Dakota Territory in the Civil War

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United States  Gotoarrow.png  U.S. Civil War  Gotoarrow.png  North Dakota  Gotoarrow.png  South Dakota  Gotoarrow.png  North Dakota Military  Gotoarrow.png  South Dakota Military  Gotoarrow.png Dakota Territory

Dakota Territory 1861 to 1889


During the Civil War, the Dakota Territory contributed one battalion with two companies.  The companies helped defend against Indian raids.[1] The Dakota Territory became an organized territory on March 2, 1861. It included much of present-day Montana and Wyoming. The Dakota Territory was divided into the states of North Dakota and South Dakota on November 2, 1889.[2] The United States War Department credited the Dakota Territory with supplying 206 white men to the Union Army.[3]

Dakota Territory Military Unit

  • 1st Battalion, Dakota Cavalry (Union)
    Organized: Company A at Yanktown, Dakota Territory., April, 1862 and Company B at Sioux City, Iowa, March 31, 1863.
    Mustered out: Company A on May 9, 1865 and Company B on Nov. 15, 1865.


Index to Service Records

Index to service records of Union volunteers from the Dakota Territory (FHL film 881616.

Compiled Military Service Records

The Compiled Service Records ($) (Fold3.com) for soldiers who served in organizations from the Dakota Territory are available online. In the future, these records will be made available at no charge through the National Archives web site. The service records are also available at no charge at National Archives research rooms. The compiled service records consist of an envelope containing card abstracts taken from muster rolls, returns, pay vouchers, and other records. Service records may provide rank, unit, date of enlistment, length of service, age, place of birth, and date of death. For more information see Union Service Records.

Civil War Pension Index Cards

An Index to Pension Applications of veterans who served in the US Army between 1861-1917 is available on FamilySearch. Each card gives the soldier’s name, application and certificate numbers, state of enlistment, and might include rank and death information. The majority of the records are of Civil War veterans, but the collection also includes records for veterans of the Spanish-American War, the Philippine Insurrection, the Indian Wars, and World War I. For more information see Union Pension Records.

The actual pension records are available only at the National Archives.

1890 Veterans Census Schedule

A special census was taken in 1890 of Union veterans of the Civil War (Family History Library film 338218). The "Special Schedules of the Eleventh Census (1890) Enumerating Union Veterans and Widows of Union Veterans of the Civil War" (NARA M123) are available online for the states of North and South Dakota. The schedules list Union veterans and their widows living in North and South Dakota in 1890. An index to the 1890 returns has been published. For more information on the 1890 Veterans Schedules see Union Census Records.


A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:

Dakota Territory, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, (FamilySearch Historical Records)

  1. National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System: (accessed 29 July 2011).
  2. Wikipedia contributors. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dakota_in_the_American_Civil_War Dakota Territory}, (accessed 29 July 2011).
  3. United States. War Department, The War of the Rebellion: a Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, (Washington, District of Columbia: Govt. Print. Office, 1880-1901), Series 3, Volume 4, page 1269. FHL book 973 M29u ser.3 v. 3, FHL film 845422.