Difference between revisions of "England Research Guidance: Marriage, 1066-1537"

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==== 9. Visitations: Visitations, Heraldic  ====
 
==== 9. Visitations: Visitations, Heraldic  ====
  
The government commissioned men called heralds to periodically visit all areas throughout the country to grant and regulate the use of coats of arms. Heralds granted coats of arms to knights, gentlemen, landed gentry, and others entitled to bear them. In these records you may find names, dates, places, and relationships. Sometimes these records may help you trace the descent of a family. These records include coats of arms and visitation pedigrees. Verify heraldic information. <br>What you are looking for <br>Your ancestor's name in heraldic visitation records. <br>Why go to the next record <br>You may want to go to the next records because:
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The government commissioned men called heralds to periodically visit all areas throughout the country to grant and regulate the use of coats of arms. Heralds granted coats of arms to knights, gentlemen, landed gentry, and others entitled to bear them. In these records you may find names, dates, places, and relationships. Sometimes these records may help you trace the descent of a family. These records include coats of arms and visitation pedigrees. Verify heraldic information.
  
1. You did not find any information in the above record.<br>2. You found information but it conflicts with what you know.<br>3. You found information but you would like to find additional details.  
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For more information, see&nbsp;[[England Biography|England Biography]], [[England Heraldry|Heraldry]], or [[England Nobility|Nobility]].
  
 
==== 10. Church Monuments: Cemeteries  ====
 
==== 10. Church Monuments: Cemeteries  ====

Revision as of 03:58, 6 June 2012

England | Marriage | 1066-1537

Search Strategy

1. Probate Records, Pre-1858: Probate records

Probate records are court records dealing with the distribution of a person's estate after death. Before January 1858, Church of England courts had the responsibility to prove wills and other probate records. In these records you may find names and relationships. Probate records include wills, testaments, administrations (admons), inventories, codicils, act books, and bonds.

Since probate records are well indexed, you should search them for your ancestor and other relatives whether or not you think they would have left a will.

For more information, do the following:

  • Go to the Wiki article on England Probate Records and read further.
  • Go to the Wiki page for a county of interest, select the topic of 'Probate Records.'
  • Go to the Family History Library Catalog and do a Place Search for a county of interest and click the link for the topic of 'Probate Records.'
  • Go to www.GENUKI.org.uk and search for a county of interest and the topic of 'Probate Records.'

2. Manorial Record: Manors

Manorial records are private records of an estate held by a lord of the manor. They include court minutes listing tenants, leases, land transfers, manorial appointments, rental fees, and petty crimes. In these records you may find names and relationships of tenants. Sometimes you can trace a family back several generations. Most of our ancestors lived on someone else's land which may have been a manor.  While these records are not as well indexed or readily available as some other records, you should search them if you suspect your ancestor lived on a manor.

For more information, do the following:

  • Go to the Wiki article on England Court Records and read further.
  • Go to the Wiki page for a county of interest and select the topic of 'Court Records.'
  • Go to the Family History Library Catalog and do a Place Search for a county of interest and click the link for the topic of 'Manors.' 
  • Go to www.GENUKI.org.uk, click on the link for England, then on the link for the topic of 'Manors.'

3. Chancery Court Records: Court records

Court records are government documents concerning civil matters. Most court records name people who were defendants, plaintiffs, jurors, or witnesses. In these records you may find a person's residence, occupation, physical description, family relationships, name of spouse, and some death and marriage information. Court records seldom provide birth information but may give ages.

Use court records after you have searched other records. Court records tend to be difficult to use because the handwriting is hard to read and they include unfamiliar legal terms.

For more information, see England Court Records.

4. Inquisitions Postmortem: Land and property

An inquisition post mortem is a record of the estate of a deceased person who held land directly from the King. A summoned jury determined the extent of his or her possessions and who was entitled to inherit them. In these records you may find the name and birth date or age of the heir and a description of the property. Names of tenants and jurors are also given.

For more information, see England Land and Property.

5. Land Records: Land and property

Land and property records are records of land ownership and transfers. Use land records to learn when and where an individual lived. In these records you may find names, dates, addresses, occupations, a description of the property, terms of land transfers, and names of heirs, relatives, and neighbors. Land records usually do not provide birth, marriage, or death information but may give clues that can help you find records that do. Land records include surveys, grants, deeds, registers, and plat maps.

For more information, see England Land and Property.

6. Occupational Records: Occupations

Occupational records provide information on a person's employment or training for a craft, trade, or profession. Knowing a person's occupation can distinguish him or her from other individuals with the same name. Occupational records may include name, age, residence, sometimes father's or widow's name, and other information about a person's life and family. Some types of occupational records are apprenticeship and freemen records; trade, guild, or livery records; and histories of occupations.

For more information, see England Occupations.

7. Biography: Biography

A biography is a history of a person's life. A biography may provide an individual's date and place of marriage and spouse's name, as well as other details. Look for biographies in biographical dictionaries and encyclopedias, society journals, periodicals, and in local histories. Verify information in biographical sources.

For more information,see England Biography.

8. Family History: Genealogy

The term family history describes a variety of records containing personal and family information gathered by researchers, societies, or archives. These records can include published family histories, pedigree charts, family group records, research notes on families, correspondence, ancestor lists, research exchange files, record abstracts, and collections of original or copied documents. Family histories can be excellent sources of information that can save you valuable research time. Because these records are compiled from a variety of sources, the information must be carefully evaluated and verified for accuracy. Internet genealogy sites can be helpful in researching a specific family name. If your ancestor emigrated from another country, look for more information in his or her country of birth.

For more information, see England Genealogy.

9. Visitations: Visitations, Heraldic

The government commissioned men called heralds to periodically visit all areas throughout the country to grant and regulate the use of coats of arms. Heralds granted coats of arms to knights, gentlemen, landed gentry, and others entitled to bear them. In these records you may find names, dates, places, and relationships. Sometimes these records may help you trace the descent of a family. These records include coats of arms and visitation pedigrees. Verify heraldic information.

For more information, see England Biography, Heraldry, or Nobility.

10. Church Monuments: Cemeteries

Church monuments are memorials to wealthy, noble, royal, or other distinguished people. They are often brass plaques, stone statues, or effigies placed inside the church or on church grounds. Information on monuments may include names and dates only. Many church monuments have been transcribed and published.
What you are looking for
Your ancestor's name in a church monument record.
Why go to the next record
You may want to go to the next record because:

1. You did not find any information in the above record.
2. You found information, but it conflicts with what you know.
3. You found information but would like to find additional details.

11. School and Alumni Records: Schools

School and alumni records are lists of individuals attending a school, college, or university. In these records you may find name, age, date and place of birth, residence, father's name and occupation, marriage information, and other biographical details. School records list teachers, students, and graduates.
What you are looking for
Your ancestor's name in a school or alumni record.