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Escambia County, Alabama Genealogy

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Guide to Escambia County, Alabama ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


Escambia County, Alabama
Map of Alabama highlighting Escambia County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the U.S. highlighting Alabama
Location of Alabama in the U.S.
Founded December 10, 1868
County Seat Brewton
Escambia County, Alabama Courthouse.jpg
Address Escambia County Courthouse
314 Belleville Ave.
Brewton, AL 36427
Phone: (251) 867-0225
County Website

County Information[edit | edit source]

Escambia County, Alabama Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[1]
Birth Marriage Death Court Land Probate Census
1909 1897 1909 1882 1869 1869 1816
*Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1908. General compliance for births by 1927 and for deaths 1925.

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

County Clerk has marriage records from 1897,
probate and land records from 1869

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named is in honor of General John A. Elmore. The County has Brewton as its seat and the County was created December 10, 1868. [3]The County is located in the southwest area of the state.[4]

History[edit | edit source]

Parent County[edit | edit source]

1868--Escambia County was created 10 December 1868 from Baldwin and Conecuh Counties.
County seat: Brewton [5]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating Alabama county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Alabama County Boundary Maps" (1799-1980) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

1868 -- Courthouse burned and many records were damaged.

For further information on researching in burned counties, see the following:

Burned Counties Research

Ancestry Blogs

Places/Localities[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[6]

Unincorporated communities
  • Kirkland
  • Little Rock
  • Malta
  • Marietta
  • Martinville
  • Mount Gillis
  • Nokomis
  • Old Bratt Road Estates
  • Osaka
  • Parker Springs
  • Pea Ridge
  • Pineview
  • Pleasant Hill
  • Poarch
  • Roberts
  • Robinsonville
  • Rock Creek
  • Rock Hill
  • Sardine
  • Spring Hill
  • Stanley Crossroads
  • Wahl
  • Wallace
  • Wawbeek
  • Welka
Census-designated places
  • Jack Springs
  • Macedonia
  • Owen
  • Parker
  • Pine Grove
  • Wilsons

Indian reservation

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]


Resources[edit | edit source]

Biography[edit | edit source]

Biographies of many notable residents of Escambia County, Alabama Genealogy were published in Memorial Record of Alabama (1893). Digital version at FamilySearch Digital Library - free. Begins on page 951.

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Escambia, Alabama online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Alabama Cemeteries for more information

The following web site has additional information on Escambia county cemeteries.

Census[edit | edit source]

Escambia County, Alabama
Year Pop.
1870 4,041
1880 5,719 41.5%
1890 8,666 51.5%
1900 11,320 30.6%
1910 18,889 66.9%
1920 22,464 18.9%
1930 27,963 24.5%
1940 30,671 9.7%
1950 31,443 2.5%
1960 33,511 6.6%
1970 34,912 4.2%
1980 38,440 10.1%
1990 35,518 −7.6%
2000 38,440 8.2%
2010 38,319 −0.3%

For tips on accessing Escambia County, Alabama Genealogy census records online, see: Alabama Census.

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Alabama denominations, view the Alabama Church Records wiki page.

Ward and Branch Records (The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints)

  • Olive

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Escambia County, Alabama Online Historical Directories - identifies historical city, county, business and other directories available online on both free and pay-to-access websites.

Land and Property[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Alabama Land and Property for additional information about early Alabama land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

To place a grant or deed on a map within context of Escambia County, Alabama Genealogy see:

  • Boyd, Gregory A. Family Maps of Escambia County, Alabama: with Homesteads, Roads, Waterways, Towns, Cemeteries, Railroads, and More. Norman, Okla.: Arphax Pub. Co., 2006. This is a definitive work and can be used as an index to land grants. Digital version at ($). Website includes free surname index. FHL Book 976.1265 E7b.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Escambia County, Alabama Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Alabama Local Histories.

Maps[edit | edit source]

MonroeConecuhConvingtonBaldwinOkaloosa County, FLSanta Rosa County, FLEscambia County, FlAL ESCAMBIA.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Military[edit | edit source]

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Online Records

World War I[edit | edit source]
World War II[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Finding More Alabama Newspapers[edit source]

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Escambia County, Alabama Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Records

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Alabama tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the wiki page Alabama Taxation.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Alabama State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online $.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Alabama. See also How to order Alabama Vital Records

Birth[edit | edit source]
Marriage[edit | edit source]
  • 1860, 1879-1892, 1936–1969 Alabama, Marriage Collection, 1800–1969 at Ancestry $. This collection is comprised of indexes created by several agencies - the Alabama Center for Health Statistics, Jordan Dodd of Liahona Research, and Hunting For Bears.
  • 1879–1892 "Alabama Marriages, 1809–1920" at Ancestry $. This database is a collection of marriage records from the state. Researchers will find the names of both bride and groom along with the marriage date. The county where the ceremony was performed is also provided. Containing about 150,000 records and the names of nearly 300,000 men and women.

Death[edit | edit source]
  • 1881–1974 Index to Deaths and Burials at Ancestry $. Volunteers extracted the details in this index from microfilmed copies of church, civil, family, and other records of Alabama deaths and burials. details vary depending on the original record. Note that the number of available records can vary widely by county, and this database does not necessarily represent a comprehensive set of death records for the state during this time.

Societies and Libraries[edit | edit source]

Escambia County Genealogical Society
P. O. Box 161
Brewton, AL
Escambia County Genealogical Society Website

Escambia County Historical Society Thomas E. McMillan Museum Jefferson Davis Community College
220 Alco Dr.
Brewton, AL
Publication: Echoes

Escambia Brewton Public Library

Atmore Public Library
Atmore Pubic Library

Family History Center
[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Family History Center

Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Escambia County, Alabama. Page 37 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 33.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Escambia County p. 37.
  3. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Escambia County, Alabama Genealogy and History”, 06/05/2017.
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Escambia, Alabama," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Alabama 06/05/2017.
  5. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Escambia County, Alabama," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Alabama, accessed 15 October 2018.