Difference between revisions of "Erie Canal"

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''[[United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] [[United States Migration Internal|Migration]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] [[US Migration Canals|Canals]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] [[New York]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] [[Erie_Canal|Erie Canal]]''
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[[Image:{{ErieCanalLockPic}}]]The '''Erie Canal''' in [[New York]] allowed boats from [[New York City, New York|New York City]] on the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hudson_River Hudson River ]to reach rural upstate [[New York]] and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Erie Lake Erie]. Eventually the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Lakes Great Lakes ]were also connected to the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ohio_River Ohio River] and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mississippi_River Mississippi River] systems by other canals. As canals developed in America settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the canals provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a canal, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting waterway.  
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The Erie Canal allowed boats from New York City on the Hudson River to reach rural upstate New York and Lake Erie. Eventually the Great Lakes were also connected to the Ohio River and Mississippi River systems by other canals. As canals developed in America settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the canals provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a canal, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting waterway.  
  
=== Historical Background ===
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== Historical Background ==
  
The construction of the Erie Canal began in 1817 and in 1819 the first 15-mile (24 km) section,&nbsp;Rome to Utica&nbsp;opened. As more Irish laborers arrived the pace of construction picked up and overcame significant barriers. For example, during summer construction in a marsh, 1,000&nbsp;workers died of swamp fever, so&nbsp;survivors were moved to another part of the canal until winter when it was safer to work in the frozen marsh. Sections of the canal opened as follows:  
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The construction of the Erie Canal began in '''1817''' and in 1819 the first 15-mile (24 km) section, Rome to Utica opened. As more Irish laborers arrived the pace of construction picked up and overcame significant barriers. For example, during summer construction in a marsh, 1,000 workers died of swamp fever, so survivors were moved to another part of the canal until winter when it was safer to work in the frozen marsh. Sections of the canal opened as follows:  
  
*1819 Rome to Utica  
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[[Image:Erie Canal Lock 32.jpg|thumb|right|250px|Erie Canal Lock 32.jpg]]1819 Rome to Utica 1820 Utica to Syracuse 1823 Brockport to Albany (Champlain_Canal connecting the Hudson River to Lake Champlain was completed at the same time) 1824 Lockport locks 1825 Onondago Ridge finishing the entire canal. The Erie Canal contributed to the wealth and importance of New York City, Buffalo, and New York State. It increased trade throughout the nation by opening eastern and overseas markets to Midwestern farm products and enabling migration to the West. New ethnic Irish communities formed in towns along the canal, as Irish immigrants were a large portion of labor force involved in its construction[1].[2]{{FHL|181733|title-disp=Family History Library Catalog}}
*1820 Utica to Syracuse  
 
*1823 Brockport to Albany ([[Champlain Canal|Champlain Canal]] connecting the Hudson River to Lake Champlain was completed at the same time)  
 
*1824 Lockport locks  
 
*1825 Onondago Ridge finishing the entire canal.
 
  
The Erie Canal contributed to the wealth and importance of New York City, Buffalo, and New York State. It increased trade throughout the nation by opening eastern and overseas markets to Midwestern farm products and&nbsp;enabling migration to the West. New ethnic Irish communities formed in towns along the canal, as Irish immigrants were a large portion of labor force involved in its construction.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Erie Canal" in ''Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erie_Canal (accessed 24 June 2009).</ref> ((|FHL181733|title-disp=Family History Libary Catalog))
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The '''Erie Canal''' in [[New York|New York]] allowed boats from [[New York City, New York|New York City]] on the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hudson_River Hudson River ]to reach rural upstate [[New York Genealogy|New York]] and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Erie Lake Erie]. Eventually the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Lakes Great Lakes ]were also connected to the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ohio_River Ohio River] and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mississippi_River Mississippi River] systems by other canals. As canals developed in America settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the canals provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a canal, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting waterway.
  
=== Canal Route  ===
+
The Erie Canal contributed to the wealth and importance of New York City, Buffalo, and New York State. It increased trade throughout the nation by opening eastern and overseas markets to Midwestern farm products and&nbsp;enabling migration to the West. New ethnic Irish communities formed in towns along the canal, as Irish immigrants were a large portion of labor force involved in its construction<ref name="Erie">Wikipedia Contributors, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eric_Canal Eric Canal in "Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia" (accessed 15 April 2011).</ref>.
  
The Erie Canal connects the the Hudson River (and New York City) with Lake Erie. It follows the Mohawk River Valley west from Albany, New York to reach toward Buffalo, New York. Some of the '''''communities''''' on the Erie Canal from east to west include:
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== Canal Route ==
  
 +
The Erie Canal connects the the Hudson River (and New York City) with Lake Erie. It follows the Mohawk River Valley west from Albany, New York to reach toward Buffalo, New York.
 +
 +
Some of the '''''communities''''' on the Erie Canal from east to west include:
 
:*Albany  
 
:*Albany  
 
:*Troy [[Image:{{ErieCanalMap}}]]  
 
:*Troy [[Image:{{ErieCanalMap}}]]  
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:*Lockport  
 
:*Lockport  
 
:*Buffalo
 
:*Buffalo
<div style="float: left; width: 147%">
 
'''''Counties''''' east to west:
 
  
:*[[Rensselaer County, New York|Rensselaer]]  
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'''''Counties''''' east to west:
:*[[Albany County, New York|Albany]]  
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:*[[Rensselaer County, New York Genealogy|Rensselaer]]  
:*[[Schenectady County, New York|Schenectady]]  
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:*[[Albany County, New York Genealogy|Albany]]  
:*[[Montgomery County, New York|Montgomery]]  
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:*[[Schenectady County, New York Genealogy|Schenectady]]  
:*[[Herkimer County, New York|Herkimer]]  
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:*[[Montgomery County, New York Genealogy|Montgomery]]  
:*[[Oneida County, New York|Oneida]]  
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:*[[Herkimer County, New York Genealogy|Herkimer]]  
:*[[Madison County, New York|Madison]]  
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:*[[Oneida County, New York Genealogy|Oneida]]  
:*[[Onondaga County, New York|Onondaga]]  
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:*[[Madison County, New York Genealogy|Madison]]  
:*[[Cayuga County, New York|Cayuga]]  
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:*[[Onondaga County, New York Genealogy|Onondaga]]  
:*[[Seneca County, New York|Seneca]]  
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:*[[Cayuga County, New York Genealogy|Cayuga]]  
:*[[Wayne County, New York|Wayne]]  
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:*[[Seneca County, New York Genealogy|Seneca]]  
:*[[Ontario County, New York|Ontario]]  
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:*[[Wayne County, New York Genealogy|Wayne]]  
:*[[Monroe County, New York|Monroe]]  
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:*[[Ontario County, New York Genealogy|Ontario]]  
:*[[Orleans County, New York|Orleans]]  
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:*[[Monroe County, New York Genealogy|Monroe]]  
:*[[Niagara County, New York|Niagara]]
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:*[[Orleans County, New York Genealogy|Orleans]]  
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:*[[Niagara County, New York Genealogy|Niagara]]
  
=== Settlers and Records ===
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== Settlers and Records ==
  
Because so many immigrants traveled on the canal, many genealogists would like to find copies of canal passenger lists. Unfortunately, apart from the years 1827-1829, canal boat operators were not required to record or report passenger names to the New York State government. Those 1827-1829 passenger lists survive today in the New York State Archives.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Erie Canal" in ''Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erie_Canal (accessed 24 June 2009).</ref>
+
Because so many immigrants traveled on the canal, many genealogists would like to find copies of canal passenger lists. Unfortunately, apart from the years 1827-1829, canal boat operators were not required to record or report passenger names to the New York State government. Those 1827-1829 passenger lists survive today in the New York State Archives<ref name="Erie" />.
  
Prior to the building of the Erie Canal the settlers in upstate [[New York]] were often from New England, especially [[Vermont]]. Once the Canal was finished, setters along the canal and farther west into [[Ohio]] would have reached the Erie Canal from [[New York City, New York|New York City]], or from along the Hudson River in New York, or from Vermont via the [[Champlain Canal|Champlain Canal]]. Most of the men who&nbsp;labored to build&nbsp;the Erie Canal were from [[Ireland]] and many of them settled near it.  
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Prior to the building of the Erie Canal the settlers in upstate [[New York Genealogy|New York]] were often from New England, especially [[Vermont Genealogy|Vermont]]. Once the Canal was finished, setters along the canal and farther west into [[Ohio Genealogy|Ohio]] would have reached the Erie Canal from [[New York City, New York|New York City]], or from along the Hudson River in New York, or from Vermont via the [[Champlain Canal|Champlain Canal]]. Most of the men who&nbsp;labored to build&nbsp;the Erie Canal were from [[Ireland Genealogy|Ireland]] and many of them settled near it.
  
=== Internet Links  ===
+
== Internet Links  ==
  
 
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erie_Canal Erie Canal] in Wikipedia  
 
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erie_Canal Erie Canal] in Wikipedia  
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*[http://books.google.com/books?id=hCNg1_H4cz0C&dq=Erie+Canal&printsec=frontcover&source=bll&ots=DpvTh0lJXp&sig=PUpfGKZbpFWB8icXyIvqiUYyKfk&hl=en&ei=zKlDSunUJZPkMNXRwa0B&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=17 Images of America: Erie Canal] by Martin Morganstein and Joan H. Cregg 128 pages
 
*[http://books.google.com/books?id=hCNg1_H4cz0C&dq=Erie+Canal&printsec=frontcover&source=bll&ots=DpvTh0lJXp&sig=PUpfGKZbpFWB8icXyIvqiUYyKfk&hl=en&ei=zKlDSunUJZPkMNXRwa0B&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=17 Images of America: Erie Canal] by Martin Morganstein and Joan H. Cregg 128 pages
  
=== Sources  ===
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== Sources  ==
 
 
{{reflist}}
 
  
{{New York|New York}} {{Ohio|Ohio}} {{Vermont2|Vermont}} {{-}}</div>  
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{{reflist}}<br><br>  
  
[[Category:United_States_Migration_Internal]] [[Category:US_Migration_Canals]] [[Category:Migration_Routes]] [[Category:New_York]] [[Category:Ohio]] [[Category:Vermont]]
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{{US Migration Canals}} {{New York|New York}} {{Ohio|Ohio}} {{Vermont2|Vermont}}
 +
[[Category:United_States_Migration_Internal]] [[Category:US Migration Canals|US Migration Canals]] [[Category:Migration_Routes]] [[Category:New York Migration Routes]] [[Category:Ohio Migration Routes]] [[Category:Vermont Migration Routes]]

Latest revision as of 01:53, 1 July 2017

United States
Migration
Canals
New York
Erie Canal

The Erie Canal allowed boats from New York City on the Hudson River to reach rural upstate New York and Lake Erie. Eventually the Great Lakes were also connected to the Ohio River and Mississippi River systems by other canals. As canals developed in America settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the canals provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a canal, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting waterway.

Historical Background

The construction of the Erie Canal began in 1817 and in 1819 the first 15-mile (24 km) section, Rome to Utica opened. As more Irish laborers arrived the pace of construction picked up and overcame significant barriers. For example, during summer construction in a marsh, 1,000 workers died of swamp fever, so survivors were moved to another part of the canal until winter when it was safer to work in the frozen marsh. Sections of the canal opened as follows:

Erie Canal Lock 32.jpg
1819 Rome to Utica 1820 Utica to Syracuse 1823 Brockport to Albany (Champlain_Canal connecting the Hudson River to Lake Champlain was completed at the same time) 1824 Lockport locks 1825 Onondago Ridge finishing the entire canal. The Erie Canal contributed to the wealth and importance of New York City, Buffalo, and New York State. It increased trade throughout the nation by opening eastern and overseas markets to Midwestern farm products and enabling migration to the West. New ethnic Irish communities formed in towns along the canal, as Irish immigrants were a large portion of labor force involved in its construction[1].[2]FHL 181733

The Erie Canal in New York allowed boats from New York City on the Hudson River to reach rural upstate New York and Lake Erie. Eventually the Great Lakes were also connected to the Ohio River and Mississippi River systems by other canals. As canals developed in America settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the canals provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a canal, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting waterway.

The Erie Canal contributed to the wealth and importance of New York City, Buffalo, and New York State. It increased trade throughout the nation by opening eastern and overseas markets to Midwestern farm products and enabling migration to the West. New ethnic Irish communities formed in towns along the canal, as Irish immigrants were a large portion of labor force involved in its construction[1].

Canal Route

The Erie Canal connects the the Hudson River (and New York City) with Lake Erie. It follows the Mohawk River Valley west from Albany, New York to reach toward Buffalo, New York.

Some of the communities on the Erie Canal from east to west include:

  • Albany
  • Troy
    Map of New York's Erie Canal. To enlarge: click the map slowly three times.
  • Schenectady
  • Fonda
  • Herkimer
  • Utica
  • Rome
  • Syracuse
  • Lyons
  • Palmyra
  • Rochester
  • Albion
  • Lockport
  • Buffalo

Counties east to west:

Settlers and Records

Because so many immigrants traveled on the canal, many genealogists would like to find copies of canal passenger lists. Unfortunately, apart from the years 1827-1829, canal boat operators were not required to record or report passenger names to the New York State government. Those 1827-1829 passenger lists survive today in the New York State Archives[1].

Prior to the building of the Erie Canal the settlers in upstate New York were often from New England, especially Vermont. Once the Canal was finished, setters along the canal and farther west into Ohio would have reached the Erie Canal from New York City, or from along the Hudson River in New York, or from Vermont via the Champlain Canal. Most of the men who labored to build the Erie Canal were from Ireland and many of them settled near it.

Internet Links

Digitized book:

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 Wikipedia Contributors, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eric_Canal Eric Canal in "Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia" (accessed 15 April 2011).


Most Significant United States Canals Used by Settlers
Champlain Canal · Erie Canal · Schuykill Canal · Union Canal · Ohio and Erie Canal · Louisville and Portland Canal · Beaver and Erie Canal · Pennsylvania Canal (Main Line) · Delaware and Raritan Canal · Chesapeake and Ohio Canal · Wabash and Erie Canal · Pennsylvania and Ohio Canal · Miami and Erie Canal · Illinois and Michigan Canal