Difference between revisions of "Delaware Census"

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Additional Information may be found on the [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Portal:United_States_Census United States Census Portal] page.
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{{DE-sidebar}}{{breadcrumb
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| link1=[[United States Genealogy|United States]]
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| link2=[[United States Census|U.S. Census]]
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| link3=[[Delaware, United States Genealogy|Delaware]]
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| link4=
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| link5=[[Delaware Census|Census]]
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}}
  
=== ===
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{| width="70%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|-
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| width="44%" | __TOC__
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| valign="middle" | <center><font size="+1">'''Tips'''</font></center>
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*If at first you don't find a name, try again under [[Spelling Substitution Tables for the United States and Canada|another spelling]].
 +
*[[Copying Sources|Photocopy]] each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
 +
*Look for an ancestor in '''''every''''' census during her or his lifetime.
 +
*On the [[Adding a Custom Event to a PAF Family Group Record|family group record]] show&nbsp;each person's census listings.
 +
*Study&nbsp;others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]].
  
=== Federal Censuses  ===
 
  
'''Population Schedules'''. Many federal census records are at the Family History Library, the National Archives, and other federal record centers and state archives. The [[United States Census|Census section of]] the United States Research Outline provides detailed information about these records.
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== Online Resources ==
  
The Family History Library has the U.S. federal censuses of Delaware for 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920 and 1930. The 1790 census is missing, and the 1890 census was destroyed. A substitute for the 1790 census created from tax lists is:
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*[[United States Census Online Genealogy Records|United States Online Census, 1790-1940]]
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2234 U.S. Census Reconstructed Records, 1660-1820], ($). Index
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1126 Selected African Americans in Delaware, 1890 U.S. Census], ($). Index
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*[[Delaware Census#Federal_non-population_schedules|Delaware Federal Non-population Schedules]]<br><br>
  
Devalinger, Leon, Jr. ''Reconstructed 1790 Census of Delaware''. Washington, DC: National Genealogical Society, 1962. (FHL book 975.1 X2d 1790; film 1000156; fiche 6019928.)
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{{Adoption DEGenWeb}}
  
Statewide indexes are available in two forms:
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*For a list of the exact date of each federal census, [[Delaware Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
  
*Book indexes are available for the 1790 substitute census and censuses taken 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, and 1870.
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|}
*Soundex indexes are available for the 1880, 1900, 1920, and 1930 censuses. The 1910 census is not indexed.
 
  
One of the indexes for the 1850 census is:
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=== Online Delaware indexes and images  ===
  
Olmstead, Virginia L. ''Index to the 1850 Census of Delaware''. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1977. (FHL book 975.1 X22o 1850.) Indexes for the three counties are listed separately. An every-person index is given for each of the counties, with age, birthplace, and the original census sheet number. The New Castle County 1850 census is on two rolls of microfilm with some duplication of page numbers. You can use a different 1850 census index to find the township.
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{{Census Online Delaware}}
  
County-wide indexes sometimes help you locate names overlooked in statewide indexes. A few county-wide indexes are listed in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under DELAWARE, [COUNTY] - CENSUS.
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=== Federal population schedules  ===
  
When indexes are not available or omit a name you can still look for the name in the census. In large cities it helps to first learn the person's address by searching the city directory for the same year as the census (see the "Directories" section). Then look for that address on the original census schedules.
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==== Microfilm images  ====
  
These reference tools help determine which census schedule microfilm and enumeration district to search for specific addresses:
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{| width="745" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]]'''
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|-
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| 1940 N/A
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| {{FHL|647824|title-id|disp=1910}}&nbsp;
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| {{FHL|698890|title-id|disp=1870}}&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
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| {{FHL|745483|title-id|disp=1800-1840}}
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|-
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| {{FHL|889425|subject-id|disp=1930}}
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| {{FHL|647875|title-id|disp=1900 and Soundex}}
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| {{FHL|704564|title-id|disp=1860}}
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|
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|-
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| {{FHL|567627|title-id|disp=1920&nbsp;and Soundex}}
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| {{FHL|670378|title-id|disp=1880 and Soundex}}
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| {{FHL|744473|title-id|disp=1850}}
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|
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|-
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| &nbsp;
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|
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| &nbsp;
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|
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|}
  
United States. Census Office. ''Census Descriptions of Geographic Subdivisions and Enumerations Districts.''
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<br>
  
*1880 FHL film 1402860
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{| width="745" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
*1900 FHL film 1303020
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|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives]]'''
*1910 FHL film 1374001
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|-
*1920 FHL film 1842704
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| 1940 N/A
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1910/part-03.html#delaware 1910 T624]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-05.html 1870 M593]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1840 1840 M704]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1810 1810 M252]
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|-
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| [http://1930census.archives.gov/stateSearch.asp 1930 T626]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-07.html#delaware 1900 T623]&nbsp; [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-02.html#delaware Soundex T1037]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-04.html#delaware 1860 M653]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1830 1830 M19]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1800 1800 M32]
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|-
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-07.html#delaware 1920 T625]&nbsp; [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-02.html#delaware Soundex M1554]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-07.html#delaware 1880 T9]&nbsp; [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-06.html#delaware Soundex T741]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-03.html#delaware 1850 M432]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1820 1820 M33]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1790 1790 M637]
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|-
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| &nbsp;
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|
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| &nbsp;
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|
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|
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| &nbsp;
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|}
  
Buckway, G. Eileen. ''U.S. 1910 Federal Census: Unindexed States: A Guide to Finding Census Enumeration Districts for Unindexed Cities, Towns, and Villages''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Family History Library, 1992. (FHL book 973 X2bu 1910; fiche 6101340.) Lists all Delaware towns (or wards) with their 1910 census enumeration district numbers and FHL film numbers. Wilmington has special instructions.
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<br>
  
'''Mortality Schedules.''' Mortality schedules for 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880 are at the Delaware Public Archives, the Historical Society of Delaware, and on microfilm at the Family History Library. The 1870 and 1880 schedules are indexed in:
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==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
Jackson Ronald Vern. ''Delaware 1870 Mortality Schedule''. Bountiful, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems, 1981. (FHL book 975.1 X2j 1870.)
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For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Delaware, [[Delaware Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]]
  
Jackson Ronald Vern. ''Delaware 1880 Mortality Schedule.'' Bountiful, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems, 1981. (FHL book 975.1 X2j 1880.)
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=== Federal non-population schedules  ===
  
'''Slave Schedules'''. Slave schedules for 1850 and 1860 list the names of slave owners, but do not normally list the names of the slaves. The numbers of slaves, their gender, and their age ranges are given. Look in the Place Search of the Family History Library Catalog under Delaware, CENSUS RECORDS, MINORITIES, SLAVE SCHEDULES.
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==== Online indexes and images  ====
  
The 1850 and 1860 slave schedules are indexed in:  
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{| align="center" width="77%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
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|-
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Delaware'''</font>
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" colspan="3" | '''Free'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" colspan="3" | '''Free at Some Libraries '''(usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Pay'''
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|-
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Year'''
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| align="center" width="10%" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Type'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Record Search'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Census Bureau'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Google Book'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Heritage Quest'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Ancestry FHL'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Ancestry Library'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Ancestry Home'''
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|-
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| '''1880'''
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| width="20%" | Mortality
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417683 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1870'''
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| Mortality
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1438024 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1860'''
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| Slave owner
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/results/image?urn=urn%3Aproquest%3AUS%3Bcensus%3B8457527%3B-1%3B8%3B18&searchtype=3&offset=1&locthreadid=4479091&hitcount=5479 Link]<ref name="HQSlave">HeritageQuest has slave owner schedule images only.</ref>
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7668&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7668&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7668&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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|-
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| '''1860'''
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| Mortality
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1473181 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1850'''
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| Slave owner
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1401638 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/results/image?urn=urn%3Aproquest%3AUS%3Bcensus%3B12159696%3B-1%3B7%3B18&searchtype=3&offset=1&locthreadid=8194799&hitcount=4245 Link]<ref name="HQSlave" />
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1850'''
 +
| Mortality
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1401638 Link]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1840'''
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| Pensioners
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1786457 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1840c-01.pdf BookLink]
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| align="center" | [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ&dq=1840+census+pensioners&printsec=frontcover&source=bl&ots=W0XUmfgahX&sig=WRyMIVwiePLwKmlxhbchJl1ZeeA&hl=en&ei=SJ0MSvSrBqOMtgf19I2FCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10#PPA61,M1 BookLink]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
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|}
  
Jackson, Ronald Vern. ''Delaware 1850-1860 Slave Schedules.'' Salt Lake City: Accelerated Indexing Systems International, 1986. (FHL book 975.1 X22j.)
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==== Microfilm images  ====
  
For census slave schedules see:
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[[Family History Library|'''Family History Library''']]'''&nbsp;Federal Census Non-Population Schedule Microfilms for Delaware'''
  
*1850&nbsp; FHL film 442884
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*1890 and 1900 African Americans and Agriculture census. NARA, Prechtel-Kluskens, Claire, and U.S. Bureau of the Census ''List of selected African Americans from the 1890 and 1900 Federal population censuses of Delaware and related census publications; agriculture in the state of Delaware (1901) and Negroes in the United States (1904)''{{FHL|1211469|item}}
*1860 FHL film 803100
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*1860 slave owners. Family History Library {{FHL|704564|item}}
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*1850 slave owners. Family History Library {{FHL|744473|item}}
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*1850-1880 Mortality census. {{FHL|451397|item}}
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*1790 Reconstructed census. DeValinger, Leon ''Reconstructed 1790 census of Delaware'' {{FHL|45637|item}}
  
'''Master Indexes.'''Some of the indexes mentioned above are combined into composite master indexes of several census years, states, and census types:
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[[National Archives and Records Administration|'''National Archives''']]'''Federal Census '''[http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/nonpopulation/delaware.html '''Non-Population Schedule''']'''Microfilms for Delaware'''  
  
FamilyFinder™ Index and Viewer: Version 3.0 [Novato, California]: Brøderbund Software, 1995. (FHL compact disc number 9 1995 index. Not available at Family History Centers. FamilyFinder is a trademark of Brøderbund Software, Inc.) A master index to Delaware 1665-1697 tax lists, 1800-1860 federal censuses, 1850/1860 slave schedules, and 1870/1880 mortality schedules.
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*1935 Census of Business
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*1820 - 1880 Manufactures Census
  
The FamilyFinder Index includes the following indexes by Ronald Vern Jackson:  
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==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
Jackson, Ronald Vern. ''Accelerated Indexing System Microfiche Indexes of U.S. Census and Other Records''. Bountiful, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems International, 1984. (No FHL fiche number but available at many Family History Centers.) Delaware tax lists (1665-1697) and censuses (1800 and 1810) are combined together on Search 1. A composite mortality schedule index is on Search 8. Separate Delaware 1820, 1830, 1840, and 1850 indexes are on other searches.  
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For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Delaware, [[Delaware Non-Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]].  
  
=== State Census ===
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=== State, territorial, and colonial censuses ===
  
A 1782 state census exists for seven of the "hundreds" (townships). The state census has been reconstructed for the rest of the state from tax lists. See the "[[Delaware Taxation|Taxation]]" section for several "census" indexes compiled from tax and other records.  
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Delaware took several censuses before the first federal census was done. The dates are listed below. These census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.  
  
=== Colonial Census ===
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*'''1782''' Population schedules for these [http://delgensoc.org/delhund.html "hundreds"] (townships): Branywine, Christiana, St. George's, Duck Creek, Little Creek, and Lewes Town.<ref>Ann S. Lainhart, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26517040 State Census Records]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[{{Lainha}}]], 29.</ref> The state census has been reconstructed for the rest of the state from tax lists.
 +
*'''1693''' A special census was taken of Swedes who were associated with the Swedish Lutheran Church and who were living in Pennsylvania, Delaware, west New Jersey, and Cecil County, Maryland. The census and an index to it are in Craig, Peter Stebbins. ''The 1693 Census of the Swedes on the Delaware''. Winter Park, Florida: SAG Publications, 1993. (Family History Library {{FHL|633634|title-id|disp=book 973 X4c}}.) <br>
 +
*'''1671''' New Castle County, Delaware; Philadelphia and Delaware counties in Pennsylvania; and Burlington County, New Jersey.<ref>Peter Stebbins Craig, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/43441025 1671 Census of the Delaware]'' (Philadelphia, Pa.: Genealogical Society of Pennsylvania, 1999)[FHL Book 974 X2c 1671].</ref>
  
In 1693 a special census was taken of Swedes who were associated with the Swedish Lutheran Church and who were living in Pennsylvania, Delaware, west New Jersey, and Cecil County, Maryland. The following book contains both the census and an index to it:
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=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
  
Craig, Peter Stebbins. ''The 1693 Census of the Swedes on the Delaware.'' Winter Park, Florida: SAG Publications, 1993. (FHL book 973 X4c.)
+
For a list of available and missing Delaware censuses, [[Delaware Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
  
'''Websites'''
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=== Why use a census?  ===
  
See the [[United States Census Online|United States Census Online article]].  
+
A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.  
  
http://www.censusfinder.com/delaware.htm
+
{{Template:Pros-DE}}
  
http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/delaware.htm
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=== More about censuses  ===
  
http://www.rootsweb.com/~cenfiles/de.htm
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[[United States Census|Click here]] for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:  
  
<br>
+
:*[[United States Census Searching|index searching tips]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Analyzing Census Data|analyzing and using what you find]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Accuracy|census accuracy]]
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:*[[United States Census Historical Background|historical background]]
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:*[[United States Census#Contents_of_Federal_Censuses|contents of various census years and types]]
  
<br><!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors --><!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors -->
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=== Sources and footnotes  ===
<!-- Tidy found serious XHTML errors -->
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[[Category:Delaware]]
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{{reflist}}
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{{USCensus}}
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[[Category:Delaware Census Records|Census]]

Latest revision as of 20:52, 15 March 2017

Delaware Wiki Topics
Delaware flag.png
Beginning Research
Record Types
Delaware Background
Ethnicity
Local Research Resources
United States
U.S. Census
Delaware
Census
Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


Online Resources

Adopt-a-wiki page
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who welcome you to contribute.
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  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online Delaware indexes and images

1870-1940

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Delaware 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 indexes Link - Link
Link
- - Link Link Link - -
images Link - Link
Link
Link
- - Link Link Link Link Link
1930 indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link Link


Link
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1920 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link


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images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1910 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link


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images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1900 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link


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images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1880 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link


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images - Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1870 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link


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images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link

1800-1870

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Delaware 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1860 indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link Link


Link
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1850 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link


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images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1840 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link


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images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1830 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link


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images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1820 indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link


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1810 indexes Link - - Link  Link Link Link Link


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1800 indexes Link - - Link  - Link Link Link Link


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  Family Search Internet Archive Misc. Heritage Quest Fold3 Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home Archives Family Link
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Federal population schedules

Microfilm images

Federal Census Microfilms Available from the Family History Library
1940 N/A 1910  1870            1800-1840
1930 1900 and Soundex 1860
1920 and Soundex 1880 and Soundex 1850
   


Federal Census Microfilms Available from the National Archives
1940 N/A 1910 T624 1870 M593         1840 M704 1810 M252
1930 T626 1900 T623  Soundex T1037 1860 M653 1830 M19 1800 M32
1920 T625  Soundex M1554 1880 T9  Soundex T741 1850 M432 1820 M33 1790 M637
     


Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Delaware, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Delaware

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Census Bureau Google Book Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1880 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1860 Slave owner - - - Link[8] Link Link Link
1860 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1850 Slave owner Link - - Link[8] Link Link Link
1850 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1840 Pensioners Link BookLink BookLink - Link Link Link

Microfilm images

Family History Library Federal Census Non-Population Schedule Microfilms for Delaware

  • 1890 and 1900 African Americans and Agriculture census. NARA, Prechtel-Kluskens, Claire, and U.S. Bureau of the Census List of selected African Americans from the 1890 and 1900 Federal population censuses of Delaware and related census publications; agriculture in the state of Delaware (1901) and Negroes in the United States (1904)FHL Collection
  • 1860 slave owners. Family History Library FHL Collection
  • 1850 slave owners. Family History Library FHL Collection
  • 1850-1880 Mortality census. FHL Collection
  • 1790 Reconstructed census. DeValinger, Leon Reconstructed 1790 census of Delaware FHL Collection

National ArchivesFederal Census Non-Population ScheduleMicrofilms for Delaware

  • 1935 Census of Business
  • 1820 - 1880 Manufactures Census

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Delaware, click here.

State, territorial, and colonial censuses

Delaware took several censuses before the first federal census was done. The dates are listed below. These census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.

  • 1782 Population schedules for these "hundreds" (townships): Branywine, Christiana, St. George's, Duck Creek, Little Creek, and Lewes Town.[9] The state census has been reconstructed for the rest of the state from tax lists.
  • 1693 A special census was taken of Swedes who were associated with the Swedish Lutheran Church and who were living in Pennsylvania, Delaware, west New Jersey, and Cecil County, Maryland. The census and an index to it are in Craig, Peter Stebbins. The 1693 Census of the Swedes on the Delaware. Winter Park, Florida: SAG Publications, 1993. (Family History Library book 973 X4c.)
  • 1671 New Castle County, Delaware; Philadelphia and Delaware counties in Pennsylvania; and Burlington County, New Jersey.[10]

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing Delaware censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.


More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Sources and footnotes

  1. 1.0 1.1 FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. 3.0 3.1 HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. 7.0 7.1 FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. 8.0 8.1 HeritageQuest has slave owner schedule images only.
  9. Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[FHL book 973 X2Lai]], 29.
  10. Peter Stebbins Craig, 1671 Census of the Delaware (Philadelphia, Pa.: Genealogical Society of Pennsylvania, 1999)[FHL Book 974 X2c 1671].