Difference between revisions of "Derbyshire Probate Records"

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(Pre-1858 Court Jurisdictions by Parish: fixed link)
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''[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Derbyshire]]''  
 
''[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Derbyshire]]''  
  
This article will help you find a probate for a person who lived and/or died in Derbyshire. For a detailed explanation of probate records, see the article on [[England Probate Records|England Probate Records]], then return to this page.<br>  
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This article will help you find a probate for a person who lived and/or died in Derbyshire. ''Probate'' is the legal process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. The term ''probate'' refers to a collection of documents, including [[W genealogical glossary terms|wills]], [[A genealogical glossary terms|administrations]] (also called admons), [[I genealogical glossary terms|inventories]], and [[A genealogical glossary terms|act books]]. For a more detailed explanation, see the article on [[England Probate Records|England Probate Records]], then return to this page.<br>
  
 
== Getting Started  ==
 
== Getting Started  ==
  
Before 1858, every town and parish in Derbyshire was under the probate jurisdiction of a primary ecclesiastical (Church of England) court and one or more secondary ecclesiastical courts. Follow these steps to look for a probate record:
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Before 1858, every town and parish in Derbyshire was under the probate jurisdiction of a primary ecclesiastical (Church of England) court and one or more secondary ecclesiastical courts. Follow these steps to look for a probate record:  
  
#Discover when and where your ancestor died. If you do not know, use an approximate date and the place where they lived. <br>  
+
#Discover when and where your ancestor died. If you do not know, use an approximate date and the place where they lived. <br>
#Go to the 'Pre-1858 Court Jurisdictions by Parish' section below to learn what courts had jurisdiction over the place, and follow the instructions.<br>  
+
#Go to the 'Pre-1858 Court Jurisdictions by Parish' section below to learn what courts had jurisdiction over the place, and follow the instructions.<br>
  
For information on post-1857 probate records, scroll down to that section below.
+
For information on post-1857 probate records, scroll down to that section below.  
  
 
== Pre-1858 Court Jurisdictions by Parish  ==
 
== Pre-1858 Court Jurisdictions by Parish  ==
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== Derbyshire Probate Courts  ==
 
== Derbyshire Probate Courts  ==
  
The following ecclesiastical courts had some probate jurisdiction over Derbyshire before 1858. Click on a court name to learn about records and indexes.<br>  
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The following ecclesiastical courts had some probate jurisdiction over Derbyshire before 1858. Click on a court name to learn about records and indexes.<br>
  
 
*[[Court of the Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry (Episcopal Consistory)]]  
 
*[[Court of the Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry (Episcopal Consistory)]]  
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*[[Court of the Peculiar of Sawley]]
 
*[[Court of the Peculiar of Sawley]]
  
In addition, the [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]] had jurisdiction over the whole of England.
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In addition, the [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]] had jurisdiction over the whole of England.  
  
 
==== Appeals Courts  ====
 
==== Appeals Courts  ====
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*[[High Court of Delegates]]
 
*[[High Court of Delegates]]
  
The [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]] also served as an appeals court.
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The [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]] also served as an appeals court.  
  
 
== Probate Indexes  ==
 
== Probate Indexes  ==
  
Before looking for a will, you should search an index. Here is a list of some indexes. Others will be listed in each court's article.
+
Before looking for a will, you should search an index. Here is a list of some indexes. Others will be listed in each court's article.  
  
 
*[http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/DBY/ProbateRecords/index.html Abstracts of Derbyshire Probate Records:]  
 
*[http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/DBY/ProbateRecords/index.html Abstracts of Derbyshire Probate Records:]  

Revision as of 16:39, 22 April 2010

England Gotoarrow.png Derbyshire

This article will help you find a probate for a person who lived and/or died in Derbyshire. Probate is the legal process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. The term probate refers to a collection of documents, including wills, administrations (also called admons), inventories, and act books. For a more detailed explanation, see the article on England Probate Records, then return to this page.

Getting Started

Before 1858, every town and parish in Derbyshire was under the probate jurisdiction of a primary ecclesiastical (Church of England) court and one or more secondary ecclesiastical courts. Follow these steps to look for a probate record:

  1. Discover when and where your ancestor died. If you do not know, use an approximate date and the place where they lived.
  2. Go to the 'Pre-1858 Court Jurisdictions by Parish' section below to learn what courts had jurisdiction over the place, and follow the instructions.

For information on post-1857 probate records, scroll down to that section below.

Pre-1858 Court Jurisdictions by Parish

Most of the county was under the primary jurisdiction of the Court of the Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry (Episcopal Consistory) and the secondary jurisdiction of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, which also was the highest court in the country. However there were exceptions.

Click here for an alphabetical list of the parishes of Derbyshire that were exceptions to the norm. If you do not find your place in the list of exceptions, then click below on the courts mentioned above.

Derbyshire Probate Courts

The following ecclesiastical courts had some probate jurisdiction over Derbyshire before 1858. Click on a court name to learn about records and indexes.

In addition, the Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury had jurisdiction over the whole of England.

Appeals Courts

Any probate that was disputed and could not be settled by the county courts could be sent to these higher appeals courts:

The Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury also served as an appeals court.

Probate Indexes

Before looking for a will, you should search an index. Here is a list of some indexes. Others will be listed in each court's article.

  • Derbyshire WILLS, 1525-1928 (browse 35,066 Wills and 5,093 different surnames; pertaining to much more than just people from the parish of Wirksworth):

Estate Duty Records

Starting in 1796, a tax or death duty was payable on estates over a certain value. Estate duty abstracts may add considerable information not found elsewhere. Estate duty indexes may help you locate a will. For more information, go to Estate Duty Records.

Probates After 1857

Beginning in 1858, the government took over the settlement of estates and all wills are now probated through the Principal Probate Registry system. For more information, go to article on the Principal Probate Registry.