Difference between revisions of "England and Wales Census, 1841 (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

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{{FamilySearch_Collection
 
|CID=CID1493745
 
|title=England and Wales Census, 1841
 
|location=United Kingdom}}<br>
 
  
== Record Description  ==
 
  
This collection will include records for 1841.<br>
+
'''[[England Genealogy| England]]'''
  
Census schedules consist of large sheets with preprinted rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by county and then divided by civil parish, while some are further subdivided into smaller enumeration districts, each district being an area that could be enumerated in a day. The only exception to this is the 1841 census, which was arranged by “hundreds” (administrative subdivisions of land). For reference purposes, the National Archives assigned a piece number to each enumeration district and stamped a folio number in the upper right corner of each right-side page. The number refers to entries on both sides of the page (both the recto and verso of the folio).
+
'''[[Wales Genealogy| Wales]]'''
  
The British government has taken censuses every 10 years since 1801, except for 1941.  
+
{{England and Wales HR Infobox 
 +
| CID = CID1493745
 +
| title =England and Wales Census, 1841
 +
| location =England and Wales
 +
| record_type =Census
 +
| start_year =1841
 +
| end_year =
 +
| FS_URL_01 =[[England Census]]
 +
| FS_URL_02 =[[Wales Census]]
 +
| FS_URL_03 =[[England Genealogy]]
 +
| FS_URL_04 =[[Wales Genealogy]]
 +
| FS_URL_05 =[[Quick Research Links - England]]
 +
| FS_URL_06 =[[Quick Research Links - Wales]]
 +
| FS_URL_07 =[[England and Wales History Links]]
 +
| FS_URL_08 =[[England and Wales Historic Maps]]
 +
| FS_URL_09 =[[England Record Finder]]
 +
| FS_URL_10 =
 +
| RW_URL_01 =[http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/Census.html#1861 England and Wales:- Census dates]
 +
| RW_URL_02 =[http://www.welshgenealogy.net/ Welsh Genealogy]
 +
| RW_URL_03 =[http://dea.byu.edu/ Discovering English Ancestors]
 +
| RW_URL_04 =[https://www.gro.gov.uk/gro/content/ General Register Office]
 +
| RW_URL_05 =
 +
| RW_URL_06 =
 +
| RW_URL_07 =
 +
| RW_URL_08 =
 +
| RW_URL_09 =
 +
| RW_URL_10 =
 +
| custodian =[http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/ The National Archives]
 +
}}
  
The British government has taken censuses every 10 years since 1801, except for 1941. This guide covers censuses from 1841, when censuses became genealogically useful, through 1901. Almost all the residents of England, whether were citizens or not, are included in the census.  
+
== What is in This Collection? ==
 +
This collection contains population schedules for England, Wales, Isle of Man and Channel Islands as of 7 June 1841. This data has been provided by Findmypast.com. Census schedules are arranged by county and then divided by civil parish, each district being an area that could be enumerated in a day.
  
This census covers those living in England and Wales on 7 June 1841.  
+
The information gathered by the census taker is only as reliable as the person who provided the information. While some information may not be completely accurate, it can still provide important clues in locating an ancestor.
  
The Registrar General created censuses for various reasons, including population studies, accessing military readiness, compiling lists of eligible voters, and tracking relief to the poor.  
+
'''General information about census records:'''
 +
For reference purposes, the National Archives assigned a piece number to each enumeration district and stamped a folio number in the upper right corner of each right-side page. The number refers to entries on both sides of the page.
 +
 +
===Image Visibility===
  
The information gathered by the census taker is only as reliable as the person who provided the information. While some information may not be completely accurate, it can still provide important clues in locating an ancestor.  
+
Whenever possible, FamilySearch makes images available for all users. However, rights to view images on our website are granted by the record custodians.
  
=== Citation for This Collection ===
+
These images can be viewed online by members of the supporting organization(s), at a [https://familysearch.org/locations/ Family History Center] near you, or the [[Family History Library]]. Also, the images are viewable to users who are part of the (enter the contributing organization here), or  to users who have contributed to the [[FamilySearch Indexing]] effort. Learn how to be a part of FamilySearch indexing [https://familysearch.org/indexing/ here].
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.<br>
+
For additional information about image restrictions, please see the [[Restrictions for Viewing Images in FamilySearch Historical Record Collections]] page.
  
{{Collection citation | text= "England and Wales Census, 1841
+
===To Browse This Collection===
." Index. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013.
 
  
 +
{{Collection_Browse_Link
 +
|title=England and Wales Census, 1841
 +
|CID= CID1493745
 +
}}
  
| text = Great Britain Census Office. England and Wales Census 1841. Great Britain Public Record Office, London, England. }}
+
==What Can These Records Tell Me?==
 
+
*Name of the person living or visiting the home
[[England and Wales 1841 Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
+
*Age
 
+
*Gender
== Record Content  ==
+
*Occupation
 
+
*Whether born in the country or foreign born
These census records&nbsp;usually contain&nbsp;the following information:
+
*Place of residence
 
+
*Census registration district
*Place, district, parish and county where census was taken
 
*Given name and surname for each household member
 
*Birthplace, age and gender for each household member
 
 
 
== How to Use the Record  ==
 
 
 
To begin your search, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:
 
 
 
*Name of ancestor
 
*Approximate year of birth
 
*Place of birth
 
 
 
==== Search the Collection  ====
 
 
 
For a collection that is searchable by name:
 
 
 
Fill in the requested information in the search page. When you search for your ancestor, there will be a list of possible matches for them. Compare the information about the ancestors in the record that you have found, to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information on the image of the record to make sure that the record is correct.
 
 
 
==== Using the Information  ====
 
 
 
When you have found your family, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.
 
 
 
*Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.
 
*Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.
 
*Occupations listed can lead you to employment records or other types of records such as school records; children’s occupations are often listed as “at school.”
 
 
 
It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
 
 
 
Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.
 
 
 
==== Tips to Keep in Mind  ====
 
 
 
*Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even an county.
 
*You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.
 
*You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.
 
*Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.
 
*You should also be aware that the census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.
 
 
 
==== General Information About These Records  ====
 
 
 
There are various marks within the census that can also provide help to identify families. A single forward slash mark '''"/"''' meant the end of a family, while two forward slash marks '''"//"''' showed the end of the occupants in that one dwelling.
 
 
 
The census taker usually rounded the ages of those older than 15 down to a multiple of 5. Beginning with the 1851 census, the information listed includes names, ages, parish and county of birth, occupation, and relationship to the head of the household for each person. The census record may also list the birth country for people born outside of England.
 
  
There are missing images in various areas that did not survive. [http://www.findmypast.co.uk/helpadvice/knowledge-base/census/index.jsp#issues FindMyPast provides a detailed listing] as well as [http://search.ancestry.co.uk/search/db.aspx?dbid=8978 Ancestry.co.uk]; note that Ancestry's information is further down on the web page. If you are unable to locate your ancestor in this census, it is a good idea to make sure that the area they are living in survived and was digitized; otherwise, you will not be able to locate them in this census record.
+
==Collection Content==
  
<br>
+
'''Sample''' of an indexed record:
 +
{| style="width:60%; vertical-align:top;"                 
 +
|-                 
 +
|style=" vertical-align:top; width:20%;"|
 +
{| border="1" class="wikitable sortable"
 +
|-
 +
! align="center" style="background: rgb(240,240,240)" scope="col" | '''John Smith
 +
! align="center" style="background: rgb(240,240,240)" scope="col" | '''England and Wales Census, 1841
 +
|-
 +
|Name
 +
|John Smith
 +
|-
 +
|Titles and Terms
 +
|NULL
 +
|-
 +
|Event Type
 +
|Census
 +
|-
 +
|Event Date
 +
|1841
 +
|-
 +
|Event Place
 +
|Hillingdon, Middlesex, England
 +
|-
 +
|Residence Note
 +
|High Street
 +
|-
 +
|Gender
 +
|Male
 +
|-
 +
|Age
 +
|15-19
 +
|-
 +
|Age (Original)
 +
|15
 +
|-
 +
|Occupation
 +
|Null
 +
|-
 +
|Birth Year (Estimated)
 +
|1822-1826
 +
|-
 +
|Registration District
 +
|Uxbridge
 +
|-
 +
|Parish
 +
|Hillingdon
 +
|-
 +
|County
 +
|Middlesex
 +
|-
 +
|Page Number
 +
|12
 +
|-
 +
|Registration Number
 +
|HO107
 +
|-
 +
|Piece/Folio
 +
|656/32
 +
|-
 +
|Affiliate Record Type
 +
|Institution
 +
|-
 +
|}
  
== Related Websites  ==
+
== How Do I Search This Collection? ==  
 +
If you do not know what '''registration district''' you need, find your location in: [https://www.ukbmd.org.uk/reg/ UK BMD Registration Districts In England and Wales].
  
*[http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/Census.html#1861 England and Wales:- Census dates]<br>
+
You can search the index or view the images or both. Before searching this collection, it is helpful to know:
 +
*Name of the person
 +
*Approximate date of the event
  
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
+
=== Search the Index ===
 +
{{Search Collection Link
 +
| CID=CID1493745
 +
}}
 +
===View the Images===
 +
View images in this collection by visiting the '''{{RecordSearch|1493745|Browse Page|access=browse}}'''
 +
# Select '''Country'''
 +
# Select '''Parish''' to view the images<br><br>
  
*[[England Census|England Census]]
+
{{Tip|More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1493745 England and Wales Census, 1841]. Some catalog records link to multiple references. In this case, click on a reference to find a camera icon to see images.}}
*[[Wales Census|Wales Census]]
 
*[[Quick Research Links - England]]
 
*[[Quick Research Links - Wales]]
 
  
== Contributions to This Collection ==
+
=== How Do I Analyze the Results? ===
 +
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a [[Use_Appropriate_Forms#Prepare_a_Research_Log | research log]].
  
{{Contributor invite}}
+
== What Do I Do Next? ==
 +
 +
=== I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now? ===
 +
*Look at an image of the original record. The original may contain information that was not recorded in the index
 +
*Use the information to find additional family members in other censuses
 +
*Use the ages listed to determine an approximate birth date and to find other records such as birth, marriage, christening, and death records
 +
*Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family
 +
 +
=== I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking For, What Now? ===
 +
*If your ancestor does not have a common name, collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This can help you find possible relatives
 +
*If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby locality 
 +
*Check for other names. They might have been listed under a middle name, a nickname, or an abbreviation of their given name
 +
*Standard spelling of names typically did not exist during the periods our ancestors lived in. Try searching based on how the name may have been pronounced
 +
*Consult the [[England Record Finder]]  to find other records
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
== Citing This Collection ==
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.  
+
Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].  
+
;Collection Citation:
 +
"England and Wales Census, 1841." Database, Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. <nowiki>http://FamilySearch.org</nowiki> : 14 June 2016. From "1841 England, Scotland and Wales census." Database and images. findmypast. http://www.findmypast.com : n.d. Citing PRO HO 107, The National Archives, Kew, Surrey.
  
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
+
{{Record_Citation}}
  
"England and Wales Census 1841," images, ''FamilySearch'' (http://familysearch.org: accessed 9 March 2011), Anna Phillips, age 40; citing Great Britain, Household Records, Census Office, London, England.
+
{{Image_Citation}}
  
[[England Census|Return to England Census Page]]  
+
'''[[#top|Top of Page]]''' .
  
[[Category:Wales|Census 1841]]
+
== How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki? ==
 +
{{Contributor invite}}

Latest revision as of 18:19, 17 January 2018


England

Wales

Access the Records
England and Wales Census, 1841 .
CID1493745
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
England and Wales
Flag of England.png
Flag of England
Y ddraig goch.png
Flag of Wales
England and Wales in United Kingdom.svg.png
Record Description
Record Type Census
Collection years 1841
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
The National Archives


What is in This Collection?

This collection contains population schedules for England, Wales, Isle of Man and Channel Islands as of 7 June 1841. This data has been provided by Findmypast.com. Census schedules are arranged by county and then divided by civil parish, each district being an area that could be enumerated in a day.

The information gathered by the census taker is only as reliable as the person who provided the information. While some information may not be completely accurate, it can still provide important clues in locating an ancestor.

General information about census records: For reference purposes, the National Archives assigned a piece number to each enumeration district and stamped a folio number in the upper right corner of each right-side page. The number refers to entries on both sides of the page.

Image Visibility

Whenever possible, FamilySearch makes images available for all users. However, rights to view images on our website are granted by the record custodians.

These images can be viewed online by members of the supporting organization(s), at a Family History Center near you, or the Family History Library. Also, the images are viewable to users who are part of the (enter the contributing organization here), or to users who have contributed to the FamilySearch Indexing effort. Learn how to be a part of FamilySearch indexing here.

For additional information about image restrictions, please see the Restrictions for Viewing Images in FamilySearch Historical Record Collections page.

To Browse This Collection

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for England and Wales Census, 1841.

What Can These Records Tell Me?

  • Name of the person living or visiting the home
  • Age
  • Gender
  • Occupation
  • Whether born in the country or foreign born
  • Place of residence
  • Census registration district

Collection Content

Sample of an indexed record:

John Smith England and Wales Census, 1841
Name John Smith
Titles and Terms NULL
Event Type Census
Event Date 1841
Event Place Hillingdon, Middlesex, England
Residence Note High Street
Gender Male
Age 15-19
Age (Original) 15
Occupation Null
Birth Year (Estimated) 1822-1826
Registration District Uxbridge
Parish Hillingdon
County Middlesex
Page Number 12
Registration Number HO107
Piece/Folio 656/32
Affiliate Record Type Institution

How Do I Search This Collection?

If you do not know what registration district you need, find your location in: UK BMD Registration Districts In England and Wales.

You can search the index or view the images or both. Before searching this collection, it is helpful to know:

  • Name of the person
  • Approximate date of the event

Search the Index

Search by name by visiting the Collection Page.
  1. Fill in the search boxes on the Collection Page with the information you have
  2. Click Search to show possible matches

View the Images

View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page

  1. Select Country
  2. Select Parish to view the images

How Do I Analyze the Results?

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.

What Do I Do Next?

I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?

  • Look at an image of the original record. The original may contain information that was not recorded in the index
  • Use the information to find additional family members in other censuses
  • Use the ages listed to determine an approximate birth date and to find other records such as birth, marriage, christening, and death records
  • Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family

I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking For, What Now?

  • If your ancestor does not have a common name, collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This can help you find possible relatives
  • If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby locality
  • Check for other names. They might have been listed under a middle name, a nickname, or an abbreviation of their given name
  • Standard spelling of names typically did not exist during the periods our ancestors lived in. Try searching based on how the name may have been pronounced
  • Consult the England Record Finder to find other records

Citing This Collection

Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.

Collection Citation

"England and Wales Census, 1841." Database, Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : 14 June 2016. From "1841 England, Scotland and Wales census." Database and images. findmypast. http://www.findmypast.com : n.d. Citing PRO HO 107, The National Archives, Kew, Surrey.

Record Citation:
When looking at a record, the citation is found below the record.
Image Citation:
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.

Top of Page .

How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.