Difference between revisions of "England, Durham Diocese, Marriage Bonds and Allegations (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

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== What is in the Collection? ==
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== What is in This Collection? ==
 +
This collection consists of marriage bonds and allegations for the Diocese of Durham, covering the period 1692-1900. Availability of records may vary by time and locality.
  
This collection consists of marriage bonds and allegations for Durham and Northumberland for the years 1692 to 1900.  
+
Marriage allegations and bonds were sworn statements filed by a bride and groom as part of a marriage license application. The allegation stated that there was no known reason that the marriage should not take place; bonds contractually obligated the signers to pay a sum of money if the allegation was incorrect. Due to both tradition and a fee associated with obtaining a marriage license, most English couples were married by banns, not by license, and so would have neither a marriage allegation nor its related bond. However, families able to pay the fee would often avoid the reading of public banns and obtain a license, since many families did not like the thought of public objection to the intended marriage. Before the 1830s, nonconformists were required to marry officially in the Church of England, so most applied for licenses rather than having their marriage announced by banns.
  
Allegations are handwritten documents. Later allegations are handwritten on preprinted pages. Most of the originals have now been compiled and bound in volumes. The majority of the original marriage allegations have been preserved. While most are in the custody of the diocese, others may be found in the records of the Vicar General and the faculty office of the Archbishop of Canterbury; most are now in the county records office.  
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The earliest allegations were entirely handwritten, while later allegations were filled out on preprinted pages. Most of the originals have been preserved, having been compiled and bound in volumes which are now in the custody of either the diocese or the county records office. Others may be found in the records of the Vicar General and the faculty office of the Archbishop of Canterbury.  
  
A marriage allegation is a sworn statement filed often by the marriage participants in connection with their license application. It is a statement that there is no known reason that the marriage should not take place. Marriage licenses could be granted by the Archbishop of Canterbury, bishops, and archdeacons or their surrogates within their respective jurisdictions. The original allegations and bonds were held by the various church officials. Most were later transferred to county record offices. Many of the records are now published by the respective dioceses. The majority of English people would have been married by banns, not by license, and so would not have a marriage allegation. However, from the early 16th century, those able to pay the fee would avoid the reading of public banns and obtain a license, since many families did not like the thought of public objection to their intended marriage. Dissenters (other faiths) were obliged to marry in the Church of England but obtained a license to marry.
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=== To Browse This Collection ===
 +
{{Collection_Browse_Link
 +
|CID = CID1675690
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|title = England, Durham Diocese, Marriage Bonds & Allegations, 1692-1900
 +
}}
  
For further information, see the [[England, Durham Diocese, Marriage Bonds and Allegations (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Related_Wiki_Articles|Related Wiki Articles]] and [[England, Durham Diocese, Marriage Bonds and Allegations (FamilySearch Historical Records)#General_Information_About_These_Records|General Information About These Records]] sections of this article.
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== What Can These Records Tell Me? ==
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 +
'''Marriage Records''' may contain:
 +
*Names of the marriage partners
 +
*Ages of the marriage partners
 +
*Occupations of the marriage partners
 +
*Marital statuses before marriage
 +
*Parishes of residence
 +
*Parish where the marriage was to take place
 +
*Names and signatures of parents, esp. if one of the marriage partners was a minor
  
 
== Collection Content ==
 
== Collection Content ==
  
 
=== Sample Images ===
 
=== Sample Images ===
 
 
<gallery>
 
<gallery>
Image:England Marriage Allegation (09-0343) (09-0346) (09-0347) DGS 4087987 75.jpg|Marriage Allegation
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Image:England Marriage Allegation (09-0343) (09-0346) (09-0347) DGS 4087987 75.jpg|Marriage Allegation 1828
Image:Durham Diocese Marriage Bonds and Allegations 1692-1900 DGS 004088300 22.jpg|Marriage Record
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Image:Durham Diocese Marriage Bonds and Allegations 1692-1900 DGS 004088300 22.jpg|Marriage Record 1768
</gallery>  
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</gallery>
  
'''Marriage records''' may contain the following information:
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== How Do I Search This Collection? ==
 +
Before searching this collection, it is helpful to know:
 +
*The name of the bride and groom
 +
*The approximate date of marriage
  
*Names of the marriage partners
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=== Search the Index ===
*Ages of the marriage partners
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{{Search Collection Link
*Occupations of the marriage partners
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| CID=CID1675690
*Marital statuses (whether single or widowed)
+
}}
*Parish of residence
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=== View the Images ===
*Sometimes where the marriage was to take place
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View images in this collection by visiting the '''{{RecordSearch|1675690|Browse Page|access=browse}}''':
*Sometimes a parent’s name or signature
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# Select '''Year'''
*If either of the marriage partners was a minor, the name of the parent or guardian who was consenting to the marriage
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# Select '''Durham University Reference Number''' to view the images.<br><br>
  
== How Do I Search the Collection? ==
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{{Tip|More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1675690 England, Durham Diocese, Marriage Bonds & Allegations, 1692-1900]. Click on camera icon to see images.}}
  
For people whose ancestors married by license, the allegation could be a valuable research tool. The allegation can help define family relationships and residences as well as personal information such as age and occupation. You can use the residence information for the bride and groom to look for their baptisms and to identify the children of this couple. The ages can help you calculate an approximate year of birth.  
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=== How Do I Analyze the Results? ===
 +
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a [[Use_Appropriate_Forms#Prepare_a_Research_Log | research log]].
  
To begin your search, it would be helpful if you knew the name of the bride or groom. If no index is available, it would be helpful if you knew the jurisdiction where the allegation was filed and an approximate marriage date.  
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Many of the records in this collection are written in an old script that may be challenging to read. Refer to [https://script.byu.edu/Pages/home.aspx BYU’s Script Tutorial] for assistance with reading the records.
  
'''To search the collection by name:'''
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== What Do I Do Next? ==
Fill in the requested information in the boxes on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the individuals in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at the information on several individuals comparing the information about them to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:
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=== I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now? ===
 +
*Save or print a copy of the image if allowed to do so
 +
*If an age is given, estimate a birth year and search for a birth record
 +
*If a parent's name is listed, look in past census records for the person as a child
 +
*Use the names of the bride and groom to search for the new family in future censues
 +
*Note that family members often appear on an individual's vital records, such as in the role of witnesses to a marriage
 +
*Continue to search the index for people with the same surname to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives
  
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
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=== I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking For, What Now? ===
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
 
*Your ancestor may have used different names, or variations of their name, throughout their life.
 
*If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
 
*Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
 
  
'''To browse by image:'''<br> To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:<br> ⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page <br> ⇒Select the appropriate "Year"<br> ⇒Select the appropriate "Durham University Reference Number" which will take you to the images.  
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*Check for variants of given names, surnames, and place names
 +
*Transcription errors could occur in any handwritten record
 +
*Remember that it was not uncommon for an individual be listed under a nickname or an abbreviation of their name
 +
*Vary the search terms. For example, search by either the given name, surname, or expend the date range to return a broader list of possible matches
 +
*Search the records of nearby localities
 +
**Tyne, Wear, and Northumberland to the north
 +
**Cumbria to the west
 +
**North Yorkshire to the south
 +
*Note that marriages often took place in the parish where the bride resided
 +
*Be careful using the listed age to estimate a birth year. Rather than listing actual ages, clerks often wrote in 21 as the age of both the bride and groom to show that they each were of legal age
 +
*Look at the actual image of the record to verify the information found in the online description, if possible
  
Search the collection by image comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.
+
===Record Finder===
 +
*Consult the [[England Record Finder]] to find other records
  
== What if I Can't Find Who I'm Looking For?==
+
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
 
+
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[England, Durham Diocese, Marriage Bonds and Allegations (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
The following suggestions can help you find marriage allegation records for your ancestors:  
 
 
 
*Make sure you are searching in the right jurisdiction.  
 
*Check for indexes that will make your search easier.  
 
*When searching through the records, look for others with the same surname; they may be related.
 
*Look for allegations of parents and earlier generations in the same jurisdiction.  
 
*Look for allegations of children in the same jurisdiction.
 
 
 
== General Information About These Records  ==
 
  
The Durham collection represent allegations or applications made to the diocesan chancellor or surrogate application may have been made to the Archbishop's of York or Canterbury as the two provinces within the Church of England. In the case of Canterbury allegations, the licence issued was valid throughout England.
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== Citing This Collection ==
  
Two people made the allegation (application) to designated officers of either the diocesan chancellor or surrogate or the Archbishop’s of York or Canterbury. Bridegrooms may make an allegation or have two friends do so on their behalf. Each allegation requires two bondsmen who would stand as surety in case any impediment to marriage is later discovered. Underage spouses required parental consent as part of the allegation.
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Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.
 
 
The licenses were issued to the bridegroom and have generally not survived. The allegations and bonds are found at diocesan or record office and here, forming this collection.  
 
 
 
Both the Canterbury Vicar-General's and Faculty Office records are held at the Lambeth Palace library, the residence of the Archbishop of Canterbury, and can be seen by appointment with the librarian. Printed indexes of these were published by the Harleian Society. The Society of Genealogists also owns a collection of abstracts and indexes and has published a guide to them.
 
 
 
These records were created as part of the ecclesiastical process of ensuring that no lawful impediment to marriage existed, that persons of other faiths required to marry in the Church of England had a system to do so, and that an alternative was offered to those who did wish public banns to be read. The license was normally obtained from the chancellor or surrogate of the diocese in which one of the parties lived and in which the marriage was intended to be celebrated, but application could be made to the Vicar-General of the Archbishop of the province. If the parties lived in different diocese, they had to apply to the Vicar-General. If they lived in different provinces they had to apply to the Master of Faculties of the Archbishop of Canterbury.
 
 
 
The record was used by the marriage official as evidence that the bride and groom were eligible to be married.
 
 
 
The information included in a marriage allegation is sometimes unreliable; fictitious names are not unknown! Generally if the bridegroom and a friend made the allegation the information is reliable; in the case of application by two "friends" a degree of caution may be indicated. It was often the case that families of nobility would have others handle the license application on their behalf. The use of fictitious bondsmen names is encountered but usually the parties to the marriage are accurate unless secretive marriage was being sought for pregnancy or another reason.
 
 
 
The Allegation or application is only an intention to marry and just as a banns book entry may not result in an actual marriage, the license does not imply an actual marriage.
 
 
 
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
 
 
 
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[England, Durham Diocese, Marriage Bonds and Allegations (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
 
  
== How You Can Contribute ==
+
;Collection Citation:"England, Durham Diocese, Marriage Bonds & Allegations, 1692-1900." Database with images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. <nowiki>http://FamilySearch.org</nowiki> : 11 April 2017. Citing Church of England. Durham University Library, Palace Green.
  
{{Contributor_invite}}
+
{{Record_Citation}}
  
== Citing this Collection ==
+
{{Image_Citation}}
Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.
 
  
'''Collection Citation''':<br> {{Collection citation | text= "England, Durham Diocese, Marriage Bonds & Allegations, 1692-1900." Images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2016. Citing Church of England. Durham University Library, Palace Green.}}
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'''[[#top|Top of Page]]'''
  
<br> '''Image Citation''':<br> {{Image Citation Link
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== How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki? ==
|CID=CID1675690
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{{Contributor invite}}  
|title=England, Durham Diocese, Calendar of Marriage Bonds & Allegations, 1692-1900
 
}}  
 
  
{{H-langs|en=England, Durham Diocese, Marriage Bonds and Allegations (FamilySearch Historical Records)|pt=Inglaterra, Diocese de Durham, Títulos e Alegações de Casamentos (Registros Históricos do FamilySearch)}}
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{{H-langs|en=England, Durham Diocese, Marriage Bonds and Allegations (FamilySearch Historical Records)|pt=Inglaterra, Diocese de Durham, Contratos e Alegações Matrimoniais (Registros Históricos do FamilySearch)}}
  
 
[[Category:Durham FamilySearch Historical Records|Marriage Bonds and Allegations]]
 
[[Category:Durham FamilySearch Historical Records|Marriage Bonds and Allegations]]

Revision as of 20:50, 11 May 2018

England
Durham
Access the Records
England, Durham Diocese, Marriage Bonds & Allegations, 1692-1900
CID1675690
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{{{CID4}}}
{{{CID5}}}
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Durham,  England
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Location of Durham, England
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Record Description
Record Type Marriage Bonds and Allegations
Collection years 1692-1900
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
Durham University


What is in This Collection?

This collection consists of marriage bonds and allegations for the Diocese of Durham, covering the period 1692-1900. Availability of records may vary by time and locality.

Marriage allegations and bonds were sworn statements filed by a bride and groom as part of a marriage license application. The allegation stated that there was no known reason that the marriage should not take place; bonds contractually obligated the signers to pay a sum of money if the allegation was incorrect. Due to both tradition and a fee associated with obtaining a marriage license, most English couples were married by banns, not by license, and so would have neither a marriage allegation nor its related bond. However, families able to pay the fee would often avoid the reading of public banns and obtain a license, since many families did not like the thought of public objection to the intended marriage. Before the 1830s, nonconformists were required to marry officially in the Church of England, so most applied for licenses rather than having their marriage announced by banns.

The earliest allegations were entirely handwritten, while later allegations were filled out on preprinted pages. Most of the originals have been preserved, having been compiled and bound in volumes which are now in the custody of either the diocese or the county records office. Others may be found in the records of the Vicar General and the faculty office of the Archbishop of Canterbury.

To Browse This Collection

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for England, Durham Diocese, Marriage Bonds & Allegations, 1692-1900.

What Can These Records Tell Me?

Marriage Records may contain:

  • Names of the marriage partners
  • Ages of the marriage partners
  • Occupations of the marriage partners
  • Marital statuses before marriage
  • Parishes of residence
  • Parish where the marriage was to take place
  • Names and signatures of parents, esp. if one of the marriage partners was a minor

Collection Content

Sample Images

How Do I Search This Collection?

Before searching this collection, it is helpful to know:

  • The name of the bride and groom
  • The approximate date of marriage

Search the Index

Search by name by visiting the Collection Page.
  1. Fill in the search boxes on the Collection Page with the information you have
  2. Click Search to show possible matches

View the Images

View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page:

  1. Select Year
  2. Select Durham University Reference Number to view the images.

How Do I Analyze the Results?

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.

Many of the records in this collection are written in an old script that may be challenging to read. Refer to BYU’s Script Tutorial for assistance with reading the records.

What Do I Do Next?

I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?

  • Save or print a copy of the image if allowed to do so
  • If an age is given, estimate a birth year and search for a birth record
  • If a parent's name is listed, look in past census records for the person as a child
  • Use the names of the bride and groom to search for the new family in future censues
  • Note that family members often appear on an individual's vital records, such as in the role of witnesses to a marriage
  • Continue to search the index for people with the same surname to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives

I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking For, What Now?

  • Check for variants of given names, surnames, and place names
  • Transcription errors could occur in any handwritten record
  • Remember that it was not uncommon for an individual be listed under a nickname or an abbreviation of their name
  • Vary the search terms. For example, search by either the given name, surname, or expend the date range to return a broader list of possible matches
  • Search the records of nearby localities
    • Tyne, Wear, and Northumberland to the north
    • Cumbria to the west
    • North Yorkshire to the south
  • Note that marriages often took place in the parish where the bride resided
  • Be careful using the listed age to estimate a birth year. Rather than listing actual ages, clerks often wrote in 21 as the age of both the bride and groom to show that they each were of legal age
  • Look at the actual image of the record to verify the information found in the online description, if possible

Record Finder

Known Issues with This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Citing This Collection

Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.

Collection Citation
"England, Durham Diocese, Marriage Bonds & Allegations, 1692-1900." Database with images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : 11 April 2017. Citing Church of England. Durham University Library, Palace Green.
Record Citation:
When looking at a record, the citation is found below the record.
Image Citation:
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.

Top of Page

How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.