Effingham County, Georgia Genealogy

From FamilySearch Wiki
Revision as of 17:42, 14 May 2013 by Patwilliams (talk | contribs) (a)

Jump to: navigation, search

United States go to Georgia go to Effingham County

Guide to Effingham County Georgia genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Hand and keyboard.jpg Georgia
Online Records

Effingham County, Georgia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Georgia
Location of Georgia in the U.S.
Founded February 5, 1777
County Seat Springfield
Address Effingham County Courthouse
901 N Pine Street
Springfield, GA 31329
Phone: 912.754.2101
Effingham County Website

Effingham County Georgia Courthouse

Probate Court has birth and death recors from 1927,
marriage and probate records from 1790; Clerk
Superior Court has divorce and court records from 1777[1]

Effingham County Georgia History

Local histories are available for Effingham County, Georgia Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Georgia Local Histories.

Parent County

1777--Effingham County was created 5 February 1777 from St. Matthew and St. Philip Parishes.
County seat: Springfield [2]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

Effingham County Georgia Places/Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Effingham County Georgia Genealogy Resources



  • Ebenezer Record Book: Containing Early Records of Jerusalem Evangelical Lutheran Church, Effingham, Ga., More Commonly Known as Ebenezer Church. Savannah, Ga.: C.A. Linn, 1929. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Saltzburgher Births and Baptisms 1756-1787 (digital images) Georgia Pioneers ($).
  • Constitution and By-Laws of the Georgia Saltburger Society, 1734-1925 Georgia Pioneers ($).



Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Georgia Land and Property for additional information about early Georgia land grants from the government. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions (generally buying and selling deeds) were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

.Effingham County - Probate Court - Land Warrants, 1783-1787 | Georgia Archives

Local Histories



  • Saltzburgher Marriages 1754-1769; 1769-1778, New Jerusalem Church (digital images) Georgia Pioneers




Colonial courts kept some early probate records.  From 1777 to 1798 and since 1852, the court of ordinary or register of probates has kept probate and guardianship records.  The inferior court handled probate and guardianship matters from 1798 to 1852.

Many probate records to the 1930s and 1940s are at the Georgia Department of Archives and History and the Family History Library on microfilm.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (not all years).

The organization Strictly By Name provides free online indexes to early Effingham County probate records. They offer a record retrieval service to photocopy and transcribe microfilm copies of the original documents for a small fee. Available indexes:

  1. Will Book 3: 1829-1859
  2. Will Book 4: 1866-1898


Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Georgia State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online..

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Georgia.

  • 1756-1787 - Saltzburgher Births and Baptisms 1756-1787 (digital images) Georgia Pioneers ($).
  • 1750-1875 - Effingham County Marriage Index 1750-1875. Batch M002547 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1750-1875 - Marriage records, Effingham County, Georgia, 1750-1875  Lane, Jane Warren Hollingsworth, b. 1883.
  • 1791-1834 - Effingham County Marriage Books 1 and 2 Index 1791-1834. Batch M712711 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1832-1891 - Effingham County Marriage Books 3 and 4 Index 1832-1891. Batch M712712 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1890-1895 - Effingham County Marriage Books B and C Index 1890-1895. Batch M712713 at FamilySearch - free.[3]
  • 1879-80 - Effingham County, Georgia Genealogy Mortality Schedules at Ancestry ($).

Effingham County Georgia Genealogy Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Effingham County Georgia Genealogy Websites

Effingham County Georgia Genealogy References

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Effingham County, Georgia. Page 154 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/5/57/Igigeorgiael.pdf.