District of Columbia in the Civil War

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United States   Gotoarrow.png   U.S. Military   Gotoarrow.png   District of Columbia   Gotoarrow.png   District of Columbia Military   Gotoarrow.png   District of Columbia in the Civil War

=== Introduction ===
Grand Review.jpg

Many Union volunteer regiments and artillery batteries from throughout the North organized in D.C. Slavery was abolished in D.C. on April 16, 1862, eight months before Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation[1]. Freed slaves flocked to D.C., and many helped construct the fortresses around the city.

By 1865 the defenses of Washington covered both land and sea approaches. The capital's defenses deterred most attacks by the Confederate Army. One exception was the Battle of Fort Stevens on July 11–12, 1864[2],

At the end of the war, a formal review was held to honor the victorious troops. Three of the leading Federal armies came to Washington to participate, the Army of the Potomac, the Army of the Tennessee, and the Army of Georgia. On May 23, 1865 the Army of the Potomac paraded through the city. The next day, the Army of the Tennessee and the Army of Georgia marched in a parade. A week after the celebrations, the two armies were disbanded, and many of the volunteer regiments and batteries were sent home to be mustered out[3].

Regiments

  • 1st Regiment, District of Columbia Cavalry
    Organized 4 Companies at Washington, D.C., June to December, 1863 and 8 Companies at Augusta, Me., January to March, 1864.
    7 companies transferred to 1st Maine Cavalry August 27, 1864. The rest had duty in the Department of Virginia until October and mustered out October 26, 1865.

Sources

An index to service records of the District of Columbia Union Army volunteers is at the Family History Library (FHL films 881964-66). The service and pension records have not been filmed and are only at the National Archives.

Cemetery lists of Civil War soldiers buried in the District of Columbia are in:

  • Sluby, Paul E., comp. Civil War Cemeteries of the District of Columbia Metropolitan Area. Washington, D.C.: Columbian Harmony Society, 1982. (FHL book 975.3 V3s.) Other libraries with this book.
  • United States, Quartermaster's Department, Roll of honor: Names of Soldiers Who Died in Defense of the American Union, Interred in the National Cemeteries at Washington, D.C. from August 3, 1861 to June 30, 1865. Washington, D.C.: Government Print Office, 1869. (FHL film 1311589.) Other libraries with this book. Includes Arlington National Cemetery.

Civil War Pension Index Cards - A free Internet index to pension applications of veterans who served in the US Army between 1861-1917 is available on FamilySearch Record Search. Each card gives the soldier’s name, application and certificate numbers, state of enlistment, and might include rank and death information. Other wars, of that time period, may be included.

References

  1. District of Columbia. Office of the Secretary. History of DC Emancipation, http://os.dc.gov/os/cwp/view,a,1207,q,608975.asp (accessed 31 December 2010).
  2. Wikipedia. Washington, D.C. in the American Civil War. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Washington,_D.C._in_the_American_Civil_War, (accessed 31 December 2010).
  3. Wikipedia. Washington, D.C. in the American Civil War. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Washington,_D.C._in_the_American_Civil_War, (accessed 31 December 2010).