbsp;product.]  
 +
*Gray, Gertrude E. ''Virginia Northern Neck Land Grants, 1742-1775''. Vol. II. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1997. Available at {{FHL|511490|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49390 Ancestry] ($). [Includes Fairfax County.]
 +
 
 +
'''''Land Causes'''''
 +
 
 +
*Sparacio, Ruth Trickey, Sam Sparacio, and Dumfries, Va. District Court. ''Abstracts of Land Causes, Prince William County, Virginia''. [1789-1793] 2 vols.&nbsp;McLean, Va.: Antient Press, 1992. Available at {{FHL|520067|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [Includes Fairfax County.]
 +
*Wilson, Donald L. "Prince William County Land Causes," [1789-1793] ''The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society'', Vol. 3, No. 2 (Aug. 1984):5-7; Vol. 3, No. 7 (Jan. 1985):3-6; Vol. 3, No. 10 (Apr. 1985):6-7; Vol. 3, No. 12 (Jun. 1985):6-7; Vol. 4, No. 1 (Jul. 1985):4-6; Vol. 4, No. 2 (Aug. 1985):3-4; Vol. 4, No. 3 (Sep. 1985):5-7; Vol. 4, No. 7 (Jan. 1986):4-6; Vol. 4, No. 9 (Mar. 1986):3-4; Vol. 4, No. 10 (Apr. 1986):5-7; Vol. 4, No. 12 (Jun. 1986):5-7; Vol. 5, No. 1 (Jul. 1986):5-7; Vol. 5, No. 3 (Sep. 1986):6-9; Vol. 5, No. 6 (Dec. 1986):5-6; Vol. 5, No. 10 (Apr. 1987):5-7. Available at {{FHL|413326|title-id|disp=FHL}}.
  
 
==== Local Histories  ====
 
==== Local Histories  ====
  
*Sweig, Donald M. "The Virginia Nonimportation Association Broadside of 1770 and Fairfax County: A Study in Local Participation," ''The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography'', Vol. 87, No. 3 (Jul. 1979):316-325. Available at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR]&nbsp;($).
+
*Fairfax County Board of Supervisors. ''Industrial and Historical Sketch of Fairfax County, Virginia''. Newell Printing Co., 1907. Digital version at [http://books.google.com/books?id=OyYTAAAAYAAJ Google Books] (full-view).
  
 
==== Maps  ====
 
==== Maps  ====
 +
{{VA Neighboring Counties Intro|county={{VA Fairfax County}}}}
  
*Mitchell, Beth and Donald M. Sweig. ''An Interpretive Historical Map of Fairfax County, Virginia, in 1760: Showing Landowners, Tenants, Slave Owners, Churches, Roads, Ordinaries, Ferries, Mills, Tobacco Inspection Warehouses and the Towns of Alexander and Colchester''. Virginia: Office of Comprehensive Planning, County of Fairfax, 1987. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=562957&disp=An+interpretive+historical+map+of+Fairfa%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL].
+
*Mitchell, Beth and Donald M. Sweig. ''An Interpretive Historical Map of Fairfax County, Virginia, in 1760: Showing Landowners, Tenants, Slave Owners, Churches, Roads, Ordinaries, Ferries, Mills, Tobacco Inspection Warehouses and the Towns of Alexander and Colchester''. Virginia: Office of Comprehensive Planning, County of Fairfax, 1987. Available at {{FHL|562957|title-id|disp=FHL}}.
  
 
==== Migration  ====
 
==== Migration  ====
  
*Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 21, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1977):167-171. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=33159&disp=The+Virginia+genealogist FHL]; digital version at [http://www.newenglandancestors.org/database_search/VA_Genealogist.asp New England Ancestors] ($). [These records often identify migrants who left the county and their intended destinations. Fairfax County's 1787-1790 Delinquent Lists appear on pp. 170-171.]
+
*Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 21, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1977):167-171. Available at {{FHL|33159|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [https://www.americanancestors.org/search/advanced-search?database=Virginia%20Genealogist,%20The American Ancestors] ($). [These records often identify migrants who left the county and their intended destinations. Fairfax County's 1787-1790 Delinquent Lists appear on pp. 170-171.]
  
 
==== Military  ====
 
==== Military  ====
  
'''''French and Indian War'''''  
+
===== '''''French and Indian War''''' =====
 +
 
 +
*Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. ''Virginia's Colonial Soldiers''. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at {{FHL|47143|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [Identifies some Fairfax Parish and Fairfax County militia officers, soldier enlistments, and veterans; see place name index.]
 +
*Boogher, William F. ''Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources.'' Washington: n.p., 1903. Available at {{FHL|73108|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://books.google.com/books?id=X1s_AAAAYAAJ Google Books]. [Includes a chapter titled "Legislative Enactments connecting the preceding historic sketch [French and Indian War, Lord Dunmore's War] with the adjudication of the resulting accounts that follow; with the list of officers, soldiers and civilians entitled to compensation for military and other services rendered." For Fairfax County, see p. 76-79.]
 +
*Crozier, William Armstrong. ''Virginia Colonial Militia 1651-1776''. Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1954. Available at {{FHL|72797|title-id|disp=FHL US/CAN Book 975.5 M2c}}; digital book at [https://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=29414 Ancestry] ($). [Identifies some Fairfax County militia officers and soldiers; see place name index.]
 +
*Mayo, Sandra. "Fairfax and Prince William Counties in the French and Indian War," ''Northern Virginia Heritage'', Vol. 9, No. 1 (Feb. 1987). Digital version at [http://www.historicprincewilliam.org/county-history/stories/fairfax-prince-william%20counties-french-indian-war.html Historic Prince William].
 +
 
 +
===== '''''Revolutionary War'''''  =====
 +
 
 +
'''''Regiments.''''' Service men in Fairfax County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Fairfax County supplied soldiers for the:
 +
 
 +
::- [[3rd Virginia Regiment (Revolutionary War)|3rd Virginia Regiment]]
 +
::- [[10th Virginia Regiment (Revolutionary War)|10th Virginia Regiment]]
 +
 
 +
Additional resources:
 +
 
 +
*Pierce, Alycon Trubey. "Wringing Northern Virginians Out of Final Pension Payment Vouchers, 1818-1864," ''Northern Virginia Genealogy'', Vol. 2, No. 2 (Apr. 1997):73-77. Available at {{FHL|788508|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [Identifies married daughters and granddaughters of Revolutionary War Pensioners, and other persons mentioned in these records. Pierce abstracted entries for residents of Fairfax, Fauquier, Loudoun, and Prince William counties.]
 +
*''A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]''. 1841. Digital versions at [http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1840c-01.pdf U.S. Census Bureau] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ Google Books] ''et. al''. 1967 reprint: {{FHL|282860|item}} 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Eastern District, Fairfax County on page 130.]
 +
*''Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions''. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include&nbsp;"an Added Index to States." {{FHL|287870|item|disp=FHL Book 973 M24ur}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=48141 Ancestry] ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.]
 +
*''Virginia Militia in the Revolutionary War''. By J.T. McAllister. 1913. Hot Springs, Va.: McAllister Pub. Co. Online at: [http://www.archive.org/stream/virginiamilitiai00mcal#page/30/mode/1up Internet Archive]
 +
 
 +
===== '''''War of 1812'''''  =====
 +
 
 +
Fairfax County men served in the 60th Regiment.<ref>Stuart Lee Butler, ''A Guide to Virginia Militia Units in the War of 1812'' (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., 1988), 80. {{FHL|669440|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2bs}}.</ref>
 +
 
 +
[http://www.lva.virginia.gov/public/guides/rn19_sold.htm Library of Virginia resources, War of 1812]<br>
 +
 
 +
*''List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance...'' Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. {{FHL|286899|item}} 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at [http://books.google.com/books?id=t7oqAAAAMAAJ Google Books] and [http://www.archive.org/details/listpensionerso02buregoog Internet Archive]. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Fairfax County, pp. 78-79. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
 +
 
 +
===== Civil War  =====
 +
 
 +
{{VAciv}}
  
*Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. ''Virginia's Colonial Soldiers''. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=47143&disp=Virginia%27s+colonial+soldiers FHL]. [Identifies some Fairfax Parish and Fairfax County militia officers, soldier enlistments, and veterans; see place name index.]
+
:- [[5th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)|5th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)]].  
*Boogher, William F. ''Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources.'' Washington: n.p., 1903. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=73108&disp=Gleanings+of+Virginia+history FHL]; digital version at [http://books.google.com/books?id=X1s_AAAAYAAJ Google Books]. [Includes a chapter titled "Legislative Enactments connecting the preceding historic sketch [French and Indian War, Lord Dunmore's War] with the adjudication of the resulting accounts that follow; with the list of officers, soldiers and civilians entitled to compensation for military and other services rendered." For Fairfax County, see p. 76-79.]
+
:- [[6th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)|6th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)]]. Company F (Fairfax Company aka Washington's Home Guard aka The Powell Troop aka General Johnston's Bodyguard Company).<ref>Michael P. Musick, ''6th Virginia Cavalry'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1990). {{FHL|607455|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 66}}.</ref>
*Crozier, William Armstrong. ''Virginia Colonial Militia 1651-1776''. Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1954. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=72797&disp=Virginia+colonial+militia%2C+1651%2D1776 FHL]; digital book at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=4596&o_xid=8910&o_lid=8910 Ancestry] ($). [Identifies some Fairfax County militia officers and soldiers; see place name index.]
+
:- [[8th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)|8th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)]]. Company G (Scott's Company).<ref>John E. Divine, ''8th Virginia Infantry'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1983). {{FHL|342435|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 6}}.</ref>
 +
:- [[11th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)|11th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry]]. Company I (Fairfax Cavalry or Chesterfield Troop).<ref>Richard L. Armstrong, ''11th Virginia Cavalry'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1989). {{FHL|417082|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 52}}.</ref>
 +
:- [[17th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)|17th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)]]. Company D (Fairfax Riflemen).<ref>Lee A. Wallace, ''17th Virginia Infantry'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1990). {{FHL|607459|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 67}}.</ref>
  
'''''Civil War'''''
+
Records and histories are available, including:
  
 +
*'''1861-1865''' - {{RecordSearch|1932382|Virginia, Civil War, Service Records of Confederate Soldiers, 1861-1865}}
 +
*'''1861-1865''' - {{RecordSearch|1932427|Virginia, Civil War, Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865}}
 +
*'''1861-1865''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2322 U.S., Confederate Soldiers Compiled Service Records, 1861-1865] at [http://ancesstry.com Ancestry] — index (free)
 +
*'''1861-1865''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2344 U.S., Union Soldiers Compiled Service Records, 1861-1865] at [http://search.ancestry.com Ancestry] — index (free)
 
*[http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/lhsc_genealogy_resources/cwvets/cwvets.html 1890 Veterans Census Northern Virginia]&nbsp;is available online, courtesy: [http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/ Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections].  
 
*[http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/lhsc_genealogy_resources/cwvets/cwvets.html 1890 Veterans Census Northern Virginia]&nbsp;is available online, courtesy: [http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/ Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections].  
 
*[http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/lhsc_genealogy_resources/alex_natl_cem/cem.html Civil War Era Burials - Alexandria National Cemetery] is available online, courtesy: [http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/ Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections].  
 
*[http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/lhsc_genealogy_resources/alex_natl_cem/cem.html Civil War Era Burials - Alexandria National Cemetery] is available online, courtesy: [http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/ Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections].  
 +
*Gailey, Charles K. et al. [http://www.genealogycenter.info/view_centreville.php They Died in Centreville: A Study of Union Soldiers Who Died and/or Were Buried in Centreville, Virginia During the Civil War] is available online, courtesy [http://www.genealogycenter.info/index.php the Genealogy Center of the Allen County Public Library]. NOTE: This is a 38 MB PDF file; allow time to download.
 
*Harrison, Noel G. "Atop an Anvil: The Civilians' War in Fairfax and Alexandria Counties, April 1861-April 1862,"&nbsp;''The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography'', Vol. 106, No. 2 (Spring, 1998), pp. 133-164. Digital version at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR]&nbsp;($).  
 
*Harrison, Noel G. "Atop an Anvil: The Civilians' War in Fairfax and Alexandria Counties, April 1861-April 1862,"&nbsp;''The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography'', Vol. 106, No. 2 (Spring, 1998), pp. 133-164. Digital version at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR]&nbsp;($).  
*Johnson, William Page. ''Brothers and Cousins: Confederate Soldiers and Sailors of Fairfax County, Virginia''. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1995.&nbsp;Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=763095&disp=Brothers+and+cousins%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL].&nbsp;  
+
*Johnson, William Page. ''Brothers and Cousins: Confederate Soldiers and Sailors of Fairfax County, Virginia''. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1995.&nbsp;Available at {{FHL|763095|title-id|disp=FHL}}.&nbsp;  
 
*''[http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/lhsc_genealogy_resources/confed_bib/howto.html Notes on Locating a Confederate Ancestor]'' is available online, courtesy: [http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/ Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections].  
 
*''[http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/lhsc_genealogy_resources/confed_bib/howto.html Notes on Locating a Confederate Ancestor]'' is available online, courtesy: [http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/ Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections].  
 
*[http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/lhsc_genealogy_resources/oath/doc.html Oath of Allegiance in Virginia, 1862-1865] is available online, courtesy: [http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/ Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections].  
 
*[http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/lhsc_genealogy_resources/oath/doc.html Oath of Allegiance in Virginia, 1862-1865] is available online, courtesy: [http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/ Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections].  
 
*[http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/lhsc_genealogy_resources/vols/vols.html Volunteers for Freedom: Black Civil War Soldiers in Alexandria National Cemetery] is available online, courtesy: [http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/ Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections].
 
*[http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/lhsc_genealogy_resources/vols/vols.html Volunteers for Freedom: Black Civil War Soldiers in Alexandria National Cemetery] is available online, courtesy: [http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/ Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections].
  
'''''World War I'''''
+
====== Civil War Battles  ======
 +
 
 +
The following Civil War battles were fought in Fairfax County.
 +
 
 +
*July 18, 1861 = [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va004.htm Blackburn’s Ford], also known as Bull Run<ref>Heritage Preservation Services,[www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va004.htm Civil War Battle Summaries by State], (accessed 2 August 2012)</ref>
 +
*July 21, 1861 = [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va005.htm Manassas I], also known as First Bull Run<ref>Heritage Preservation Services, [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va005.htm Civil War Battle Summaries by State], (accessed 2 August 2012).</ref>
 +
*December 20, 1861 = [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va007.htm Dranesville]<ref>Heritage Preservation Services, [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va007.htm Civil War Battle Summaries by State], (accessed 16 August, 2012)</ref>
 +
*August 28-30, 1862 = [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va026.htm Manassas II], also known as&nbsp;Second Bull Run, Manassas Plains, Groveton, Gainesville, or Brawner's Farm<ref>Heritage Preservation Services, [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va026.htm Civil War Battle Summaries by State], (accessed 2 August 2012).</ref>
 +
*September 1, 1862 = [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va027.htm Chantilly], also known as Ox Hill<ref>Heritage Preservation Services, [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va027.htm Civil War Battle Summaries by State], (accessed 16 August, 2012)</ref>
 +
 
 +
:Maps of Civil War battles in Virginia: [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va186162.htm 1861 and 1862], [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va1863.htm 1863], [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va1864.htm 1864], [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va1865.htm 1865]
 +
 
 +
===== World War I  =====
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.freedmenscemetery.org/resources/resources.shtml World War I Draft Registrations for Northern Virginia] is available online, courtesy: [http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/ Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections].
 +
 
 +
==== Miscellaneous Records ====
  
*[http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/lhsc_genealogy_resources/draft/ww1draft.html World War I Draft Registrations for Northern Virginia] is available online, courtesy: [http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/ Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections].
+
*'''1607-2007''' - {{RecordSearch|1932510|Virginia, Historical Society Papers, 1607-2007}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
  
 
==== Naturalization  ====
 
==== Naturalization  ====
 +
 +
Virginia {{RecordSearch|1877093|Naturalization Petitions, 1906-1929}}
  
 
*[http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/lhsc_genealogy_resources/citizen/citizen.html Index to Naturalization Petitions, U.S. District Court, Eastern District of Virginia, Alexandria, 1909-1929]&nbsp;is available online, courtesy: [http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/ Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections].
 
*[http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/lhsc_genealogy_resources/citizen/citizen.html Index to Naturalization Petitions, U.S. District Court, Eastern District of Virginia, Alexandria, 1909-1929]&nbsp;is available online, courtesy: [http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/ Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections].
Line 166: Line 451:
 
==== Newspapers  ====
 
==== Newspapers  ====
  
Indexed images of the [http://research.history.org/DigitalLibrary/BrowseVG.cfm Virginia Gazette ](1736-1780) are available online through the [http://www.colonialwilliamsburg.org/ Colonial Williamsburg ]website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: [http://www2.vcdh.virginia.edu/gos/ The Geography of Slavery in Virginia]. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.  
+
{{VAnews}}
 +
 
 +
===== Indexes  =====
 +
 
 +
[http://www.fairfaxcounty.gov/library/newsindex/ Fairfax County Historical Newspaper Index] (1785-2000 nonconsecutive) index only - Free; includes:<br>
 +
 
 +
*''Alexandria Gazette'' (1785-1788; July 25, 1854-December 31, 1855; and May 3, 1860-January 20, 1865)<br>
 +
*''Arlington County Record'' (1932-1933)<br>
 +
*''Fairfax City Times'' (1961-1968)<br>
 +
*''Fairfax County Independent'' (1929-1932)<br>
 +
*''Fairfax Herald'' (1886-1973)<br>
 +
*''Fairfax News'' (1872-1875)<br>
 +
*''Fairfax News - Herndon Observer'' (1925-1943)<br>
 +
*''The Local News'' (1861-1862)<br>
 +
*''The Rambler, Washington Star'' (1912-1928)<br>
 +
*''Reston Times'' (1965-1973; 1975-January 6, 1977; 1978; 1980-1983; 1985; and 2000)
 +
 
 +
*'''1784-1915''' - ''Obituary Notices from the Alexandria Gazette, 1784-1915''. Rev. ed. Willow Bend Books.
 +
 
 +
===== Online Newspapers  =====
 +
 
 +
Indexed images of the Virginia Gazette (1736-1780) are available online through the [http://research.history.org/DigitalLibrary/va-gazettes/ Colonial Williamsburg] website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: [http://www2.vcdh.virginia.edu/gos/ The Geography of Slavery in Virginia]. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.  
 +
 
 +
*'''1784-1789''' - ''Virginia Journal'' (Alexandria, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com Genealogy Bank] ($).
 +
*'''1792-1800''' - ''Columbian Mirror'' (Alexandria, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com Genealogy Bank] ($).
 +
*'''1797-1802''' - ''Alexandria Times'' (Alexandria, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com Genealogy Bank] ($).
 +
*'''1800-1808''' - ''Alexandria Advertiser'' (Alexandria, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com Genealogy Bank] ($).
 +
*'''1802''' - ''Columbian Advertiser'' (Alexandria, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com Genealogy Bank] ($).
 +
*'''1802-1807''' - ''Alexandria Expositor'' (Alexandria, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com Genealogy Bank] ($).
 +
*'''1808-1876''' - ''Alexandria Gazette'' (Alexandria, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com Genealogy Bank] ($).
 +
*'''1811-1825''' - ''Alexandria Herald'' (Alexandria, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com Genealogy Bank] ($).
 +
*'''1876''' - ''People's Advocate'' (Alexandria, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com Genealogy Bank] ($).
 +
*'''1835-1922''' - ''Alexandria Gazette'' (Alexandria, Va.) at [http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85025007/issues/1901/ Chronicling America] - free.
 +
*'''1916-1946''' - [http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/lhsc_genealogy_resources/obits/obits.html Obituary Index to the Alexandria Gazette, 1916-1946] is available online, courtesy: [http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/ Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections].
 +
*'''1927-1928''' - Lane, Estelle. "News of Interest to Colored Readers," ''Alexandria Gazette''. 1927-1928 is available online, courtesy: [http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/ Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections].
 +
*'''2002-present''' - ''Springfield Connection'' (Springfield, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com/ Genealogy Bank] ($).
 +
*'''2002-present''' - ''Reston Connection'' (Reston, Va.) at [http://www.genealogybank.com/ Genealogy Bank] ($).
 +
 
 +
==== Occupations  ====
  
*Lane, Estelle. "News of Interest to Colored Readers," ''Alexandria Gazette''. 1927-1928 is available online, courtesy: [http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/ Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections].  
+
*Cutten, George Barton. ''The Silversmiths of Virginia (Together with Watchmakers and Jewelers) from 1694 to 1850.'' Richmond, Va.: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1952. Available at {{FHL|78198|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [Includes sections on Alexandria and Fairfax silversmiths.]
*''Obituary Notices from the Alexandria Gazette, 1784-1915''. Rev. ed. Willow Bend Books.
 
*[http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/lhsc_genealogy_resources/obits/obits.html Obituary Index to the Alexandria Gazette, 1916-1946] is available online, courtesy: [http://www.alexandria.lib.va.us/ Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections].
 
  
 
==== Petitions  ====
 
==== Petitions  ====
  
*Boogher, William F. ''Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources.'' Washington: n.p., 1903. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=73108&disp=Gleanings+of+Virginia+history FHL]; digital version at [http://books.google.com/books?id=X1s_AAAAYAAJ Google Books]. [Includes a chapter titled "Petition from Fairfax County, Virginia, for Importation of Salt, November 23, 1775," see pp. 172-173.]
+
*Boogher, William F. ''Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources.'' Washington: n.p., 1903. Available at {{FHL|73108|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://books.google.com/books?id=X1s_AAAAYAAJ Google Books]. [Includes a chapter titled "Petition from Fairfax County, Virginia, for Importation of Salt, November 23, 1775," see pp. 172-173.]
 +
 
 +
==== Probate Records  ====
  
==== Private Papers  ====
+
'''''Local Court'''''
  
*'''[Huntt]''' "Huntt Family Bible: Fairfax County, Virginia," ''The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society'', Vol. 3, No. 12 (Jun. 1985):3-5. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=413326&disp=Newsletter+of+the+Prince+William+County FHL].
+
King's abstracts are a good place to start:  
  
==== Probate  ====
+
*King, Junie Estelle Stewart. ''Abstracts of Wills and Inventories, Fairfax County, Virginia 1742-1801''. 1936; reprint, Baltimore, MD, USA: Clearfield, 1996. {{FHL|104386|title-id|disp=Original edition}} and {{FHL|678909|title-id|disp=1959 reprint}} available at FHL; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49017 Ancestry] ($); and [http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/indexinfo.aspx?ix=gpc0806308036 World Vital Records]($).
  
'''''Local Court'''''
+
Some individual's wills have appeared in print or in manuscript collections:
  
*Holbrook, E. Richardson. ''Copies of the Wills of General George Washington: The First President of the United States and of Martha Washington, His Wife, and Other Interesting Records of the County of Fairfax, Virginia Wherein They Lived and Died''. Washington, D. C.: National Capital Press, 1904. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=157844&disp=Copies+of+the+wills+of+General+George+Wa%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL]. [2 copies at FHL.]  
+
*Holbrook, E. Richardson. ''Copies of the Wills of General George Washington: The First President of the United States and of Martha Washington, His Wife, and Other Interesting Records of the County of Fairfax, Virginia Wherein They Lived and Died''. Washington, D. C.: National Capital Press, 1904. Available at {{FHL|157844|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [2 copies at FHL.]  
*King, Junie Estelle Stewart. ''Abstracts of Wills and Inventories, Fairfax County, Virginia 1742-1801''. 1936; reprint, Baltimore, MD, USA: Clearfield, 1996. [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=104386&disp=Abstract+of+wills+and+inventories%2C+Fai%20%20&columns=*,0,0 Original edition] and [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=678909&disp=Abstract+of+wills+and+inventories%2C+Fai%20%20&columns=*,0,0 1959 reprint] available at FHL; digital version at [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49017 Ancestry]&nbsp;($).  
+
*Roberts, Mrs. Arthur John and Daughters of the American Revolution. ''Oklahoma Old Wills and Family Records''. [Includes will of Charles Thrift, Sr., Fairfax Co., Va.] Available at {{FHL|231630|title-id|disp=FHL}}.  
*Will of John Littleton of Fairfax Co., Va. 1745, Photocopy, available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=574850&disp=Will+of+John+Littleton+of+Fairfax+Co%2E%%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL].
+
*Will of John Littleton of Fairfax Co., Va. 1745, Photocopy, available at {{FHL|574850|title-id|disp=FHL}}.
 +
*Pierce, Alycon Trubey. "Fairfax County, Virginia, Administration Bonds, 1752-1782," ''National Genealogical Society Quarterly,'' Vol. 74 (1986):189-195. Digital version at [http://www.ngsgenealogy.org/ National Genealogical Society website] ($); {{FHL|39597|item|disp=FHL Book 973 B2ng v. 74 (1986)}}.
  
 
'''''London Courts'''''  
 
'''''London Courts'''''  
  
*Coldham, Peter Wilson. ''North American Wills Registered in London 1611-1857.'' Baltimore:&nbsp;Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2007. [Includes will of a resident of Fairfax County proved in London. These records often help establish an immigrant's place of origin.]
+
*[[Peter Wilson Coldham|Coldham, Peter Wilson]]. ''North American Wills Registered in London 1611-1857.'' Baltimore:&nbsp;Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2007. [Includes will of a resident of Fairfax County proved in London. These records often help establish an immigrant's place of origin.]
 +
 
 +
'''Online Probate Records'''
 +
*'''1639 – 1850''' [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7832 Virginia Land, Marriage and Probate Records 1639-1850] at [http://search.ancestry.com/ Ancestry.com] — index to transcribed records, incomplete, $
 +
* Images of Wills and Estates, Book A-1, 1742 – 1752; Book B-1, 1752 – 1767; Book C-1, 1767 – 1776 [https://virginiapioneers.net Virginia Pioneers] ($)
 +
* Images of Wills - Book D 1776-82; Book E 1783-91; Book F 1791-94; Book G 1794-99; Book H 1799-1801; Book I, 1801-1806 [https://virginiapioneers.net/counties/countyfairfax.html Virginia Pioneers] $
  
 
==== School  ====
 
==== School  ====
Line 198: Line 527:
 
==== Taxation  ====
 
==== Taxation  ====
  
At first glance, researchers might conclude that Virginia tax lists contain very little family history data, though one soon learns that valuable genealogical conclusions can be drawn from these records, nicknamed "annual censuses," such as: relationships, approximate years of birth, socio-economic status, identification of neighbors, the ability to distinguish between persons of the same name,&nbsp;evidence of land inheritance, years of migration, and years of death.  
+
[[Virginia Tax Lists|How can Virginia tax lists help me?]]&nbsp;
 +
 
 +
*'''[1744]''' Boogher, William F. ''Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources.'' Washington: n.p., 1903. Available at {{FHL|73108|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://books.google.com/books?id=X1s_AAAAYAAJ Google Books]. [Poll List for the Election of Burgesses for Fairfax County, 1744, see pp. 116-125.]
 +
*'''[1748/1749] '''Steadman, Melvin Lee. ''Falls Church by Fence and Fireside''. Falls Church, Virginia: Falls Church Public Library, 1964. Available at {{FHL|158033|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [1748/1749 tithables list for Fairfax County.]
 +
*'''[1749] '''Hiatt, Marty and Craig Roberts Scott. ''Loudoun County, Virginia, Tithables, 1758-1786''. 3 vols. Athens, Georgia:&nbsp;Iberian Pub. Co., 1995. Available at {{FHL|702851|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [Volume 1 includes a 1749 tithables list for Fairfax County which identifies tithe payers and many of their religions.]&nbsp; Ancestry Collection: [https://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49197 Index to the Tithables of Loudoun County, Virginia, and to Slaveholders and Slaves, 1758-1786], courtesy: Fairfax County Chapter NSDAR.
 +
*'''[1761, 1774]''' King, Junie Estelle Stewart. ''Abstracts of Wills and Inventories, Fairfax County, Virginia 1742-1801''. 1936; reprint, Baltimore, MD, USA: Clearfield, 1996. {{FHL|104386|title-id|disp=Original edition}} and {{FHL|678909|title-id|disp=1959 reprint}} available at FHL; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49017 Ancestry] ($); and [http://www.worldvitalrecords.com/indexinfo.aspx?ix=gpc0806308036 World Vital Records]($). [Includes 1761 and 1774 rent rolls.]
 +
*'''[1770, 1772, 1774]''' Sparacio, Ruth and Sam Sparacio. ''Fairfax County, Virginia Deed Books K-L (1772-1774).'' McLean, Va.: R. &amp; S. Sparacio, 1988. {{FHL|521147|title-id|disp=FHL US/CAN 975.5291 R2s v. 4}}. [Includes 1770, 1772, and 1774 Fairfax rental lists.]
 +
*'''[1782-1805]''' Fairfax County Personal Property Tax Lists 1782-1805 (images); digital version in Tax List Club at [http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/ Binns Genealogy] ($).
 +
*'''[1783]''' - Personal Property (or Land) Tax List, 1783; index online at [http://www.learnwebskills.com/patriot/revservice.htm#vatax Revolutionary War Service website] - free.
 +
*'''[1787] '''Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. ''The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 &amp; 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 &amp; Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle &amp; Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's&nbsp;Licenses Were Issued''. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at {{FHL|622815|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Fairfax County is included in Vol. 2.]
 +
*'''[1787-1800]''' Alexandria Personal Property Tax Lists 1787-1800 (images); digital version in Tax List Club at [http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/ Binns Genealogy] ($).
 +
*'''[1787-1790] '''Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 21, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1977):167-171. Available at {{FHL|33159|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [https://www.americanancestors.org/search/advanced-search?database=Virginia%20Genealogist,%20The American Ancestors] ($). [These records often identify migrants who left the county and their intended destinations. Fairfax County's 1787-1790 Delinquent Lists appear on pp. 170-171.]
 +
*'''[1789, 1799] '''Indexed images of the [http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/VirginiaTaxListCensuses/ 1789 and 1799 Personal Property Tax Lists of Fairfax County, Virginia]&nbsp;are available online, courtesy: [http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/ Binns Genealogy].
 +
*'''[1815] '''Ward, Roger D. ''1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer)''. 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at {{FHL|692063|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [This source is based on the 1815 land tax. Fairfax County is included in Vol. 4.]
 +
 
 +
==== Vital Records  ====
 +
 
 +
{{VAbmd}}
 +
 
 +
===== Birth  =====
 +
 
 +
*'''1853-1869''' - Fairfax County Birth Index 1853-1869. Batch {{IGI|C868794}} at FamilySearch - free.<ref>Genealogical Society of Utah, ''Parish and Vital Records List'' (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at [[Media:Igivirginia.pdf|https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/images/3/37/Igivirginia.pdf]].</ref>
 +
*'''1912-1913''' - {{RecordSearch|2388824|Virginia, Birth Certificates, 1912-1913}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
 +
 
 +
===== Marriage  =====
 +
 
 +
*'''1660-1800''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3002 Virginia Marriages 1660-1800] (Ancestry) ($).
 +
*'''1660-1959''' - [https://search.findmypast.com/search-world-records/united-states-marriages?state=virginia%2cva Virginia, United States Marriages] at [http://findmypast.com/ FindMyPast] — index $
 +
*'''1740-1850''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3723 Virginia Marriages 1740-1850] (Ancestry) ($).
 +
*'''1853-1933''' - Fairfax County Marriage Index 1853-1933. Batch {{IGI|M868794}} at FamilySearch - free.</ref>
 +
*'''1936-1988''' - {{RecordSearch|2370234|Virginia, Marriage Certificates, 1936-1988}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
 +
*Hiatt, Marty and Craig Roberts Scott. ''Implied Marriages of Fairfax County, Virginia''. Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., 1994. Available at {{FHL|752226|title-id|disp=FHL}}.
 +
 
 +
===== Divorce =====
 +
 
 +
*'''1918-1988''' - {{RecordSearch|2377565|Virginia, Divorce Records, 1918-1988}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
  
Virginia began enumerating residents' payments of personal property and land taxes in 1782. These two types of taxation were recorded in separate registers. Personal property tax lists include more names than land tax lists, because they caught more of the population. The Family History Library has an excellent microfilm collection of personal property tax lists from 1782 (or the year the county was organized) well into the late nineteenth century for most counties, but only scattered land tax lists. Microfilm collections at [http://www.lva.virginia.gov/ The Library of Virginia]&nbsp;include land tax lists for all counties and independent cities for the years 1782 through 1978, as well as personal property tax lists for the years 1782 through 1930 (and every fifth year thereafter). Taxes were not collected in 1808.&nbsp;
+
===== Death  =====
  
Some tax records are available online or in print, though published abstracts often omit useful details found only in the original sources. Statewide indexes can help genealogists identify specific counties where surnames occurred in the past, providing starting points for research.<ref>"Using Personal Property Tax Records in the Archives at the Library of Virginia," Library of Virginia, http://www.lva.virginia.gov/public/guides/rn3_persprop.htm.</ref><ref>"Using Land Tax Records in the Archives at the Library of Virginia," Library of Virginia, http://www.lva.virginia.gov/public/guides/rn1_landtax.pdf.</ref>
+
{{LoVdeath}}
  
*'''[1744]''' Boogher, William F. ''Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources.'' Washington: n.p., 1903. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=73108&disp=Gleanings+of+Virginia+history FHL]; digital version at [http://books.google.com/books?id=X1s_AAAAYAAJ Google Books]. [Poll List for the Election of Burgesses for Fairfax County, 1744, see pp. 116-125.]
+
*'''1853-1869''' - Fairfax County Death Index 1853-1869. Batch {{IGI|B868794}} at FamilySearch - free.
*'''[1748/1749] '''Steadman, Melvin Lee. ''Falls Church by Fence and Fireside''. Falls Church, Virginia: Falls Church Public Library, 1964. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=158033&disp=Falls+Church+by+fence+and+fireside%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL]. [1748/1749 tithables list for Fairfax County.]
+
*'''1912-1987''' - {{RecordSearch|2377565|Virginia, Death Certificates, 1912-1987}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
*'''[1749] '''Hiatt, Marty and Craig Roberts Scott. ''Loudoun County, Virginia, Tithables, 1758-1786''. 3 vols. Athens, Georgia:&nbsp;Iberian Pub. Co., 1995. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=702851&disp=Loudoun+County%2C+Virginia%2C+tithables% FHL]. [Volume 1 includes a 1749 tithables list for Fairfax County which identifies tithe payers and many of their religions.]
 
*'''[1787] '''Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. ''The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 &amp; 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 &amp; Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle &amp; Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's&nbsp;Licenses Were Issued''. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=622815&disp=The+1787+census+of+Virginia FHL]. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Fairfax County is included in Vol. 2.]
 
*'''[1787-1790] '''Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 21, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1977):167-171. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=33159&disp=The+Virginia+genealogist FHL]; digital version at [http://www.newenglandancestors.org/database_search/VA_Genealogist.asp New England Ancestors] ($). [These records often identify migrants who left the county and their intended destinations. Fairfax County's 1787-1790 Delinquent Lists appear on pp. 170-171.]
 
*'''[1789, 1799] '''Indexed images of the [http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/VirginiaTaxListCensuses/ 1789 and 1799 Personal Property Tax Lists of Fairfax County, Virginia]&nbsp;are available online, courtesy: [http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/ Binns Genealogy].
 
*'''[1815] '''Ward, Roger D. ''1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer)''. 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=692063&disp=1815+Directory+of+Virginia+landowners+%2%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL]. [This source is based on the 1815 land tax. Fairfax County is included in Vol. 4.]
 
  
==== Vital Records ====
+
===== Vital Record Substitutes =====
  
'''''Marriage'''''
+
{{VAnewspapers}}
  
*Hiatt, Marty and Craig Roberts Scott. ''Implied Marriages of Fairfax County, Virginia''. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1994. Available at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=752226&disp=Implied+marriages+of+Fairfax+County%2C+V%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL].
+
{{Tip|For birth, marriage, and death record substitutes, see [[{{PAGENAME}}#Bible Records|Bible Records]], [[{{PAGENAME}}#Cemeteries|Cemeteries]], [[{{PAGENAME}}#Church Records|Church Records]], [[{{PAGENAME}}#Newspapers|Newspapers]], and [[{{PAGENAME}}#Probate Records|Probate Records]].}}
  
== Societies and Libraries  ==
+
== Fairfax County Virginia Genealogy Societies and Libraries  ==
  
 
*Lloyd House, Alexandria, Virginia  
 
*Lloyd House, Alexandria, Virginia  
 
*Public Library, Alexandria, Virginia  
 
*Public Library, Alexandria, Virginia  
*[http://www.fairfaxcounty.gov/library/branches/vr/ The Virginia Room], The City of Fairfax Regional Library, Fairfax, Virginia
+
*[https://fxgs.org/ Fairfax Genealogical Society] P O Box 2290 Merrifield, Virginia 22116-2290
 +
*[https://www.fairfaxcounty.gov/library/branches/virginia-room The Virginia Room], The City of Fairfax Regional Library, Fairfax, Virginia
 +
*[https://mvgenealogy.org/ Mount Vernon Genealogical Society] 1500 Shenandoah Road, Alexandria, Virginia 22308, Telephone:  (703) 768-4101
 +
 
 +
==== Family History Centers  ====
 +
 
 +
{{Family History Centers Intro}}
  
== Websites  ==
+
*[[Annandale Virginia Family History Center]]
 +
*[[Centreville Virginia Family History Center]]
 +
*[[McLean Virginia Family History Center]] (Falls Church)
 +
*[[Mount Vernon Virginia Family History Center]] (Alexandria)
 +
*[[Oakton Virginia Family History Center]]
  
*USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
+
== Fairfax County Virginia Genealogy Websites  ==
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=localitydetails&subject=190408&subject_disp=Virginia%2C+Fairfax&columns=*,0,0 Family History Library Catalog]
 
  
== References  ==
+
*Fairfax County, Virginia&nbsp;[http://genealogenie.net/fairfax/ USGENWEB&nbsp;]
 +
*{{FHL|Virginia%2C+Fairfax|subject|disp=FamilySearch Catalog}}
 +
*[http://www.familytree101.com/virginia/fairfax-county.html Fairfax County, VA History, Records, Facts and Genealogy] (Familytree101)
 +
*[http://www.cyndislist.com/us/va/counties/fairfax/ Cyndi's List]
  
<references />
+
== Fairfax County Virginia Genealogy References  ==
  
[[Category:Fairfax_County,_Virginia]]
+
<references />
 +
{{Virginia|Virginia}}</div>{{-}}
 +
[[Category:Places_with_Historic_Record_Loss]] [[Category:Fairfax_County,_Virginia]]

Revision as of 12:48, 19 August 2019

Guide to Fairfax County Virginia ancestry, family history and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, immigration records, and military records.


{{{link}}}

Fairfax County, Virginia
Map
Boundary map of Fairfax County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Fairfax County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Location of Virginia in the U.S.
Facts
Founded 1742
County Seat City of Fairfax
Courthouse
VirginiaFairfaxCourthouse.jpg


County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Fairfax County is located in the Northern portion of the Commonwealth of Virginia and included in the Washington, DC Metropolitan area. The County was named for Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron[1].

Fairfax County Virginia Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Fairfax County, Virginia Courthouse

Fairfax County Courthouse
4110 Chain Bridge Road
Fairfax, Virginia 22030
Phone: 703-246-4168

Clerk Circuit Court has birth records 1853-1912
marriage recrods from 1853, divorce records from 1850,
probate Court and land records from 1742[2]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[3]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1853 1853 1853 1742 1742 1742 1810
Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1912.
General compliance year is unknown.

Fairfax County Virginia History[edit | edit source]

6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron (1693-1781)

The county is named after Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron (1693-1781), Proprietor of the Northern Neck.

Parent County[edit | edit source]

1742--Fairfax County was created 6 May 1742 from Prince William County.
County seat: City of Fairfax

In 1649, King Charles II of England granted the land between the Potomac and Rappahannock Rivers, known as the Northern Neck, to a group of his most loyal supporters. By 1681, one of those men, Thomas, Lord Culpeper, and Governor of the Virginia Colony, had acquired the interests of the others. Upon his death in 1689, his daughter Catherine inherited his approximately 5 million acres land holding. Catherine married Thomas, fifth Lord Fairfax, and upon their deaths in 1719, the Northern Neck lands passed to their son, Thomas, sixth Lord Fairfax, and Baron of Cameron. [2]

Boundary Changes:[edit | edit source]

Fairfax County was formed in 1742 from the northern part of Prince William County. Prince William County was created in 1731 from a portion of Stafford County (and a part of King George County), Stafford County was created in 1664 from Westmoreland County, which was created in July 1653 from the northern portion of Northumberland County, itself formed in 1648.

In 1757, the northwestern two-thirds of Fairfax County became Loudoun County. The current border between Fairfax and Loudoun was re-established in 1957.  In 1789, the area that now encompasses Alexandria City and Arlington County was donated to the Federal Government during the creation of the District of Columbia in 1791 and designated Alexandria County of the District of Columbia until 1846, when it was returned to Virginia as the independent county of Alexandria. In 1870, the city of Alexandria seceded as an independent Virginia city and in 1920, Alexandria County was renamed Arlington County.

For animated maps illustrating Virginia county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Virginia County Boundary Maps" (1617-1995) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

War.jpg
Fairfax County: created in 1742, original wills, marriage registers, and deeds as well as many other loose papers were destroyed during the Civil War; deed books for twenty-six of the fifty-six years between 1763 and 1819 are missing.[4]

  • Lost censuses: 1790, 1800, 1890

The records of some parents counties have also been lost:

  • Prince William County: created in 1731, many county court records have been lost, destroyed, or stolen at various times. Scattered years of deeds, wills, and orders, as well as various bond books and a plat book, survive.
  • Stafford County: created in 1664, many pre-Civil War county court records were lost to vandalism during the war. Scattered years of deeds, wills, and orders have survived as has an old General Index.
  • Northumberland County: created in 1645, suffered some loss in a fire in the clerk's office on 25 October 1710.
  • Westmoreland County: created in 1653, lost an order book for the period 1764-1776 to theft, and many loose papers were damaged during both the Revolutionary War and the Civil War.

See also: Burned Jurisdiction Database, courtesy: Library of Virginia.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Fairfax County Virginia Places/Localities[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

Fairfax County contains two independent cities, three incorporated towns, and 79 unincorporated localities, thirty-four of which are designated as unincorporated census designated places (CDP).

Cities: The cities are the City of Fairfax and the City of Falls Church.

The area around the courthouse in Fairfax City was initially incorporated in 1805 as the town of Providence, officially renamed the Town of Fairfax in 1874, and incorporated as an independent city in 1961 as the City of Fairfax, although it remains the county seat of Fairfax County. Court and land records are kept by Fairfax Circuit Court.

The City of Falls Church gained township status in 1875 and was incorporated as an independent city in 1948. However, court and land records were kept by Fairfax Circuit Court until the end of 1987. Records after that date can be found in Arlington County.

Towns: The three incorporated towns in Fairfax County are Herndon, incorporated in 1879, Vienna, first known as Ayr Hill until it changed its name to Vienna in the 1850's and later was incorporated in 1890, and Clifton, incorporated in 1902.

Unincorporated Communities: The thirty-four unincorporated communities within Fairfax County identified by the U.S. Census Bureau as (unincorporated) Census-Designated Places are:
Annandale; Bailey's Crossroads; Belle Haven; Burke; Centreville; Chantilly; Dunn Loring; Fort Belvoir; Fort Hunt; Franconia; Great Falls; Groveton; Huntington; Hybla Valley; Idylwood; Jefferson; Lake Barcroft; Lincolnia; Lorton; Mantua; McLean; Merrifield; Mount Vernon; Newington; North Springfield; Oakton; Pimmit Hills; Reston; Rose Hill; Seven Corners; Springfield; Tysons Corner; West Springfield; Wolf Trap;

The other forty-five unincorporated communities are:
Accotink; Arcturus; Barkers Crossroads; Blevinstown; Browns Mill; Butts Corner; Cobbs Corner; Colchester; Colchester Hunt; Comptons Corner; Cooktown; Crowells Corner; Culmore; Donovans Corner; Doveville; Dranesville; Fair Lakes; Fairfax Station; Farrs Corner; Five Forks; Four Corners; Hattontown; Hollindale; Jermantown; Kings Park; Kings Park West; Kingstowne; Langley; Lees Corner; Lewinsville; Lewis Park; Makleys Corner; Mason Neck; Matildaville; New Alexandria; Oak Hill; Odricks Corner; Pohick; Schneider Crossroads; Shady Oak; Strathmeade Springs; Sunset Hills; Uniontown; Virginia Hills; Westhampton

According to the 2000 census, the 13 largest communities in Fairfax County by population are all unincorporated.

Fairfax County Virginia Genealogy Resources[edit | edit source]

Getting Started[edit | edit source]

Compiled genealogies are a good place to start research for this area, see Fairfax County, Virginia Genealogy.

If you are researching families who lived in Fairfax County, Virginia between the 1740s and 1790s, the Sparacios' books are a great time saver. They comprehensively index several publications covering that period:

  • Sparacio, Ruth Trickey and Sam Sparacio. Surname Index of Antient Press Publications. 14+ vols. McLean, Va.: R. & S. Sparacio, Antient Press, 1993-. FHL Collection 975.5 P22s v. 1-2; publisher's website: Antient Press.

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

  • Grundset, Eric G. "Fairfax County Genealogy," The Virginia Genealogical Society Newsletter, Vol. 10, No. 3 (May-Jun. 1984):1-2. FHL; digital version at Virginia Genealogical Society website ($).

African American[edit | edit source]

In 1870, the town of Alexandria had one of the largest African American populations in Virginia.[5]

Guide to African-American Resources, Alexandria Library Local History/Special Collections is available online, courtesy: Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections.

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Images of the Virginia Historical Society's family Bible collection have been digitized:

  • [Huntt] "Huntt Family Bible: Fairfax County, Virginia," The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 3, No. 12 (Jun. 1985):3-5. FHL.

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county
Findagrave.com Family History Library Findagrave.com
VAGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
VAGenWeb Archives
Tombstone Project
Virginia Gravestones
Billion Graves
See Virginia Cemeteries for more information.

Individual Cemeteries:

BillionGraves:


Census[edit | edit source]

For tips on accessing Fairfax County, Virginia Genealogy census records online, see: Virginia Census.


Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 12,320
1800 13,317 8.1%
1810 13,111 −1.5%
1820 11,404 −13.0%
1830 9,204 −19.3%
1840 9,370 1.8%
1850 10,682 14.0%
1860 11,834 10.8%
1870 12,952 9.4%
1880 16,025 23.7%
1890 16,655 3.9%
1900 18,580 11.6%
1910 20,536 10.5%
1920 21,943 6.9%
1930 25,264 15.1%
1940 40,929 62.0%
1950 98,557 140.8%
1960 275,002 179.0%
1970 455,021 65.5%
1980 596,901 31.2%
1990 818,584 37.1%
2000 969,749 18.5%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.
1782 Enumeration

1785 Enumeration

1820 Manufacturers Census

  • "1820 Manufacturers Census," Northern Virginia Genealogy, Vol. 2, No. 3 (Jul. 1997):125-126. Available at FHL. [Includes Fairfax, Fauquier, and Loudoun counties.]

1850

1890 Union Veterans

Church Records[edit | edit source]

General[edit | edit source]
  • Hiatt, Marty and Craig Roberts Scott. Loudoun County, Virginia, Tithables, 1758-1786. 3 vols. Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., 1995. FHL. [Volume 1 includes a 1749 tithables list for Fairfax County which identifies tithe payers and many of their religions.]

Scheel's map of Fairfax County, Virginia identifies the locations of early churches and meetinghouses circa 1776. The Family History Library has a copy: FHL Map 975.53 E7s.

Baptist[edit | edit source]

Early Baptist churches (with years constituted):

  1. Alexandria (1803).[6] Minutes begin in 1803: FHL Films 985599-985600. Includes lists of members and baptisms.
  2. Back Lick (1782).[6]
  3. Bull Run (1775).[6]
  4. Difficult (1775).[6]
  5. Frying Pan (1791).[6]
  6. Hedgeman's River (1791), Jeffersonton, Va.[6] A history was published in Virginia Baptist Register, Issue 13 (1974).
  7. Popeshead (1775).[6]

The 10,000 name petition (dated 16 October 1776) has been digitized at the Library of Congress website. It was signed by people from all over Virginia who wanted an end to persecution of Baptists by the Established Church. Baptists and Baptist sympathizers alike signed the petition. To find your ancestor in this record, first check Hall's transcription in the Magazine of Virginia Genealogy (Vols. 35-38, with annotations in Vol. 39), which is available online at Ancestry ($). It is also available in book form at the Family History Library: FHL Book 975.5 B2vs v. 35-39. Then proceed to the Library of Congress website to see the original images.


Fairfax County fell within the bounds of the Ketocton Association.

Church of England[edit | edit source]

Gotoarrow.png See also Cameron Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Fairfax Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Truro Parish

Quaker[edit | edit source]
Quaker Burial Ground, Alexandria, Va. database at Find A Grave. (81+ entries)
  • Woodlawn Monthly Meeting (begun 1846)[7]

Court[edit | edit source]

General

  • Horrell, Joseph. "George Mason and the Fairfax Court," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 91, No. 4 (Oct. 1983):418-439. Digital version at JSTOR ($).

County Court

Searches of Fairfax County Court Orders should begin with the Fairfax County History Commission and Edith Moore Sprouse's:

  1. A Surname and Subject Index of the Minute and Order Books of the Courts, Fairfax County, Virginia, Parts I-III
  2. A Surname and Subject Index of the Minute and Order Books of the Courts, Fairfax County, Virginia, Part IV, 1807-1829
  3. Fairfax County, Va. Court Records, 1835-1860.

They also created A Cumulative Subject Index to the Court Order Books of Fairfax County, Virginia, 1749-1802.

  • Mitchell, Beth. Fairfax County Road Orders 1748-1800. 2003. Digital version at Smitherman.net - free. Includes name index.

Chancery Court

  • Indexes (1803-1963) and images (1803-1913) to Fairfax County, Virginia Chancery Records are available online through Virginia Memory: Chancery Records Index. These records, often concerned with inheritance disputes, contain a wealth of genealogical information.

Dumfries District Court and Superior Court of Law

  • Dumfries District Court Order Books, 1793-1817. Original records, Prince William County Courthouse, Manassas, Va.; available on microfilm at FHL. [Dumfries District Court encompassed Fairfax, Fauquier, Loudoun, and Prince William counties.]

Fredericksburg Superior Court of Chancery

The Superior Court of Chancery of Fredericksburg (1802-1831) had jurisdiction over certain Fairfax County court cases. An index has been compiled:

  • Indexes of Court Records in the Clerk's Office, Fredericksburg, Virginia, 1782-1904. Original records, Fredericksburg City Courthouse, Fredericksburg, Va., microfilmed reproduction available at FHL. [Indexes the following records: District Court law book v. 8, 1782-1792; District Court law books 1790-1793, v. A-F 1789-1811; Superior Court of Law law order books v. G-H 1812-1831; Superior Court of Chancery chancery order books 1814-1831; Hustings Court orders v. A-O 1782-1871; Circuit Superior Court of Law and Chancery law order books v. A-E 1831-1875; Circuit Superior Court of Law and Chancery chancery order books v. A-D 1831-1872; Circuit Court chancery order books v. A2, B-C 1875-1904; Fredericksburg District Court (1789-1808) had jurisdiction over the following counties: Spotsylvania (including Fredericksburg), Caroline, King George, Stafford, Orange, and Culpeper; Superior Court of Chancery (1802-1831) had jurisdiction over the following localities: city of Fredericksburg and the counties of Caroline, Culpeper, Fauquier, Fairfax, Lancaster, Northumberland, Madison, King George, Orange, Prince William, Richmond, Spotsylvania, Stafford, Essex, and Westmoreland.]

Genealogy [edit | edit source]

More than 225 genealogies have been published about Fairfax County families. To view a list, visit Fairfax County, Virginia Compiled Genealogies.

Historic Residences[edit | edit source]

  • Moxham, Robert Morgan. Belmont Plantation on the Occoquan, Fairfax County, Virginia. North Springfield, Virginia: Colonial Press, 1975. Available at FHL.

Immigration[edit | edit source]

Alexandria, along the Potomac River, and Belvoir Plantation, have been ports since colonial times.[10] Unfortunately, no official passenger lists survive for the eighteenth century.

  • Cantwell, John A. "Imported Indentured White Servitude in Fairfax and Prince William Counties, 1750-1800," unpub. M.A. Thesis, George Mason University, 1986. [Cantwell identifies many of the servants he found by name. The individuals Cantwell identifies by name have been indexed in the Immigrant Servants Database (see below).]
  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. North American Wills Registered in London 1611-1857. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2007. [Includes will of a resident of Fairfax County proved in London. These records often help establish an immigrant's place of origin.]
  • The Port of Alexandria, MSS. Contains correspondence between the Secretary of the Treasury and the Collectors Office in Alexandria. A few are addressed to the Custom House in Alexandria. Letters cover 1789-1815. FHL Film 850091 Item 6.
  • List of imported servants and transported convicts from Europe who served labor terms in Colonial Brunswick County are online at: Immigrant Servants Database.

Land and Property[edit | edit source]

An early settlers map is available for Fairfax County. The cartographers plot the locations of pioneers from the 1760 era. The Family History Library has a copy: FHL Map Collection.

Grants and Patents

Land Causes

  • Sparacio, Ruth Trickey, Sam Sparacio, and Dumfries, Va. District Court. Abstracts of Land Causes, Prince William County, Virginia. [1789-1793] 2 vols. McLean, Va.: Antient Press, 1992. Available at FHL. [Includes Fairfax County.]
  • Wilson, Donald L. "Prince William County Land Causes," [1789-1793] The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 3, No. 2 (Aug. 1984):5-7; Vol. 3, No. 7 (Jan. 1985):3-6; Vol. 3, No. 10 (Apr. 1985):6-7; Vol. 3, No. 12 (Jun. 1985):6-7; Vol. 4, No. 1 (Jul. 1985):4-6; Vol. 4, No. 2 (Aug. 1985):3-4; Vol. 4, No. 3 (Sep. 1985):5-7; Vol. 4, No. 7 (Jan. 1986):4-6; Vol. 4, No. 9 (Mar. 1986):3-4; Vol. 4, No. 10 (Apr. 1986):5-7; Vol. 4, No. 12 (Jun. 1986):5-7; Vol. 5, No. 1 (Jul. 1986):5-7; Vol. 5, No. 3 (Sep. 1986):6-9; Vol. 5, No. 6 (Dec. 1986):5-6; Vol. 5, No. 10 (Apr. 1987):5-7. Available at FHL.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

  • Fairfax County Board of Supervisors. Industrial and Historical Sketch of Fairfax County, Virginia. Newell Printing Co., 1907. Digital version at Google Books (full-view).

Maps[edit | edit source]

Falls Church (Independent City)Alexandria (Independent City)Arlington CountyFairfax (Independent City)Manassas Park (Independent City)Prince William CountyLoudoun CountyMontgomery CountyPrince George's CountyCharles CountyVA FAIRFAX.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


  • Mitchell, Beth and Donald M. Sweig. An Interpretive Historical Map of Fairfax County, Virginia, in 1760: Showing Landowners, Tenants, Slave Owners, Churches, Roads, Ordinaries, Ferries, Mills, Tobacco Inspection Warehouses and the Towns of Alexander and Colchester. Virginia: Office of Comprehensive Planning, County of Fairfax, 1987. Available at FHL.

Migration[edit | edit source]

  • Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 21, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1977):167-171. Available at FHL; digital version at American Ancestors ($). [These records often identify migrants who left the county and their intended destinations. Fairfax County's 1787-1790 Delinquent Lists appear on pp. 170-171.]

Military[edit | edit source]

French and Indian War[edit | edit source]
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at FHL. [Identifies some Fairfax Parish and Fairfax County militia officers, soldier enlistments, and veterans; see place name index.]
  • Boogher, William F. Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources. Washington: n.p., 1903. Available at FHL; digital version at Google Books. [Includes a chapter titled "Legislative Enactments connecting the preceding historic sketch [French and Indian War, Lord Dunmore's War] with the adjudication of the resulting accounts that follow; with the list of officers, soldiers and civilians entitled to compensation for military and other services rendered." For Fairfax County, see p. 76-79.]
  • Crozier, William Armstrong. Virginia Colonial Militia 1651-1776. Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1954. Available at FHL US/CAN Book 975.5 M2c; digital book at Ancestry ($). [Identifies some Fairfax County militia officers and soldiers; see place name index.]
  • Mayo, Sandra. "Fairfax and Prince William Counties in the French and Indian War," Northern Virginia Heritage, Vol. 9, No. 1 (Feb. 1987). Digital version at Historic Prince William.
Revolutionary War[edit | edit source]

Regiments. Service men in Fairfax County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Fairfax County supplied soldiers for the:

- 3rd Virginia Regiment
- 10th Virginia Regiment

Additional resources:

  • Pierce, Alycon Trubey. "Wringing Northern Virginians Out of Final Pension Payment Vouchers, 1818-1864," Northern Virginia Genealogy, Vol. 2, No. 2 (Apr. 1997):73-77. Available at FHL. [Identifies married daughters and granddaughters of Revolutionary War Pensioners, and other persons mentioned in these records. Pierce abstracted entries for residents of Fairfax, Fauquier, Loudoun, and Prince William counties.]
  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital versions at U.S. Census Bureau and Google Books et. al. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Eastern District, Fairfax County on page 130.]
  • Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include "an Added Index to States." FHL Book 973 M24ur; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.]
  • Virginia Militia in the Revolutionary War. By J.T. McAllister. 1913. Hot Springs, Va.: McAllister Pub. Co. Online at: Internet Archive
War of 1812[edit | edit source]

Fairfax County men served in the 60th Regiment.[11]

Library of Virginia resources, War of 1812

  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Fairfax County, pp. 78-79. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
Civil War[edit | edit source]

Regiments. Service men in Fairfax County, Virginia Genealogy served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Fairfax County, Virginia Genealogy:


- 5th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate).
- 6th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company F (Fairfax Company aka Washington's Home Guard aka The Powell Troop aka General Johnston's Bodyguard Company).[12]
- 8th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company G (Scott's Company).[13]
- 11th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry. Company I (Fairfax Cavalry or Chesterfield Troop).[14]
- 17th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company D (Fairfax Riflemen).[15]

Records and histories are available, including:

Civil War Battles[edit | edit source]

The following Civil War battles were fought in Fairfax County.

Maps of Civil War battles in Virginia: 1861 and 1862, 1863, 1864, 1865
World War I[edit | edit source]

Miscellaneous Records[edit | edit source]

Naturalization[edit | edit source]

Virginia Naturalization Petitions, 1906-1929

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

The Virginia Newspapers Project identifies local Fairfax County, Virginia Genealogy newspapers.


Indexes[edit | edit source]

Fairfax County Historical Newspaper Index (1785-2000 nonconsecutive) index only - Free; includes:

  • Alexandria Gazette (1785-1788; July 25, 1854-December 31, 1855; and May 3, 1860-January 20, 1865)
  • Arlington County Record (1932-1933)
  • Fairfax City Times (1961-1968)
  • Fairfax County Independent (1929-1932)
  • Fairfax Herald (1886-1973)
  • Fairfax News (1872-1875)
  • Fairfax News - Herndon Observer (1925-1943)
  • The Local News (1861-1862)
  • The Rambler, Washington Star (1912-1928)
  • Reston Times (1965-1973; 1975-January 6, 1977; 1978; 1980-1983; 1985; and 2000)
  • 1784-1915 - Obituary Notices from the Alexandria Gazette, 1784-1915. Rev. ed. Willow Bend Books.
Online Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Indexed images of the Virginia Gazette (1736-1780) are available online through the Colonial Williamsburg website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: The Geography of Slavery in Virginia. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.

Occupations[edit | edit source]

  • Cutten, George Barton. The Silversmiths of Virginia (Together with Watchmakers and Jewelers) from 1694 to 1850. Richmond, Va.: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1952. Available at FHL. [Includes sections on Alexandria and Fairfax silversmiths.]

Petitions[edit | edit source]

  • Boogher, William F. Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources. Washington: n.p., 1903. Available at FHL; digital version at Google Books. [Includes a chapter titled "Petition from Fairfax County, Virginia, for Importation of Salt, November 23, 1775," see pp. 172-173.]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Local Court

King's abstracts are a good place to start:

Some individual's wills have appeared in print or in manuscript collections:

  • Holbrook, E. Richardson. Copies of the Wills of General George Washington: The First President of the United States and of Martha Washington, His Wife, and Other Interesting Records of the County of Fairfax, Virginia Wherein They Lived and Died. Washington, D. C.: National Capital Press, 1904. Available at FHL. [2 copies at FHL.]
  • Roberts, Mrs. Arthur John and Daughters of the American Revolution. Oklahoma Old Wills and Family Records. [Includes will of Charles Thrift, Sr., Fairfax Co., Va.] Available at FHL.
  • Will of John Littleton of Fairfax Co., Va. 1745, Photocopy, available at FHL.
  • Pierce, Alycon Trubey. "Fairfax County, Virginia, Administration Bonds, 1752-1782," National Genealogical Society Quarterly, Vol. 74 (1986):189-195. Digital version at National Genealogical Society website ($); FHL Book 973 B2ng v. 74 (1986).

London Courts

  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. North American Wills Registered in London 1611-1857. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2007. [Includes will of a resident of Fairfax County proved in London. These records often help establish an immigrant's place of origin.]

Online Probate Records

School[edit | edit source]

Taxation[edit | edit source]

How can Virginia tax lists help me? 

  • [1744] Boogher, William F. Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources. Washington: n.p., 1903. Available at FHL; digital version at Google Books. [Poll List for the Election of Burgesses for Fairfax County, 1744, see pp. 116-125.]
  • [1748/1749] Steadman, Melvin Lee. Falls Church by Fence and Fireside. Falls Church, Virginia: Falls Church Public Library, 1964. Available at FHL. [1748/1749 tithables list for Fairfax County.]
  • [1749] Hiatt, Marty and Craig Roberts Scott. Loudoun County, Virginia, Tithables, 1758-1786. 3 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1995. Available at FHL. [Volume 1 includes a 1749 tithables list for Fairfax County which identifies tithe payers and many of their religions.]  Ancestry Collection: Index to the Tithables of Loudoun County, Virginia, and to Slaveholders and Slaves, 1758-1786, courtesy: Fairfax County Chapter NSDAR.
  • [1761, 1774] King, Junie Estelle Stewart. Abstracts of Wills and Inventories, Fairfax County, Virginia 1742-1801. 1936; reprint, Baltimore, MD, USA: Clearfield, 1996. Original edition and 1959 reprint available at FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($); and World Vital Records($). [Includes 1761 and 1774 rent rolls.]
  • [1770, 1772, 1774] Sparacio, Ruth and Sam Sparacio. Fairfax County, Virginia Deed Books K-L (1772-1774). McLean, Va.: R. & S. Sparacio, 1988. FHL US/CAN 975.5291 R2s v. 4. [Includes 1770, 1772, and 1774 Fairfax rental lists.]
  • [1782-1805] Fairfax County Personal Property Tax Lists 1782-1805 (images); digital version in Tax List Club at Binns Genealogy ($).
  • [1783] - Personal Property (or Land) Tax List, 1783; index online at Revolutionary War Service website - free.
  • [1787] Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at FHL. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Fairfax County is included in Vol. 2.]
  • [1787-1800] Alexandria Personal Property Tax Lists 1787-1800 (images); digital version in Tax List Club at Binns Genealogy ($).
  • [1787-1790] Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 21, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1977):167-171. Available at FHL; digital version at American Ancestors ($). [These records often identify migrants who left the county and their intended destinations. Fairfax County's 1787-1790 Delinquent Lists appear on pp. 170-171.]
  • [1789, 1799] Indexed images of the 1789 and 1799 Personal Property Tax Lists of Fairfax County, Virginia are available online, courtesy: Binns Genealogy.
  • [1815] Ward, Roger D. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at FHL. [This source is based on the 1815 land tax. Fairfax County is included in Vol. 4.]

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Indexes to Fairfax County, Virginia Genealogy births, marriages, and deaths are available online. These collections are incomplete, but are easy to search. Most records can also be ordered electronically online as well. Courtesy: FamilySearch. See also How to order Virginia Vital Records

Birth[edit | edit source]
Marriage[edit | edit source]
Divorce[edit | edit source]
Death[edit | edit source]

Fairfax County, Virginia Genealogy deaths are online in the Library of Virginia's Death Index of Virginia, 1853-1896, sponsored by The Virginia Genealogical Society.


Vital Record Substitutes[edit | edit source]

The Virginia Historical Society's Marriage and Obituary Index, 1736-1820 (newspaper abstracts) is available at FamilySearch. Images of the original index cards are browseable, arranged alphabetically by surname.


Fairfax County Virginia Genealogy Societies and Libraries[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Fairfax County Virginia Genealogy Websites[edit | edit source]

Fairfax County Virginia Genealogy References[edit | edit source]

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fairfax_County,_Virginia
  2. 2.0 2.1 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Fairfax County, Virginia. Page 713 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Fairfax County, Virginia . Page 710-723 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 715-720.
  4. Lost Records Localities: Counties and Cities with Missing Records, 2, in Library of Virginia (accessed 4 April 2014).
  5. Ninth Census of the United States: Statistics of Population, Tables I to VIII Inclusive (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1872), 280. Digital version at Google Books; FHL Book 973 X2pcu.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 Robert Baylor Semple and George William Beale, A History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia (1810; reprint, Richmond, Va.: Pitt and Dickinson, 1894), 386-387. Digital version at Google Books.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Jay Worrall, The Friendly Virginians: America's First Quakers (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Publishing Company, 1994), 537-539. FHL Book 975.5 K2wj.
  8. William Wade Hinshaw, Thomas W. Marshall and John Cox, Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy (Ann Arbor, Mich.: Edwards Bros., 1950). Vol. 6. FHL Book 973 D2he 1993 v. 6.
  9. F. Edward Wright, Early Church Records of Alexandria City and Fairfax County, Virginia (Westminster, Md.: Family Line Publications, 1996). FHL Book 975.529 K2w.
  10. Donald G. Shomette, Maritime Alexandria: The Rise and Fall of an American Entrepôt (2003).
  11. Stuart Lee Butler, A Guide to Virginia Militia Units in the War of 1812 (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., 1988), 80. FHL Book 975.5 M2bs.
  12. Michael P. Musick, 6th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1990). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 66.
  13. John E. Divine, 8th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1983). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 6.
  14. Richard L. Armstrong, 11th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1989). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 52.
  15. Lee A. Wallace, 17th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1990). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 67.
  16. Heritage Preservation Services,[www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va004.htm Civil War Battle Summaries by State], (accessed 2 August 2012)
  17. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 2 August 2012).
  18. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 16 August, 2012)
  19. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 2 August 2012).
  20. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 16 August, 2012)
  21. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/images/3/37/Igivirginia.pdf.