Difference between revisions of "District of Columbia History"

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The following important events in the history of the [[Portal:District of Columbia|District of Columbia]] affected political boundaries, record keeping, and family movements.
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''[[United States]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[District of Columbia]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[District_of_Columbia_History|History]]''
  
'''1788-1791: ''' Maryland ceded parts of Montgomery (including Georgetown) and Prince George counties to the United States, and Virginia ceded part of Fairfax county (including the town of Alexandria). Those counties continued to govern the area until about 1801, but Virginia kept permanent custody of the records for Alexandria.  
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The following important events in the history of the [[District of Columbia]] affected political boundaries, record keeping, and family movements.  
  
'''1800: ''' Congress, the President, and a staff of about 140 people moved from Philadelphia to Washington.  
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*'''1788-1791:''' Maryland ceded parts of Montgomery (including Georgetown) and Prince George counties to the United States, and Virginia ceded part of Fairfax County (including the town of Alexandria). Those counties continued to govern the area until about 1801, but Virginia kept permanent custody of the records for Alexandria.
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*'''1790:''' Act of 16 July 1790 organized territory of the District.
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*'''1800:''' Congress, the President, and a staff of about 140 people moved from Philadelphia to Washington.
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*'''1801: '''Two counties were established in the District: Washington County, east of the Potomac, and Alexandria County, on the west side of the river. The City of Washington was incorporated in 1802. Georgetown wills and deeds continued to be registered in Montgomery County, Maryland, until the late nineteenth century.
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*'''1814:''' During the War of 1812, the British captured Washington and burned most of the public buildings and records.
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*'''1861-1865:''' Although defended by federal troops during the Civil War, Washington was several times threatened by Confederates. The civilian population of Washington more than doubled during the 1860s.
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*'''1871:''' Congress changed the city's status to that of a federal territory.
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*'''1878:''' Present-day form of government started.
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*'''1898:''' Over 300,000 men were involved in the [http://www.loc.gov/rr/hispanic/1898/ Spanish-American War] which was fought mainly in Cuba and the Philippines.
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*'''1917–1918:''' More than 26 million men from the United States ages 18 through 45 registered with the Selective Service. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_I World War I] over 4.7 million American men and women served during the war.
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*'''1930's:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Depression The Great Depression] closed many factories and mills. Many small farms were abandoned, and many families moved to cities.
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*'''1940–1945:''' Over 50.6 million men ages 18 to 65 registered with the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Selective_Training_and_Service_Act_of_1940 Selective Service]. Over 16.3 million American men and women served in the armed forces during [http://www.worldwar-2.net/ World War II].
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*'''1950–1953:''' Over 5.7 million American men and women served in the [http://www.korean-war.com/ Korean War].
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*'''1950's–1960's: '''The building of [http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/planning/nhs/ interstate highways] made it easier for people to move long distances.
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*'''1964–1972:''' Over 8.7 million American men and women served in the [http://www.vietnamwar.com/ Vietnam War].
  
'''1801: '''Two counties were established in the District: Washington County, east of the Potomac, and Alexandria County, on the west side of the river. The City of Washington was incorporated in 1802. Georgetown wills and deeds continued to be registered in Montgomery County, Maryland, until the late nineteenth century.  
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A good history of the District of Columbia is John Clagett Proctor, E. Melvin Williams, and Frank P. Black ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/3828218 Washington, Past and Present]'', 4 vols. New York City: Lewis Historical Publ., 1930. {{FHL|246080|item|disp=975.3/W1 H2p}}.
  
'''1814: ''' During the War of 1812, the British captured Washington and burned most of the public buildings and records.  
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{{Wikipedia|Washington, D.C.}}
  
'''1846'''<nowiki>:&nbsp; The portion originally given by Virginia was returned to that state.</nowiki>
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=== External Sites  ===
  
'''1861-1865:&nbsp;''' Although defended by federal troops during the Civil War, Washington was several times threatened by Confederates. The civilian population of Washington more than doubled during the 1860s.  
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*[http://www.city-data.com/states/District-of-Columbia-History.html History of District of Columbia] briefly describes the mostly political history of the District.
  
'''1871:&nbsp;''' Congress changed the city's status to that of a federal territory.
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{{District of Columbia|District of Columbia}}
  
'''1895'''<nowiki>:&nbsp; Georgetown was merged into the city of Washington. The boundaries of Washington became coextensive with those of the District of Columbia.</nowiki>
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[[Category:District_of_Columbia|History]]
 
 
A good history of the District of Columbia is John Clagett Proctor, ''Washington, Past and Present'', Four Volumes. (New York, NY: Lewis Historical Publishing Company, 1930; FHL book 975.3/W1 H2p).
 
 
 
[[Category:District_of_Columbia]]
 

Revision as of 16:43, 11 July 2012

United States  Gotoarrow.png  District of Columbia  Gotoarrow.png  History

The following important events in the history of the District of Columbia affected political boundaries, record keeping, and family movements.

  • 1788-1791: Maryland ceded parts of Montgomery (including Georgetown) and Prince George counties to the United States, and Virginia ceded part of Fairfax County (including the town of Alexandria). Those counties continued to govern the area until about 1801, but Virginia kept permanent custody of the records for Alexandria.
  • 1790: Act of 16 July 1790 organized territory of the District.
  • 1800: Congress, the President, and a staff of about 140 people moved from Philadelphia to Washington.
  • 1801: Two counties were established in the District: Washington County, east of the Potomac, and Alexandria County, on the west side of the river. The City of Washington was incorporated in 1802. Georgetown wills and deeds continued to be registered in Montgomery County, Maryland, until the late nineteenth century.
  • 1814: During the War of 1812, the British captured Washington and burned most of the public buildings and records.
  • 1861-1865: Although defended by federal troops during the Civil War, Washington was several times threatened by Confederates. The civilian population of Washington more than doubled during the 1860s.
  • 1871: Congress changed the city's status to that of a federal territory.
  • 1878: Present-day form of government started.
  • 1898: Over 300,000 men were involved in the Spanish-American War which was fought mainly in Cuba and the Philippines.
  • 1917–1918: More than 26 million men from the United States ages 18 through 45 registered with the Selective Service. World War I over 4.7 million American men and women served during the war.
  • 1930's: The Great Depression closed many factories and mills. Many small farms were abandoned, and many families moved to cities.
  • 1940–1945: Over 50.6 million men ages 18 to 65 registered with the Selective Service. Over 16.3 million American men and women served in the armed forces during World War II.
  • 1950–1953: Over 5.7 million American men and women served in the Korean War.
  • 1950's–1960's: The building of interstate highways made it easier for people to move long distances.
  • 1964–1972: Over 8.7 million American men and women served in the Vietnam War.

A good history of the District of Columbia is John Clagett Proctor, E. Melvin Williams, and Frank P. Black Washington, Past and Present, 4 vols. New York City: Lewis Historical Publ., 1930. 975.3/W1 H2p.

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Washington, D.C.

External Sites