Difference between revisions of "England Census Records and Indexes Online"

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The 1841 and subsequent censuses are all indexed online and can be searched by name, age, birthplace, or locality. Most of the commercial companies also have images available for download. The indexes can be problematic in that names can be spelled in various ways and indexers&nbsp;sometimes failed to interpret the spellings correctly. If you cannot find a person it means you need to vary your search parameters. The information in an index may be incorrect or incomplete. If you believe your ancestor was in a particular census area, search the census even if your ancestor is not in the index.<br>  
 
The 1841 and subsequent censuses are all indexed online and can be searched by name, age, birthplace, or locality. Most of the commercial companies also have images available for download. The indexes can be problematic in that names can be spelled in various ways and indexers&nbsp;sometimes failed to interpret the spellings correctly. If you cannot find a person it means you need to vary your search parameters. The information in an index may be incorrect or incomplete. If you believe your ancestor was in a particular census area, search the census even if your ancestor is not in the index.<br>  
  
<u>A collection of British census records that can be found at subscription websites:</u>
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== Subscription Websites  ==
  
*[http://www.findmypast.co.uk www.findmypast.co.uk] (1841, 1861, 1871, 1891 are indexed with images. Searching by address is possible. 1881 is an index only, without images. 1851 and 1901 are near completion.&nbsp; This is a pay-per-view website.&nbsp; It is available for free use at the Family History Library.)
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The Subscription websites have a variety of indexes, and or images of church records, military records, civil registration indexes, and a variety of other records. A collection of England census records that can be found at subscription websites:
  
*[http://www.ancestry.co.uk/ www.ancestry.co.uk] or [http://www.ancestry.com www.ancestry.com] (All censuses for England and Wales between 1841 and 1901. No search by address is possible. Requires either a subscription to www.ancestry.co.uk&nbsp;or an international www.ancestry.com subscription. The library edition of the international subscription to www.ancestry.com is available for free use at the Family History Library, regional family history centers in the western part of the U.S., and at the London Family History Centre.)&nbsp; [[England, Using Ancestry.com and Ancestry.co.uk for English Research|Follow this link for more information on searching English censuses on Ancestry]].<br>
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*[http://www.findmypast.co.uk www.findmypast.co.uk]&nbsp;&nbsp; 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881,&nbsp; 1891, 1901, '''1911''' are indexed with images. Searching by address is possible.&nbsp;&nbsp; This is a pay-per-view and subscription website. Findmypast&nbsp; is available for free use at the Family History Library and [[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers|Family History Centers]].
*&nbsp;[http://www.thegenealogist.co.uk/ <span style="text-decoration: underline;">The Genealogist</span>] (All censuses for England and Wales between 1841 and 1901. Search by address or keyword or for a specific county only is possible. Requires a subscription.&nbsp; '''Volunteers''' may transcribe census records in exchange for search credits.)<br>
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*[http://www.ancestry.co.uk/ www.ancestry.co.uk] or [http://www.ancestry.com www.ancestry.com] 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901,  '''1911'''&nbsp; are indexed with images.&nbsp; This is a subscription website.&nbsp; The added benefit at ancestry.com is you can link census images to your online tree. &nbsp; The library edition of ancestry.com is available for free use at the Family History Library, and regional <span style="text-decoration: underline;">F</span>[[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers|amily History Centers]].&nbsp; A wiki article has been written on how best to [[England, Using Ancestry.com and Ancestry.co.uk for English Research|search census records on Ancestry.]]  
*[http://www.origins.net/BOWelcome.aspx Britishorigins] Censuses for England and Wales for 1841, 1861, and 1871.<br>
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*&nbsp;[http://www.thegenealogist.co.uk/ <span style="text-decoration: underline">The Genealogist</span>]&nbsp; 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901, '''1911'''. )&nbsp; Searches are conducted on a county basis using an address, placename, keyword, forename or surname.&nbsp; Requires a subscription.&nbsp; '''Volunteers''' may transcribe census records in exchange for search credits. Free at [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/FHC/frameset_fhc.asp family history centers] and the Family History Library.
*The [http://www.1901censusonline.com/main.asp?wci=welcome 1901 census online site] contains a free searchable index. Not only does this site contain the 1901 census, but it contains the 1841 - 1891 censuses as well.&nbsp; There is a fee to view transcriptions and images.<br>
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*[http://www.origins.net/BOWelcome.aspx Britishorigins] Censuses for England and Wales for 1841, 1861, and 1871.  
*The [http://www.1911census.co.uk/ 1911 census online site] contains a free searchable index.&nbsp; There is a fee to view transcriptions and images. The 1911 census is available to search at no cost at any Family History Center, this includes access to the transcriptions and the images.
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*The [http://www.1901censusonline.com/main.asp?wci=welcome 1901 census online site] contains a free searchable index. Not only does this site contain the 1901 census, but it contains the 1841 - 1891 censuses as well.&nbsp; There is a fee to view transcriptions and images.  
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*The [http://www.1911census.co.uk/ 1911 census online site] contains a free searchable index.&nbsp; There is a fee to view transcriptions and images. <br>
  
<u>A </u><u>collection of British census records can be found at various nonprofit websites:&nbsp; </u>'''<u>(Volunteer driven websites)</u>'''
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== Non-subscription Websites  ==
  
*'''Volunteers''' have been indexing the 1841 to 1891 census for many years at [http://www.freecen.org.uk/cgi/search.pl FreeCen].&nbsp; Check to see if [http://www.freecen.org.uk/statistics.html your county and or parish] has been indexed.&nbsp; If it has then this site will be of value to you. '''Volunteers''' are always needed to keep the site growing. Complete transcription of households are on this website<br>
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A collection of British census records can be found at various non-subscription websites: '''(Volunteer driven websites)'''
*The 1841 and 1861 England and Wales census indexes can be [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=0 searched for free] at the familysearch pilot site:&nbsp; This is a '''volunteer''' driven website.&nbsp; This website only indexes individuals and their birthplaces and does not list places of residence.<br>
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*A transcription and index to the 1881 census of England, Wales, Isle of Man, Channel Islands, and the Royal Navy is [http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/Search/frameset_search.asp?PAGE=ce online] at familysearch.org. A compact disc version of the 1881 British Census and National Index is available for [http://www.ldscatalog.com/webapp/wcs/stores/servlet/CategoryDisplay?catalogId=10151&storeId=10151&categoryId=13704&langId=-1&cg1=13701&cg2=&cg3=&cg4=&cg5= purchase]. An [http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/Search/Rg/frameset_rg.asp?Dest=G1&Aid=&Gid=&Lid=&Sid=&Did=&Juris1=&Event=&Year=&Gloss=&Sub=&Tab=&Entry=&Guide=1881_British_Census_Indexes.ASP explanation] of the census index and microfiche version is online. <br><span style="font-family: 'arial','sans-serif';">The Family History Library has an [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/education/frameset_education.asp?PAGE=education_research_series_online.asp%3FActiveTab=2 online tutorial] for the English census available at www.familysearch.org.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span><span style="font-family: 'arial','sans-serif';" /><span style="font-family: arial;" class="Apple-style-span">&nbsp;</span><span style="font-family: arial;" class="Apple-style-span" /><br>  
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*'''Volunteers''' have been indexing the 1841 to 1891 census for many years at [http://www.freecen.org.uk/cgi/search.pl FreeCen].&nbsp; Check to see if [http://www.freecen.org.uk/statistics.html your county and or parish] has been indexed.&nbsp; If it has then this site will be of value to you. '''Volunteers''' are always needed to keep the site growing. Complete transcription of households are on this website.
*The 1851 census for the counties of Devon, Norfolk, and Warwick is transcribed and indexed. This index is available on microfiche and for [http://www.ldscatalog.com/webapp/wcs/stores/servlet/CategoryDisplay?c purchase] on compact disc.<br>
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*The [[England and Wales 1841 Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)|1841]], [[England and Wales 1851 Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)|1851]], [[England and Wales 1861 Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)|1861]], 1871, [[England and Wales 1881 Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)|'''1881''']], [[England and Wales 1891 Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)|1891]], [[England and Wales Census, 1901 (FamilySearch Historical Records)|1901]], [[England and Wales Census, 1911 (FamilySearch Historical Records)|1911]] England and Wales census indexes can be searched for free at&nbsp;[https://familysearch.org/ <span style="text-decoration: underline;">familysearch.org</span>].&nbsp;&nbsp; The census shows people in families, providing needed relationships to trace ancestry; however, the <u>familysearch indexes&nbsp; shows individuals out of context with their families</u>.&nbsp; You will need to consult a subscription based website or a website that provides full transcription to see a family in context. <span style="font-family: 'arial','sans-serif'" />There is one exception, the [[England and Wales 1881 Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)|1881 census]].<br>  
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*A full transcription of the 1881 census can be viewed on ancestry.com and findmypast.co.uk and familysearch.org without a subscription or fee.
  
 
== Tips for Searching Census Indexes Online  ==
 
== Tips for Searching Census Indexes Online  ==
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Here are some tips for searching in online indexes.  
 
Here are some tips for searching in online indexes.  
  
Searching online census indexes using [http://genealogy.about.com/cs/searchtips/a/ancestry_2.htm wildcards] [http://www.1911census.co.uk/content/default.aspx?r=33&132 wildcards] [http://www.britishorigins.com/help/popup-helpbo-sdnq.htm wildcards] is essential for success. Not every website may utilize the exact same wildcards. You may have to experiment with it.<br>
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*Searching online census indexes using [http://genealogy.about.com/cs/searchtips/a/ancestry_2.htm wildcards] [http://www.1911census.co.uk/content/default.aspx?r=33&132 wildcards] [http://www.origins.net/help/helpsearchtips.aspx#wildcards wildcards] is essential for success. Not every website may utilize the exact same wildcards. You may have to experiment with it.
  
When searching census records, consider the following:  
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When searching census records, consider the following:<br>
  
 
*Names may be misspelled. Try spelling variations. Even consider different first letters.  
 
*Names may be misspelled. Try spelling variations. Even consider different first letters.  
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*Birthplaces may be misspelled or inaccurate.  
 
*Birthplaces may be misspelled or inaccurate.  
 
*'''Find the family in every possible census and compare information'''.&nbsp;  
 
*'''Find the family in every possible census and compare information'''.&nbsp;  
*Consider using [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Census_Street_Indexes street addresses] to locate people in the census.&nbsp; A relative may be living at a previous or future address.  
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*Always consult the original census image, don't rely on indexes or transcriptions.<br>
*[[England, Using Ancestry.com and Ancestry.co.uk for English Research|Click here for more tips]].
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*Consider using [[Census_Street_Indexes|street addresses]] to locate people in the census.&nbsp; A relative may be living at a previous or future address.[[England, Using Ancestry.com and Ancestry.co.uk for English Research|<br>]]
  
 
[[Category:Census_records_in_England]]
 
[[Category:Census_records_in_England]]

Revision as of 19:45, 18 April 2013

England Gotoarrow.png England Census Gotoarrow.png Finding and Using Indexes

The 1841 and subsequent censuses are all indexed online and can be searched by name, age, birthplace, or locality. Most of the commercial companies also have images available for download. The indexes can be problematic in that names can be spelled in various ways and indexers sometimes failed to interpret the spellings correctly. If you cannot find a person it means you need to vary your search parameters. The information in an index may be incorrect or incomplete. If you believe your ancestor was in a particular census area, search the census even if your ancestor is not in the index.

Subscription Websites

The Subscription websites have a variety of indexes, and or images of church records, military records, civil registration indexes, and a variety of other records. A collection of England census records that can be found at subscription websites:

  • www.findmypast.co.uk   1841, 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881,  1891, 1901, 1911 are indexed with images. Searching by address is possible.   This is a pay-per-view and subscription website. Findmypast  is available for free use at the Family History Library and Family History Centers.
  • www.ancestry.co.uk or www.ancestry.com 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901, 1911  are indexed with images.  This is a subscription website.  The added benefit at ancestry.com is you can link census images to your online tree.   The library edition of ancestry.com is available for free use at the Family History Library, and regional Family History Centers.  A wiki article has been written on how best to search census records on Ancestry.
  •  The Genealogist  1841, 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901, 1911. )  Searches are conducted on a county basis using an address, placename, keyword, forename or surname.  Requires a subscription.  Volunteers may transcribe census records in exchange for search credits. Free at family history centers and the Family History Library.
  • Britishorigins Censuses for England and Wales for 1841, 1861, and 1871.
  • The 1901 census online site contains a free searchable index. Not only does this site contain the 1901 census, but it contains the 1841 - 1891 censuses as well.  There is a fee to view transcriptions and images.
  • The 1911 census online site contains a free searchable index.  There is a fee to view transcriptions and images.

Non-subscription Websites

A collection of British census records can be found at various non-subscription websites: (Volunteer driven websites)

  • Volunteers have been indexing the 1841 to 1891 census for many years at FreeCen.  Check to see if your county and or parish has been indexed.  If it has then this site will be of value to you. Volunteers are always needed to keep the site growing. Complete transcription of households are on this website.
  • The 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901, 1911 England and Wales census indexes can be searched for free at familysearch.org.   The census shows people in families, providing needed relationships to trace ancestry; however, the familysearch indexes  shows individuals out of context with their families.  You will need to consult a subscription based website or a website that provides full transcription to see a family in context. There is one exception, the 1881 census.
  • A full transcription of the 1881 census can be viewed on ancestry.com and findmypast.co.uk and familysearch.org without a subscription or fee.

Tips for Searching Census Indexes Online

Here are some tips for searching in online indexes.

  • Searching online census indexes using wildcards wildcards wildcards is essential for success. Not every website may utilize the exact same wildcards. You may have to experiment with it.

When searching census records, consider the following:

  • Names may be misspelled. Try spelling variations. Even consider different first letters.
  • Ages are prone to be inaccurate.
  • Birthplaces may be misspelled or inaccurate.
  • Find the family in every possible census and compare information
  • Always consult the original census image, don't rely on indexes or transcriptions.
  • Consider using street addresses to locate people in the census.  A relative may be living at a previous or future address.