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Difference between revisions of "Desha County, Arkansas Genealogy"

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{{stub}}''[[United States|United States&nbsp;]] &gt; [[Arkansas|Arkansas]]&nbsp;&gt; Desha County'' <br>
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| link1=[[United States Genealogy|United States]]
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| link2= [[Arkansas, United States Genealogy|Arkansas]]
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| link5=[[Desha County, Arkansas Genealogy|Desha County]]
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== County Courthouse  ==
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Guide to '''Desha County, Arkansas ancestry, genealogy and family history''', birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.
  
== History  ==
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{| style="width:18%; float:right"
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|-
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|
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<center>{{Click|image:AR_ORP.png|Arkansas_Online_Genealogy_Records}}</center>
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|-
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|
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{{Infobox U.S. County 2016
  
==== Parent County ====
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|organized= December 12,  1838
 +
|county seat= Arkansas City
 +
|parent county= [[Arkansas County, Arkansas Genealogy|Arkansas]] and [[Chicot County, Arkansas Genealogy|Chicot]]<ref name="Handybook">''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'',10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref>
 +
|variant spellings=
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|county1= [[Arkansas County, Arkansas Genealogy|Arkansas]]
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|county2= [[Bolivar County, Mississippi Genealogy|Bolivar (MS)]]
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|county3= [[Chicot County, Arkansas Genealogy|Chicot]]
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|county4= [[Drew County, Arkansas Genealogy|Drew]]
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|county5= [[Lincoln County, Arkansas Genealogy|Lincoln]]
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|county6= [[Phillips County, Arkansas Genealogy|Phillips]]
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|county7= [[Washington County, Mississippi Genealogy|Washington (MS)]]</br><center>[[Desha County, Arkansas Genealogy#Maps and Gazetteers|See County Maps]]</center>
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|county8=
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|county9=
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|county10=
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|county courthouse= [[Image:Desha County Arkansas Courthouse.jpg|245x245px]]
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|county location in state= [[Image: Ar-desha.png|185x185px]]
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|adoption=
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}}
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|}
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<div style="width:17%; float:left; margin-right:4em; padding:0px">__TOC__</div>
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== County Information ==
  
'''1838--'''Desha County was created from Arkansas and Chicot Counties. '''County seat:''' Arkansas City
+
=== Description ===
  
==== Boundary Changes  ====
+
The county was named for Captain Benjamin Desha, a landowner who fought in the War of 1812.<ref>Genealogy Trails History Group, “Desha County, Arkansas Genealogy and History”, http://genealogytrails.com/ark/desha/</ref> It is located in the southeast of the state.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Desha County," in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'', https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Desha_County,_Arkansas</ref>
  
==== Record Loss  ====
+
=== County Courthouse ===
 +
{{AR Courthouse Intro|Desha}}
  
== Places/Localities ==
+
'''Desha County Courthouse'''<br>Robert Moore Avenue<br>PO Box 188<br> Arkansas City, AR 71630<br> Phone: 870.877.2323<br>[http://deshacounty.arkansas.gov/ Desha County Website]<br><br>County Clerk has marriage records from 1865 and probate records; <br>Clerk Circuit Court has divorce, court and land records.<ref name="Handybook">''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'',10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref>
==== Populated Places ====
 
==== Neighboring Counties  ====
 
  
== Resources  ==
+
=== Desha County, Arkansas ===
 +
{{AR Records Intro}}
 +
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" colspan="7" | <center>'''Known Beginning Dates for Major Records<ref>''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'', 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Desha County, Arkansas. Page 67 {{WorldCat|50140092|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 65.</ref>'''</center>
 +
|-
 +
| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Desha County, Arkansas Genealogy#Birth|Birth*]]'''
 +
| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Desha County, Arkansas Genealogy#Marriage|Marriage]]'''
 +
| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Desha County, Arkansas Genealogy#Death|Death*]]'''
 +
| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Desha County, Arkansas Genealogy#Court Records|Court]]'''
 +
| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Desha County, Arkansas Genealogy#Land and Property Records|Land]]'''
 +
| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Desha County, Arkansas Genealogy#Probate Records|Probate]]'''
 +
| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Desha County, Arkansas Genealogy#Census Records|Census]]'''
 +
|-
 +
| width="14.2%" align="center" |1914*
 +
| width="14.2%" align="center" |1865
 +
| width="14.2%" align="center" |1914*
 +
| width="14.2%" align="center" |1840
 +
| width="14.2%" align="center" |1839
 +
| width="14.2%" align="center" |1852
 +
| width="14.2%" align="center" |1830
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="7" | <center>*State birth and death records began in 1914. Limited compliance until 1920's</center>
 +
|}
  
==== Cemeteries  ====
+
=== Record Loss ===
 +
{|
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
*'''1860s''' - A courthouse fire destroyed some records.
 +
{{Fire+}}
 +
|}
  
==== Church  ====
+
=== Boundary Changes ===
 +
{{AR Boundary Changes Intro|Desha}}
 +
{|
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
*'''1838--'''Desha County was created 12 December 1838&nbsp;from [[Arkansas County, Arkansas Genealogy|Arkansas]] and [[Chicot County, Arkansas Genealogy|Chicot]] Counties.
 +
*'''County seat:''' Arkansas City<ref name="Handybook">''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'',10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref> <br>
 +
For animated maps illustrating Arkansas county boundary changes, [http://www.mapofus.org/arkansas/ "Rotating Formation Arkansas County Boundary Maps"] (1813-1925) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.
 +
|}
  
==== Court  ====
+
=== Populated Places ===
  
==== Land  ====
+
For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit [https://arkansas.hometownlocator.com/counties/cities,cfips,041,c,desha.cfm Hometown Locator].
 +
The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Desha County, Arkansas," in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'', https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Desha_County%2C_Arkansas, accessed 10 September 2018.</ref>
  
==== Local Histories  ====
+
{{populated places
 +
<!--cities column------------------->
 +
| cities-col1=<div>
 +
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dumas,_Arkansas Dumas]
 +
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/McGehee,_Arkansas McGehee]</div>
 +
| cities-col2=<div>
 +
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mitchellville,_Arkansas Mitchellville]</div>
 +
| cities-col3=<div>
 +
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Watson,_Arkansas Watson]</div>
 +
<!--towns column------------------->
 +
| towns-col1=<div>
 +
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arkansas_City,_Arkansas Arkansas City (county seat)]</div>
 +
| towns-col2=<div>
 +
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reed,_Arkansas Reed]
 +
| towns-col3=
 +
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tillar,_Arkansas Tillar]</div>
 +
<!--villages column------------------->
 +
| villages-col1=
 +
| villages-col2=
 +
| villages-col3=
 +
<!--unincorp column------------------->
 +
| unincorp-col1=<div>
 +
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Back_Gate,_Arkansas Back Gate]
 +
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halley,_Arkansas Halley]
 +
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kelso,_Arkansas Kelso]</div>
 +
| unincorp-col2=<div>
 +
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Napoleon,_Arkansas Napoleon]
 +
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pea_Ridge,_Desha_County,_Arkansas Pea Ridge]
 +
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pickens,_Desha_County,_Arkansas Pickens]</div>
 +
| unincorp-col3=<div>
 +
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rohwer,_Arkansas Rohwer]
 +
* [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Snow_Lake,_Arkansas Snow Lake]</div>
 +
<!--census column------------------->
 +
| census-col1=
 +
| census-col2=
 +
| census-col3=
 +
<!--townships column------------------->
 +
| townships-col1=<div>
 +
* Bowie
 +
* Clayton
 +
* Franklin
 +
* Halley</div>
 +
| townships-col2=<div>
 +
* Jefferson
 +
* Mississippi
 +
* Randolph
 +
* Red Fork</div>
 +
| townships-col3=<div>
 +
* Richland
 +
* Silver Lake
 +
* Walnut Lake</div>
 +
<!--ghost towns column------------------->
 +
| ghost-col1=
 +
| ghost-col2=
 +
| ghost-col3=
 +
}}
  
==== Maps  ====
+
=== History Timeline ===
 +
{{AR Historical Timeline Intro|Desha}}
  
==== Military  ====
+
Emphasis for this timeline is on events that affected migration, records, or record-keeping. Unless otherwise mentioned, the events below were taken from the Desha County page on the website, [http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/ The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture]. <ref>Charlotte Tillar Schexnayder, ''The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture,'' (http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=765&type=Category&item=Counties&parent=Counties%2c+Cities%2c+and+Towns&grandparent= : accessed January 13, 2016), “Desha County.”</ref>
  
==== Newspapers  ====
+
*1838 December 12 - Created by legislative act , Desha County was detached from Arkansas and Chicot counties.
 +
*1860-1865 - During the war, county records were moved by wagon to Richland Township and later to Clarksville, Texas. Some records were never recovered.
 +
*1927 - Desha County’s greatest tragedy came in the spring of 1927, when a flood inundated 478,000 acres after levee breaks occurred on the Arkansas and Mississippi rivers. Many of the county’s 26,684 citizens were forced to flee to hill counties or to live on second floors, in tent cities, and in boxcars on the levee.
 +
*1930-1931 - The Drought of 1930–31 and the Great Depression, with unemployment over thirty percent, added to economic woes.
 +
*1940-2010 - The population of Desha County peaked in 1940 at just over 27,000. By 2010, it had dropped to 13,000.
  
==== Probate  ====
+
'''Additional Information'''<br>
 +
Desha County is Arkansas's 40th county, formed on December 12, 1838, and named for Captain Benjamin Desha who fought in the War of 1812.
  
==== Taxation  ====
+
== Resources ==
 +
{{AR Resources Intro|Desha}}
  
==== Vital Records ====
+
=== Bible Records ===
 +
{{AR Bible Intro|Desha}}
  
== Societies and Libraries ==
+
=== Biographies ===
 +
{{AR Biographies Intro|Desha}}
  
== Web Sites  ==
+
=== Business, Commerce, and Occupations ===
 +
{{AR Business Records Intro|Desha}}
  
*USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.<br>
+
=== Cemeteries  ===
*[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=localitydetails&subject=194521&subject_disp=Arkansas%2C+Desha&columns=*,0,0 Family History Library Catalog]
+
{{AR Cemeteries Intro| Desha}}
  
== References ==
+
{| style = "border:1px solid black; width:60%; "
<references/>
+
|-
[[Category:Desha_County,_Arkansas]]
+
| colspan="2" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" style="border:1px solid black"| <center>'''Cemeteries of Desha, Arkansas''' online and in print</center>
 +
|-
 +
| width="20%" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" style="border:1px solid black" | <center>'''Tombstone Transcriptions Online'''</center>
 +
|bgcolor="#F0F0F0" valign="top" style="border:1px solid black" |
 +
 
 +
*[https://findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gsr&GSfn=&GSmn=&GSln=&GSbyrel=all&GSby=&GSdyrel=all&GSdy=&GScntry=4&GSst=4&GScnty=113&GSgrid=&df=all&GSob=nn Findagrave.com]
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.argenweb.net/desha/cemeteries.htm ARGenWeb]
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.usgwarchives.net/ar/desha/desha.htm ARGenWeb Archives]
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.usgwtombstones.org/arkansas/desha.html Tombstone Project]
 +
 
 +
*[http://arkansasgravestones.org/cemeteries.php?selected_cid=9  Arkansas Gravestones]
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.interment.net/us/ar/desha.htm Cemetery Records by Interment]
 +
 
 +
*[https://billiongraves.com/search/#/ Billion Graves]
 +
|-
 +
| width="20%" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" style="border:1px solid black"| <center>''' TombstoneTranscriptions in Print''' ([[The Value of Cemetery Records in Print |Often more complete]])</center>
 +
|bgcolor="#F0F0F0" style="border:1px solid black"|
 +
 
 +
*{{FHL|482590|subject-id|disp=Family History Library}}
 +
 
 +
*[https://www.worldcat.org/search?qt=worldcat_org_all&q=desha%2C+Arkansas+cemeteries+ WorldCat]
 +
|-
 +
| width="20%" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" style="border:1px solid black" |<center>'''List of Cemeteries in the County'''</center>
 +
|bgcolor="#F0F0F0" style="border:1px solid black" |
 +
 
 +
*[https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=csr&CScn=&CScntry=4&CSst=4&CScnty=113 Findagrave.com]
 +
*[https://billiongraves.com/search/results?cemetery_country=United%20States&cemetery_state=Arkansas&cemetery_county=desha&year_range=5&size=15 Billion Graves]
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.epodunk.com/cgi-bin/localList.php?local=11474&locTGroup=Cemeteries&direction=down&sec=0&qty=39&stateAbbv=&stateName= Arkansas Cemeteries by epodunk]
 +
 
 +
*[https://www.accessgenealogy.com/cemetery/arkansas-cemetery-records.htm Cemetery Records by Accessgenealogy]
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| colspan="2" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" style="border:1px solid black"|<center>See '''[https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/Arkansas_Cemeteries Arkansas Cemeteries]''' for more information</center>
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
=== Census Records ===
 +
 
 +
{{Historical populations
 +
|type = USA
 +
|heading = Census
 +
|footnote = Source: [https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/Desha_County,_Arkansas_Genealogy "Wikipedia.org".]
 +
|1840 |1598
 +
|1850 |2911
 +
|1860 |6459
 +
|1870 |6125
 +
|1880 |8973
 +
|1890 |10324
 +
|1900 |11511
 +
|1910 |15274
 +
|1920 |20297
 +
|1930 |21814
 +
|1940 |27160
 +
|1950 |25155
 +
|1960 |20770
 +
|1970 |18761
 +
|1980 |19760
 +
|1990 |16798
 +
|2000 |15341
 +
|2010 |13008
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
[http://files.usgwarchives.net/ar/desha/census/1840/1840indx.txt 1840&nbsp; Federal Census Index]&nbsp; -&nbsp; USGenWeb Project Archives
 +
 
 +
[http://files.usgwarchives.net/ar/desha/census/1840/1840indx.txt 1850 Federal Census Index]&nbsp; -&nbsp; USGenWeb Project Archives
 +
 
 +
=== Church Records ===
 +
{{AR Church Intro|Desha}}
 +
*'''1875-1899''' - {{RecordSearch|2790263|Nebraska, Church Records, 1875-1899}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index
 +
*[http://www.churchangel.com/WEBAR/dumas.htm Dumas Churches]&nbsp; -&nbsp; churchangel.com
 +
*[http://www.churchangel.com/WEBAR/mcgehee.htm McGehee Churches&nbsp;] -&nbsp; churchangel.com
 +
 
 +
=== Court Records ===
 +
{{AR Court Intro|Desha}}
 +
 
 +
=== Directories ===
 +
{{AR Directories Intro|Desha}}
 +
 
 +
=== Emigration and Immigration  ===
 +
{{AR Emigration Intro|Desha}}
 +
 
 +
=== Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups ===
 +
{{AR Ethnic Groups Intro|Desha}}
 +
 
 +
==== African Americans ====
 +
{{AR African Americans Intro|Desha}}
 +
 
 +
*'''1867-1872''' - Desha County Marriage Index 1867-1872 in {{RecordSearch|1417439|Arkansas, County Marriages, 1837-1957}} at FamilySearch - free.<ref name="hc" />
 +
 
 +
:*1866-1868 — ''[https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A%2F%2Ffamilysearch.org%2Frecapi%2Fsord%2Fwaypoint%2F9VR9-BZW%3A1076659102%3Fcc%3D2328125 Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records, Napoleon] at [http://FamilySearch.org/ FamilySearch.org] — browsable images only;'' letters, contracts
 +
 
 +
=== Funeral Homes  ===
 +
{{AR Funeral Homes Intro|Desha}}
 +
 
 +
=== Genealogies  ===
 +
{{AR Genealogies Intro|Desha}}
 +
 
 +
=== Guardianship ===
 +
{{AR Guardianship Intro|Desha}}
 +
 
 +
=== Land and Property Records ===
 +
{{AR Land Intro|Desha}}
 +
 
 +
[http://files.usgwarchives.net/ar/desha/land/desha.txt Desha County Federal Land Records]&nbsp; -&nbsp; USGenWeb Archives Project
 +
 
 +
=== Local Histories ===
 +
{{AR Histories Intro|Desha}}
 +
 
 +
{{AR History Intro}}
 +
 
 +
[http://sites.rootsweb.com/~ardesha/river.htm Riverboat History] -&nbsp; Desha County ARGenWeb
 +
 
 +
[http://sites.rootsweb.com/~ardesha/gdspdhis.htm Goodspeed's History]&nbsp; -&nbsp; Desha County ARGenWeb
 +
 
 +
*'''''Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Southern Arkansas.''''' Chicago, IL, USA: Goodspeed Publishing, 1890. Online at: [https://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7192 Ancestry.com] ($)
 +
 
 +
=== Maps and Gazetteers ===
 +
{{AR Maps Intro|Desha}}
 +
{{NE Neighboring Counties Intro|county={{AR Desha County}}}}
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.mapofus.org/arkansas/ Maps of Arkansas (1813-1925)]
 +
*[http://www.livgenmi.com/1895/AR/County/desha.htm 1895 Desha County Map]&nbsp; -&nbsp; livgenmil.com
 +
*[http://sites.rootsweb.com/~ardesha/modernmp.htm Township Map]&nbsp; -&nbsp; Desha County USGenWeb
 +
 
 +
=== Migration ===
 +
{{AR Migration Intro|Desha}}
 +
 
 +
=== Military Records ===
 +
{{AR Military Intro|Desha}}
 +
 
 +
==== War of 1812 ====
 +
{{AR War of 1812 Intro|Desha}}
 +
 
 +
[http://files.usgwarchives.net/ar/desha/military/warof1812/other/somemili85gmt.txt Military Land Grants War of 1812] (partial list)&nbsp; -&nbsp; USGenWeb Project Archives
 +
 
 +
==== Civil War ====
 +
{{AR Civil War Intro|Desha}}
 +
 
 +
{{AR Civil War Regiments|Desha}}
 +
 
 +
:- [[3rd Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)|3rd Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)]], <ref>Calvin L. Collier, ''They'll do to Tie To: the story of the Third Regiment, Arkansas Infantry, C.S.A.,''(Little Rock, Arkansas: Civil War Round Table Associates, 1959) p. 10. {{FHL|379659|item|disp=FHL book 976.7 M2c}}</ref>
 +
:- [[5th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)|5th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)]]
 +
:- [[6th Regiment, Arkansas Militia (Confederate)|6th Regiment, Arkansas Militia (Confederate) ]], Napoleon Cavalry
 +
:- [[8th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)|8th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)]]
 +
:- [[Carlton's Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)|Carlton's Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)]]
 +
 
 +
'''Online Records
 +
 
 +
*'''1861-1865''' - {{RecordSearch|1932392|Arkansas Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index
 +
*'''1890-1963''' - {{RecordSearch|2126715|Arkansas Confederate Soldier Home,1890-1963}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
 +
*'''1891-1939''' - {{RecordSearch|1921864|Arkansas Ex-Confederate Pension Records, 1891-1939}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
 +
*[http://sites.rootsweb.com/~ardesha/amnesty.htm Civil War Amnesty List]&nbsp; -&nbsp; Desha County ARGenWeb
 +
*'''1901-1929''' - {{RecordSearch|1837922|Arkansas Confederate Pensions, 1901-1929}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
 +
 
 +
==== World War II ====
 +
{{AR World War II Intro|Desha}}
 +
 
 +
[http://sites.rootsweb.com/~ardesha/center.htm Rohwer Relocation Center]&nbsp; -&nbsp; Desha County ARGenWeb
 +
 
 +
[http://files.usgwarchives.net/ar/desha/military/ww2/enlistment/armyenli46gmt.txt World War II Enlistees A-F&nbsp;] -&nbsp; USGenWeb Project Archives
 +
 
 +
[http://files.usgwarchives.net/ar/desha/military/ww2/enlistment/armyenli47gmt.txt World War II enlistees G-L]&nbsp; -&nbsp; USGenWeb Project Archives
 +
 
 +
[http://files.usgwarchives.net/ar/desha/military/ww2/enlistment/armyenli48gmt.txt World War II Enlistees M-R]&nbsp; -&nbsp; USGenWeb Project Archives
 +
 
 +
=== Naturalization and Citizenship ===
 +
{{AR Naturalization Intro|Desha}}
 +
 
 +
=== Newspapers ===
 +
{{AR Newspapers Intro|Desha}}
 +
 
 +
{{AR Newspapers|Desha}}
 +
 
 +
[http://sites.rootsweb.com/~ardesha/newshome.htmhttp://sites.rootsweb.com/~ardesha/newshome.htm Desha County Newspapers]&nbsp; -&nbsp; Desha County ARGenWeb
 +
 
 +
=== Obituaries ===
 +
{{AR Obituaries Intro|Desha}}
 +
 
 +
=== Other Records ===
 +
{{AR Other Records Intro|Desha}}
 +
 
 +
=== Periodicals ===
 +
{{AR Periodicals Intro|Desha}}
 +
 
 +
=== Probate Records ===
 +
{{AR Probate Intro|Desha}}
 +
 
 +
'''Online Probate Records
 +
*'''1783 – 1998''' [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=8638 Arkansas Wills and Probate Records 1783-1998] at [http://search.ancestry.com/ Ancestry.com] — index and images $
 +
*'''1817 – 1979''' {{RecordSearch|2061549|Arkansas Probate Records 1817-1979}} at [https://familysearch.org FamilySearch] — images
 +
 
 +
=== School Records ===
 +
{{AR Schools Intro|Desha}}
 +
 
 +
=== Tax Records ===
 +
{{AR Tax Intro|Desha}}
 +
 
 +
=== Vital Records ===
 +
{{AR Vital Intro|Desha}}
 +
 
 +
==== Birth ====
 +
{{AR Birth Intro|Desha}}
 +
 
 +
==== Marriage ====
 +
{{AR Marriage Intro|Desha}}
 +
 
 +
*'''1779-1966''' - [https://search.findmypast.com/search-world-records/united-states-marriages?state=ar%2carkansas Arkansas, United States Marriages] at [http://findmypast.com/ FindMyPast] — index $
 +
*'''1856 - 1952''' - Desha County Marriage Books A-Z, A1-I1 Index 1856-1952 in {{RecordSearch|1417439|Arkansas, County Marriages, 1837-1957}} at FamilySearch - free.<ref name="hc">FamilySearch Wiki contributors, "[[Arkansas_County_Marriages_(FamilySearch_Historical_Records)|Arkansas County Marriages - FamilySearch Historical Records]]," in ''FamilySearch Wiki.''</ref>
 +
*'''1860 - 1976''' - {{RecordSearch|2546158|Arkansas Church Marriages, 1860-1976}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
 +
 
 +
==== Death ====
 +
{{AR Death Intro|Desha}}
 +
 
 +
==== Divorce ====
 +
{{AR Divorce Intro|Desha}}
 +
 
 +
== Research Facilities ==
 +
{{AR Research Facilities Intro|Desha}}
 +
 
 +
=== Archives ===
 +
{{AR Archives Intro|Desha}}
 +
 
 +
=== Family History Centers ===
 +
{{Family History Centers Intro}}
 +
 
 +
=== Libraries ===
 +
{{AR Libraries Intro|Desha}}
 +
 
 +
=== Museums ===
 +
{{AR Museums Intro|Desha}}
 +
== Societies ==
 +
{{AR Societies Intro|Desha}}
 +
 
 +
== Websites ==
 +
{{AR Websites Intro|Desha}}
 +
 
 +
* [http://www.argenweb.net/desha/ ARGenWeb]. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions
 +
* [http://www.usgwarchives.net/ar/desha/desha.htm USGenWeb Archives]. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
 +
* [https://web.archive.org/web/20141008051547/http://resources.rootsweb.ancestry.com/USA/AR/Desha/ RootsWeb]. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
 +
* [http://www.linkpendium.com/genealogy/USA/AR/desha/ Linkpendium]. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
 +
* [http://www.cyndislist.com/us/ar/counties/desha/ CyndisList]. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
 +
*{{FHL Place IDNum|194521|Arkansas|Desha}}- The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use [https://familysearch.org/search/ Historical Records] to search for specific individuals in genealogical records
 +
 
 +
== Research Guides ==
 +
{{AR Research Guides Intro|Desha}}
 +
 
 +
== References ==
 +
<references />
 +
 
 +
{{Arkansas|Arkansas}}
 +
[[Category:Desha_County,_Arkansas]][[Category:Arkansas_Counties]]

Revision as of 14:26, 15 August 2019

 

Guide to Desha County, Arkansas ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

{{{link}}}
County Facts
County seat: Arkansas City
Organized: December 12, 1838
Parent County(s): Arkansas and Chicot[1]
Neighboring Counties
Arkansas  • Bolivar (MS)  • Chicot  • Drew  • Lincoln  • Phillips  • Washington (MS)
See County Maps
Courthouse
Desha County Arkansas Courthouse.jpg
Location Map
Ar-desha.png
Adoption

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for Captain Benjamin Desha, a landowner who fought in the War of 1812.[2] It is located in the southeast of the state.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Desha County Courthouse
Robert Moore Avenue
PO Box 188
Arkansas City, AR 71630
Phone: 870.877.2323
Desha County Website

County Clerk has marriage records from 1865 and probate records;
Clerk Circuit Court has divorce, court and land records.[1]

Desha County, Arkansas[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1914* 1865 1914* 1840 1839 1852 1830
*State birth and death records began in 1914. Limited compliance until 1920's

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

  • 1860s - A courthouse fire destroyed some records.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • 1838--Desha County was created 12 December 1838 from Arkansas and Chicot Counties.
  • County seat: Arkansas City[1]

For animated maps illustrating Arkansas county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Arkansas County Boundary Maps" (1813-1925) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[5]

Cities
Towns
* Tillar
Unincorporated communities
Townships
  • Bowie
  • Clayton
  • Franklin
  • Halley
  • Jefferson
  • Mississippi
  • Randolph
  • Red Fork
  • Richland
  • Silver Lake
  • Walnut Lake


History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Emphasis for this timeline is on events that affected migration, records, or record-keeping. Unless otherwise mentioned, the events below were taken from the Desha County page on the website, The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture. [6]

  • 1838 December 12 - Created by legislative act , Desha County was detached from Arkansas and Chicot counties.
  • 1860-1865 - During the war, county records were moved by wagon to Richland Township and later to Clarksville, Texas. Some records were never recovered.
  • 1927 - Desha County’s greatest tragedy came in the spring of 1927, when a flood inundated 478,000 acres after levee breaks occurred on the Arkansas and Mississippi rivers. Many of the county’s 26,684 citizens were forced to flee to hill counties or to live on second floors, in tent cities, and in boxcars on the levee.
  • 1930-1931 - The Drought of 1930–31 and the Great Depression, with unemployment over thirty percent, added to economic woes.
  • 1940-2010 - The population of Desha County peaked in 1940 at just over 27,000. By 2010, it had dropped to 13,000.

Additional Information
Desha County is Arkansas's 40th county, formed on December 12, 1838, and named for Captain Benjamin Desha who fought in the War of 1812.

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Desha, Arkansas online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Arkansas Cemeteries for more information

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1840 1,598
1850 2,911 82.2%
1860 6,459 121.9%
1870 6,125 −5.2%
1880 8,973 46.5%
1890 10,324 15.1%
1900 11,511 11.5%
1910 15,274 32.7%
1920 20,297 32.9%
1930 21,814 7.5%
1940 27,160 24.5%
1950 25,155 −7.4%
1960 20,770 −17.4%
1970 18,761 −9.7%
1980 19,760 5.3%
1990 16,798 −15.0%
2000 15,341 −8.7%
2010 13,008 −15.2%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

1840  Federal Census Index  -  USGenWeb Project Archives

1850 Federal Census Index  -  USGenWeb Project Archives

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

African Americans[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Desha County Federal Land Records  -  USGenWeb Archives Project

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for {{{1}}} County. They may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. Click for a brief Timeline History of the county. For more about local histories, see Arkansas Local Histories.

Riverboat History -  Desha County ARGenWeb

Goodspeed's History  -  Desha County ARGenWeb

  • Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Southern Arkansas. Chicago, IL, USA: Goodspeed Publishing, 1890. Online at: Ancestry.com ($)

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Arkansas CountyPhillips CountyLincoln CountyDrew CountyChicot CountyWashington CountyBolivar CountyCoahoma CountySunflower CountyAR DESHA.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

War of 1812[edit | edit source]

Military Land Grants War of 1812 (partial list)  -  USGenWeb Project Archives

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Regiments. Men in Desha County served in various regiments and companies. Those listed below were specifically formed in this county:

- 3rd Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate), [8]
- 5th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)
- 6th Regiment, Arkansas Militia (Confederate) , Napoleon Cavalry
- 8th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)
- Carlton's Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)

Online Records

World War II[edit | edit source]

Rohwer Relocation Center  -  Desha County ARGenWeb

World War II Enlistees A-F  -  USGenWeb Project Archives

World War II enlistees G-L  -  USGenWeb Project Archives

World War II Enlistees M-R  -  USGenWeb Project Archives

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Finding More Arkansas Newspapers Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Desha County, Arkansas Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


Desha County Newspapers  -  Desha County ARGenWeb

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Birth[edit | edit source]

Birth Records reveal
Yes or Maybe
 Y  M
Name of Child Green check.png  
Birth Date and Place Green check.png  
Parent's Names Green check.png  
Mother's Maiden Name   Green check.png
Parent's Ages Green check.png  
Father's Occupation Green check.png  
Current Residence Green check.png  
Name of Doctor or Midwife Green check.png  

In 1877, a few county and city clerks[9] started keeping birth and death records.

In 1914, the state law required all county clerks to record births and forward them to the state.

ArrowGreen.svg.png

See also: • Arkansas Online Genealogy Records, • How to Find Arkansas Birth Records and • Arkansas Vital Records—Birth.

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Websites[edit | edit source]

  • ARGenWeb. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions
  • USGenWeb Archives. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
  • RootsWeb. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
  • Linkpendium. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
  • CyndisList. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
  • FamilySearch Catalog - The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Desha County, Arkansas Genealogy and History”, http://genealogytrails.com/ark/desha/
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Desha County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Desha_County,_Arkansas
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Desha County, Arkansas. Page 67 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 65.
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "Desha County, Arkansas," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Desha_County%2C_Arkansas, accessed 10 September 2018.
  6. Charlotte Tillar Schexnayder, The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture, (http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=765&type=Category&item=Counties&parent=Counties%2c+Cities%2c+and+Towns&grandparent= : accessed January 13, 2016), “Desha County.”
  7. 7.0 7.1 FamilySearch Wiki contributors, "Arkansas County Marriages - FamilySearch Historical Records," in FamilySearch Wiki.
  8. Calvin L. Collier, They'll do to Tie To: the story of the Third Regiment, Arkansas Infantry, C.S.A.,(Little Rock, Arkansas: Civil War Round Table Associates, 1959) p. 10. FHL book 976.7 M2c
  9. such as Sebastian County (Fort Smith) and Pulaski County (Little Rock) (No entry in FamilySearch Catalog found for Pulaski County nor for Little Rock, Aug 2014)