Doniphan County, Kansas Genealogy

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United States  > Kansas > Doniphan County

County Courthouse


Named for Col. A. W. Doniphan, of Missouri. He commanded a regiment of cavalry during the Mexican War, marching across the plains, and taking a very prominent part in the conquest of New Mexico. He was a zealous partisan in the effort made to extend slavery into Kansas.

Parent County

1855--Doniphan County was created 30 August 1855 as an original county. County seat: Troy [1]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss


Populated Places

Extinct Communities

Arizona, Belmont Trading post, Bryan, Buffalo, Charlestown, Cold Spring Pony Express Station, Columbus, Cottonwood Springs, Evansville, Fairview, Green Top, Iola, Lafayette, LaPorte, Lawrence, LeRoy, Lewiston, Mount Vernon, Normanville, Palermo, Petersburgh, Rogersville, Smithton, Syracuse, Walnut Grove.

Kansas Heritage gives details on all these locations.

Neighboring Counties
Doniphan and surrounding counties

Note: The wandering Missouri River forms Dohiphan's northern and eastern borders separating it from the Missouri counties of Holt, Andrew, and Buchanan. The main population center for the area is St Joseph, Buchanan, Missouri which, because of the meander of the river, almost surrounds the Doniphan town of Elwood. Doniphan's larger towns; Elwood, Wathena, and Troy; all lay in the vicinity of St Joseph, Missouri.  It is important to look for records of residence of Doniphan in these surrounding Nebraska and Missouri counties especially Buchanan, Missouri.




LDS Ward and Branch Records

  • Wathena

Court - District and Probate

Kansas State Historical Society holds these titles on microfilm.  They may be available through interlibrary loan:

  • Civil appearance dockets, 1858-1923 [AR 6751-6755]
  • District court journals, 1858-1918 [AR 6755-6762]
  • Judgement docket and record book, 1858-1926 [AR 6762-6763]
  • Marriage records, 1856-1921 [AR 6746-6749]
  • Naturalization index, 1881-1942 [AR 6750]
  • Naturalization certificate stubs, 1925-1928 [AR 6750]
  • Naturalization declaration of intention, petitions, and record, 1906-1934 [AR 6750]
  • Naturalization final record, 1859-1910 [AR 6763-6766]
  • Naturalization miscellaneous citizenship papers, 1905-1934 [AR 6750]
  • Probate court index and abstracts, 1855-1938 [AR 6767, AR 6778]
  • Probate court journals, 1858-1923 [AR 6778-6783]
  • Probate case files, 1857-1917 [AR 6796-6797, AR 6784-6793, AR 6798, AR 7066-7067, AR 11934]
  • Will records, 1882-1915 [AR 6767-6769]
  • Other probate records, 1858-1935 [AR 6766-6778, AR 6784-6798, AR 7066-7067]


Kansas State Historical Society holds these titles on microfilm. They may be available through interlibrary loan:

  • Indexes, 1856-1908 [AR 6651-6652, AR 6681-6683]
  • Deed and mortgage records, 1856-1919 [AR 6649, AR 6652-6683, AR 6698]
  • Troy City Cemetery record, Mt. Olive Cemetery, 1871-1913 [AR 6783]

Local Histories

Bendena Centennial Committee. Bendena, Kansas, Centennial, 1887-1987. N.p.: 1988. (K978.1/-D71/B432).

Brazelton, Ralph. History of Wathena, Kansas. N.p.: 1978. (K978.1/-D71/ Pam.v.1/no. 4).

Bridges, C.G. A Sketch of Doniphan County, Kansas. Troy, KS: Bulletin Office, 1878. (K978.1/-D71/ Pam.v.1/no. 2).

Caldwell, Martha B., ed. "Records of the Squatter Association of Whitehead District, Doniphan County". Kansas Historical Quarterly 13 (Feb. 1944): 16-35. (SP 906/K13q).

Cutler, William G., "Doniphan County," History of the State of Kansas. Chicago, IL: A. T. Andreas, 1883. Available online.

"Doniphan Village Twice Site of Once-Thriving Community", Atchison Daily Globe (2nd). Dec. 11, 1949. [1 p.]. (Reel: A1859).

Gray, Patrick L. Gray's Doniphan County History: A record of the happenings of half a hundred years. Bendena, KS: Roycroft Press, 1905. (Reel: MF 295, no. 7). See the whole book online; or a complete transcription.

Kansas State Historical Society. Doniphan County Clippings, 1858-1988. (4 vols.). Topeka, KS: KSHS, n.d. (K978.1/-D71/Clipp.).

________. Index to Gray's Doniphan County History. Topeka, KS: KSHS, 1974. (Reel: MF 295, no. 8).

Kercher, Delno. History of Leona, 1885. N.p.: n.d. (K978.1/-D71/Mss/no. 1).

Lynn, C.P. "Makers of Kansas History: A Series of Sketches of Characters & Events". Ness County News & Ness City Times. May 26-June 30, 1906. [6 pp.]. (Reel: N497).

Montgomery, Walter B. "Illustrated Doniphan County, 1837-1916". [Troy] Weekly Kansas Chief. Apr. 6, 1916. [386 pp.]. (Reel: T2069).

Smith, R.F., ed. Doniphan County, Kansas: History & Directory for 1868-9. N.p.: Smith, Vaughan & Co., 1868. (Reel: LM 475, no. 1).






Vital Records

Kansas State Historical Society holds these titles on microfilm. They may be available through interlibrary loan:

  • Marriage records, 1856-1921 [AR 6746-6749]

Societies and Libraries

Doniphan County Library Distict (785) 985-2597

Central Library 105 N. Main / P. O. Box 458 / Troy, KS 66087


  • Elwood Branch Library (913) 365-2409;  410 N. 9th / Elwood, Kansas 66024
  • Highland Branch Library (785) 442-3078;  306 W. Main / Highland, Kansas 66035
  • Wathena Branch Library (785) 989-4834;  206 St. Joseph / Wathena, KS 66090

Web Sites


  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).