Czech Republic Church Records
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For information about records for non-Christian religions in the Czech Republic, go to the Religious Records page.
- 1 Church Records [církevní matriky]
- 2 Time Period
- 3 Contents
- 4 Accessing the Records
- 5 References
Church Records [církevní matriky]
Church Records refer to the records of births/christenings, marriages, and deaths/burials recorded by clergy. These records are the prime source for information about the vital events in an individual's life. This information can be used to compile pedigrees and family groups. They identify children, spouses, parents, and often grandparents as well as dates and places of vital events. They establish individual identity and are excellent sources for linking generations and identifying relationships.
There are fragments of church records fragments from the Czech Republic dating from 1441, but the earliest intact registers date from the 1590s. Catholic parishes in Europe were first required to record baptisms and marriages in 1563 by order of the Council of Trent. The requirement to record deaths was introduced in 1614. It took several years before the practice was established in the Czech lands where most preserved registers start after 1620. A new format for the records was introduced in 1771. Because of religious intolerance within the Austrian Empire, the only legally recognized church registers were Catholic registers until 1781 when the Toleration Patent was issued. After 1784 the keeping of church registers was required by law for all religions, but under Catholic supervision. Duplicates of church registers [druhopisy] were made for civil purposes starting in the 1790s. Protestant church registers were recognized as legal records without Catholic supervision in 1840.
- infant's name,
- name and surname of father and mother,
- christening date (most also give the birth date);
- sometimes names of grandparents; names of godparents.
- names of groom and bride,
- date of marriage,
- often include ages, residences, occupations, previous marital status, names of parents, sometimes the birthplace;
- names of witnesses.
- name of the deceased,
- date and place of death and burial,
- sometimes cause of death, names of survivors,
- occasionally the date and place of birth.
Accessing the Records
In December of 1949, all church vital records prior to civil registration (1895) were declared state property. In 1952 the state began centralizing all these records into state regional archives [státní oblastní archívy]. In many cases records as late as the 1940s have been placed in state regional archives. Registers more recent than those in the state regional archives are still at local city or subdistrict registration offices [matriční úřady].
Church Records Online Archives
Digital copies of many church records are available in the regional archives.
Records are created and organized on the local level. If you do not know the name of the village or parish your ancestors lived in, see
- Czech Republic Determining a Place of Origin
- Czech Republic Emigration and Immigration.
- Czech Republic Finding Town of Origin, using United States records.
Once you find the names of the town, look it up in the GenTeam Gazetteer to find out where the parish church was for that town and which archive region that town belongs to. Click on the archival region covering the location of your parish from this list.
- Brno Moravian Land Archives
- Litoměřice Regional Archives
- Opava (Olomouc) Land Archives
- Plzeň Regional Archives
- Prague (Praha) City Archives
- Prague (Praha) Regional Archives
- Třeboň Regional Archives
- Zámrsk Regional Archives
Online Records FamilySearch
Wiki articles describing these collections are found at:
- Czech Republic, Northern Moravia, Opava Archive Church Books - FamilySearch Historical Records
- Czech Republic Church Boooks - FamilySearch Historical Records
- Czech Republic, Southern Bohemia, Trebon, Church Books (FamilySearch Historical Reocords)
- Czech Republic, Archive of Třeboň, Nobility Seignorial Records - FamilySearch Historical Records
Writing for Records
Use the Czech Republic Letter Writing Guide for help with writing for records.