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{{Record Search article|CID=CID1493747 |title=England and Wales Census, 1861|location=United Kingdom}}<br>
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'''[[England Genealogy| England]]'''
  
== Collection Time Period  ==
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'''[[Wales Genealogy| Wales]]'''
  
The British government has taken censuses every 10 years since 1801, except for 1941. This census covers those living in England and Wales on 8 April 1861.
 
  
== The Historical Records Index ==
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{{England and Wales HR Infobox 
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| CID = CID1493747
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| title =England and Wales Census, 1861
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| location =England and Wales
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| record_type =Census 
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| start_year =1861 
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| end_year =  
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| FS_URL_01 =[[England and Wales History Links]]  
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| FS_URL_02 =[[England and Wales Historic Maps]]
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| FS_URL_03 =[[England Census]]
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| FS_URL_04 =[[Wales Census]]
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| FS_URL_05 =[[Quick Research Links - England]]
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| FS_URL_06 =[[Quick Research Links - Wales]]
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| FS_URL_07 =
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| FS_URL_08 =
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| FS_URL_09 =
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| FS_URL_10 =
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| RW_URL_01 =[http://dea.byu.edu/ Discovering English Ancestors]
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| RW_URL_02 =[http://www.ukcensusonline.com/census/1861.php UK Census Online: 1861 Census]
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| RW_URL_03 =[http://www.welshgenealogy.net/ Welsh Genealogy]
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| RW_URL_04 =
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| RW_URL_05 =
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| RW_URL_06 =
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| RW_URL_07 =  
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| RW_URL_08 =  
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| RW_URL_09 =
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| RW_URL_10 =
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| custodian =[http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/ The National Archives]
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}}
  
The index was republished on 23 February 2011 to reflect both the ecclesiatical parish and civil parish for each event to provide further assistance in locating entries.
 
  
Population schedule for England, Wales, Isle of Man and Channel Islands showing population as of 7 April 1861. This data has been provided by Findmypast.com.  
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== What is in This Collection? ==
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This collection will include records for 1861. The information gathered by the census taker is only as reliable as the person who provided the information. While some information may not be completely accurate, it can still provide important clues in locating an ancestor.  
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== Record Description  ==
 
  
Census schedules consist of large sheets with preprinted rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by county and then divided by civil parish, while some are further subdivided into smaller enumeration districts, each district being an area that could be enumerated in a day. The only exception to this is the 1841 census, which was arranged by “hundreds” (administrative subdivisions of land). For reference purposes, the National Archives assigned a piece number to each enumeration district and stamped a folio number in the upper right corner of each right-side page. The number refers to entries on both sides of the page (both the recto and verso of the folio). Almost all the residents of England, whether were citizens or not, are included in the census
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== What Can These Records Tell Me? ==
  
== Record Content ==
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== Collection Content ==
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'''Census records''' may contain the following information:
  
[[Image:England and Wales 1861 Census.jpg|thumb|right]]
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*Date, place, registration district, parish and county where census was taken
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*Given and surname of each member of household
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*Gender, age, and marital status of each member
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*Birthplace of each member
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*Relationship of each member to head of household
  
The 1841 census lists the members of each household, along with their name, sex, address, occupation, and whether they were born in the county. The census taker usually rounded the ages of those older than 15 down to a multiple of 5. Beginning with the 1851 census, the information listed includes names, ages, parish and county of birth, occupation, and relationship to the head of the household for each person. The census record may also list the birth country for people born outside of England.
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== How Do I Search This Collection? == 
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=== Search the Index ===
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{{Search Collection Link
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| CID=1493747
  
== How to Use the Records  ==
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}}
  
Begin your search by locating your ancestor in the census. Compare the information in the census to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination.  
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=== How Do I Analyze the Results? ===
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Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images.  
  
Carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.
 
  
For example:
 
  
*Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.
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== What Do I Do Next? ==                                 
*Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.
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=== I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now? ===
*Occupations listed can lead you to other types of records such as employment or school records; children’s occupations are often listed as “at school.
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*Look at an image of the original record. The original may contain information that was not recorded in the index. To find a copy of the original record, visit the [http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/ The National Archives]
*It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.  
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**To help keep track of your research, you may want to keep a research log. FamilySearch has an example [https://s3.amazonaws.com/ps-services-us-east-1-914248642252/s3/research-wiki-elasticsearch-prod-s3bucket/images/5/50/Research_Log.pdf example research log] which you can download.  
*Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.
 
  
Some other helpful tips to keep in mind are:  
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=== I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking for, What Now? ===
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*If your ancestor does not have a common name, collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This can help you find possible relatives.
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*Search the records of nearby areas.
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*Check for other names. An individual might appear under an unexpected name for a variety of reasons:
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:- They might have been listed under a middle name, [http://genealogy.about.com/od/first_names/fl/nicknamegiven-name-equivalents.htm nickname], or [[Abbreviations Found in Genealogy Records|abbreviation]] of their given name.
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:-A woman may have returned to her maiden name after the death of her husband.
  
*Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even an county.
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== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
*You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.
 
*You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.
 
*Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census
 
  
== Record History  ==
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|-
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| bgcolor="#fff3e7" | [[Image:Important.png|60x60px|Important.png]]
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| bgcolor="#fff3e7" style="vertical-align:top; line-height:125%; padding-top:8px" | '''Problems with this collection?'''<br>[https://familysearch.org/ask/salesforce/viewArticle?urlname=England-and-Wales-Census-1861-known-issues&lang=en See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.]
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|}
  
The Registrar General created the national censuses. Enumerators went door to door collecting the data in census books. The 1841 census was taken on June 7. Censuses taken between 1851 and 1931 were conducted on a single day, sometime between March 31 and April 8. The census takers listed only those who spent the night in each household, so individuals who were traveling or at school were listed where they spent the night.&nbsp;
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For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached  [https://familysearch.org/ask/salesforce/viewArticle?urlname=England-and-Wales-Census-1861-known-issues&lang=en article]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
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=== Why the Record Was Created  ===
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== Citing This Collection ==
  
The Registrar General created censuses for various reasons, including population studies, accessing military readiness, compiling lists of eligible voters, and tracking relief to the poor.  
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Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.
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;Collection Citation:
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"England and Wales Census, 1861." Database, Images, or database and images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. <nowiki>http://FamilySearch.org</nowiki> : accessed current year. Custodian.
  
=== Record Reliability  ===
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{{Record_Citation}}
  
The information gathered by the census taker is only as reliable as the person who provided the information. While some information may not be completely accurate, it can still provide important clues in locating an ancestor.
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{{Image_Citation}}
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'''[[#top|Top of Page]]'''
  
The 1861 census also has missing pieces or parts of enumeration books. [http://www.findmypast.co.uk/helpadvice/knowledge-base/census/index.jsp#issues FindMyPast] and provides a detailed list of the missing areas, remember to scroll to that section on this page. Be sure to check to see that your ancestors living areas are not listed in the missing lists.
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== How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki? ==  
 
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{{Contributor invite}}
== Related Websites  ==
 
 
 
[http://www.britishorigins.com/help/aboutbo-census1861.aspx England and Wales Census 1861]
 
 
 
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
 
 
 
*[[England Census]]
 
*[[Wales Census]]
 
*[[Quick Research Links - England]]
 
*[[Quick Research Links - Wales]]
 
 
 
=== Contributions to This Article  ===
 
 
 
{{Contributor invite}}  
 
 
 
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
 
 
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
 
 
 
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections|Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].
 
 
 
==== Example of a Source Citation for a Record Found&nbsp;in This Collection  ====
 
 
 
"England and Wales Census, 1861." images, ''FamilySearch'' ([http://www.familysearch.org https://www.familysearch.org]): accessed March 9, 2011, entry for Elizabeth Clark, age: 18; citing Household Records; Great Britain Census Office, London, England.
 
 
 
== Citation for This Collection:  ==
 
 
 
The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. It may include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.
 
 
 
<!--bibdescbegin-->"England and Wales Census, 1861," images, FamilySearch; ([http://familysearch.org http://familysearch.org]) from Great Britain Census Office. "Census Returns of England and Wales." Great Britain Census Office, London, England. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.<!--bibdescend-->
 
 
 
Information about creating source citations for FamilySearch Historical Collections is listed in the wiki article [[Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections]].
 
 
 
[[England Census|Return to England Census Page]]
 
 
 
[[Category:England|Census]] [[Category:Wales|Census]]
 

Latest revision as of 21:50, 7 December 2017

England

Wales


Access the Records
England and Wales Census, 1861 .
CID1493747
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
England and Wales
Flag of England.png
Flag of England
Y ddraig goch.png
Flag of Wales
England and Wales in United Kingdom.svg.png
Record Description
Record Type Census
Collection years 1861
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
The National Archives



What is in This Collection?

This collection will include records for 1861. The information gathered by the census taker is only as reliable as the person who provided the information. While some information may not be completely accurate, it can still provide important clues in locating an ancestor.


What Can These Records Tell Me?

Collection Content

Census records may contain the following information:

  • Date, place, registration district, parish and county where census was taken
  • Given and surname of each member of household
  • Gender, age, and marital status of each member
  • Birthplace of each member
  • Relationship of each member to head of household

How Do I Search This Collection?

Search the Index

Search by name by visiting the Collection Page.
  1. Fill in the search boxes on the Collection Page with the information you have
  2. Click Search to show possible matches


How Do I Analyze the Results?

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images.


What Do I Do Next?

I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?

  • Look at an image of the original record. The original may contain information that was not recorded in the index. To find a copy of the original record, visit the The National Archives
    • To help keep track of your research, you may want to keep a research log. FamilySearch has an example example research log which you can download.

I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking for, What Now?

  • If your ancestor does not have a common name, collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This can help you find possible relatives.
  • Search the records of nearby areas.
  • Check for other names. An individual might appear under an unexpected name for a variety of reasons:
- They might have been listed under a middle name, nickname, or abbreviation of their given name.
-A woman may have returned to her maiden name after the death of her husband.

Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.


Citing This Collection

Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.

Collection Citation

"England and Wales Census, 1861." Database, Images, or database and images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed current year. Custodian.

Record Citation:
When looking at a record, the citation is found below the record.
Image Citation:
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.

Top of Page

How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.