England and Wales Census, 1881 (FamilySearch Historical Records)
|Access the Records|
England and Wales Census 1881
|This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.|
|England and Wales|
|Flag of England|
|Flag of Wales|
|The National Archives|
- 1 What is in This Collection?
- 2 What Can These Records Tell Me?
- 3 Collection Content
- 4 How Do I Search This Collection?
- 5 What Do I Do Next?
- 6 Citing This Collection
- 7 How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?
What is in This Collection?
This collection includes records for 1881. The British government has taken censuses every 10 years since 1801, except for 1941. This census covers those living in England and Wales on 3 April 1881.
For reference purposes, the National Archives assigned a piece number to each enumeration district and stamped a folio number in the upper right corner of each right-side page. The number refers to entries on both sides of the page.
The Registrar General created censuses for various reasons, including population studies, accessing military readiness, compiling lists of eligible voters, and tracking relief to the poor.
Whenever possible, FamilySearch makes images available for all users. However, rights to view images on our website are granted by the record custodians.
These images can be viewed online by members of the supporting organization(s), at a Family History Center near you, or the Family History Library. Also, the images are viewable to users who are part of the contributing organization, or to users who have contributed to the FamilySearch Indexing effort. Learn how to be a part of FamilySearch indexing here.
For additional information about image restrictions, please see the Restrictions for Viewing Images in FamilySearch Historical Record Collections page.
What Can These Records Tell Me?
Census records usually contain the following information:
- Town, civil parish and church parish where census was taken
- Given names and surnames of each household member
- Relationship to head of household
- Age, gender, marital status and occupation of each household member
- Birthplace of each household member
- Physical impairments
Sample of an indexed record:
How Do I Search This Collection?
Search the Index
|More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at England and Wales census, 1881. Some catalog records link to multiple references. In this case, click on a reference to find a camera icon to see images.|
How Do I Analyze the Results?
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.
What Do I Do Next?
I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?
- Look at an image of the original record. The original may contain information that was not recorded in the index
- Use the information to find additional family members in other censuses
- If you have identified the names of the parents or the name of the spouse in the census of your ancestor, search for a marriage record for the couple
- Use the ages listed to determine an approximate birth date and to find other records such as birth, marriage, christening, and death records
- Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family
I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking for, What Now?
- If your ancestor does not have a common name, collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This can help you find possible relatives
- If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby locality
- Check for other names. An individual might have been listed under a middle name, a nickname, or an abbreviation of their given name
- Standard spelling of names typically did not exist during the periods our ancestors lived in. Try searching based on how the name may have been pronounced
- Consult the England Record Finder and Wales Record Finder to find other records
Citing This Collection
Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.
- Collection Citation
"England and Wales Census, 1881." Database with images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : 20 August 2016. From "1881 England, Scotland and Wales Census." Database and images. findmypast. https://www.findmypast.com : n.d. Citing PRO RG 11. The National Archives, Kew, Surrey.
When looking at a record, the citation is found below the record.
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.
How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?
| We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records. |
Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.