Difference between revisions of "Desha County, Arkansas Genealogy"

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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Arkansas|Arkansas]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Desha_County,_Arkansas|Desha County]]''  
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''[[United States Genealogy|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Arkansas Genealogy|Arkansas]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Desha County, Arkansas|Desha County]]''  
  
Guide to '''Desha County Arkansas genealogy.''' Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.  
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Guide to '''Desha County, Arkansas ancestry, family history, and genealogy''' birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.  
  
{{ARDC}}  
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{{DCARbutton}}  
  
 
{{Infobox U.S. County
 
{{Infobox U.S. County
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| seat wl = Arkansas City
 
| seat wl = Arkansas City
  
| building image = [[Image:Desha County Arkansas Courthouse.jpg|thumb|right|200px]]
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| building image = Desha County Arkansas Courthouse.jpg  
  
| building address = [http://www.county-clerk.net/countyclerk.asp?state=Arkansas&county=Desha Desha County Courthouse]<br>Robert Moore Avenue; PO Box 188<br> Arkansas City, AR 71630<br> Phone: 870.877.2323 <br>  
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| building address = [http://www.county-clerk.net/countyclerk.asp?state=Arkansas&county=Desha Desha County Courthouse]<br>Robert Moore Avenue<br>PO Box 188<br> Arkansas City, AR 71630<br> Phone: 870.877.2323 <br>  
  
| adoption_sign = Adoption ARGenWeb
 
 
}}  
 
}}  
  
== County Courthouse  ==
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=== County Courthouse  ===
  
[[Image:Desha County Arkansas Courthouse.jpg|thumb|right|200px]]
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County Clerk has marriage records from 1865 and probate records; Clerk Circuit Court has divorce, court and land records.<ref name="HB">''The Handybook for Genealogists : United States of America'', 10th ed., (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002), p. 67.</ref>
  
[http://www.county-clerk.net/countyclerk.asp?state=Arkansas&county=Desha Desha County Courthouse]<br>Robert Moore Avenue; PO Box 188<br> Arkansas City, AR 71630<br> Phone: 870.877.2323 <br>  
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{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
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|-
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| width="100%" bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" colspan="6" | <center>'''Beginning years for {{PAGENAME}} government records'''<ref>Alice Eichholz, ''Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources'', 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Pub., 2004), 65-67. {{WorldCat|55947869|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1185723|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004}}.</ref></center>
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|-
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Birth|Birth]]'''
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Marriage|Marriage]]'''
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Death|Death]]'''
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Court|Court]]'''
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Land_and_Property|Land]]'''
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Probate_Records|Probate]]'''
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|-
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1914*
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1865
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1914*
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1840
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1839
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1852
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|-
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| colspan="6" | <center>*State birth and death records began in 1914. Limited compliance until 1920's</center>
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|}
  
County Clerk has marriage records from 1865 and probate records; Clerk Circuit Court has divorce, court and land records<ref name="HB">''The Handybook for Genealogists : United States of America'', 10th ed., (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002), p. 67.</ref>
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==== Government and Related Websites  ====
  
== History  ==
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{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="5" border="1"
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|-
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| width="100%" bgcolor="#ffcc99" colspan="3" | <center>'''County Government and other Local Websites'''</center>
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|-
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| width="30%" | [http://www.county-clerk.net/countyclerk.asp?state=Arkansas&county=Desha County-clerk.net] (unofficial site)
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| width="60%" | Clerks have jurisdiction over birth certificates, death certificates, marriage licenses, land use, land rights, real estate, and other court records. Site provides links to unofficial websites with online records
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|-
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| width="30%" | [http://publicrecords.onlinesearches.com/AR_Desha.htm PublicRecords.com] (unofficial site)
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| width="60%" | Provides links to County officials and public records
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|}
  
Desha County is Arkansas's 40th county, formed on December 12, 1838, and named for Captain Benjamin Desha who fought in the War of 1812  
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=== History  ===
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 +
Desha County is Arkansas's 40th county, formed on December 12, 1838, and named for Captain Benjamin Desha who fought in the War of 1812.
  
 
==== Parent County  ====
 
==== Parent County  ====
  
*'''1838--'''Desha County was created 12 December 1838&nbsp;from [[Arkansas County, Arkansas|Arkansas]] and [[Chicot County, Arkansas|Chicot]] Counties.
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*'''1838--'''Desha County was created 12 December 1838&nbsp;from [[Arkansas County, Arkansas Genealogy|Arkansas]] and [[Chicot County, Arkansas Genealogy|Chicot]] Counties.
  
'''County seat:''' Arkansas City <ref name="Handybook">''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'',10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref>  
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'''County seat:''' Arkansas City <ref>''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'',10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref>  
  
 
==== Boundary Changes  ====
 
==== Boundary Changes  ====
  
See an interactive map of Desha County [http://www.n2genealogy.com/arkansas/ar-maps.html boundary changes] at N2Genealogy.  
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For animated maps illustrating Arkansas county boundary changes, [http://www.mapofus.org/arkansas/ "Rotating Formation Arkansas County Boundary Maps"] (1813-1925) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.  
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<br>
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==== Variant Spellings  ====
  
 
==== Record Loss  ====
 
==== Record Loss  ====
  
== Places/Localities  ==
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'''1860s'''  A courthouse fire destroyed some records.
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 +
=== Places/Localities  ===
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'''Town/city records in the FamilySearch Catalog'''
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*{{FHL|United States, Arkansas, Desha, Arkansas City|place|disp=Arkansas City}}
  
 
==== Populated Places  ====
 
==== Populated Places  ====
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==== Neighboring Counties  ====
 
==== Neighboring Counties  ====
  
*[[Arkansas County, Arkansas|Arkansas]]  
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[[Arkansas County, Arkansas Genealogy|Arkansas]] {{•}} [[Bolivar County, Mississippi Genealogy|Bolivar County, Mississippi]] {{•}} [[Chicot County, Arkansas Genealogy|Chicot]] {{•}} [[Drew County, Arkansas Genealogy|Drew]] {{•}} [[Lincoln County, Arkansas Genealogy|Lincoln]] {{•}} [[Phillips County, Arkansas Genealogy|Phillips]] {{•}} [[Washington County, Mississippi Genealogy|Washington County, Mississippi]]
*[[Bolivar County, Mississippi|Bolivar County, Mississippi]]  
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<center>{{ARDesha County, Arkansas Clickable Neighbors}}</center>
*[[Chicot County, Arkansas|Chicot]]<br>
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*[[Drew County, Arkansas|Drew]]  
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*[[Lincoln County, Arkansas|Lincoln]]  
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==== History Timeline  ====
*[[Phillips County, Arkansas|Phillips]]
 
  
== Resources  ==
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Emphasis for this timeline is on events that affected migration, records, or record-keeping. Unless otherwise mentioned, the events below were taken from the Desha County page on the website, [http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/ The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture]. <ref>Charlotte Tillar Schexnayder, ''The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture,'' (http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=765&type=Category&item=Counties&parent=Counties%2c+Cities%2c+and+Towns&grandparent= : accessed January 13, 2016), “Desha County.”</ref>
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*1838 December 12 - Created by legislative act , Desha County was detached from Arkansas and Chicot counties.
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*1860-1865 - During the war, county records were moved by wagon to Richland Township and later to Clarksville, Texas. Some records were never recovered.
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*1927 - Desha County’s greatest tragedy came in the spring of 1927, when a flood inundated 478,000 acres after levee breaks occurred on the Arkansas and Mississippi rivers. Many of the county’s 26,684 citizens were forced to flee to hill counties or to live on second floors, in tent cities, and in boxcars on the levee.
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*1930-1931 - The Drought of 1930–31 and the Great Depression, with unemployment over thirty percent, added to economic woes.
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*1940-2010 - The population of Desha County peaked in 1940 at just over 27,000. By 2010, it had dropped to 13,000.
 +
 
 +
=== Genealogy Resources  ===
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==== Research Guides  ====
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==== African Americans  ====
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*'''1867-1872''' - Desha County Marriage Index 1867-1872 in {{RecordSearch|1417439|Arkansas, County Marriages, 1837-1957}} at FamilySearch - free.<ref name="hc" />
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:*1866-1868 — ''[https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A%2F%2Ffamilysearch.org%2Frecapi%2Fsord%2Fwaypoint%2F9VR9-BZW%3A1076659102%3Fcc%3D2328125 Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records, Napoleon] at [http://FamilySearch.org/ FamilySearch.org] — browsable images only;'' letters, contracts
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==== Bible Records  ====
  
 
==== Cemeteries  ====
 
==== Cemeteries  ====
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{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="5" border="1" style="margin: 1em auto 1em auto;"
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|-
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| bgcolor="#EAC7FE" colspan="3" | <center>'''Online Desha County, Arkansas''' cemeteries <br>from [[Arkansas Cemeteries|state]] and [[United States Cemeteries|national]] resources</center>
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|-
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| width="34%" bgcolor="#CFF3FF" | <center>'''Search for names of people'''<br>in Desha County</center>
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| width="34%" bgcolor="#F2DDFE" | <center>'''Get a list of cemeteries'''<br>(then click to names of people)</center>
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| width="32%" bgcolor="#B8FFDB" | <center>'''Find printed records''' <br>(Often more complete)</center>
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|-
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| valign="top" width="30%" bgcolor="#EBFAFF" |
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*[http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gsr&GSfn=&GSmn=&GSln=smith&GSbyrel=all&GSby=&GSdyrel=all&GSdy=&GScntry=4&GSst=4&GScnty=113&GSgrid=&df=all&GSob=n Find A Grave] Click "Refine Last Search" on the left, enter a name, click "Search"
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*[http://arkansasgravestones.org/search.php?cid=9 Arkansas Gravestones] enter a name and click "Search"
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*[http://billiongraves.com/pages/search/#given_names=&family_names=smith&birth_year=&death_year=&year_range=5&lim=0&num=10&action=search&exact=true&phonetic=false&record_type=0&country=United+States&state=Arkansas&county=0 Billion Graves] Enter a name and click "Search" (Statewide. Can search by county, but many with no results.)
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| valign="top" width="30%" bgcolor="#FAF1FF" |
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*[http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=csr&CScn=&CScntry=4&CSst=4&CScnty=113 Find A Grave] Click '''Search for a Cemetery''' on the right, click '''All Countries''' - click '''United States''', click '''State''', click '''County''' and search.
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*[http://arkansasgravestones.org/search.php?cid=9 Arkansas Gravestones] Click '''Browse Gravestones By Cemetery'''
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*[http://www.interment.net/us/ar/desha.htm Interment.net]
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*[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/cemetery/desha-county-arkansas-cemetery-records.htm Access Genealogy]
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*[http://www.usgwarchives.net/ar/desha/desha.htm USGenWeb Archives]
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*[http://usgwtombstones.org/arkansas/desha.html USGenWeb Tombstone Project]
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*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ardesha/ ARGenWeb] Scroll down / site under is construction.
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*[http://www.rootsweb.com/~arcemete/desha/desha.htm RootsWeb]
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*[http://www.idreamof.com/cemetery/ar.html I Dream of Genealogy] Scroll to the county and cemetery.
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*[http://africanamericancemeteries.com/ar/ African American Cemeteries Online] Scroll to the county and cemetery.
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'''More cemetery lists'''
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*[http://www.linkpendium.com/genealogy/USA/AR/Desha/cem/ Linkpendium]
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*[http://www.cyndislist.com/us/ar/counties/desha/cemeteries/ Cyndi's List]
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*[http://www.deathindexes.com/arkansas/index.html DeathIndexes.com] Scan through the list under '''Arkansas Death Records Indexes….'''
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*[http://www.daddezio.com/cemetery/junction/CJ-AR-NDX.html D'Addezio] Search/browse by cemetery name, not people. (Statewide)
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| valign="top" bgcolor="#D4FFE9" |
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*{{FHL|United States, Arkansas, Desha|place|disp=FamilySearch Catalog}} Select "Cemeteries"
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**Also [[Desha County, Arkansas Genealogy#Cities_and_Towns|check towns]] for records
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*[http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=Desha+county+Arkansas=Desha+County%2C+Arkansas%2C+cemeteries&qt=notfound_page&search=Search WorldCat]
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*[[Arkansas Periodicals|Periodicals]]
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*[[Desha County, Arkansas Genealogy#Societies|Societies]]
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|}
  
 
[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ardesha/cemeteries.htm Desha County Cemetery Transcriptions] (partial list)&nbsp; -&nbsp; Desha County ARGenWeb  
 
[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ardesha/cemeteries.htm Desha County Cemetery Transcriptions] (partial list)&nbsp; -&nbsp; Desha County ARGenWeb  
  
==== Church  ====
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==== Census  ====
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[http://files.usgwarchives.net/ar/desha/census/1840/1840indx.txt 1840&nbsp; Federal Census Index]&nbsp; -&nbsp; USGenWeb Project Archives
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[http://files.usgwarchives.net/ar/desha/census/1840/1840indx.txt 1850 Federal Census Index]&nbsp; -&nbsp; USGenWeb Project Archives
 +
 
 +
==== Church Records ====
 +
 
 +
{{AR Church Intro}}
  
 
[http://www.churchangel.com/WEBAR/dumas.htm Dumas Churches]&nbsp; -&nbsp; churchangel.com  
 
[http://www.churchangel.com/WEBAR/dumas.htm Dumas Churches]&nbsp; -&nbsp; churchangel.com  
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==== Court  ====
 
==== Court  ====
  
==== Land  ====
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==== Genealogy  ====
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==== Land and Property ====
 +
 
 +
{{AR Land Intro}}
  
 
[http://files.usgwarchives.net/ar/desha/land/desha.txt Desha County Federal Land Records]&nbsp; -&nbsp; USGenWeb Archives Project  
 
[http://files.usgwarchives.net/ar/desha/land/desha.txt Desha County Federal Land Records]&nbsp; -&nbsp; USGenWeb Archives Project  
  
 
==== Local Histories  ====
 
==== Local Histories  ====
 +
 +
{{AR History Intro}}
  
 
[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ardesha/river.htm Riverboat History] -&nbsp; Desha County ARGenWeb  
 
[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ardesha/river.htm Riverboat History] -&nbsp; Desha County ARGenWeb  
  
[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ardesha/gdspdhis.htm Goodspeed's Historry]&nbsp; -&nbsp; Desha County ARGenWeb  
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[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ardesha/gdspdhis.htm Goodspeed's History]&nbsp; -&nbsp; Desha County ARGenWeb  
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*'''''Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Southern Arkansas.''''' Chicago, IL, USA: Goodspeed Publishing, 1890. Online at: [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7192 Ancestry.com] ($)
  
 
==== Maps  ====
 
==== Maps  ====
  
[http://www.livgenmi.com/1895/AR/County/desha.htm 1895 Desha County Map]&nbsp; -&nbsp; livgenmil.com  
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*[http://www.mapofus.org/arkansas/ Maps of Arkansas (1813-1925)]
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*[http://www.livgenmi.com/1895/AR/County/desha.htm 1895 Desha County Map]&nbsp; -&nbsp; livgenmil.com  
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*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ardesha/modernmp.htm Township Map]&nbsp; -&nbsp; Desha County USGenWeb
  
[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ardesha/modernmp.htm Township Map]&nbsp; -&nbsp; Desha County USGenWeb
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==== Military  ====
  
==== Military  ====
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===== War of 1812  =====
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 +
[http://files.usgwarchives.net/ar/desha/military/warof1812/other/somemili85gmt.txt Military Land Grants War of 1812] (partial list)&nbsp; -&nbsp; USGenWeb Project Archives
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 +
===== Civil War =====
  
===== '''''Civil War'''''  =====
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{{VAciv}}
  
Men from this county served in the [[3rd Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)|3rd Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)]].<br>  
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:- [[3rd Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)|3rd Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)]], <ref>Calvin L. Collier, ''They'll do to Tie To: the story of the Third Regiment, Arkansas Infantry, C.S.A.,''(Little Rock, Arkansas: Civil War Round Table Associates, 1959) p. 10. {{FHL|379659|item|disp=FHL book 976.7 M2c}}</ref>  
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:- [[5th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)|5th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)]]
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:- [[6th Regiment, Arkansas Militia (Confederate)|6th Regiment, Arkansas Militia (Confederate) ]], Napoleon Cavalry
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:- [[8th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)|8th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)]]
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:- [[Carlton's Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)|Carlton's Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)]]
  
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Collier, Captain Calvin L., USAF. ''They'll do to Tie To! ''(Little Rock, Arkansas: Civil War Round Table Associates, 1959) p. 10.&nbsp;
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<br>
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'''Online Records'''
  
'''[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ardesha/amnesty.htm Civil War Amnesty List]&nbsp; -&nbsp; Desha County ARGenWeb'''  
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*'''1861-1865''' - {{RecordSearch|1932392|Arkansas Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index
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*'''1891-1939''' - {{RecordSearch|1921864|Arkansas Ex-Confederate Pension Records, 1891-1939}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
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*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ardesha/amnesty.htm Civil War Amnesty List]&nbsp; -&nbsp; Desha County ARGenWeb
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*'''1901-1929''' - {{RecordSearch|1837922|Arkansas Confederate Pensions, 1901-1929}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — images only
  
===== '''''World War II''''' =====
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===== World War II  =====
  
 
[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ardesha/center.htm Rohwer Relocation Center]&nbsp; -&nbsp; Desha County ARGenWeb  
 
[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ardesha/center.htm Rohwer Relocation Center]&nbsp; -&nbsp; Desha County ARGenWeb  
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[http://files.usgwarchives.net/ar/desha/military/ww2/enlistment/armyenli48gmt.txt World War II Enlistees M-R]&nbsp; -&nbsp; USGenWeb Project Archives  
 
[http://files.usgwarchives.net/ar/desha/military/ww2/enlistment/armyenli48gmt.txt World War II Enlistees M-R]&nbsp; -&nbsp; USGenWeb Project Archives  
  
===== '''''War of 1812''''' =====
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==== Naturalization ====
  
[http://files.usgwarchives.net/ar/desha/military/warof1812/other/somemili85gmt.txt Military Land Grants War of 1812] (partial list)&nbsp; -&nbsp; USGenWeb Project Archives
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==== Newspapers  ====
  
==== Newspapers ====
+
{{AR Newspapers|Desha}}
  
 
[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ardesha/newshome.htm Desha County Newspapers]&nbsp; -&nbsp; Desha County ARGenWeb  
 
[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ardesha/newshome.htm Desha County Newspapers]&nbsp; -&nbsp; Desha County ARGenWeb  
  
==== Probate  ====
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==== Occupations  ====
 +
 
 +
==== Probate Records ====
 +
 
 +
{{AR Probate Intro}}
 +
'''Online Probate Records'''
 +
*'''1783 – 1998''' [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=8638 Arkansas Wills and Probate Records 1783-1998] at [http://home.ancestry.com Ancestry.com] — index and images $
 +
*'''1817 – 1979''' {{RecordSearch|2061549|Arkansas Probate Records 1817-1979}} at [https://familysearch.org FamilySearch] — images
  
 
==== Taxation  ====
 
==== Taxation  ====
 +
 +
{{AR Tax Intro}}
  
 
==== Vital Records  ====
 
==== Vital Records  ====
  
[http://files.usgwarchives.net/ar/desha/census/1840/1840indx.txt 1840&nbsp; Federal Census Index]&nbsp; -&nbsp; USGenWeb Project Archives
+
{{AR Vital Intro}}See also [http://www.genealogyinc.com/arkansas/ar-vital-records/ How to order Arkansas Vital Records]
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 +
===== Birth  =====
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 +
===== Marriage  =====
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 +
*'''1856 - 1952''' - Desha County Marriage Books A-Z, A1-I1 Index 1856-1952 in {{RecordSearch|1417439|Arkansas, County Marriages, 1837-1957}} at FamilySearch - free.<ref name="hc">FamilySearch Wiki contributors, "[[Arkansas_County_Marriages_(FamilySearch_Historical_Records)|Arkansas County Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]," in ''FamilySearch Wiki.''</ref>
 +
*'''1860 - 1976''' - {{RecordSearch|2546158|Arkansas Church Marriages, 1860-1976}} at [https://familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] — index and images
 +
 
 +
===== Death  =====
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 +
===== Vital Record Substitutes  =====
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== Genealogy Societies and Libraries  ==
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.genealogyinc.com/arkansas/ar-society-archive/ List of Arkansas Archives, Libraries, Publications, Historical &amp; Genealogical Societies]
  
[http://files.usgwarchives.net/ar/desha/census/1840/1840indx.txt 1850 Federal Census Index]&nbsp; -&nbsp; USGenWeb Project Archives  
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{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="5" border="1"
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|-
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| width="100%" bgcolor="#FFFF66" colspan="2" | <center>'''Major catalogs for ''hard copy'' collections of {{PAGENAME}}''' <br>Books, microfilm, or manuscripts of genealogical records</center>
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|-
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| width="30%" | {{FHL|United States, Arkansas, Desha|place|disp=FamilySearch Catalog}}
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| width="70%" | Select topics. For towns, [[{{PAGENAME}}#Places.2FLocalities|click here]].
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|-
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| width="30%" | [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=Desha+county%2C+arkansas&qt=results_page WorldCat]
 +
| width="70%" | Click an item for libraries near you. For more information, see [[WorldCat Online Catalog]].
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|-
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| width="30%" | [http://alpl.ent.sirsi.net/client/default/search/results?qu=desha+county%2C+arkansas&te=ILS Allen County Public Library]
 +
| Located in Indiana, they are heavily involved in digitizing much of their collection.
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|-
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| width="30%" | [http://www.ark-ives.com/documenting/county_records.aspx Arkansas History Commission] Select the county
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| Arkansas state agency involved in organizing, digitizing, and maintaining the records of state and local history.
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|-
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| width="100%" colspan="2" | <center>[[{{PAGENAME}}#Genealogy_Societies_and_Libraries|Local libraries]] and [[Arkansas Archives and Libraries]] may suggest other catalogs</center>
 +
|}
  
== Societies and Libraries ==
+
==== Family History Centers ====
  
==== Family History Centers<br>  ====
+
{{FamilySearch Centers Intro}}
  
 
*[[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers]]
 
*[[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers]]
  
== Web Sites ==
+
==== Websites ====
  
*USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.<br>
+
{{WA Websites Intro}}  
*{{FHL|Arkansas%2C+Desha|subject|disp=Family History Library Catalog}}  
 
*[http://www.linkpendium.com/genealogy/USA/AR/Desha/ Desha County, Arkansas Genealogy and Family History] (Linkpendium)
 
  
== References  ==
+
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="5" border="1"
 +
|-
 +
| width="100%" bgcolor="#ADFF85" colspan="3" | <center>'''Sites with online indexes or images of records''' </center>
 +
|-
 +
| width="30%" | [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ardesha/ ARGenWeb]
 +
| width="10%" | Free
 +
| width="60%" | Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions
 +
|-
 +
| width="30%" | [http://www.usgwarchives.net/ar/desha/desha.htm USGenWeb Archives]
 +
| width="10%" | Free
 +
| width="60%" | Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
 +
|-
 +
| width="30%" | [http://resources.rootsweb.ancestry.com/USA/AR/Desha/ RootsWeb]
 +
| width="10%" | Free
 +
| width="60%" | Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="5" border="1"
 +
|-
 +
| width="100%" bgcolor="#94FFFF" colspan="3" | <center>'''Sites that search for links pertaining to {{PAGENAME}}''' </center>
 +
|-
 +
| width="30%" | [http://www.linkpendium.com/genealogy/USA/AR/desha/ Linkpendium]
 +
| width="10%" | Free
 +
| width="60%" | Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
 +
|-
 +
| width="30%" | [http://www.cyndislist.com/us/ar/counties/desha/ CyndisList]
 +
| width="10%" | Free
 +
| width="60%" | Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
 +
|-
 +
| width="30%" | [http://www.genealogyinc.com/arkansas/desha-county/ StateofUS.com]
 +
| width="10%" | Free
 +
| width="60%" | family history resources and government records
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
<br>
 +
 
 +
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="5" border="1"
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|-
 +
| width="100%" bgcolor="#FAEBD7" colspan="3" | <center>'''Social networking sites pertaining to {{PAGENAME}}''' </center>
 +
|-
 +
| width="30%" | [http://geneabloggers.com/genealogy-blogs/ GeneaBloggers]
 +
| enter "arkansas" in the search box to see a list and links to Arkansas Blogs
 +
|-
 +
| width="30%" | [http://genforum.genealogy.com/ar/desha/ genealogy.com]
 +
| width="70%" | Desha County, AR Genealogy Forum
 +
|-
 +
| width="30%" | [http://boards.ancestry.com/localities.northam.usa.states.arkansas.counties.desha/mb.ashx ancestry.com]
 +
| width="70%" | Desha County Message Board
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
=== References  ===
  
 
<references />  
 
<references />  
  
{{Arkansas|Arkansas}}
+
 
  
 
[[Category:Desha_County,_Arkansas]]
 
[[Category:Desha_County,_Arkansas]]

Latest revision as of 23:28, 20 June 2017

United States Gotoarrow.png Arkansas Gotoarrow.png Desha County

Guide to Desha County, Arkansas ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Arkansas State with State Seal.png Arkansas
Online Records


Desha County, Arkansas
Map
Map of Arkansas highlighting Desha County
Location in the state of Arkansas
Map of the U.S. highlighting Arkansas
Location of Arkansas in the U.S.
Facts
Founded December 12, 1838
County Seat Arkansas City
Courthouse
Desha County Arkansas Courthouse.jpg
Address Desha County Courthouse
Robert Moore Avenue
PO Box 188
Arkansas City, AR 71630
Phone: 870.877.2323


County Courthouse

County Clerk has marriage records from 1865 and probate records; Clerk Circuit Court has divorce, court and land records.[1]

Beginning years for Desha County, Arkansas Genealogy government records[2]
Birth Marriage Death Court Land Probate
1914* 1865 1914* 1840 1839 1852
*State birth and death records began in 1914. Limited compliance until 1920's

Government and Related Websites

County Government and other Local Websites
County-clerk.net (unofficial site) Clerks have jurisdiction over birth certificates, death certificates, marriage licenses, land use, land rights, real estate, and other court records. Site provides links to unofficial websites with online records
PublicRecords.com (unofficial site) Provides links to County officials and public records


History

Desha County is Arkansas's 40th county, formed on December 12, 1838, and named for Captain Benjamin Desha who fought in the War of 1812.

Parent County

  • 1838--Desha County was created 12 December 1838 from Arkansas and Chicot Counties.

County seat: Arkansas City [3]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Arkansas county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Arkansas County Boundary Maps" (1813-1925) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.


Variant Spellings

Record Loss

1860s A courthouse fire destroyed some records.

Places/Localities

Town/city records in the FamilySearch Catalog

Populated Places

Arkansas City
Dumas
McGehee
Mitchellville
Reed
Tillar
Watson

Neighboring Counties

Arkansas  • Bolivar County, Mississippi  • Chicot  • Drew  • Lincoln  • Phillips  • Washington County, Mississippi

Desha CountyChicot CountyAshley CountyDrew CountyLincoln CountyJefferson CountyArkansas CountyPhillips CountyMonroe CountyCleveland CountyBradley CountyUnion CountyWashington CountyBolivar CountyARDesha.JPG


History Timeline

Emphasis for this timeline is on events that affected migration, records, or record-keeping. Unless otherwise mentioned, the events below were taken from the Desha County page on the website, The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture. [4]

  • 1838 December 12 - Created by legislative act , Desha County was detached from Arkansas and Chicot counties.
  • 1860-1865 - During the war, county records were moved by wagon to Richland Township and later to Clarksville, Texas. Some records were never recovered.
  • 1927 - Desha County’s greatest tragedy came in the spring of 1927, when a flood inundated 478,000 acres after levee breaks occurred on the Arkansas and Mississippi rivers. Many of the county’s 26,684 citizens were forced to flee to hill counties or to live on second floors, in tent cities, and in boxcars on the levee.
  • 1930-1931 - The Drought of 1930–31 and the Great Depression, with unemployment over thirty percent, added to economic woes.
  • 1940-2010 - The population of Desha County peaked in 1940 at just over 27,000. By 2010, it had dropped to 13,000.

Genealogy Resources

Research Guides

African Americans

Bible Records

Cemeteries

Online Desha County, Arkansas cemeteries
from state and national resources
Search for names of people
in Desha County
Get a list of cemeteries
(then click to names of people)
Find printed records
(Often more complete)
  • Find A Grave Click "Refine Last Search" on the left, enter a name, click "Search"
  • Billion Graves Enter a name and click "Search" (Statewide. Can search by county, but many with no results.)
  • Find A Grave Click Search for a Cemetery on the right, click All Countries - click United States, click State, click County and search.
  • ARGenWeb Scroll down / site under is construction.

More cemetery lists

Desha County Cemetery Transcriptions (partial list)  -  Desha County ARGenWeb

Census

1840  Federal Census Index  -  USGenWeb Project Archives

1850 Federal Census Index  -  USGenWeb Project Archives

Church Records

Dumas Churches  -  churchangel.com

McGehee Churches  -  churchangel.com

Court

Genealogy

Land and Property

Desha County Federal Land Records  -  USGenWeb Archives Project

Local Histories

Local histories are available for {{{1}}} County. They may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. Click for a brief Timeline History of the county. For more about local histories, see Arkansas Local Histories.

Riverboat History -  Desha County ARGenWeb

Goodspeed's History  -  Desha County ARGenWeb

  • Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Southern Arkansas. Chicago, IL, USA: Goodspeed Publishing, 1890. Online at: Ancestry.com ($)

Maps

Military

War of 1812

Military Land Grants War of 1812 (partial list)  -  USGenWeb Project Archives

Civil War

Regiments. Service men in Desha County, Arkansas Genealogy served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Desha County, Arkansas Genealogy:


- 3rd Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate), [6]
- 5th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)
- 6th Regiment, Arkansas Militia (Confederate) , Napoleon Cavalry
- 8th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)
- Carlton's Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)


Online Records

World War II

Rohwer Relocation Center  -  Desha County ARGenWeb

World War II Enlistees A-F  -  USGenWeb Project Archives

World War II enlistees G-L  -  USGenWeb Project Archives

World War II Enlistees M-R  -  USGenWeb Project Archives

Naturalization

Newspapers

Finding More Arkansas Newspapers Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Desha County, Arkansas Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


Desha County Newspapers  -  Desha County ARGenWeb

Occupations

Probate Records

Online Probate Records

Taxation

Vital Records

See also How to order Arkansas Vital Records

Birth
Marriage
Death
Vital Record Substitutes

Genealogy Societies and Libraries

Major catalogs for hard copy collections of Desha County, Arkansas Genealogy
Books, microfilm, or manuscripts of genealogical records
FamilySearch Catalog Select topics. For towns, click here.
WorldCat Click an item for libraries near you. For more information, see WorldCat Online Catalog.
Allen County Public Library Located in Indiana, they are heavily involved in digitizing much of their collection.
Arkansas History Commission Select the county Arkansas state agency involved in organizing, digitizing, and maintaining the records of state and local history.
Local libraries and Arkansas Archives and Libraries may suggest other catalogs

Family History Centers

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

Websites



Sites with online indexes or images of records
ARGenWeb Free Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions
USGenWeb Archives Free Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
RootsWeb Free Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
Sites that search for links pertaining to Desha County, Arkansas Genealogy
Linkpendium Free Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
CyndisList Free Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
StateofUS.com Free family history resources and government records


Social networking sites pertaining to Desha County, Arkansas Genealogy
GeneaBloggers enter "arkansas" in the search box to see a list and links to Arkansas Blogs
genealogy.com Desha County, AR Genealogy Forum
ancestry.com Desha County Message Board

References

  1. The Handybook for Genealogists : United States of America, 10th ed., (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002), p. 67.
  2. Alice Eichholz, Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Pub., 2004), 65-67. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. Charlotte Tillar Schexnayder, The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture, (http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=765&type=Category&item=Counties&parent=Counties%2c+Cities%2c+and+Towns&grandparent= : accessed January 13, 2016), “Desha County.”
  5. 5.0 5.1 FamilySearch Wiki contributors, "Arkansas County Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)," in FamilySearch Wiki.
  6. Calvin L. Collier, They'll do to Tie To: the story of the Third Regiment, Arkansas Infantry, C.S.A.,(Little Rock, Arkansas: Civil War Round Table Associates, 1959) p. 10. FHL book 976.7 M2c