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Escambia County, Alabama Genealogy

Guide to Escambia County, Alabama ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Brewton
Organized: December 10, 1868
Parent County(s): Baldwin, Conecuh[1]
Neighboring Counties
Baldwin  • Conecuh  • Covington  • Escambia (FL)  • Monroe  • Okaloosa (FL)  • Santa Rosa (FL)
See County Maps
Escambia County, Alabama Courthouse.jpg
Location Map
Escambia County Alabama.png

County InformationEdit


The County was named is in honor of General John A. Elmore. [2]The county is located in the southwest area of the state.[3]

County CourthouseEdit

Escambia County Courthouse
314 Belleville Ave.
Brewton, AL 36426
Phone: 251-867-0305
Fax: 251-867-0379
PO Box 856
Brewton, AL 36427
Escambia County Website

County Clerk has marriage records from 1897 and probate and land records from 1869.[4]

Escambia County, Alabama Record DatesEdit

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[5]
Birth Marriage Death Court Land Probate Census
1909 1897 1909 1882 1869 1869 1816
*Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1908. General compliance for births by 1927 and for deaths 1925.

Record LossEdit

1868 Courthouse burned and many records were damaged.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary ChangesEdit

  • 1868--Escambia County was created 10 December 1868 from Baldwin and Conecuh Counties.
  • County seat: Brewton[6]

Populated PlacesEdit

The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in Escambia County:[7]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator.

Unincorporated communities
  • Kirkland
  • Little Rock
  • Malta
  • Marietta
  • Martinville
  • Mount Gillis
  • Nokomis
  • Old Bratt Road Estates
  • Osaka
  • Parker Springs
  • Pea Ridge
  • Pineview
  • Pleasant Hill
  • Poarch
  • Roberts
  • Robinsonville
  • Rock Creek
  • Rock Hill
  • Sardine
  • Spring Hill
  • Stanley Crossroads
  • Wahl
  • Wallace
  • Wawbeek
  • Welka
Census-designated places
  • Jack Springs
  • Macedonia
  • Owen
  • Parker
  • Pine Grove
  • Wilsons

Indian reservation

History TimelineEdit


Bible RecordsEdit


Business, Commerce, and OccupationsEdit


Cemeteries of Escambia, Alabama online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Alabama Cemeteries for more information

The following web site has additional information on Escambia county cemeteries.

Census RecordsEdit

For tips on accessing Escambia County census records online, see: Alabama Census.

Escambia County, Alabama
Year Pop.
1870 4,041
1880 5,719 41.5%
1890 8,666 51.5%
1900 11,320 30.6%
1910 18,889 66.9%
1920 22,464 18.9%
1930 27,963 24.5%
1940 30,671 9.7%
1950 31,443 2.5%
1960 33,511 6.6%
1970 34,912 4.2%
1980 38,440 10.1%
1990 35,518 −7.6%
2000 38,440 8.2%
2010 38,319 −0.3%

Church RecordsEdit

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Alabama denominations, view the Alabama Church Records wiki page.

Ward and Branch Records (The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints)

  • Olive

Court RecordsEdit


Escambia County, Alabama Online Historical Directories - identifies historical city, county, business and other directories available online on both and pay-to-access websites.

Emigration and ImmigrationEdit

Ethnic, Political, and Religious GroupsEdit

Funeral HomesEdit



Land and Property RecordsEdit

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Alabama Land and Property for additional information about early Alabama land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

To place a grant or deed on a map within context of Escambia County see:

  • Boyd, Gregory A. Family Maps of Escambia County, Alabama: with Homesteads, Roads, Waterways, Towns, Cemeteries, Railroads, and More. Norman, Okla.: Arphax Pub. Co., 2006. This is a definitive work and can be used as an index to land grants. Digital version at HistoryGeo ($). Website includes surname index. FHL Book 976.1265 E7b.

Local HistoriesEdit

Local histories are available for Escambia County. The histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Alabama Local Histories.

Maps and GazetteersEdit

MonroeConecuhConvingtonBaldwinOkaloosa County, FLSanta Rosa County, FLEscambia County, FlAL ESCAMBIA.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Military RecordsEdit

Civil War

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and CitizenshipEdit



Other RecordsEdit


Probate RecordsEdit

Online Probate Records

School RecordsEdit

Tax RecordsEdit

Alabama tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the wiki page Alabama Taxation.

Vital RecordsEdit

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Alabama State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online $.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Alabama.





Research FacilitiesEdit


Family History CentersEdit

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.


Escambia Brewton Public Library
206 West Jackson Street
Brewton, AL 36426
Phone: 251-867-4626

Atmore Public Library
700 E. Church Street
Atmore, AL 36502
Phone: 251-368-5234

Flomaton Public Library
608 Mccurdy Street
Flomaton, AL 36441
Phone: 251-296-3552


The Thomas E. McMillan Museum
220 Alco Drive
Brewton, AL 36426
The Museum is located in the Fine Arts Center on the Brewton campus of Coastal Alabama Community College.


Escambia County Genealogical Society
P. O. Box 161
Brewton, AL 36427-0161

Escambia County Historical Society
P.O. Box 276
220 Alco Drive
Brewton, AL 36427
Phone: 251-867-4832


Research GuidesEdit


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Alabama.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Escambia County, Alabama Genealogy and History”, 06/05/2017.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Escambia, Alabama," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Alabama 06/05/2017.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Alabama.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Alabama.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Alabama.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Escambia County, Alabama," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Alabama, accessed 15 October 2018.