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''[[United States Genealogy|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Arkansas Genealogy|Arkansas]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Desha County, Arkansas|Desha County]]''
 
  
Guide to '''Desha County, Arkansas ancestry, family history, and genealogy''' birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.
 
 
{{DCARbutton}}
 
 
{{Infobox U.S. County
 
 
| county = Desha County
 
 
| county_map = Ar-desha.png
 
 
| state = Arkansas
 
 
| state_map = Arkansas.png
 
 
| founded year = 1838
 
 
| founded date = December 12
 
 
| seat wl = Arkansas City
 
 
| building image = Desha County Arkansas Courthouse.jpg
 
 
| building address = [http://www.county-clerk.net/countyclerk.asp?state=Arkansas&county=Desha Desha County Courthouse]<br>Robert Moore Avenue<br>PO Box 188<br> Arkansas City, AR 71630<br> Phone: 870.877.2323 <br>
 
 
}}
 
 
=== County Courthouse  ===
 
 
County Clerk has marriage records from 1865 and probate records; Clerk Circuit Court has divorce, court and land records.<ref name="HB">''The Handybook for Genealogists : United States of America'', 10th ed., (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002), p. 67.</ref>
 
 
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
 
|-
 
| width="100%" bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" colspan="6" | <center>'''Beginning years for {{PAGENAME}} government records'''<ref>Alice Eichholz, ''Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources'', 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Pub., 2004), 65-67. {{WorldCat|55947869|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1185723|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004}}.</ref></center>
 
|-
 
| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Birth|Birth]]'''
 
| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Marriage|Marriage]]'''
 
| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Death|Death]]'''
 
| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Court|Court]]'''
 
| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Land_and_Property|Land]]'''
 
| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Probate_Records|Probate]]'''
 
|-
 
| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1914*
 
| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1865
 
| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1914*
 
| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1840
 
| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1839
 
| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1852
 
|-
 
| colspan="6" | <center>*State birth and death records began in 1914. Limited compliance until 1920's</center>
 
|}
 
 
==== Government and Related Websites  ====
 
 
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="5" border="1"
 
|-
 
| width="100%" bgcolor="#ffcc99" colspan="3" | <center>'''County Government and other Local Websites'''</center>
 
|-
 
| width="30%" | [http://www.county-clerk.net/countyclerk.asp?state=Arkansas&county=Desha County-clerk.net] (unofficial site)
 
| width="60%" | Clerks have jurisdiction over birth certificates, death certificates, marriage licenses, land use, land rights, real estate, and other court records. Site provides links to unofficial websites with online records
 
|-
 
| width="30%" | [http://publicrecords.onlinesearches.com/AR_Desha.htm PublicRecords.com] (unofficial site)
 
| width="60%" | Provides links to County officials and public records
 
|}
 
 
=== History  ===
 
 
Desha County is Arkansas's 40th county, formed on December 12, 1838, and named for Captain Benjamin Desha who fought in the War of 1812.
 
 
==== Parent County  ====
 
 
*'''1838--'''Desha County was created 12 December 1838&nbsp;from [[Arkansas County, Arkansas Genealogy|Arkansas]] and [[Chicot County, Arkansas Genealogy|Chicot]] Counties.
 
 
'''County seat:''' Arkansas City <ref name="Handybook">''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'',10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref>
 
 
==== Boundary Changes  ====
 
 
For animated maps illustrating Arkansas county boundary changes, [http://www.mapofus.org/arkansas/ "Rotating Formation Arkansas County Boundary Maps"] (1813-1925) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.
 
 
<br>
 
 
==== Variant Spellings  ====
 
 
==== Record Loss  ====
 
 
For a list of record loss in Arkansas counties see: [http://www.genealogyinc.com/arkansas/ar-counties.html#courthouse Arkansas Counties with Burned Courthouses]
 
 
=== Places/Localities  ===
 
 
''Town/city records in the FamilySearch Catalog'''
 
 
*{{FHL|United States, Arkansas, Desha, Arkansas City|place|disp=Arkansas City}}
 
 
==== Populated Places  ====
 
 
Arkansas City<br>Dumas<br>McGehee<br>Mitchellville<br>Reed<br>Tillar<br>Watson<br><br>
 
 
==== Neighboring Counties  ====
 
 
[[Arkansas County, Arkansas Genealogy|Arkansas]] {{•}} [[Bolivar County, Mississippi Genealogy|Bolivar County, Mississippi]] {{•}} [[Chicot County, Arkansas Genealogy|Chicot]] {{•}} [[Drew County, Arkansas Genealogy|Drew]] {{•}} [[Lincoln County, Arkansas Genealogy|Lincoln]] {{•}} [[Phillips County, Arkansas Genealogy|Phillips]]
 
<center>{{ARDesha County, Arkansas Clickable Neighbors}}</center>
 
=== Genealogy Resources  ===
 
 
==== Research Guides  ====
 
 
==== African Americans  ====
 
 
*'''1867-1872''' - Desha County Marriage Index 1867-1872 in {{RecordSearch|1417439|Arkansas, County Marriages, 1837-1957}} at FamilySearch - free.<ref name="hc" />
 
 
:*1866-1868 — ''[https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A%2F%2Ffamilysearch.org%2Frecapi%2Fsord%2Fwaypoint%2F9VR9-BZW%3A1076659102%3Fcc%3D2328125 Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records, Napoleon] at [http://FamilySearch.org/ FamilySearch.org] — browsable images only;'' letters, contracts
 
 
==== Bible Records  ====
 
 
==== Cemeteries  ====
 
 
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="5" border="1" style="margin: 1em auto 1em auto;"
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#EAC7FE" colspan="3" | <center>'''Online Desha County, Arkansas''' cemeteries <br>from [[Arkansas Cemeteries|state]] and [[United States Cemeteries|national]] resources</center>
 
|-
 
| width="34%" bgcolor="#CFF3FF" | <center>'''Search for names of people'''<br>in Desha County</center>
 
| width="34%" bgcolor="#F2DDFE" | <center>'''Get a list of cemeteries'''<br>(then click to names of people)</center>
 
| width="32%" bgcolor="#B8FFDB" | <center>'''Find printed records''' <br>(Often more complete)</center>
 
|-
 
| valign="top" width="30%" bgcolor="#EBFAFF" |
 
*[http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gsr&GSfn=&GSmn=&GSln=smith&GSbyrel=all&GSby=&GSdyrel=all&GSdy=&GScntry=4&GSst=4&GScnty=113&GSgrid=&df=all&GSob=n Find A Grave] Click "Refine Last Search" on the left, enter a name, click "Search"
 
 
*[http://arkansasgravestones.org/search.php?cid=9 Arkansas Gravestones] enter a name and click "Search"
 
 
*[http://billiongraves.com/pages/search/#given_names=&family_names=smith&birth_year=&death_year=&year_range=5&lim=0&num=10&action=search&exact=true&phonetic=false&record_type=0&country=United+States&state=Arkansas&county=0 Billion Graves] Enter a name and click "Search" (Statewide. Can search by county, but many with no results.)
 
 
| valign="top" width="30%" bgcolor="#FAF1FF" |
 
*[http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=csr&CScn=&CScntry=4&CSst=4&CScnty=113 Find A Grave] Click '''Search for a Cemetery''' on the right, click '''All Countries''' - click '''United States''', click '''State''', click '''County''' and search.
 
 
*[http://arkansasgravestones.org/search.php?cid=9 Arkansas Gravestones] Click '''Browse Gravestones By Cemetery'''
 
 
*[http://www.interment.net/us/ar/desha.htm Interment.net]
 
 
*[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/cemetery/desha-county-arkansas-cemetery-records.htm Access Genealogy]
 
 
*[http://www.usgwarchives.net/ar/desha/desha.htm USGenWeb Archives]
 
 
*[http://usgwtombstones.org/arkansas/desha.html USGenWeb Tombstone Project]
 
 
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ardesha/ ARGenWeb] Scroll down / site under is construction.
 
 
*[http://www.rootsweb.com/~arcemete/desha/desha.htm RootsWeb]
 
 
*[http://www.idreamof.com/cemetery/ar.html I Dream of Genealogy] Scroll to the county and cemetery.
 
 
*[http://africanamericancemeteries.com/ar/ African American Cemeteries Online] Scroll to the county and cemetery.
 
 
'''More cemetery lists'''
 
 
*[http://www.linkpendium.com/genealogy/USA/AR/Desha/cem/ Linkpendium]
 
*[http://www.cyndislist.com/us/ar/counties/desha/cemeteries/ Cyndi's List]
 
*[http://www.deathindexes.com/arkansas/index.html DeathIndexes.com] Scan through the list under '''Arkansas Death Records Indexes….'''
 
*[http://www.daddezio.com/cemetery/junction/CJ-AR-NDX.html D'Addezio] Search/browse by cemetery name, not people. (Statewide)
 
 
| valign="top" bgcolor="#D4FFE9" |
 
*{{FHL|United States, Arkansas, Desha|place|disp=FamilySearch Catalog}} Select "Cemeteries"
 
**Also [[Desha County, Arkansas Genealogy#Cities_and_Towns|check towns]] for records
 
 
*[http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=Desha+county+Arkansas=Desha+County%2C+Arkansas%2C+cemeteries&qt=notfound_page&search=Search WorldCat]
 
 
*[[Arkansas Periodicals|Periodicals]]
 
 
*[[Desha County, Arkansas Genealogy#Societies|Societies]]
 
 
|}
 
 
[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ardesha/cemeteries.htm Desha County Cemetery Transcriptions] (partial list)&nbsp; -&nbsp; Desha County ARGenWeb
 
 
==== Census  ====
 
 
[http://files.usgwarchives.net/ar/desha/census/1840/1840indx.txt 1840&nbsp; Federal Census Index]&nbsp; -&nbsp; USGenWeb Project Archives
 
 
[http://files.usgwarchives.net/ar/desha/census/1840/1840indx.txt 1850 Federal Census Index]&nbsp; -&nbsp; USGenWeb Project Archives
 
 
==== Church Records  ====
 
 
{{AR Church Intro}}
 
 
[http://www.churchangel.com/WEBAR/dumas.htm Dumas Churches]&nbsp; -&nbsp; churchangel.com
 
 
[http://www.churchangel.com/WEBAR/mcgehee.htm McGehee Churches&nbsp;] -&nbsp; churchangel.com
 
 
==== Court  ====
 
 
==== Genealogy  ====
 
 
==== Land and Property  ====
 
 
{{AR Land Intro}}
 
 
[http://files.usgwarchives.net/ar/desha/land/desha.txt Desha County Federal Land Records]&nbsp; -&nbsp; USGenWeb Archives Project
 
 
==== Local Histories  ====
 
 
{{AR History Intro}}
 
 
[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ardesha/river.htm Riverboat History] -&nbsp; Desha County ARGenWeb
 
 
[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ardesha/gdspdhis.htm Goodspeed's Historry]&nbsp; -&nbsp; Desha County ARGenWeb
 
 
*'''''Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Southern Arkansas.''''' Chicago, IL, USA: Goodspeed Publishing, 1890. Online at: [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7192 Ancestry.com] ($)
 
 
==== History Timeline  ====
 
 
Emphasis for this timeline is on events that affected migration, records, or record-keeping. Unless otherwise mentioned, the events below were gleaned from Arkansas County - The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History &amp; Culture [http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=745]
 
 
*1673-1686 - Explorers Hernando de Soto; Father Jacques Marquette; Louis Joliet; René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle; and Henri de Tonti visited area Indian tribes.
 
*1838 December 12 - Created by legislative act , Desha County was detached from Arkansas and Chicot counties.
 
*1860-1865 - During the war, county records were moved by wagon to Richland Township and later to Clarksville, Texas. Some records were never recovered.
 
*1927 - Desha County’s greatest tragedy came in the spring of 1927, when a flood inundated 478,000 acres after levee breaks occurred on the Arkansas and Mississippi rivers. Many of the county’s 26,684 citizens were forced to flee to hill counties or to live on second floors, in tent cities, and in boxcars on the levee.
 
*1930-1931 - The Drought of 1930–31 and the Great Depression, with unemployment over thirty percent, added to economic woes.
 
*1940-2010 - The population of Desha County peaked in 1940 at just over 27,000. By 2010, it had dropped to 13,000.
 
 
==== Maps  ====
 
 
*[http://www.mapofus.org/arkansas/ Maps of Arkansas (1813-1925)]
 
*[http://www.livgenmi.com/1895/AR/County/desha.htm 1895 Desha County Map]&nbsp; -&nbsp; livgenmil.com
 
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ardesha/modernmp.htm Township Map]&nbsp; -&nbsp; Desha County USGenWeb
 
 
==== Military  ====
 
 
===== War of 1812  =====
 
 
[http://files.usgwarchives.net/ar/desha/military/warof1812/other/somemili85gmt.txt Military Land Grants War of 1812] (partial list)&nbsp; -&nbsp; USGenWeb Project Archives
 
 
===== Civil War  =====
 
 
{{VAciv}}
 
 
:- [[3rd Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)|3rd Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)]], <ref>Calvin L. Collier, ''They'll do to Tie To: the story of the Third Regiment, Arkansas Infantry, C.S.A.,''(Little Rock, Arkansas: Civil War Round Table Associates, 1959) p. 10. {{FHL|379659|item|disp=FHL book 976.7 M2c}}</ref>
 
:- [[5th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)|5th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)]]
 
:- [[6th Regiment, Arkansas Militia (Confederate)|6th Regiment, Arkansas Militia (Confederate) ]], Napoleon Cavalry
 
:- [[8th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)|8th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)]]
 
:- [[Carlton's Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)|Carlton's Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)]]
 
 
<br>
 
 
'''[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ardesha/amnesty.htm Civil War Amnesty List]&nbsp; -&nbsp; Desha County ARGenWeb'''
 
 
===== World War II  =====
 
 
[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ardesha/center.htm Rohwer Relocation Center]&nbsp; -&nbsp; Desha County ARGenWeb
 
 
[http://files.usgwarchives.net/ar/desha/military/ww2/enlistment/armyenli46gmt.txt World War II Enlistees A-F&nbsp;] -&nbsp; USGenWeb Project Archives
 
 
[http://files.usgwarchives.net/ar/desha/military/ww2/enlistment/armyenli47gmt.txt World War II enlistees G-L]&nbsp; -&nbsp; USGenWeb Project Archives
 
 
[http://files.usgwarchives.net/ar/desha/military/ww2/enlistment/armyenli48gmt.txt World War II Enlistees M-R]&nbsp; -&nbsp; USGenWeb Project Archives
 
 
==== Naturalization  ====
 
 
==== Newspapers  ====
 
 
{{AR Newspapers|Desha}}
 
 
[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ardesha/newshome.htm Desha County Newspapers]&nbsp; -&nbsp; Desha County ARGenWeb
 
 
==== Occupations  ====
 
 
==== Probate Records  ====
 
 
{{AR Probate Intro}}
 
 
==== Taxation  ====
 
 
{{AR Tax Intro}}
 
 
==== Vital Records  ====
 
 
{{AR Vital Intro}} See also [http://www.genealogyinc.com/arkansas/ar-vital-records/ How to order Arkansas Vital Records]
 
 
===== Birth  =====
 
 
===== Marriage  =====
 
 
*'''1856-1952''' - Desha County Marriage Books A-Z, A1-I1 Index 1856-1952 in {{RecordSearch|1417439|Arkansas, County Marriages, 1837-1957}} at FamilySearch - free.<ref name="hc">FamilySearch Wiki contributors, "[[Arkansas_County_Marriages_(FamilySearch_Historical_Records)|Arkansas County Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]," in ''FamilySearch Wiki,'' accessed 18 April 2013.</ref>
 
 
===== Death  =====
 
 
===== Vital Record Substitutes  =====
 
 
== Genealogy Societies and Libraries  ==
 
 
*[http://www.genealogyinc.com/arkansas/ar-society-archive/ List of Arkansas Archives, Libraries, Publications, Historical &amp; Genealogical Societies]
 
 
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="5" border="1"
 
|-
 
| width="100%" bgcolor="#FFFF66" colspan="2" | <center>'''Major catalogs for ''hard copy'' collections of {{PAGENAME}}''' <br>Books, microfilm, or manuscripts of genealogical records</center>
 
|-
 
| width="30%" | {{FHL|United States, Arkansas, Desha|place|disp=FamilySearch Catalog}}
 
| width="70%" | Select topics. For towns, [[{{PAGENAME}}#Places.2FLocalities|click here]].
 
|-
 
| width="30%" | [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=Desha+county%2C+arkansas&qt=results_page WorldCat]
 
| width="70%" | Click an item for libraries near you. For more information, see [[WorldCat Online Catalog]].
 
|-
 
| width="30%" | [http://alpl.ent.sirsi.net/client/default/search/results?qu=desha+county%2C+arkansas&te=ILS Allen County Public Library]
 
| Located in Indiana, they are heavily involved in digitizing much of their collection.
 
|-
 
| width="30%" | [http://www.ark-ives.com/documenting/county_records.aspx Arkansas History Commission] Select the county
 
| Arkansas state agency involved in organizing, digitizing, and maintaining the records of state and local history.
 
|-
 
| width="100%" colspan="2" | <center>[[{{PAGENAME}}#Genealogy_Societies_and_Libraries|Local libraries]] and [[Arkansas Archives and Libraries]] may suggest other catalogs</center>
 
|}
 
 
==== Family History Centers  ====
 
 
{{FamilySearch Centers Intro}}
 
 
*[[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers]]
 
 
==== Websites  ====
 
 
{{WA Websites Intro}}
 
 
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="5" border="1"
 
|-
 
| width="100%" bgcolor="#ADFF85" colspan="3" | <center>'''Sites with online indexes or images of records''' </center>
 
|-
 
| width="30%" | [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ardesha/ ARGenWeb]
 
| width="10%" | Free
 
| width="60%" | Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions
 
|-
 
| width="30%" | [http://www.usgwarchives.net/ar/desha/desha.htm USGenWeb Archives]
 
| width="10%" | Free
 
| width="60%" | Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
 
|-
 
| width="30%" | [http://resources.rootsweb.ancestry.com/USA/AR/Desha/ RootsWeb]
 
| width="10%" | Free
 
| width="60%" | Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
 
|}
 
 
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="5" border="1"
 
|-
 
| width="100%" bgcolor="#94FFFF" colspan="3" | <center>'''Sites that search for links pertaining to {{PAGENAME}}''' </center>
 
|-
 
| width="30%" | [http://www.linkpendium.com/genealogy/USA/AR/desha/ Linkpendium]
 
| width="10%" | Free
 
| width="60%" | Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
 
|-
 
| width="30%" | [http://www.cyndislist.com/us/ar/counties/desha/ CyndisList]
 
| width="10%" | Free
 
| width="60%" | Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
 
|-
 
| width="30%" | [http://www.genealogyinc.com/arkansas/desha-county/ StateofUS.com]
 
| width="10%" | Free
 
| width="60%" | family history resources and government records
 
|}
 
 
<br>
 
 
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="5" border="1"
 
|-
 
| width="100%" bgcolor="#FAEBD7" colspan="3" | <center>'''Social networking sites pertaining to {{PAGENAME}}''' </center>
 
|-
 
| width="30%" | [http://geneabloggers.com/genealogy-blogs/ GeneaBloggers]
 
| enter "arkansas" in the search box to see a list and links to Arkansas Blogs
 
|-
 
| width="30%" | [http://genforum.genealogy.com/ar/desha/ genealogy.com]
 
| width="70%" | Desha County, AR Genealogy Forum
 
|-
 
| width="30%" | [http://boards.ancestry.com/localities.northam.usa.states.arkansas.counties.desha/mb.ashx ancestry.com]
 
| width="70%" | Desha County Message Board
 
|}
 
 
=== References  ===
 
 
<references />
 
 
{{Arkansas|Arkansas}}
 
 
[[Category:Desha_County,_Arkansas]]
 

Revision as of 16:46, 19 September 2015