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==== Court  ====
 
==== Court  ====
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*''Essex County, Virginia, records, 1717-1722 : deeds, etc., no. 16, 1718-1721, wills, inventoires and settlements of estates, no. 3, 1717-1722.'' c1959. By John Frederick Dorman. Online at: [https://www.familysearch.org/library/books/records/item/521698-essex-county-virginia-records-1717-1722-deeds-etc-no-16-1718-1721-wills-inventories-and-settlements-of-estates-no-3-1717-1722?offset=1 FamilySearch Books Online].
  
 
===== County Court  =====
 
===== County Court  =====
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==== Local Histories  ====
 
==== Local Histories  ====
  
*''History of Old Rappanhannock County, Virginia, 1656-1692: With Introduction, 1608-1656, Including the Present Counties of Essex and Richmond and Parts of Westmoreland, King George, Stafford, Caroline and Spotsylvania Counties.'' 1965. By Thomas Hoskins Warner. Tappahannock, Virginia : P.P. Warner. Available at {{FHL|109789|title-id|disp=FHL}}.
+
*''History of Old Rappanhannock County, Virginia, 1656-1692: With Introduction, 1608-1656, Including the Present Counties of Essex and Richmond and Parts of Westmoreland, King George, Stafford, Caroline and Spotsylvania Counties.'' 1965. By Thomas Hoskins Warner. Tappahannock, Virginia : P.P. Warner. Available at {{FHL|109789|title-id|disp=FHL}}.
 
*''Settlers, Southerners, Americans: The History of Essex County, Virginia, 1608-1984.'' c1985 (1998). By James B. Slaughter. n.p.: Essex County Board of Supervisors. Available at {{FHL|506257|title-id|disp=FHL}}.
 
*''Settlers, Southerners, Americans: The History of Essex County, Virginia, 1608-1984.'' c1985 (1998). By James B. Slaughter. n.p.: Essex County Board of Supervisors. Available at {{FHL|506257|title-id|disp=FHL}}.
 +
*''Some Emigrants to Virginia.'' 1915. Compiled by W.G. Stanard. Richmond, VA : The Bell Book and Stationery Co. Online at: [https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=wu.89070259353&view=1up&seq=13 Hathitrust].
 +
*''The Colonial Virginia Register. A list of governors, councillors and other higher officials, and also of members of the House of Burgesses, and the revolutionary conventions of the Colony of Virginia.'' 1902. By William G. and Mary Newton Stanard. Albany, NY : J. Munsell's Sons. Online at: [https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=njp.32101072361163&view=1up&seq=9 Hathitrust].
 +
*''Virginia Colonial Abstracts.'' 1937. By Beverley Fleet. Richmond, VA : n.p. Vols 7-34. Online at: [https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001874139 Hathitrust].
  
 
==== Maps  ====
 
==== Maps  ====
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*'''1704''' ''Essex County: An Annotated Copy of the Rent Roll of 1704.'' By John Bailey Calvert Nicklin. ''William and Mary College Quarterly'', 2nd Series, Vol. 21(1941):397-405. Available at {{FHL|248629|title-id|disp=FHL}}; reprinted in ''Virginia Tax Records''. Baltimore, MD : Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1983, which is also available at {{FHL|326521|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version of W&MQ at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR ($)].
 
*'''1704''' ''Essex County: An Annotated Copy of the Rent Roll of 1704.'' By John Bailey Calvert Nicklin. ''William and Mary College Quarterly'', 2nd Series, Vol. 21(1941):397-405. Available at {{FHL|248629|title-id|disp=FHL}}; reprinted in ''Virginia Tax Records''. Baltimore, MD : Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1983, which is also available at {{FHL|326521|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version of W&MQ at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR ($)].
 
*'''1715''' ''Quit Rent Roll of 1715 - Essex County, Va.'' By John Bailey Calver Nicklin. ''William and Mary College Quarterly'', 2nd Series, Vol. 18 (1938):203-206. Available at {{FHL|248629|title-id|disp=FHL}}; reprinted in ''Virginia Tax Records''. Baltimore, MD : Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1983, which is also available at {{FHL|326521|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR ($)].
 
*'''1715''' ''Quit Rent Roll of 1715 - Essex County, Va.'' By John Bailey Calver Nicklin. ''William and Mary College Quarterly'', 2nd Series, Vol. 18 (1938):203-206. Available at {{FHL|248629|title-id|disp=FHL}}; reprinted in ''Virginia Tax Records''. Baltimore, MD : Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1983, which is also available at {{FHL|326521|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR ($)].
*'''1715''' 1715 Quit Rents Rolls online at [http://genealogytrails.com/vir/essex/1715rentroll.html Genealogy Trails].
+
*'''1715''' Quit Rents Rolls online at [http://genealogytrails.com/vir/essex/1715rentroll.html Genealogy Trails].
 
*'''1741''' ''True and Exact Poll of the Election of Burgesses, Essex County, Va., November 20, 1741.'' 1983. By William Montgomery Sweeny. ''William and Mary College Quarterly'', 2nd Series, Vol. 22(1942):54-60. Available at {{FHL|248629|title-id|disp=FHL}}; reprinted in ''Virginia Tax Records''. Baltimore, MD : Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc. Available at {{FHL|326521|title-id|disp=FHL}}; online at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR ($)].
 
*'''1741''' ''True and Exact Poll of the Election of Burgesses, Essex County, Va., November 20, 1741.'' 1983. By William Montgomery Sweeny. ''William and Mary College Quarterly'', 2nd Series, Vol. 22(1942):54-60. Available at {{FHL|248629|title-id|disp=FHL}}; reprinted in ''Virginia Tax Records''. Baltimore, MD : Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc. Available at {{FHL|326521|title-id|disp=FHL}}; online at [http://www.jstor.org JSTOR ($)].
*'''1782-1819''' Essex County Personal Property Tax Lists 1782-1819 (images); online at: [http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/ Binns Genealogy ($)].
+
*'''1782-1819''' ''Essex County Personal Property Tax List 1782-1819.'' By Paul Heinegg. Online at: [http://freeafricanamericans.com/essex.htm Free African Americans], [http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/ Binns Genealogy ($)].
*'''1782-1819''' ''Essex County Personal Property Tax List 1782-1819.'' By Paul Heinegg. [http://freeafricanamericans.com/essex.htm Free African Americans].
 
 
*'''1783''' ''Personal Property (or Land) Tax List, 1783.'' Online at: [http://www.learnwebskills.com/patriot/revservice.htm#vatax Revolutionary War Service].
 
*'''1783''' ''Personal Property (or Land) Tax List, 1783.'' Online at: [http://www.learnwebskills.com/patriot/revservice.htm#vatax Revolutionary War Service].
*'''1787''' ''The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued.'' By Netti Schreiner-Yantis and Florene Speakman Love. c1987. Springfield, Virginia : Genealogical Books in Print. {{WorldCat|851571982|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}. The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Essex County is included in Vol. 2.
+
*'''1787''' ''The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued.'' By Netti Schreiner-Yantis and Florene Speakman Love. c1987. Springfield, Virginia : Genealogical Books in Print. {{WorldCat|851571982|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}. Essex County is included in Vol. 2.
 
*'''1788-1789''' ''Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790.'' By Robert Y. Clay. ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 21, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1977):167-171. Available at {{FHL|33159|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [https://www.americanancestors.org/search/advanced-search?database=Virginia%20Genealogist,%20The American Ancestors ($)]. These records often identify migrants who left the county and their intended destinations. Essex County's 1788-1789 Delinquent Lists appear on pp. 169-170.
 
*'''1788-1789''' ''Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790.'' By Robert Y. Clay. ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 21, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1977):167-171. Available at {{FHL|33159|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [https://www.americanancestors.org/search/advanced-search?database=Virginia%20Genealogist,%20The American Ancestors ($)]. These records often identify migrants who left the county and their intended destinations. Essex County's 1788-1789 Delinquent Lists appear on pp. 169-170.
*'''1790, 1800'''Indexed images of the [http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/VirginiaTaxListCensuses/ 1790 and 1800 Personal Property Tax Lists of Essex County, Virginia] are available online at: [http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/ Binns Genealogy ($)].  
+
*'''1790, 1800 '''Indexed images of the [http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/VirginiaTaxListCensuses/ 1790 and 1800 Personal Property Tax Lists of Essex County, Virginia] are available online at: [http://www.binnsgenealogy.com/ Binns Genealogy ($)].  
*'''1815''' ''1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer).'' By Roger D. Ward. c1997. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co. Online at: [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/692063?availability=Family%20History%20Library FHL]. {{WorldCat|36944422|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}. The source for this publication is the 1815 land tax. The source for this publication is the 1815 land tax. Essex County is included in Vol. 3.
+
*'''1815''' ''Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer).'' By Roger D. Ward. c1997. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co. Online at: [https://www.familysearch.org/search/catalog/692063?availability=Family%20History%20Library FHL]. {{WorldCat|36944422|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}. The source for this publication is the 1815 land tax. The source for this publication is the 1815 land tax. Essex County is included in Vol. 3.
  
 
==== Vital Records  ====
 
==== Vital Records  ====

Revision as of 12:45, 14 August 2019

Guide to Essex County, Virginia ancestry, family history and genealogy Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, immigration records, and military records.


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Essex County, Virginia
Map
Boundary map of Essex County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Essex County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Location of Virginia in the U.S.
Facts
Founded 1692
County Seat Tappahannock
Courthouse
VirginiaEssexCourthouse.jpg


County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Essex County is located in the Eastern portion of the Commonwealth of Virginia and was named either for the shire or county in England or for the Duke of Essex[1].

Essex County Virginia Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[2]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1853 1814 1853 1692 1865 1656 1810
Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1912.
General compliance year is unknown.

Essex County Courthouse
P. O. Box 445
Tappahannock, Virginia 22560
Phone: 804-443-3541

Clerk Circuit Court has marriage records from 1814, divorce and land records from 1865, probate records from 1656 and court records from 1692.[3]

Essex County Courthouse is the repository for seventeenth-century records of Old Rappahannock County, Virginia.

Essex County Virginia History[edit | edit source]


Parent County[edit | edit source]

1692 Essex County was created 16 April 1692 from Rappahannock (old) County.
County seat: Tappahannock [3]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating Virginia county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Virginia County Boundary Maps" (1617-1995) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

  • Lost censuses: 1790, 1800, 1890

Essex County, Virginia Places/Localities[edit | edit source]

Part of the Northern Neck region





Populated Places[edit | edit source]

Essex County Virginia Genealogy Resources[edit | edit source]

Getting Started[edit | edit source]

Compiled genealogies are a good place to start research for this area, see Essex County, Virginia Genealogy.

If you are researching families who lived in Essex County, Virginia between the 1690s and 1750s, the Sparacios' books are a great time saver. They comprehensively index several publications covering that period:

  • Surname Index of Antient Press Publications. 1993. By Ruth Trickey Sparacio and Sam Sparacio. 14+ vols. McLean, VA : R. S. Sparacio, Antient Press. FHL Collection 975.5 P22s v. 1-2.

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

  • Records of Tidewater Virginia Counties. By Virginia Lee Hutcheson Davis. Tidewater Virginia Families: A Magazine of History and Genealogy, Vol. 1, No. 2 (May-June 1992):53-66. FHL Collection 975.51 D25t. For Essex County, see p. 57

African American[edit | edit source]

Freedmen's Bureau Letters or Correspondence, 1865-18721

The original Register of Free Negroes, 1810-1861 for Essex County is kept at the County Courthouse. It has been microfilmed by the Library of Virginia FHL Collection 1929922 Item 6, 1929923 Item 1, and abstracted:

  • Register of Free Blacks, 1810-1843, Essex County. By Virginia Lee Hutcheson Davis. Tidewater Virginia Families: A Magazine of History and Genealogy, Vol. 8, No. 3 (November/December 1999):179-187; Vol. 8, No. 4 (February/March 2000):247-251; Vol. 9, No. 1 (May/June 2000):50-55; Vol. 9, No. 2 (August/September 2000):118-121; Vol. 9, No. 3 (November/December 2000):188-191. FHL Collection 975.51 D25t.

Additional Essex County African American resources include:

  • Essex County Personal Property Tax List 1782-1819. By Paul Heinegg. Online at: Free African Americans. Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.
  • Free African Americans of Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Maryland and Delaware. c2005. By Paul Heinegg. Online at: Free African Americans; At various libraries (WorldCat). Adams, Ailstock, Armfield, Atkins, Barton, Black, Bond, Bowden, Braxton, Breedlove (see introduction), Brooks, Bunday, Bush, Byrd, Cambridge (see introduction), Chandler, Clark, Cook, Day, Ellis, Fortune, Fry, Goings, Goldman, Gregory, Haithcock, Halestock, Hays, Hollinger, Jones, Kee, Lantor, Lawrence, Lawson, McCoy, McGuy, Mann, Mason, Meggs, Nickens, Rollins, Sampson, Simmons, Soleleather, Taylor, Twopence, Webb, Whistler, and Wilson families in pre-1820 Essex County, Virginia.
  • Uprooted and Transplanted : From Africa to America : Focus on African-Americans in Essex County, Virginia : Oppressions, Achievements, Contributions, The 1600s-1900s. 1999. By Lillian H. McGuire. New York, NY : Vantage Press. At various libraries (WorldCat).

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Images of the Virginia Historical Society's family Bible collection have been digitized:


Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county
Findagrave.com Family History Library Findagrave.com
VAGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
VAGenWeb Archives
Tombstone Project
Virginia Gravestones
Billion Graves
See Virginia Cemeteries for more information.

Census[edit | edit source]

For tips on accessing Essex County, Virginia Genealogy census records online, see: Virginia Census.


Historical populations
Census Pop.
1790 9,122
1800 9,508 4.2%
1810 9,376 −1.4%
1820 9,909 5.7%
1830 10,521 6.2%
1840 11,309 7.5%
1850 10,206 −9.8%
1860 10,469 2.6%
1870 9,927 −5.2%
1880 11,032 11.1%
1890 10,047 −8.9%
1900 9,701 −3.4%
1910 9,105 −6.1%
1920 8,542 −6.2%
1930 6,976 −18.3%
1940 7,006 0.4%
1950 6,530 −6.8%
1960 6,690 2.5%
1970 7,099 6.1%
1980 8,864 24.9%
1990 8,689 −2.0%
2000 9,989 15.0%
Source: “American Factfinder”. United States Census Bureau.
1783 Enumeration

1890 Union Veterans

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Baptist[edit | edit source]

The 10,000 name petition (dated 16 October 1776) has been digitized at the Library of Congress website. It was signed by people from all over Virginia who wanted an end to persecution of Baptists by the Established Church. Baptists and Baptist sympathizers alike signed the petition. To find your ancestor in this record, first check Hall's transcription in the Magazine of Virginia Genealogy (Vols. 35-38, with annotations in Vol. 39), which is available online at Ancestry ($). It is also available in book form at the Family History Library: FHL Book 975.5 B2vs v. 35-39. Then proceed to the Library of Congress website to see the original images.


Church of England[edit | edit source]

go to See also North Farnham Parish
go to See also Piscataway Parish
go to See also St. Anne's Parish
go to See also St. George's Parish
go to See also St. Mary's Parish
go to See also Sittenburne Parish
go to See also South Farnham Parish

Court[edit | edit source]

  • Essex County, Virginia, records, 1717-1722 : deeds, etc., no. 16, 1718-1721, wills, inventoires and settlements of estates, no. 3, 1717-1722. c1959. By John Frederick Dorman. Online at: FamilySearch Books Online.
County Court[edit | edit source]

Most Essex County, Virginia County Court Order Books have survived (starting in 1692). They have been abstracted from 1692 to 1729.[4]

Superior Court of Chancery[edit | edit source]

The Superior Court of Chancery of Fredericksburg (1802-1831) had jurisdiction over certain Essex County court cases. An index has been compiled:

  • Indexes of Court Records in the Clerk's Office, Fredericksburg, Virginia, 1782-1904. Original records, Fredericksburg City Courthouse, Fredericksburg, Va., microfilmed reproduction available at FHL. [Indexes the following records: District Court law book v. 8, 1782-1792; District Court law books 1790-1793, v. A-F 1789-1811; Superior Court of Law law order books v. G-H 1812-1831; Superior Court of Chancery chancery order books 1814-1831; Hustings Court orders v. A-O 1782-1871; Circuit Superior Court of Law and Chancery law order books v. A-E 1831-1875; Circuit Superior Court of Law and Chancery chancery order books v. A-D 1831-1872; Circuit Court chancery order books v. A2, B-C 1875-1904; Fredericksburg District Court (1789-1808) had jurisdiction over the following counties: Spotsylvania (including Fredericksburg), Caroline, King George, Stafford, Orange, and Culpeper; Superior Court of Chancery (1802-1831) had jurisdiction over the following localities: city of Fredericksburg and the counties of Caroline, Culpeper, Fauquier, Fairfax, Lancaster, Northumberland, Madison, King George, Orange, Prince William, Richmond, Spotsylvania, Stafford, Essex, and Westmoreland.]

Genealogy[edit | edit source]

More than 400 genealogies have been published about Essex County families. To view a list, visit Essex County, Virginia Compiled Genealogies.

Historic Residences[edit | edit source]

  • Old Homes of Essex County. c1940, 1957. By Woman's Club of Essex County (Virginia). n.p.: Woman's Club of Essex County Virginia. Available at FHL.

Immigration[edit | edit source]

Tappahannock, also known as Hobb's Hole, has been a port since colonial times. No official passenger lists survive for the seventeenth or eighteenth centuries.

Headright grants identify many Essex County, Virginia Genealogy immigrants who arrived before 1720.[5] The Virginia Immigration article provides tips about using this source.

Additional resources include:


  • 1769 Passenger List of Charming Molly Virginia Pioneers ($)
  • North American Wills Registered in London 1611-1857. 2007. By Coldham, Peter Wilson. Baltimore, MD : Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc. Includes wills of residents of Clydeside and Essex County proved in London. Land in Tappahannock is also mentioned. These records often help establish an immigrant's place of origin.
  • List of imported servants and transported convicts from Europe who served labor terms in Colonial Brunswick County are online at: Immigrant Servants Database.

Land and Property[edit | edit source]

Deeds

  • Essex County Records, 1703-1706. 1961. By Beverley Fleet. Baltimore, MD : Genealogical Pub. Co. FHL; online at: Ancestry ($).
  • Essex County Records, 1711-1714. 1961. By Beverley Fleet. Baltimore, MD : Genealogical Pub. Co. FHL; online at: Ancestry ($).
  • Essex County Wills and Deeds, 1714-1717. 1961. By Beverley Fleet. Baltimore, MD : Genealogical Pub. Co. FHL; online at: Ancestry ($).

Grants and Patents

  • Virginia Northern Neck Land Grants 1694-1742. 1987. By Gertrude E. Gray. Baltimore, MD : Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Vol. I. Available at FHL.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

  • History of Old Rappanhannock County, Virginia, 1656-1692: With Introduction, 1608-1656, Including the Present Counties of Essex and Richmond and Parts of Westmoreland, King George, Stafford, Caroline and Spotsylvania Counties. 1965. By Thomas Hoskins Warner. Tappahannock, Virginia : P.P. Warner. Available at FHL.
  • Settlers, Southerners, Americans: The History of Essex County, Virginia, 1608-1984. c1985 (1998). By James B. Slaughter. n.p.: Essex County Board of Supervisors. Available at FHL.
  • Some Emigrants to Virginia. 1915. Compiled by W.G. Stanard. Richmond, VA : The Bell Book and Stationery Co. Online at: Hathitrust.
  • The Colonial Virginia Register. A list of governors, councillors and other higher officials, and also of members of the House of Burgesses, and the revolutionary conventions of the Colony of Virginia. 1902. By William G. and Mary Newton Stanard. Albany, NY : J. Munsell's Sons. Online at: Hathitrust.
  • Virginia Colonial Abstracts. 1937. By Beverley Fleet. Richmond, VA : n.p. Vols 7-34. Online at: Hathitrust.

Maps[edit | edit source]

Richmond CountyWestmoreland CountyMiddlesex CountyKing and Queen CountyCaroline CountyKing George CountyVA ESSEX.PNG
About this image
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Migration[edit | edit source]

  • Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790. By Robert Y. Clay. The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 21, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1977):167-171. Available at FHL; online at: American Ancestors ($) These records often identify migrants who left the county and their intended destinations. Essex County's 1788-1789 Delinquent Lists appear on pp. 169-170.

Military[edit | edit source]

Colonial Militia[edit | edit source]
French and Indian War[edit | edit source]
  • Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources. By William F. Boogher. 2007. Baltimore : Genealogical Pub. Co. Online at: Google Books; At various libraries (WorldCat). Includes a chapter titled "Legislative Enactments connecting the preceding historic sketch (French and Indian War, Lord Dunmore's War) with the adjudication of the resulting accounts that follow; with the list of officers, soldiers and civilians entitled to compensation for military and other services rendered." For Essex County, see p. 75.
  • Virginia Colonial Militia 1651-1776. By William Armstrong Crozier. 1954. Baltimore : Southern Book Co. Online at: Internet Archive, Hathitrust, Ancestry ($); At various libraries (WorldCat).
  • Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. By Lloyd DeWitt Bockstruck. 1988. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co. FHL US/CAN Book 975.5 M2bL.
Revolutionary War[edit | edit source]

Regiments. Service men in Essex County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Essex County supplied soldiers for the:

- 7th Virginia Regiment

Additional resources:

  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census. 1841. Washington : Blair and Rives. Online at: Internet Archive, Google Books; At various libraries (WorldCat). See Virginia, Eastern District, Essex County on page 130.
  • Essex Militia [1781]. The Researcher: A Magazine of History and Genealogical Exchange. By Robert Armistead Stewart. Vol. 1, No. 4;(Jul. 1927):237. FHL Collection. Taken from Auditor's Public Claim Papers, Virginia State Archives.
War of 1812[edit | edit source]

Essex County men served in the 6th Regiment.[6]

  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... 1883. Washington, D.C : Government Printing Office. Online at: Internet Archive, Google Books. See Vol. 5, Virginia, Essex County, pp. 77-78.
Civil War[edit | edit source]

Regiments. Service men in Essex County, Virginia Genealogy served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Essex County, Virginia Genealogy:

- 9th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company F (Essex Light Dragoons).
- 9th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company F (Essex Light Dragoons).[7]
- 47th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company H (1st) (Essex Sharpshooters) and Company I (1st) (Essex Grays).[8]
- 55th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Companies A (Essex Artillery), D (Essex Davis Rifles), F (Essex Sharpshooters), G (Essex Grays).[9]

Records and histories are available, including:

Miscellaneous Records[edit | edit source]

Native Americans[edit | edit source]

Naturalization[edit | edit source]

Virginia Naturalization Petitions, 1906-1929

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

The Virginia Newspapers Project identifies local Essex County, Virginia Genealogy newspapers.

Indexed images of the Virginia Gazette (1736-1780) are available online through the Colonial Williamsburg website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: The Geography of Slavery in Virginia. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.

Occupations[edit | edit source]

  • The Silversmiths of Virginia (together with Watchmakers and Jewelers) from 1694 to 1850. By George Barton Cutten. 1952. Richmond, Virginia : The Dietz Press, Incorporated. Online at: Hathitrust; At various libraries (WorldCat). Includes a section on Essex County (Ephesus Springs) silversmiths.

Private Papers[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

A free index to Essex County, Virginia Genealogy wills and administrations (1692-1800) is available at the Library of Virginia.


Online Probate Records

Local Courts

  • Essex County Records, 1703-1706. 1961. By Beverley Fleet. Baltimore, MD : Genealogical Pub. Co. FHL; online at: Ancestry ($).
  • Essex County Records, 1711-1714. 1961. By Beverley Fleet. Baltimore, MD : Genealogical Pub. Co. FHL; online at: Ancestry ($).
  • Essex County Wills and Deeds, 1714-1717. 1961. By Beverley Fleet. Baltimore, MD : Genealogical Pub. Co. FHL; online at: Ancestry ($).
  • Wills of Rappahannock County, Virginia 1656-1692. 1947. By William Montgomery Sweeny. Lynchburg, Virginia : Mrs. W.M. Sweeny. Online at: FamilySearch Books Online.

London Courts

  • North American Wills Registered in London 1611-1857. 2007. By Coldham, Peter Wilson. Baltimore, MD : Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc. Includes wills of residents of Clydeside and Essex County proved in London. Land in Tappahannock is also mentioned. These records often help establish an immigrant's place of origin.

Online Probate Records

Taxation[edit | edit source]

How can Virginia tax lists help me?

The original Essex County Personal Property Tax Lists are kept at the Library of Virginia. Microfilm copies for the years 1782 to 1852 are available at the Family History Library: FHL Films 2024527-2024529.

Published abstracts:

  • 1704 Virginia Quit Rent Rolls, 1704. Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 28 (1920):207-218, 328-339; Vol. 29 (1921):18-28, 337-343, 402-412; Vol. 30 (1922):21-30, 280-285, 341-347; Vol. 31 (1923):70-75, 153-163, 215-231, 314-318; Vol. 32 (1924):69-75, 144-158, 281-287, 338-343; Vol. 33 (1925):47-50, 359-370; Vol. 34 (1926):113-119, 252-258, 313, 321. Available at FHL; reprinted in Virginia Tax Records. Baltimore, MD : Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1983, which is also available at FHL; digital version of VMHB at JSTOR($). Essex County appears in 33:359-370. "Thomas Leftwitch in Essex" appears on the King and Queen County list, see 32:151.
  • 1704 Essex County: An Annotated Copy of the Rent Roll of 1704. By John Bailey Calvert Nicklin. William and Mary College Quarterly, 2nd Series, Vol. 21(1941):397-405. Available at FHL; reprinted in Virginia Tax Records. Baltimore, MD : Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1983, which is also available at FHL; digital version of W&MQ at JSTOR ($).
  • 1715 Quit Rent Roll of 1715 - Essex County, Va. By John Bailey Calver Nicklin. William and Mary College Quarterly, 2nd Series, Vol. 18 (1938):203-206. Available at FHL; reprinted in Virginia Tax Records. Baltimore, MD : Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1983, which is also available at FHL; digital version at JSTOR ($).
  • 1715 Quit Rents Rolls online at Genealogy Trails.
  • 1741 True and Exact Poll of the Election of Burgesses, Essex County, Va., November 20, 1741. 1983. By William Montgomery Sweeny. William and Mary College Quarterly, 2nd Series, Vol. 22(1942):54-60. Available at FHL; reprinted in Virginia Tax Records. Baltimore, MD : Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc. Available at FHL; online at JSTOR ($).
  • 1782-1819 Essex County Personal Property Tax List 1782-1819. By Paul Heinegg. Online at: Free African Americans, Binns Genealogy ($).
  • 1783 Personal Property (or Land) Tax List, 1783. Online at: Revolutionary War Service.
  • 1787 The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. By Netti Schreiner-Yantis and Florene Speakman Love. c1987. Springfield, Virginia : Genealogical Books in Print. At various libraries (WorldCat). Essex County is included in Vol. 2.
  • 1788-1789 Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790. By Robert Y. Clay. The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 21, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1977):167-171. Available at FHL; digital version at American Ancestors ($). These records often identify migrants who left the county and their intended destinations. Essex County's 1788-1789 Delinquent Lists appear on pp. 169-170.
  • 1790, 1800 Indexed images of the 1790 and 1800 Personal Property Tax Lists of Essex County, Virginia are available online at: Binns Genealogy ($).
  • 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). By Roger D. Ward. c1997. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co. Online at: FHL. At various libraries (WorldCat). The source for this publication is the 1815 land tax. The source for this publication is the 1815 land tax. Essex County is included in Vol. 3.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Indexes to Essex County, Virginia Genealogy births, marriages, and deaths are available online. These collections are incomplete, but are easy to search. Most records can also be ordered electronically online as well. Courtesy: FamilySearch. See also How to order Virginia Vital Records

Birth[edit | edit source]
Marriage[edit | edit source]
Divorce[edit | edit source]
Death[edit | edit source]

Essex County, Virginia Genealogy deaths are online in the Library of Virginia's Death Index of Virginia, 1853-1896, sponsored by The Virginia Genealogical Society.

Vital Record Substitutes[edit | edit source]

The Virginia Historical Society's Marriage and Obituary Index, 1736-1820 (newspaper abstracts) is available at FamilySearch. Images of the original index cards are browseable, arranged alphabetically by surname.


Essex County Virginia Genealogy Societies and Libraries[edit | edit source]


Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

Essex County Virginia Genealogy Websites[edit | edit source]

Essex County Virginia Genealogy References[edit | edit source]

  1. http://www.essex-virginia.org/visiting_essex/essex_county_history
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Essex County, Virginia . Page 710-723 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 715-720.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Essex County, Virginia. Page 713 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Sparacio
  5. John Frederick Dorman, "Review of Cavaliers and Pioneers," in The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 24, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1980):221. Digital version at American Ancestors ($). FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 24 (1980)
  6. Stuart Lee Butler, A Guide to Virginia Militia Units in the War of 1812 (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., 1988), 78. FHL Book 975.5 M2bs.
  7. Robert K. Krick, 9th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1982). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 2.
  8. Homer D. Musselman, 47th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1991). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 73.
  9. Richard O'Sullivan, 55th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1989). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 59.
  10. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/images/3/37/Igivirginia.pdf.