England, Durham Diocese Bishops' Transcripts (FamilySearch Historical Records)
|This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.|
Access the records: England, Diocese of Durham Bishops' Transcripts ca. 1700-1900 .
- 1 Record Description
- 2 How to Use the Record
- 3 Known Issues with This Collection
- 4 Related Websites
- 5 Related Wiki Articles
- 6 Contributions to This Article
- 7 Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections
The collection was published as a digital image collection and was loaded when Record Search began. It is in need of substantial engineering work to complete loading of all parishes and to correct certain anomalies which arose in the 1951 catalogue of the transcripts.
North Durham is explained in the linked wiki article and a history of the transcripts Howe Manuscript. There are certain transcript pages at present marked as "unknown" in Historical Records, which represent detached transcript pages at the time of digital image collection. Since each page of transcripts is identified by a parish and transcript number these will be relocated in future by engineering the image collection and the "unknown" section simple houses the image until this can be achieved.
The collection will in future need to be taken down to correct these and other assembly issues. The transcripts for Sunderland and Wallsend were mixed prior to digital imaging and will need work to reorganize images.
Please refer to the parish wiki page for details of such issues in the collection. Where images were not loaded for parishes or images are unavailable at FamilySearch Historical Records, the parish content endeavours to inform them of the issue. We have no indication of the future removal and reloading of the collection by engineers.
Baptisms (christenings), marriages, and burials were recorded on blank pages in a bound book called a register. The events of baptism, marriage, and burial were all recorded in one volume until 1754, when a law required that marriages be recorded in a separate book. Banns, or proclamations of “an intent” to marry, were recorded in yet another book. Starting in 1812, preprinted registers were introduced, and then separate registers were kept for baptisms, marriages, and burials. Before 1812, bishops’ transcripts were usually recorded on loose pieces of paper. Following that year, the transcripts were recorded on the same preprinted forms as parish registers.
For a list of records by date or locality currently published in this collection, select the Browse link from the collection landing page
In 1530, King Henry VIII established the Church in England, also known as the Anglican Church, the State Church, or the Episcopal Church. A law passed in 1537 required ministers to record the baptisms, marriages, and burials that took place in their parishes. Priests recorded these events in registers and kept them at the parish level, which is the lowest level of authority in the Church of England. Within some parishes, chapelries were created to provide for the worship needs of the parishioner when the parish church was not easily accessible. Chapelries sometimes had the authority to perform baptisms, marriages, and burials, so they kept their own registers. Several parishes formed a deanery (presided over by a dean), several deaneries formed an archdeaconry (presided over by an archdeacon), and several archdeaconries formed a diocese (presided over by a bishop).
Beginning in 1598, ministers were required to send copies of their registers to an archdeacon or bishop annually. These copies are referred to as bishops’ transcripts, or sometimes archdeacon transcripts. As a result, two copies of many parish registers exist from 1598 to about the mid-1800s. After civil registration began in 1837, the value of keeping bishops’ transcripts diminished, so by 1870 most parishes had stopped making them.
Banns are proclamations of an intent to marry. After 1754, these banns were required to be read for three consecutive Sundays before a marriage so that anyone with reasons against the marriage could oppose it. Banns were read in both the bride’s parish and the groom’s parish. The vast majority of the English population belonged to the Church of England. Only since the mid 19th century have other religious groups made headway.
The Durham Diocese transcript collection is fragmented Durham Bishop's Transcripts: The Howe Manuscript Collection outlines the local collection and storage history for the Diocese. Durham Transcripts were also affected by geographical boundary changes. North Durham references in the Durham Bishop’s Transcripts collection 1700-1900 explains the background to the inclusion of parishes and burial Grounds in Cumberland and North Yorkshire, as well as the designation of certain Northumberland parishes.
Each parish in the Diocese has been entered in Research Wiki and where a place has an alias these have been cross referenced to parishes. Extra parochial places mentioned contain indications of nearby parishes.
The Durham Transcripts were deposited in 1951 with the Durham University Library Special Collections. In this phase they were organised chronologically by parish name and each parish was catalogued with a reference prefixed DDR/EA/BT and then pages were sequenced in a numerical order. Thus the parish of Aycliffe:
Reference number: DDR/EA/PBT/2/14
Date: 1762-1877 will have page sequences DDR/EA/PBT/2/14/1 for 1762 to DDR/EA/PBT/2/14/474 for 1877
Note: The FamilySearch Historical Records image collection is not completely loaded and there are parishes which do not yet appear. Further engineering work is needed to load all images and to improve search features. Please refer to the parish name in Research Wiki for specific information about images for each parish. The parish entry will indicate if partial images are available and where to locate them.
In 1537, the Church of England mandated that parishes begin keeping church registers by the next year (1538). These church registers continue to the present. Bishops’ transcripts, or copies of parish registers, were required beginning in 1598 and continued to the mid 1800s.
Parish registers were created to record church events of baptism or christening, marriage, and burial. Baptismal entries usually list the person’s birth date, and burial entries list the death date. In the Church of England, baptism, which was also called christening, was performed soon after the birth of a child. Marriage in the church legally united a man and a woman for civil legal reasons and for the purpose of founding a religiously sanctified family. Burial is a function of the church to inter the deceased soon after death.
Church of England parish registers are the most reliable and accurate family history source until July 1837, when the government instituted the civil registration of births, marriages, and deaths. Information in parish registers and bishops’ transcripts can be verified against each other.
Citation for This Collection
The following citation refers to the original source of the data and images published on FamilySearch.org Historical Records. It may include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
- Church of England. England, Diocese of Durham bishops transcripts of baptisms, marriages and burials. Public Record Office, London, England.
Information about creating source citations for FamilySearch Historical Collections is listed in the wiki article Help:How to Create Source Citations For FamilySearch Historical Records Collections
Church of England parish register baptism records usually contain:
- Baptism date
- Name of the child
- Sex of the child
- Legitimacy of the child
- Marital status of the parents
- Social class of the parents
- Name of the father and often mother’s given name
- May list the residence of the parents, especially after 1812
Church of England parish register marriage records usually contain:
- Marriage date
- Name of the bride and groom
- Age of the bride and groom
- May list names of parents or other relatives
- Residence of the bride and groom
- Marital status of individuals and couples
- May list the dates that the marriage was announced, also called “banns published” (This normally took place on three separate occasions prior to the marriage and gave anyone with a valid reason a chance to object to the marriage.)
- After 1754, the full names of witnesses
- After 1837, the full names of the fathers
- May note if a spouse is single or widowed at the time of the marriage
Church of England parish register burial records usually contain:
- Burial date
- Name of the deceased. If the deceased is a child, the father’s name might be given. If the deceased is a married woman, the husband’s name might be given.
- Age of the person
- Residence of the deceased
- May give the sex of the deceased
- Residence of the deceased
How to Use the Record
Parish registers are one of the best sources for identifying individuals and connecting them to parents, spouses, and other generations. In July 1837, the government instituted the civil registration of births, marriages, and deaths. However, parish registers continue to play an important role because they are often more readily available than civil registers. Bishops’ transcripts are a backup source for parish registers that are missing or illegible. If possible, you may want to search both the parish registers and the bishops’ transcripts since one is a handwritten copy of the other and might contain differences. Baptism or christening records list the parents’ names, making it possible for you to connect your ancestor to an earlier generation. You may find a birth date listed or be able to approximate a birth date. After 1812, the baptismal records list a place of residence, making it easier to identify your family by where they lived. The records also list the father’s occupation, which makes it easier to identify your ancestor's family when more than one family with the same name lived in the parish.
Marriage records sometimes state the residence for the bride and groom. You can use this information to look for their baptisms and to identify the children of this couple. Sometimes the groom’s occupation is listed, which could help you find more records about the groom. Marriage records after 1754, list the names of witnesses, who were often family members. These can help you identify your ancestor’s family. Signatures in the records might be used to identify a particular individual by the handwriting style. After 1812, and sometimes before, burial records include the age of the deceased. Use this age to approximate the person’s birth year and to find the baptismal record. If the deceased is a child, the parents’ names might be given. This information helps to extend your family another generation. The occupation of a deceased male might be given (especially after 1812) and can help identify your ancestor when there is more than one person by that name in the area. Knowing the occupation might also provide you the opportunity to find other records about your ancestor.
Banns indicate the parish of residence of the bride and groom. This information often leads to the records of another parish. You can search for the baptisms of the bride and groom in the parishes of residence since these might also be the parishes where they were born.
Known Issues with This Collection
For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection, please read the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, feel free to report them at email@example.com. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
Related Wiki Articles
Contributions to This Article
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Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.
Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection
"England, Diocese of Durham Bishop's Transcripts, ca., 1700-1900," images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org: acccessed 3 April 2012), Cumberland > Alston > 1873-1884 > image 6 of 9, William Dalton, burial, 10 October 1874; citing Durham County, Bishops' Transcripts, Record Office, Durham, England.