Difference between revisions of "England Military Records"

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''[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[England_Military_Records|Military Records]]''
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==Online Resources ==
  
[[Image:English Civil War Uniform.jpg|thumb|right|English Civil War Uniform.jpg]]Military records are potentially of great genealogical value and may provide information not found in any other source. These records identify individuals who served or were eligible to serve in the military. Military service (other than the militia) was usually a lifetime career. Officers came from the upper classes; soldiers usually came from the poor. On occasion, compulsory conscription was enforced and even "press-gangs" were used.  
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*'''1772 - 1935''' - {{RecordSearch|2366620|Great Britain, War Office Registers, 1772-1935}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
 +
*[http://www.britishwargraves.co.uk/index.htm British War Graves: War Grave Photographs]
 +
*[http://www.genealogylinks.net/uk/england/all-england/military.htm England Military Links]
 +
*[http://www.firepower.org.uk/index.php/research/family-history/ Royal Artillery Museum]
 +
*[http://www.navylist.org Royal Navy Biographical Database]
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*[https://www.warmemorialsonline.org.uk/ War Memorials Online]
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*[http://www.londonirishrifles.com/ London Irish Rifles Association]
 +
*Armed Forces help pages on [http://www.rootschat.com/forum/index.php?board=300.0 RootsChat Armed Forces Resources and help pages]. (Free)
 +
*[http://www.cwgc.org/find-war-dead.aspx Second World War Dead]
 +
*[http://search.findmypast.com/search-world-Records/british-royal-navy-and-royal-marines-service-and-pension-records-1704-1919?_ga=1.127630989.1219846231.1458237470 British Royal Navy & Royal Marines Service and Pension Records, 1704-1919], index, ($)
 +
*[http://search.findmypast.com/search-world-Records/british-army-honourable-artillery-company British Army, Honourable Artillery Company], ($), index
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=60506 UK, Army Registers of Soldiers' Effects, 1901-1929], ($), index/images
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*[http://search.findmypast.com/search-world-Records/british-army-list-of-half-pay-officers-1714 British Army, List Of Half-Pay Officers 1714], ($), index
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*[http://search.findmypast.com/search-world-Records/british-army-royal-artillery-officers-1716-1899 British Army, Royal Artillery Officers 1716-1899], ($), index
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3255 UK, Royal Hospital Chelsea Pensioner Registers of Soldiers Who Served in Canada, 1743-1882], ($), index/images
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*[http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/records/royal-naval-officers-service-records.htm Web: United Kingdom, Royal Naval Officers' Service Records Index, 1756-1931], index
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*[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1952868 United Kingdom, Chelsea Pensioners' Service Records, 1760-1913], index and images
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*[http://search.findmypast.com/search-world-Records/british-army-service-records-1760-1915 British Army Service Records 1760-1915], ($), index
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1686 UK, Military Campaign Medal and Award Rolls, 1793-1949], ($), index/images
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1687 UK, Naval Medal and Award Rolls, 1793-1972], ($), index/images
 +
*[http://search.findmypast.com/search-world-Records/british-army-war-of-1812-casualties British Army, War Of 1812 Casualties], ($), index
 +
*[http://search.findmypast.com/search-world-Records/british-army-officer-promotions-1800-1815 British Army Officer Promotions 1800-1815], ($), index
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*[https://www.civilwarpetitions.ac.uk/ England Civil War Petitions] - 1642-1710
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=9050 UK, Naval Officer and Rating Service Records, 1802-1919], ($), index/images
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/2046942 United Kingdom, Militia Service Records, 1806-1915], index and images
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=60546 UK, British Army Muster Books and Pay Lists, 1812-1817], ($), index/images
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1831 UK, Waterloo Medal Roll, 1815], ($), index/images
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7919 UK Royal Navy Medical Journals, 1817-1857], ($), index
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*[http://search.findmypast.com/search-world-Records/british-royal-navy-personnel-1831 British Royal Navy Personnel 1831], ($), index
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*[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1762440 United Kingdom, Merchant Navy Seamen Records, 1835-1941], index
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*[http://search.findmypast.com/search-world-Records/british-army-royal-artillery-officer-deaths-1850-2011 British Army, Royal Artillery Officer Deaths 1850-2011], ($), index
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*[http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/records/royal-marines-register-service.htm Web: UK, Royal Marines Registers of Service Index, 1842-1925], index
 +
*[http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/records/royal-naval-reserve-service-records.htm Web: UK, Royal Naval Reserve Service Records Index, 1860-1955], index
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*[http://search.findmypast.com/search-world-Records/england-and-wales-merchant-navy-crew-lists-1861-1913 England & Wales Merchant Navy Crew Lists 1861-1913], ($), index
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*[http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/documentsonline/navy-cards-and-files.asp Web: UK, Naval Officers' Service Record Cards and Files Index, 1880-1950s], index
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2406 UK, Navy Lists, 1888-1970], ($), index/images
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1912 UK, Casualties of the Boer War, 1899-1902], ($), index/images
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=60522 UK, Royal Navy Registers of Seamen's Services, 1900-1928], ($), index/images
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*[http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/documentsonline/rnvr.asp Web: UK, Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve Service Records Index, 1903-1922], ($), index/images
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*[http://www.mariners-l.co.uk/UKCoastguards.html THE WEBSITE OF THE MARINERS MAILING LIST]
 +
*[http://www.1914-1918.net/hospitals_uk.htm Military Hospitals]
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*[https://www.thegenealogist.co.uk/ The Genealogist] access to various Military Records including the roll of names for those who were awarded the Meritorious Service Medal (MSM) in the First World War up to 1920. ($)
 +
<br>
 +
*[http://www.reenactor.ru/ARH/PDF/Wickes.pdf Regiments of Foot] A historical record of all the foot regiments of the British Army
 +
*[http://www.iwm.org.uk/history/military-uniform-badges-and-portrait-photographs Military Uniform Badges and Portrait Photographs]
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 +
<center><span style="color: #cc9999">'''''World War I '''''</span></center> 
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=60454 UK, De Ruvigny's Roll of Honour, 1914-1919], ($), index/images. Also at [http://search.findmypast.com/search-world-Records/british-army-de-ruvignys-roll-of-honour-1914-1918 findmypast], ($), index
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=60380 UK, WWI War Diaries (Gallipoli and Dardanelles), 1914-1916], ($), index/images
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*[http://search.findmypast.com/search-world-Records/world-war-one-british-army-medal-index-cards World War One British Army Medal Index Cards], ($), index
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/2125045 United Kingdom, World War I Service Records, 1914-1920], index and images
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=9283 England, The National Roll of the Great War, 1914-1918], ($), index/images. Also at [http://www.myheritage.com/research/collection-10240/the-national-roll-of-the-great-war-1914-1918?s=218489221 MyHeritage], ($), index
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2456 UK, Silver War Badge Records, 1914-1920], ($), index/images
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1543 UK, Soldiers Died in the Great War, 1914-1919], ($), index/images
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2706 UK, Commonwealth War Graves, 1914-1921 and 1939-1947], ($), index/images
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=60779 UK, WWI War Diaries (France, Belgium and Germany), 1914-1920], ($), index/images
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1913 UK, Citations of the Distinguished Conduct Medal, 1914-1920], ($), index/images
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=4722 UK, British Officer Prisoners of War, 1914-1918], ($), index. Also at [http://search.findmypast.com/search-world-Records/british-officers-taken-prisoner-of-war-1914-1918 findmypast], ($), index
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2896 UK, Memorial Books WWI and WWII, 1914-1945], ($), index/images
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=5119 UK, WWI Service Medal and Award Rolls, 1914-1920], ($), index/images
 +
*[https://www.nidirect.gov.uk/articles/first-world-war-register-royal-victoria-hospital First World War Register - Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast]
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*[https://www.thegenealogist.co.uk/ The Genealogist] access to various Military Records including the roll of names for those who were awarded the Meritorious Service Medal (MSM) in the First World War up to 1920.($)
 +
<br>
 +
 
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<center><span style="color: #cc9999">'''''World War I--Army '''''</span></center>
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*[http://search.findmypast.com/search-world-Records/british-army-bond-of-sacrifice-officers-died-in-the-great-war-1914-1916 British Army, Bond Of Sacrifice: Officers Died In The Great War 1914-1916], ($), index
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*[http://search.findmypast.com/search-world-Records/british-army-deserters-and-absentees-in-police-gazette-1914-1919 British Army, Deserters and Absentees In Police Gazette 1914-1919], ($), index
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1262 British Army WWI Medal Rolls Index Cards, 1914-1920], ($), index/images
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1219 British Army WWI Service Records, 1914-1920], ($), index/images. Also at [http://search.findmypast.com/search-world-Records/british-army-service-records-1760-1915 findmypast], ($), index
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1114 British Army WWI Pension Records 1914-1920], ($), index/images
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*[http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/help-with-your-research/research-guides/british-army-medal-index-cards-1914-1920/ British Army medal index cards 1914-1920]. index.
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<br>
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<center><span style="color: #cc9999">'''''World War I--Air Force '''''</span></center>
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*[http://search.findmypast.com/search-world-Records/british-royal-air-force-airmens-service-records-1912-1939 British Royal Air Force, Airmen's Service Records 1912-1939], ($), index
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*[http://search.findmypast.com/search-world-Records/british-royal-air-force-officers-service-records-1912-1920 British Royal Air Force, Officers' Service Records 1912-1920], ($), index
 +
<br>
 +
 
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<center><span style="color: #cc9999">'''''World War I--Navy, Marines, Merchant Seaman'''''</span></center>
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*[http://search.findmypast.com/search-world-Records/british-royal-navy-foreign-awards-to-officers-index-1914-1922 British Royal Navy, Foreign Awards To Officers Index 1914-1922], ($), index
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*[http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/SearchUI/details?Uri=C3387 Web: UK, Campaign Medals Awarded to WWI Merchant Seamen, 1914-1925], index. Also at [http://search.findmypast.com/search-world-Records/british-merchant-navy-first-world-war-medal-cards-1914-1925 findmypast], ($), index
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1963 UK, Royal Navy and Royal Marine War Graves Roll, 1914-1919], ($), index/images
 +
*[http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/records/royal-naval-division.htm Web: UK, Royal Naval Division Index, 1914-1919], ($), index/images
 +
<br>
 +
 
 +
<center><span style="color: #cc9999">'''''World War I--Women's Forces'''''</span></center>
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*[http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/help-with-your-research/research-guides/british-army-nurses-service-records-1914-1918/ British Army nurses’ service records 1914-1918], Index.
 +
*[http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/documentsonline/wrns.asp Web: UK, Women's Royal Naval Service Index, 1917-1919], index
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/search/collection/2126214 United Kingdom, World War I Women's Army Auxiliary Corps Records, 1917-1920], images/no index. Also at [http://search.findmypast.com/search-world-Records/british-army-womens-army-auxiliary-corps-1917-1920 findmypast], ($), index
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*[http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/documentsonline/wo373 Web: UK, Women's Army Auxiliary Corps Index, 1917-1920], ($), index
 +
*[http://search.findmypast.com/search-world-Records/british-womens-royal-naval-service-officer-files-1917-1919 British Women's Royal Naval Service Officer Files 1917-1919], ($), index
 +
*[http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/documentsonline/wrns.asp Web: United Kingdom, Women's Royal Air Force Index, 1918-1920], index
 +
*[http://search.findmypast.com/search-world-Records/british-womens-royal-air-force-service-records-1918-1920 British Women's Royal Air Force Service Records 1918-1920], ($), index
 +
*[http://search.findmypast.com/search-world-Records/british-womens-royal-air-force-service-records-1918-1920 British Women's Royal Naval Service Ratings' Service Registers 1918-1919], ($), index
 +
<br>
 +
 
 +
<center><span style="color: #cc9999">'''''World War II '''''</span></center>
 +
*[http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/documentsonline/wo373 Web: UK, Recommendations for Honours and Awards Index, 1935-1990], ($), index/images
 +
*[http://search.findmypast.com/search-world-Records/prisoners-of-war-1939-1945---british-army-held-in-german-territories Prisoners Of War 1939-1945 - British Army Held In German Territories], ($), index
 +
*[http://search.findmypast.com/search-world-Records/prisoners-of-war-1939-1945---british-navy-and-air-force-officers Prisoners Of War 1939-1945 - British Navy &amp; Air Force Officers], ($), index
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*[http://search.findmypast.com/search-world-Records/prisoners-of-war-1939-1945---officers-of-empire-serving-in-british-army Prisoners Of War 1939-1945 - Officers Of Empire Serving In British Army], ($), index
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1601 UK, British Prisoners of War, 1939-1945], ($), index/images
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1604 UK, Army Roll of Honour, 1939-1945], ($), index/images
 +
*[http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/documentsonline/seamens-medals.asp Web: UK, WWII Medals Issued to Merchant Seamen, 1939-1945], index
 +
<br>
 +
 
 +
<center><span style="color: #cc9999">'''''Post-World War I '''''</span></center>
 +
*[http://search.findmypast.com/search-world-Records/british-casualties-spanish-civil-war-1936-1939 British Casualties, Spanish Civil War 1936-1939], ($), index
 +
*[http://search.findmypast.com/search-world-Records/british-casualties-korean-war-1950-1953 British Casualties, Korean War 1950-1953], ($), index
 +
*[http://www.archhistory.co.uk/taca/history.html History Matters The Army Children Archive]
 +
<br>
 +
 
 +
 
 +
[[Image:English Civil War Uniform.jpg|thumb|right|<center>English Civil War Uniform<center>]]Military records are potentially of great genealogical value and may provide information not found in any other source. These records identify individuals who served or were eligible to serve in the military. Military service (other than the militia) was usually a lifetime career. Officers came from the upper classes; soldiers usually came from the poor. On occasion, compulsory conscription was enforced and even "press-gangs" were used.  
  
 
You may find evidence that an ancestor served in the military from family records, biographies, census, probates, civil registration, or church records.  
 
You may find evidence that an ancestor served in the military from family records, biographies, census, probates, civil registration, or church records.  
  
 
Britain's armed forces comprise, in order of seniority, the Royal Navy (including the Royal Marines), Army and Royal Air Force. Other&nbsp;units can&nbsp;include local militia, fencibles, yeomanry and&nbsp;territorial units of the army. These are briefly discussed at the end of this section.  
 
Britain's armed forces comprise, in order of seniority, the Royal Navy (including the Royal Marines), Army and Royal Air Force. Other&nbsp;units can&nbsp;include local militia, fencibles, yeomanry and&nbsp;territorial units of the army. These are briefly discussed at the end of this section.  
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 +
See also [[British Military Records Online|British Military Records Online]].
  
 
== History and Background  ==
 
== History and Background  ==
Line 39: Line 161:
 
Ship logs exist from 1673. While they usually give information only on position, weather, and sightings of other ships, records of shipboard events may include names of individual seamen.  
 
Ship logs exist from 1673. While they usually give information only on position, weather, and sightings of other ships, records of shipboard events may include names of individual seamen.  
  
[[Image:British Military3.jpg|thumb|right|357x417px|British Military3.jpg]]  
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[[Image:British Military3.jpg|thumb|right|357x417px|<center>British Military3<center>]]  
  
 
=== Other Records  ===
 
=== Other Records  ===
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These records are at [http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/records/ The National archives]. For further information on military records for branches of the service other than navy or regular army, see the military record handbooks at the end of this section.<br>
 
These records are at [http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/records/ The National archives]. For further information on military records for branches of the service other than navy or regular army, see the military record handbooks at the end of this section.<br>
 +
*[http://www.boer-war.com/Military/British/TransportShips.html Boer War] has information on the ships used by each regiment. It names the regiments, dates of sailing, dates of arrival and ports of departure and arrival in some cases.
  
 
=== Records at the Family History Library  ===
 
=== Records at the Family History Library  ===
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Some Royal Marine attestation (enlistment) records are also available at the library.  
 
Some Royal Marine attestation (enlistment) records are also available at the library.  
  
A number of name indexes to some military records containing birth, marriages, or deaths are in the Family History Library. These indexes can be found in the Place search of the Family History Library Catalog under:  
+
A number of name indexes to some military records containing birth, marriages, or deaths are in the Family History Library. These indexes can be found in the Place search of the FamilySearch Catalog under:  
  
 
:MILITARY RECORDS - CIVIL REGISTRATION
 
:MILITARY RECORDS - CIVIL REGISTRATION
Line 77: Line 200:
 
The library staff has compiled a typescript listing of army records in its collection (Family History Library book {{FHL|280386|title-id|disp=942 M2}}; film {{FHL|990313|film|disp=990313}} item 5).  
 
The library staff has compiled a typescript listing of army records in its collection (Family History Library book {{FHL|280386|title-id|disp=942 M2}}; film {{FHL|990313|film|disp=990313}} item 5).  
  
Library records are listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under ENGLAND and the following subject headings:  
+
Library records are listed in the Place Search of the FamilySearch Catalog under ENGLAND and the following subject headings:  
  
 
:MILITARY RECORDS  
 
:MILITARY RECORDS  
Line 84: Line 207:
 
:MILITARY RECORDS - NAVY
 
:MILITARY RECORDS - NAVY
  
Military histories or regimental histories are listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:  
+
Military histories or regimental histories are listed in the Place Search of the FamilySearch Catalog under:  
  
 
:ENGLAND - MILITARY HISTORY
 
:ENGLAND - MILITARY HISTORY
Line 108: Line 231:
 
(Corps of Her Majesty's Royal Marines)  
 
(Corps of Her Majesty's Royal Marines)  
  
The Royal marines&nbsp;originally maintained military discipline on navy vessels. It has been a separate&nbsp;corps of the military since 1755, although under the control of the Admiralty and forming part of the Naval Service. Alphabetically arranged records of marines exist from 1790, some by enlistment date and others by discharge date. Service records up to 1926 can be accessed online via [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1963 TNA].
+
The Royal marines&nbsp;originally maintained military discipline on navy vessels. It has been a separate&nbsp;corps of the military since 1755, although under the control of the Admiralty and forming part of the Naval Service. Alphabetically arranged records of marines exist from 1790, some by enlistment date and others by discharge date. Service records up to 1926 can be accessed online via [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1963 TNA].  
  
 
=== Army  ===
 
=== Army  ===
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Cavalry <br>Infantry <br>Corps (e,g, Army Service Corps; Royal Signals; Royal Engineers etc.)  
 
Cavalry <br>Infantry <br>Corps (e,g, Army Service Corps; Royal Signals; Royal Engineers etc.)  
  
The army began as a permanent organization in 1660. Earlier armies were raised as needed, usually as county militia units. For information on pre-1660 military records, see the handbooks listed at the end of this section.<br>Pre-1847 - English army service was usually for life. Some soldiers were discharged early for disability, which was liberally defined. A soldier was often discharged by the age of forty.<br>Pre-1872 - Army records are organized by regiment. Most regiments have published histories that tell the places where they served and the battles they fought. For a bibliography of these histories, see:<br>White, Arthur S., comp.A Bibliography of Regimental Histories of the British Army. Dallington, East Sussex, England: Naval and Military Press Ltd., 1992. ({{FHL|561266}} Family History Library book 942 M23was.)<br>Military histories or regimental histories are listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under:<br>WALES - MILITARY HISTORY<br>GREAT BRITAIN - MILITARY HISTORY  
+
The army began as a permanent organization in 1660. Earlier armies were raised as needed, usually as county militia units. For information on pre-1660 military records, see the handbooks listed at the end of this section.<br>Pre-1847 - English army service was usually for life. Some soldiers were discharged early for disability, which was liberally defined. A soldier was often discharged by the age of forty.<br>Pre-1872 - Army records are organized by regiment. Most regiments have published histories that tell the places where they served and the battles they fought. For a bibliography of these histories, see:<br>White, Arthur S., comp.A Bibliography of Regimental Histories of the British Army. Dallington, East Sussex, England: Naval and Military Press Ltd., 1992. ({{FHL|561266}} Family History Library book 942 M23was.)<br>Military histories or regimental histories are listed in the Place Search of the FamilySearch Catalog under:<br>WALES - MILITARY HISTORY<br>GREAT BRITAIN - MILITARY HISTORY  
  
 
== Search Strategies  ==
 
== Search Strategies  ==
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It is difficult to locate an individual’s record without knowing his ship or regiment. If you do not know this, you may find it in other types of records. Once you know the regiment or ship, consult the muster rolls, records of service, or other records available for that ship or regiment. Strategies for finding the ship or regiment follow.  
 
It is difficult to locate an individual’s record without knowing his ship or regiment. If you do not know this, you may find it in other types of records. Once you know the regiment or ship, consult the muster rolls, records of service, or other records available for that ship or regiment. Strategies for finding the ship or regiment follow.  
  
== Websites  ==
 
 
*[http://www.britishwargraves.co.uk/index.htm British War Graves: War Grave Photographs]
 
*[http://www.genealogylinks.net/uk/england/all-england/military.htm England Military Links]
 
*[http://www.firepower.org.uk/index.php/research/family-history/ Royal Artillery Museum]
 
*[http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/about/news/war-memorials-online/ War Memorials Online]
 
  
 
{{Place|England}}  
 
{{Place|England}}  
  
[[Category:England|Military Records]]
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[[Category:England_Military_Records]]

Latest revision as of 15:44, 9 August 2018

England Wiki Topics
Flag of England
Beginning Research
Record Types
England Background
Local Research Resources
England
Military Records

Online Resources


World War I


World War I--Army


World War I--Air Force


World War I--Navy, Marines, Merchant Seaman


World War I--Women's Forces


World War II


Post-World War I



English Civil War Uniform
Military records are potentially of great genealogical value and may provide information not found in any other source. These records identify individuals who served or were eligible to serve in the military. Military service (other than the militia) was usually a lifetime career. Officers came from the upper classes; soldiers usually came from the poor. On occasion, compulsory conscription was enforced and even "press-gangs" were used.

You may find evidence that an ancestor served in the military from family records, biographies, census, probates, civil registration, or church records.

Britain's armed forces comprise, in order of seniority, the Royal Navy (including the Royal Marines), Army and Royal Air Force. Other units can include local militia, fencibles, yeomanry and territorial units of the army. These are briefly discussed at the end of this section.

See also British Military Records Online.

History and Background

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Military history of England
England has been regularly involved in military action. Examples of these are:

1284: The Norman invasion of Wales from 1067–1283 (formalized with the Statute of Rhuddlan in 1284) put Wales under England's control. Wales came under English law with the Laws in Wales Acts 1535–1542.

1455-1481: Wars of the Roses. These ongoing wars involved mostly knights pledged to lords or vassals. Few commoners were involved, and few records were kept.

1642–1651: Civil War and Cromwellian period. Disputes over the form of government and religion led to civil war. Only very brief military records of officers still exist.

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Military history of the United Kingdom

1707: The unification of the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland into the Kingdom of Great Britain bring about the new British Army incorporating Regiments that had already existed in England and Scotland

Further information: British Military Records


Records

The National Archives (TNA), located at Kew, West London, houses information on military personnel, much of it now available to download.

Militia Lists and Musters

Militia lists (beginning as early as 1297) contain the names of men eligible for military service. Militia musters are lists of men in the militia. Early militia lists and most militia musters contain only the men’s names. A brief explanation of musters and the location of available pre-1707 lists are given in:

  • Gibson, Jeremy, and Alan Dell. Tudor and Stuart Muster Rolls. Solihull, England: Federation of Family History Societies Publications, Ltd., 1989. (Family History Library book 942 M2gj)

Ship Logs

Ship logs exist from 1673. While they usually give information only on position, weather, and sightings of other ships, records of shipboard events may include names of individual seamen.

British Military3

Other Records

Many other records are available, such as records on medals, casualties, promotions, desertion, and court martials. The following military branches have separate records:

  • Fencibles were army units raised for home service only. Fencibles were usually classed with the militia, and records are kept with militia records.
  • Yeomanry were volunteer regiments, records of which often do not survive or are less complete than other military records.
  • Colonial armies were forces raised in other countries. Records of these forces are usually in the country where the forces were raised. A notable exception is the Indian Army, for which many records are held at the British Library Oriental and India Office Collections, 96 Euston Road, London NW1 2DB England. Another source of British_colonial_army_officerscan be useful.

These records are at The National archives. For further information on military records for branches of the service other than navy or regular army, see the military record handbooks at the end of this section.

  • Boer War has information on the ships used by each regiment. It names the regiments, dates of sailing, dates of arrival and ports of departure and arrival in some cases.

Records at the Family History Library

The Family History Library’s collection of army records includes:

  • Army soldiers’ documents
  • Description books
  • Officers’ records of service
  • Indexes to the Regimental Registers and the Chaplains’ Returns
  • Regimental histories
  • Other miscellaneous army records

For the navy, the library has:

  • Continuous service engagement books
  • Indexes to commission and warrant books
  • Bounty papers
  • Various published sources

Some Royal Marine attestation (enlistment) records are also available at the library.

A number of name indexes to some military records containing birth, marriages, or deaths are in the Family History Library. These indexes can be found in the Place search of the FamilySearch Catalog under:

MILITARY RECORDS - CIVIL REGISTRATION

The library staff has compiled a typescript listing of army records in its collection (Family History Library book 942 M2; film 990313 item 5).

Library records are listed in the Place Search of the FamilySearch Catalog under ENGLAND and the following subject headings:

MILITARY RECORDS
MILITARY HISTORY
MILITARY RECORDS - ARMY
MILITARY RECORDS - NAVY

Military histories or regimental histories are listed in the Place Search of the FamilySearch Catalog under:

ENGLAND - MILITARY HISTORY

Branches of Service

Royal Navy

The first permanent naval fleet was formed during the reign of King Henry VIII (1509–1547). For many years Britain had the strongest navy in the world. The earliest surviving navy records are from 1617, but the majority of the extensive collection date from the mid-1600s. Many records are available only at The National Archives.

Several sources list navy ships with descriptions and the dates on which they were placed in service. One such work is:
Colledge, James J. Ships of the Royal Navy. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1987. (FHL 400175 Family History Library book 942 M3c.)

The Navy Official List books, available from 1673, give ports of call for ships during each year. Some of these lists are available in the Family History Library.

Seamen often moved between the navy and the merchant marines. Until 1853 enlistment was informal and lasted for the ship’s commission, usually three years. Individual "ratings" (seamen) were not mentioned in navy records other than musters or pay lists unless they deserted, misbehaved, or earned a medal. After 1853 seamen often made the navy their career. They were assigned continuous service numbers and records were maintained for the duration of their careers.

Navy Officers.

You can usually find navy officers in the Navy Lists (1782 to the present) or in the Index to Commission and Warrant Books (1695 to 1742). See the sub-heading of "Lists of Officers" in this section for details.

Royal Marines

(Corps of Her Majesty's Royal Marines)

The Royal marines originally maintained military discipline on navy vessels. It has been a separate corps of the military since 1755, although under the control of the Admiralty and forming part of the Naval Service. Alphabetically arranged records of marines exist from 1790, some by enlistment date and others by discharge date. Service records up to 1926 can be accessed online via TNA.

Army

The army began as a permanent organization in 1660. Earlier armies were raised as needed, usually as county militia units. The oldest regiment is the Honourable Artillery Company, formed in 1537. For information on pre-1660 military records, see the handbooks listed at the end of this section. The Soldier in Later Medieval England database has names of about 250,000 soldiers.

The basic unit of the Army is the regiment under a colonel or lieutenant colonel. Regiments are usually divided into two or more Battalions. The main types of regiments which should be searched are:

Cavalry
Infantry
Corps (e,g, Army Service Corps; Royal Signals; Royal Engineers etc.)

The army began as a permanent organization in 1660. Earlier armies were raised as needed, usually as county militia units. For information on pre-1660 military records, see the handbooks listed at the end of this section.
Pre-1847 - English army service was usually for life. Some soldiers were discharged early for disability, which was liberally defined. A soldier was often discharged by the age of forty.
Pre-1872 - Army records are organized by regiment. Most regiments have published histories that tell the places where they served and the battles they fought. For a bibliography of these histories, see:
White, Arthur S., comp.A Bibliography of Regimental Histories of the British Army. Dallington, East Sussex, England: Naval and Military Press Ltd., 1992. (FHL 561266 Family History Library book 942 M23was.)
Military histories or regimental histories are listed in the Place Search of the FamilySearch Catalog under:
WALES - MILITARY HISTORY
GREAT BRITAIN - MILITARY HISTORY

Search Strategies

It is difficult to locate an individual’s record without knowing his ship or regiment. If you do not know this, you may find it in other types of records. Once you know the regiment or ship, consult the muster rolls, records of service, or other records available for that ship or regiment. Strategies for finding the ship or regiment follow.