Elbert County, Georgia Genealogy

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United States Gotoarrow.png Georgia Gotoarrow.png Elbert County

Guide to Elbert County Georgia genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Hand and keyboard.jpg Georgia
Online Records

Elbert County, Georgia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Georgia
Location of Georgia in the U.S.
Founded December 10, 1790
County Seat Elberton
Elbert County Georgia Courthouse.jpg
Address Elbert County Courthouse
10 W Church Sreet
Elberton, GA 30635-1498
Phone: 706.283.2005
Elbert County Website

Elbert County Georgia Courthouse

Clerk Superior Court has divorce, court, land and cemetery records,  from 1790 and military from 1922; Probate Court has birth, marriage, death, burial and probate records[1]

Elbert County Georgia History

Local histories are available for Elbert County, Georgia Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Georgia Local Histories.

Parent County

1790--Elbert County was created 10 December 1790 from Wilkes County. County seat:  Elberton [2]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

Elbert County Georgia Places/Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Elbert County Georgia Genealogy Resources

African American

  • In Those Days is an oral history from elderly African Americans in Elbert County, Georgia, and Abbeville County, South Carolina.



  • 1865-1885 - Elberton First Presbyterian Church Baptism Index 1865-1885. Batch C712741 at FamilySearch - free.[3]



Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Georgia Land and Property for additional information about early Georgia land grants from the government. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions (generally buying and selling deeds) were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories

  • McIntosh, John H. The Official History of Elbert County, 1790-1935. Elberton, Ga.: The Chapter, c1940. Digital version at Ancestry ($).




Early migration routes to Elbert County for European settlers included:




Colonial courts kept some early probate records.  From 1777 to 1798 and since 1852, the court of ordinary or register of probates has kept probate and guardianship records.  The inferior court handled probate and guardianship matters from 1798 to 1852.

Many probate records to the 1930s and 1940s are at the Georgia Department of Archives and History and the Family History Library on microfilm.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (not all years).


Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Georgia State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online..

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Georgia.

  • 1875-1878 - Elbert County Birth Index 1875-1878. Batch C712721 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1791-1835 - Elbert County Marriage Index 1791-1835. Batch M712727 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1803-1808 - Elbert County Marriage Index 1803-1808. Batch M712722 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1804-1812 - Elbert County Marriage Index 1804-1812. Batch M712723 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1812-1824 - Elbert County Marriage Index 1812-1824. Batch M712724 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1822-1829 - Elbert County Marriage Index 1822-1829. Batch M712725 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1829-1831 - Elbert County Marriage Index 1829-1831. Batch M712726 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1836-1867 - Elbert County Marriage Index 1836-1867. Batch M712728 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1866-1887 - Elbert County Marriage Book D Index 1866-1887. Batch M712729 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1875-1878 - Elbert County Marriage Index 1875-1878. Batch M712721 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1882-1895 - Elbert County Marriage Books E and F Index 1882-1895. Batch M712731 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1882-1899 - Elbert County Marriage Books A and B Index 1882-1899. Batch M712732 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1869-70 - Elbert County, Georgia Genealogy Mortality Schedules at Ancestry ($).
  • 1875-1878 - Elbert County Death Index 1875-1878. Batch B003498 at FamilySearch - free.[3]

Elbert County Georgia Genealogy Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Elbert County Georgia Genealogy Websites

Elbert County Georgia Genealogy References

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Elbert County, Georgia. Page 155 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/5/57/Igigeorgiael.pdf.