Difference between revisions of "Dona Ana County, New Mexico Genealogy"

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Revision as of 01:30, 24 July 2013

United States Gotoarrow.png New Mexico Gotoarrow.png Doña Ana County

Guide to Doña County New Mexico genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

link=http://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/New Mexico_Online_Genealogy_Records New Mexico
Online Records

Dona Ana County, New Mexico
Map of the U.S. highlighting New Mexico
Location of New Mexico in the U.S.
Founded January 9, 1852
County Seat West Amador
Address Doña Ana County Courthouse]
180 West Amador;
Las Cruces, NM 88001
Phone: 505.647.7285
Dona Ana County Website


County Courthouse

Dona Ana County New Mexico Courthouse.jpg
 Doña Ana County Courthouse
180 West Amador;
Las Cruces, NM 88001
Phone: 505.647.7285 

County Clerk has marriage and probate records from 1870 and land records from 1801; Clerk District Court has divorce and court records.[1]

Quick Facts

Wikipedia has more about this subject: Dona Ana County, New Mexico

Parent County

  • Until 1821New Spain controlled land that later would become New Mexico and Arizona. Some records of early settlers may have been sent to archives in Seville, Spain, or to archives in Mexico City.
  • In 1821Mexico had jurisdiction over the land that later would become New Mexico and Arizona. Some records of this period may have been sent to archives in Mexico City. United States forces occupied New Mexico starting in 1846 during the Mexican-American War.
  • 1848 -  Land that became Doña Ana County formally became a part of the United States when the Mexican-American War ended with the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
  • 9 January 1852 -  Doña Ana County was created from unorganized territory.[1] Doña Ana county extended west onto land in present day Arizona.[2] [3] [4] Residents living far from the county seat, probably didn't send many records to the county offices.

Boundary Changes

Doña Ana and other counties in New Mexico Territory in 1852.
  • 3 February 1855 - Doña Ana County gained all of the Gadsden Purchase land from Mexico. This included land south of the Gila River in present day Arizona, which extended Dona Ana county west to the Baja California border.[5]
  • 24 February 1863 Arizona was created from the western half of New Mexico Territory.[6] Dona Ana county was reduced in size to the portion that was still in New Mexico Territory.[7]
  • 30 January 1868 - DOÑA ANA county lost land to creation of GRANT county. [8]
  • 3 April 1884 - DOÑA ANA county lost land to creation of SIERRA county. [9]
  • 30 January 1899 - DOÑA ANA county lost land to creation of OTERO county. [10]
  • 16 March 1901 - DOÑA ANA county lost land to creation of LUNA county. [11]

See also Previous Jurisdictions to land in Arizona for further details.

Record Loss


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties




For tips on accessing Dona Ana County, New Mexico Genealogy census records online, see: New Mexico Census.

Church History and Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about New Mexico denominations, view the New Mexico Church Records wiki page. LDS Ward and Branch Records

  • Hatch
  • Las Cruces



Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See New Mexico Land and Property for additional information about early New Mexico land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Dona Ana county online record search You do not need to Register, Sign on as Guest. Some records found online go back to the 1950's. But most are from the 1970 to the present. If searching for an older record, you may have to visit the County Clerks Office.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Dona Ana County, New Mexico Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section New Mexico Local Histories.


1895 Map of Dona Ana County, New Mexico




Since statehood in 1912, probate matters have been under the jurisdiction of probate courts in each county. Records of guardianship and adoption have usually been transferred to the district courts. In 1953 the district courts were given concurrent jurisdiction with the probate court over all probate matters in each county.

See the wiki page New Mexico Probate Records for information about how to find earlier probate records.

The Family History Library does not have copies of the New Mexico county probate records. They are available at each county courthouse. You can obtain copies by contacting the county clerk.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, and adoption.


New Mexico tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the Wiki page New Mexico Taxation.

Vital Records

Societies, Libraries and Museums

Family History Centers



  1. 1.0 1.1 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), De Baca County, New Mexico page 473, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. N.M. Terr. Laws 1851, 1st assy., 2d sess. /p. 291
  3. William Thorndale, and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 26. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 X2th.
  4. Original Counties of New Mexico Territory (map) at http://www.nmgs.org/Graphics/nmcoun-orig.jpg (accessed 9 August 2011).
  5. N.M. Terr. Laws 1854, 4th assy. /p. 57
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "1st Arizona Territorial Legislature" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1st_Arizona_Territorial_Legislature (accessed 8 August 2011).
  7. U.S. Stat., vol. 12, pp. 664-665; Van Zandt, 165
  8. N.M. Terr. Laws 1867-1868, 17th assy., ch. 20/p. 88
  9. N.M. Terr. Laws 1884, 26th assy., ch. 109/pp. 223-225
  10. N.M. Terr. Laws 1899, 33d assy., ch. 3/pp. 21-30
  11. N.M. Terr. Laws 1901, 34th assy., ch. 38/pp. 70-75