Difference between revisions of "Custer County, Colorado Genealogy"

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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Colorado]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Custer_County,_Colorado|Custer County]]''
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| link5=[[Custer County, Colorado Genealogy|Custer County]]
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Guide to '''Custer County Colorado genealogy.''' Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.  
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Guide to '''Custer County, Colorado ancestry, genealogy and family history''', birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.
  
{{CODC}}  
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<center>{{Click|image:CO_ORP.png|Colorado_Online_Genealogy_Records}}</center>
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{{Infobox U.S. County 2016
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|organized=  9 March 1877
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|county seat= Westcliffe
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|parent county= [[Fremont County, Colorado Genealogy|Fremont ]]<ref>''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'',10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref>
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|variant spellings=
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|county1= [[Fremont County, Colorado Genealogy|Fremont]]
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|county2= [[Huerfano County, Colorado Genealogy|Huerfano]]
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|county3= [[Pueblo County, Colorado Genealogy|Pueblo]]
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|county4= [[Saguache County, Colorado Genealogy|Saguache]]</br><center>[[Custer County, Colorado Genealogy#Maps and Gazetteers|See County Maps]]</center>
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|county6=
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|county7=
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|county8=
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|county9=
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|county10=
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|county courthouse= [[Image:ColoradoCusterCourthouse.jpg|245x245px]]
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|county location in state= [[Image: Colorado Custer County.png|185x185px]]
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|adoption=
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}}
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<div style="width:17%; float:left; margin-right:4em; padding:0px">__TOC__</div>
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== County Information ==
  
{{Infobox U.S. County
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=== Description ===
| county = Custer County
 
| county_map = Colorado Custer County.png
 
| state = Colorado
 
| state_map = Colorado.png
 
| latd =  
 
| longd =  
 
| founded year = 1852
 
| founded date = January 9
 
| seat = Westcliffe
 
| building image =
 
| building address = Custer County Courthouse<br>205 S 6th St PO Box 150<br>Westcliffe, CO 81252<br>Phone: 719.783.0441<br>[http://www.custercountygov.com/'''Custer County Website'''] }}
 
  
== County Courthouse  ==
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The County was named in honor of Lt. Colonel George Armstrong Custer, who had died the previous year. The County has Westcliffe as it's seat and the County was created March 9, 1877. The County is located in the south central area of the state.<ref>Genealogy Trails History Group, "Custer County, Colorado Genealogy and History", http://genealogytrails.com/colo/custer/ 6/28/2017.</ref>
  
County Clerk has marriage and burial records<ref name="HBG">''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'', 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 98, Custer County, Colorado. {{WorldCat|50140092|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}.</ref>
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=== County Courthouse ===
 +
{{CO Courthouse Intro|Custer}}
  
== Historical Facts  ==
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'''Custer County Courthouse'''<br>205 S 6th St PO Box 150<br>Westcliffe, CO 81252<br>Phone: 719.783.0441<br>[http://www.custercountygov.com/ Custer County Website]<br><br>
 +
County Clerk has marriage and burial records<ref name="HBG">''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'', 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 98, Custer County, Colorado. {{WorldCat|50140092|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}.</ref>
  
{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="2"
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=== Custer County, Colorado Record Dates  ===
 +
{{CO Records Intro}}
 +
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
 
|-
 
|-
| width="100%" bgcolor="#cccc99" align="center" colspan="6" | '''Beginning dates for major county records'''
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| bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" colspan="7" | <center>'''Known Beginning Dates for Major Records'''<ref>''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'', 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Custer County, Colorado. Page 98 {{WorldCat|50140092|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 92.</ref></center>
 
|-
 
|-
| width="16.6%" valign="middle" | <center>'''[[Custer County, Colorado#Birth|Birth]]'''</center>
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| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Custer County, Colorado Genealogy#Birth|Birth*]]'''
| width="16.6%" valign="middle" | <center>'''[[Custer County, Colorado#Marriage|Marriage]]'''</center>
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| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Custer County, Colorado Genealogy#Marriage|Marriage]]'''
| width="16.6%" valign="middle" | <center>'''[[Custer County, Colorado#Death|Death]]'''</center>
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| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Custer County, Colorado Genealogy#Death|Death*]]'''
| width="16.6%" valign="middle" | <center>'''[[Custer County, Colorado#Taxation|Tax]]'''</center>
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| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Custer County, Colorado Genealogy#Court Records|Court]]'''
| width="16.6%" valign="middle" | <center>'''[[Custer County, Colorado#Land_and_Property|Land]]'''</center>
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| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Custer County, Colorado Genealogy#Land and Property Records|Land]]'''
| width="16.6%" valign="middle" | <center>'''[[Custer County, Colorado#Probate|Probate]]'''</center>
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| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Custer County, Colorado Genealogy#Probate Records|Probate]]'''
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| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Custer County, Colorado Genealogy#Census Records|Census]]'''
 
|-
 
|-
| width="16.6%" valign="middle" style="height: 25px;" | <center>*<br></center>
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| width="14.2%" align="center" |1905
| width="16.6%" valign="middle" style="height: 25px;" | <center>*<br></center>
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| width="14.2%" align="center" |1877
| width="16.6%" valign="middle" style="height: 25px;" | <center>*<br></center>
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| width="14.2%" align="center" |1902
| width="16.6%" valign="middle" style="height: 25px;" | <center><br></center>
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| width="14.2%" align="center" |1877
| width="16.6%" valign="middle" style="height: 25px;" | <center><br></center>
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| width="14.2%" align="center" |1877
| width="16.6%" valign="middle" style="height: 25px;" | <center><br></center>
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| width="14.2%" align="center" |1877
 +
| width="14.2%" align="center" |1860
 
|-
 
|-
| width="100%" bgcolor="#99d6ff" colspan="6" | '''*For earlier dates, try...''' '''[[Custer County, Colorado#Church_Records|Church]] &#124; [[Custer County, Colorado#Obituaries|Obituaries]] &#124; [[Custer County, Colorado#Cemeteries|Cemeteries]]'''
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| colspan="7" | <center>'''*For earlier dates, try...''' '''[[Custer County, Colorado#Church_Records|Church]] &#124; [[Custer County, Colorado#Obituaries|Obituaries]] &#124; [[Custer County, Colorado#Cemeteries|Cemeteries]]</center>
 +
 
 +
<center>Some earlier marriage records are in the Fremont County miscellaneous file.<ref name="red book">''The Red Book, American State, County, and Town Sources''. Edited by Alice Eichholz. (Ancestry, Provo; 3d ed, 2004.) Colorado article by Birdie Monk Holzclaw and Marsha Hoffman Rising. page 92.</ref>*<br>
 +
 
 
|}
 
|}
  
==== County Seat  ====
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=== Record Loss ===
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{|
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|-
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|
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There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.
  
Westcliffe<ref name="HBG" />
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|}
  
==== Parent County  ====
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=== Boundary Changes ===
 +
{{CO Boundary Changes Intro|Custer}}
 +
{|
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
*'''Before 1861''' the southern quarter of this modern Colorado county was in New Mexico.
 +
*'''1852:''' On 9 January 1852, it was created part of [[Taos County, Colorado Genealogy|Taos County]] in [[New Mexico Genealogy|New Mexico]] Territory.<ref name="Dollarhide">William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, ''Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publ., 1987), 52. {{WorldCat|16509993|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|545087|item|disp=FHL Book 973 X2th}}.</ref> <ref>[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~nmahgp/cohis.htm Brief County Histories (New Mexico)] in RootsWeb (accessed 21 June 2012).</ref>
 +
*'''1860:''' On 1 February 1860, it became part of [[Mora County, Colorado Genealogy|Mora County]].<ref name="Dollarhide" />
 +
*'''1861:''' On 28 February 1861, it was transferred to [[Colorado Genealogy|Colorado]]<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Colorado Territory" in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopeida'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colorado_Territory (accessed 19 June 2012).</ref> <ref name="Animap">Adrian B. Ettlinger, ''AniMap 3.0 : with SiteFinder U.S. place name database'' (Alamo, Calif.: Gold Bug, 2008), Colorado 1861 map. {{WorldCat|263846425|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1474888|item|disp=FHL CD-ROM no. 4903}}.</ref> (1 Nov 1861 [[Fremont County, Colorado Genealogy|Fremont County]]).<ref>''Handybook'', 98, Fremont County, Colorado.</ref> Look for pre-1861 records in New Mexico. For further explanation, see [[Taos County, Colorado Genealogy|Taos County]].
 +
*'''Parent County:''' Custer County was created 9 March 1877 from [[Fremont County, Colorado Genealogy|Fremont ]]County.
 +
*'''County seat:''' Westcliffe<ref>''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'',10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref> <br>
 +
*[http://www.mapofus.org/colorado/ Interactive Formation Boundary Map of Colorado] - shows boundary changes for Colorado Counties
 +
*[http://publications.newberry.org/ahcbp/documents/CO_Individual_County_Chronologies.htm#Individual_County_Chronologies Colorado Historical Boundary Changes] - list of all boundary changes by county provided by [https://www.newberry.org/ Newberry Library]<br>
 +
|}
  
*'''Before 1861''' the southern quarter of this modern Colorado county was in New Mexico.
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=== Populated Places ===
 +
{{CO Populated Places Intro|Custer}}
 +
The following are locations in Custer county<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Custer County, Colorado," in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'', https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Custer_County%2C_Colorado, accessed May 16, 2017.</ref>
 +
{{populated places
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<!--cities column------------------->
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| cities-col1=
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| cities-col2=
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| cities-col3=
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<!--towns column------------------->
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| towns-col1=<div>
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*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silver_Cliff,_Colorado Silver Cliff]</div>
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| towns-col2=<div>
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*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Westcliffe,_Colorado Westcliffe]</div>
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| towns-col3=
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<!--villages column------------------->
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| villages-col1=
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| villages-col2=
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| villages-col3=
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<!--unincorp column------------------->
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| unincorp-col1=<div>
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*Cold Spring
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*Fairview
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*Greenwood
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</div>
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| unincorp-col2=<div>
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*McKenzie Junction
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*Tanglewood Acres</div>
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| unincorp-col3=<div>
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*Ula
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*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wetmore,_Colorado Wetmore]
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</div>
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<!--census column------------------->
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| census-col1=
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| census-col2=
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| census-col3=
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<!--townships column------------------->
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| townships-col1=
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| townships-col2=
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| townships-col3=
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<!--ghost towns column------------------->
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| ghost-col1=<div>
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*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colfax,_Colorado Colfax]</div>
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| ghost-col2=<div>
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*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Querida,_Colorado Querida]</div>
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| ghost-col3=<div>
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*[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosita,_Colorado Rosita]</div>
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}}
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 +
=== History Timeline ===
 +
{{CO Historical Timeline Intro|Custer}}
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 +
== Resources ==
 +
{{CO Resources Intro|Custer}}
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 +
=== Bible Records ===
 +
{{CO Bible Intro|Custer}}
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 +
=== Biographies  ===
 +
{{CO Biographies Intro|Custer}}
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 +
=== Business, Commerce, and Occupations ===
 +
{{CO Business Records Intro|Custer}}
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 +
=== Cemeteries ===
 +
{{CO Cemeteries Intro|Custer}}
 +
 
 +
{| style = "border:1px solid black; width:66%;  "
 +
|-
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| colspan="2" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" style="border:1px solid black"| <center>'''Cemeteries of Custer County, Colorado''' online and in print</center>
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|-
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| width="21%" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" style="border:1px solid black" | <center>'''Tombstone Transcriptions Online'''</center>
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|bgcolor="#F0F0F0" valign="top" style="border:1px solid black" |
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* [http://findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gsr&GSfn=&GSmn=&GSln=&GSbyrel=all&GSby=&GSdyrel=all&GSdy=&GScntry=4&GSst=7&GScnty=254&GSgrid=&df=all&GSob=n Findagrave.com]
 +
* [http://cogenweb.com/custer/Custer_County_COGenWeb_Project.html COGenWeb]
 +
* [http://www.usgwarchives.net/co/custer.htm#cemeteries COGenWeb Archives]
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* [http://www.usgwtombstones.org/colorado/custer.html Tombstone Project]
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* [http://coloradogravestones.org/search.php?cid=14&lm=s&last=&fm=s&first= Colorado Gravestones]
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* [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/results?count=20&query=%2Bdeath_place%3A%22Custer%20County%2C%20Colorado%22~&collection_id=2026973 Billion Graves]
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|-
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| width="21%" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" style="border:1px solid black" | <center>'''Tombstone Transcriptions in Print''' ([[The Value of Cemetery Records in Print |Often more complete]])</center>
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|bgcolor="#F0F0F0" style="border:1px solid black" valign="top" |
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* {{FHL|205296|subject-id|disp=Family History Library}}
 +
* [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=cemetery+Custer+County%2C+Colorado&qt=results_page WorldCat]
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| width="21%" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" style="border:1px solid black" |<center>'''List of Cemeteries in the County'''</center>
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|bgcolor="#F0F0F0" style="border:1px solid black" valign="top" |
 +
* [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=csr&CScn=&CScntry=4&CSst=7&CScnty=254 Findagrave.com]
 +
* [https://billiongraves.com/pages/search/#action=search_cemetery Billion Graves]
 +
 
 +
|-
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| colspan="2" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" style="border:1px solid black"| <center>See '''[[Colorado Cemeteries]]''' for more information</center>
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|}
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&nbsp;
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 +
=== Census Records ===
 +
{{CO Census Intro|Custer}}
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{{Historical populations
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|type = USA
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|heading = Census
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|footnote = Source: [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Custer_County,_Colorado "Wikipedia.org".]
 +
|1880 |8080
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|1890 |2970
 +
|1900 |2937
 +
|1910 |1947
 +
|1920 |2172
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|1930 |2124
 +
|1940 |2270
 +
|1950 |1573
 +
|1960 |1305
 +
|1970 |1120
 +
|1980 |1528 
 +
|1990 |1926 
 +
|2000 |3503
 +
|2010 |4255
 +
}}
 +
====State and Territory Census Records====
 +
*'''1860''' - {{RecordSearch|1473181|United States Census, 1860}} at [https://familysearch.org/search/ FamilySearch Historical Records] — index and images; Colorado was included in the 1860 Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, and Utah Territories Censuses
 +
*'''1870''' - {{RecordSearch|1438024|United States Census, 1870}} at [https://familysearch.org/search/ FamilySearch Historical Records] — index and images; Colorado Territory Census
 +
*'''1885''' - [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1807096 Colorado State Census, 1885] at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] - Index and images<br>
 +
*'''1885''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=6837 Colorado State Census, 1885] at [http://search.ancestry.com Ancestry] - ($), Index and images<br>
  
:*'''9 January 1852''' it was created part of [[Taos County, Colorado|Taos County]] in [[New Mexico|New Mexico]] Territory.<ref name="Dollarhide">William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, ''Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publ., 1987), 52.  {{WorldCat|16509993|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|545087|item|disp=FHL Book 973 X2th}}.</ref> <ref>[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~nmahgp/cohis.htm Brief County Histories (New Mexico)] in RootsWeb (accessed 21 June 2012).</ref>
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==== Federal Census Records ====
:*'''1 February 1860''' it became part of [[Mora County, Colorado|Mora County]].<ref name="Dollarhide" />  
+
The 1880 Census was the first Federal Census for Colorado after it became a state in 1876.<ref>William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses (Bountiful, UT: American Genealogical Lending Library, 1985), page 54.</ref> For links to Federal Census indexes, see [[Colorado Census]].<br>
:*'''28 February 1861''' it was transferred to [[Colorado]]<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Colorado Territory" in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopeida'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colorado_Territory (accessed 19 June 2012).</ref> <ref name="Animap">Adrian B. Ettlinger, ''AniMap 3.0 : with SiteFinder U.S. place name database'' (Alamo, Calif.: Gold Bug, 2008), Colorado 1861 map. {{WorldCat|263846425|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1474888|item|disp=FHL CD-ROM no. 4903}}.</ref> (1 Nov 1861 [[Fremont County, Colorado|Fremont County]]).<ref>''Handybook'', 98, Fremont County, Colorado.</ref>
+
*'''1860-1940''' Colorado Census Records from 1860 to 1940 at [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/results?count=20&placeId=378&query=%2Bplace%3A%22United%20States%2C%20Colorado%22%20%2Bsubject%3ACensus FamilySearch.org] — index/images
::Look for pre-1861 records in New Mexico. For further explanation see [[Taos County, Colorado|Taos County]].
 
  
*'''1877 '''Custer County was created 9 March 1877 from [[Fremont County, Colorado|Fremont ]]County. <br>
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=== Church Records ===
 +
{{CO Church Intro|Custer}}
  
==== Neighboring Counties  ====
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'''Online Church Records'''<br>
 +
''Presbyterian Church''<br>
 +
*'''1743-1970''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=61048 U.S., Presbyterian Records, 1743-1970] at [http://search.ancestry.com Ancestry] — ($); Index and images; Dates vary for each county<br>
  
*[[Fremont County, Colorado|Fremont]]
+
=== Court Records ===
*[[Huerfano County, Colorado|Huerfano]]
+
{{CO Court Intro|Custer}}
*[[Pueblo County, Colorado|Pueblo]]
 
*[[Saguache County, Colorado|Saguache]]
 
  
==== Record Loss ====
+
Numerous records are available at [https://www.colorado.gov/pacific/archives/archives-search Colorado Archives]. To use this link scroll down the page to where it asks for Record Type. Click there and scroll down the list to the records you want and select.  The next field asks for county. Select the county you want and then click on Search. You can narrow the search by adding the additional information it asks for.
  
=== Resources  ===
+
=== Directories ===
 +
{{CO Directories Intro|Custer}}
  
==== Bible Records ====
+
=== Emigration and Immigration ===
 +
{{CO Emigration Intro|Custer}}
  
==== Biography  ====
+
=== Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups ===
 +
{{CO Ethnic Groups Intro|Custer}}
  
==== Business Records and Commerce ====
+
=== Funeral Homes ===
 +
{{CO Funeral Homes Intro|Custer}}
  
==== Cemeteries ====
+
=== Genealogies ===
 +
{{CO Genealogies Intro|Custer}}
  
==== Census  ====
+
=== Guardianship ===
 +
{{CO Guardianship Intro|Custer}}
  
{{Census|Colorado}}  
+
=== Land and Property Records ===
 +
{{CO Land Intro|Custer}}
 +
''Online Land Records''<br>
  
==== Church Records ====
+
*[https://www.colorado.gov/pacific/archives/archives-search Colorado DPA Land Records] - Index only; Choose ''Record Type,'' and search either "Land Patents" or "Land Records."<br>
 +
*[http://www.glorecords.blm.gov/search/ Land Patent Search] - index to federal patents and homesteads on the [http://www.glorecords.blm.gov/default.aspx Bureau of Land Management] website, some images available<br>
 +
*'''1796-1907''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1246 U.S. General Land Office Records, 1796-1907] at [http://search.ancestry.com Ancestry] - index, info taken from Bureau of Land Management website<br>
 +
*'''1861-1936''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=60593 U.S. Homestead Records 1861-1936] at [http://home.ancestry.com Ancestry.com] - ($), index and images<br>
 +
*'''1862-1908''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3313 Denver Land Office Records, 1862-1908] at [http://home.ancestry.com Ancestry.com] - ($), index only<br>
 +
For more information see [[Colorado Land and Property]]<br>
  
{{CO Church Intro}}
+
=== Local Histories ===
 +
{{CO Histories Intro|Custer}}
  
==== Court Records ====
+
''Online County Histories''
 +
*''History of the Arkansas Valley, Colorado.'' (Includes History of Custer County, by Richard Irwin.) 1881. Chicago : O.L. Baskin & Co. Online at: [https://archive.org/stream/cu31924028878754#page/n847/mode/2up Internet Archive]; {{WorldCat|3468657|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}.
  
==== Directories  ====
+
=== Maps and Gazetteers ===
 +
{{CO Maps Intro|Custer}}
 +
[[Image:Cocuster.jpg|right|250px]]<br>
 +
*[http://www.mapofus.org/colorado/ Interactive Formation Boundary Map of Colorado] - shows boundary changes for Colorado Counties<br>
 +
*[http://publications.newberry.org/ahcbp/documents/CO_Individual_County_Chronologies.htm#Individual_County_Chronologies Colorado Historical Boundary Changes] - list of all boundary changes by county provided by [https://www.newberry.org/ Newberry Library]<br>
  
==== Emigration and Immigration  ====
+
=== Migration ===
 +
{{CO Migration Intro|Custer}}
  
==== Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups  ====
+
=== Military Records ===
 +
{{CO Military Intro|Custer}}
  
==== Gazetteers  ====
+
==== Online Collections ====
 +
These collections are unique to Colorado. You will find nationwide databases for military records on [[United States Military Online Genealogy Records|U.S. Military Online Genealogy Records]] and [[Colorado Military Records|Colorado Military Records]].<br>
  
==== Genealogy  ====
+
''All Veterans''<br>
 +
*[https://www.colorado.gov/pacific/archives/archives-search Colorado State Archives Veterans Grave Registration Index] at the [https://www.colorado.gov/archives/ Colorado State Archives website] - Index only; In the ''Record Type'' field, select, Military - Grave<br>
  
==== History  ====
+
''Civil War''<br>
 +
*[https://www.colorado.gov/pacific/archives/archives-search Colorado Civil War Casualties Index] at the [https://www.colorado.gov/archives/ Colorado State Archives website] - Index only; In the ''Record Type'' field, select, Civil War Casualty<br>
 +
*'''1861-1865''' - [https://www.colorado.gov/pacific/archives/archives-search Colorado State Archives Volunteers Transcript of Record Index (1861-1865)] at the [https://www.colorado.gov/archives/ Colorado State Archives website] - Index only; In the ''Record Type'' field, select, Transcript of Record<br>
  
===== Local History =====
+
''Spanish-American War (1898)''<br>
 +
*'''1898''' - [https://www.colorado.gov/pacific/archives/archives-search Colorado Volunteers in the Spanish American War, 1898] - at the [https://www.colorado.gov/archives/ Colorado State Archives website] - Index only; In the ''Record Type'' field, select, Span-Am War Soldiers<br>
  
{{CO History Intro}}
+
''World War I''<br>
 +
*'''1916-1919''' - [https://www.colorado.gov/pacific/archives/archives-search Colorado State Archives Denver War Risk Insurance Applicants, 1916-1919] - at the [https://www.colorado.gov/archives/ Colorado State Archives website] - Index only; In the ''Record Type'' field, select, War Risk Insurance<br>
 +
*'''1917-1922''' - [https://www.colorado.gov/pacific/archives/archives-search Colorado State Archives World War I Civilian Service Questionnaires, 1917-1922] - at the [https://www.colorado.gov/archives/ Colorado State Archives website] - Index only; In the ''Record Type'' field, select, WWI Questionnaire<br>
 +
*'''1917-1918''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=5442 Colorado Soldiers in WWI, 1917-1918] at [http://search.ancestry.com/] — ($), index<br>
  
==== Land and Property  ====
+
''Vietnam War''<br>
 +
*'''1966 & 1968''' - [https://www.colorado.gov/pacific/archives/archives-search Colorado State Archives Vietnam War Casualties - June-December 1966 & January-December 1968] - at the [https://www.colorado.gov/archives/ Colorado State Archives website] - Index only; In the ''Record Type'' field, select, Vietnam Deaths<br>
  
{{CO Land Intro}} <br>
+
For further information see [[Colorado Military Records]].
  
==== Maps  ====
+
=== Naturalization and Citizenship ===
 +
{{CO Naturalization Intro|Custer}}
  
==== Military  ====
+
''Online Records''<br>
 +
*'''1868-1990''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=61194 Colorado, State and Federal Naturalization Records, 1868-1990] at [http://search.ancestry.com Ancestry] ($); Index and images<br>
 +
*'''1876-1990''' - {{RecordSearch|2285702|Colorado Naturalization Records, 1876-1990}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] - Browseable images only; District Court records<br>
  
==== Naturalization and Citizenship  ====
+
=== Newspapers ===
 +
{{CO Newspapers Intro|Custer}}
 +
''Colorado Newspapers Online''
 +
*[https://sites.google.com/site/onlinenewspapersite/Home/usa/co Colorado Online Historical Newspapers online] - in the [https://www.coloradohistoricnewspapers.org/ Colorado Historic Newspaper Collection] by the Colorado State Library
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/Places/US/Colorado/Default.aspx?category=38&ldf=2 Colorado Newspapers] at [https://www.ancestry.com/ Ancestry.com] - ($)
 +
*[http://www.genealogybank.com/explore/newspapers/all/usa/colorado GenealogyBank] - ($), contains images of Colorado newspapers
 +
*[http://newspaperarchive.com/us/colorado/ Newspaper Archive] - ($), contains images of Colorado newspapers
 +
*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/ Chronicling America] - contains images of some Colorado newspapers; [http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/help/#basic_searching searching tips]
 +
*[http://elephind.com/ Elephind] - Free; search engine that retrieves newspaper images from other free newspaper websites
  
==== Newspapers  ====
+
''Colorado Newspaper Catalogs''
 +
*[http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/search/titles/ U.S. Newspaper Directory, 1690-Present] on Chronicling America - contains a list of all known newspapers and the dates they cover; once you locate a newspaper name, contact the local library to see if they have copies of the newspaper
  
{{CO Newspaper abstracts|Adams}} <br>
 
  
==== Obituaries ====
+
=== Obituaries ===
 +
{{CO Obituaries Intro|Custer}}
  
==== Periodicals  ====
+
=== Other Records ===
 +
{{CO Other Records Intro|Custer}}
  
==== Probate  ====
+
=== Periodicals ===
 +
{{CO Periodicals Intro|Custer}}
  
{{CO Probate Intro}}
+
=== Probate Records ===
 +
{{CO Probate Intro|Custer}}
  
[http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/wills/1custer.html Colorado State Archives] has put an Index to the Custer County Will Records for the years 1887-1966 on-line.
+
'''Online Records
 +
*'''1875–1974''' [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=8665 Colorado Wills and Probate Records 1875-1974] at [http://home.ancestry.com Ancestry.com] — index and images '''$'''
 +
*'''1887-1966''' [https://www.colorado.gov/pacific/archives/archives-search Colorado State Archives] has put an Index to the Custer County Will Records for the years 1887-1966 on-line.
  
==== Public Records ====
+
=== School Records ===
 +
{{CO Schools Intro|Custer}}
  
===== School Records  =====
+
'''1891-1896''' [https://www.colorado.gov/pacific/archives/archives-search Colorado State Archives] has put an Index to the Pupil Register for District #3 for the years 1891-1896 on-line. The index gives the name of the pupil, date, and birth place.
  
[http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/schools/census/custer_co-dist3.html Colorado State Archives] has put an Index to the Pupil Register for District #3 for the years 1891-1896 on-line.&nbsp; The index gives the name of the pupil, date, and birth place.
+
=== Tax Records ===
 +
{{CO Tax Intro|Custer}}
  
==== Repositories  ====
+
'''1907-1946''' [http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/inh_tax/1custer_inh_tax.htm Colorado State Archives] has put the Custer County Inheritance Tax Records Index for the years 1907-1946 on-line.
  
===== Archives  =====
+
=== Vital Records ===
 +
{{CO Vital Intro|Custer}}
  
===== Courthouse  =====
+
'''[[Colorado Vital Records Search|Colorado Vital Records Search]]
  
===== Family History Centers  =====
+
==== Birth ====
 +
{{CO Vital Records - Birth Intro|Custer}}
  
*[[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers|Introduction to LDS Family History Center]]
+
Birth records may become public records when 100 years have elapsed after the date of birth. EXCEPTION: The birth record of any individual who is known to be currently alive will remain confidential even if they are 100 years of age or greater. <ref name="registrar">Letter from Colorado State Registrar, Dated September 1, 2011. Policy Number 2011- 08. http://www.colorado.gov</ref>
*[[West Cliffe Colorado Family History Center]] (Silvercliff)<br><br>
 
  
===== Libraries  =====
+
==== Marriage ====
 +
{{CO Vital Records - Marriage Intro|Custer}}
  
*West Custer County Library District<br>209 Main Street<br>Westcliffe, CO 81252<br>Phone: (719) 783-9138<br>[http://westcliffe.colibraries.org/gallery/library-images westcliffe.colibraries.org/gallery/library-images] <br>  
+
''Online Records''<br>
*Wetmore Community Library<br>95 County Road 393<br>Wetmore, CO 81253<br>Phone: (719) 784-6669<br>[http://wetmore.colibraries.org/ http://wetmore.colibraries.org]<br>
+
*'''1809-2011''' - [http://abish.byui.edu/specialCollections/westernStates/search.cfm Western States Marriage Index, 1809-2011] - Index, incomplete, [http://abish.byui.edu/specialcollections/westernstates/alphabeticalListOfCounties.cfm list of counties included]<br>
 +
*'''1853-2006''' - {{RecordSearch|1932434|Colorado Statewide Marriage Index, 1853-2006}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch.org] - Index and images<br>
 +
*'''1862-2006''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=61366 Colorado, County Marriages and State Indexes, 1862-2006] at [http://http://search.ancestry.com Ancestry] ($), Index and images<br>
 +
*'''1864-1995''' - {{RecordSearch|1942851|Colorado, County Marriages, 1864-1995}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] - Index and images<br>
 +
*'''1900-1939''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=60251 Colorado, Statewide Marriage Index, 1900-1939] at [http://search.ancestry.com/ Ancestry.com] - ($); Browseable images of original index<br>
  
===== Museums  =====
+
==== Death ====
 +
{{CO Vital Records - Death Intro|Custer}}
  
===== Societies  =====
+
Death records may become public records when 75 years have elapsed after the date of death. <ref name="registrar" />
  
==== Taxation  ====
+
==== Divorce ====
 +
{{CO Vital Records - Divorce Intro|Custer}}
  
{{CO Tax Intro}}  
+
''Online Records''<br>
 +
*'''1851-1985''' [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=60927 Colorado, Divorce Index, 1851-1985] at [http://search.ancestry.com Ancestry] - ($); Index only<br>
 +
*'''1900-1939''' - {{RecordSearch|2043439|Colorado Statewide Divorce Index, 1900-1939}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/search FamilySearch] - Browseable images of original index<br>
  
[http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/inh_tax/1custer_inh_tax.htm Colorado State Archives] has put the Custer County Inheritance Tax Records Index for the years 1907-1946 on-line.
+
== Research Facilities ==
 +
{{CO Research Facilities Intro|Custer}}
  
==== Vital Records  ====
+
=== Archives ===
 +
{{CO Archives Intro|Custer}}
  
{{CO Vital Intro}}  
+
{{CO Archives}}
  
'''[[Colorado Vital Records Search|Colorado Vital Records Search]]'''  
+
'''1879-1989''' Custer County Probates <br>'''1880-1896''' Custer County Teachers Registers of Students <br>'''1887-1966''' Custer County Wills <br>'''1907-1946''' Custer County Inheritance Tax
  
===== Birth  =====
+
=== Family History Centers ===
 +
{{Family History Centers Intro}}
  
===== Marriage  =====
+
*[[West Cliffe Colorado Family History Center]] (Silvercliff)
  
===== Death  =====
+
=== Libraries ===
 +
{{CO Libraries Intro|Custer}}
  
===== Divorce =====
+
*West Custer County Library District<br>209 Main Street<br>Westcliffe, CO 81252<br>Phone: (719) 783-9138<br>[http://westcusterlibrary.catalog.aspencat.info/ West Custer County Library Dist.]<br><br>
 +
*Wetmore Community Library<br>95 County Road 393<br>Wetmore, CO 81253<br>Phone: (719) 784-6669<br>[http://wetmore.colibraries.org/ Westmore Community Library]
  
=== Places  ===
+
=== Museums ===
 +
{{CO Museums Intro|Custer}}
 +
== Societies ==
 +
{{CO Societies Intro|Custer}}
 +
'''Custer Co. Historical & Genealogical Society'''<br>PO Box 436<br>Westcliffe, CO 81252<br>Telephone:719-783-2837<br>E-mail:[mailto:dorothyurb@yahoo.com dorothyurb@yahoo.com]<br>[http://custercountyco.com/custer-co-historical-genealogical-society Website]
  
== Websites ==
+
== Websites ==
 +
{{CO Websites Intro|Custer}}
  
*[http://cogenweb.com/custer/ Custer County COGenWeb]  
+
*[http://cogenweb.com/custer/ Custer County COGenWeb]
*{{FHL|205296|subject-id|disp=Family History Library Catalog}}  
+
*{{FHL Place IDNum|205296|Colorado|Custer}}- The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use [https://familysearch.org/search/ Historical Records] to search for specific individuals in genealogical records
 
*[http://www.linkpendium.com/genealogy/USA/CO/Custer/ Custer County, Colorado Genealogy and Family History] (Linkpendium)
 
*[http://www.linkpendium.com/genealogy/USA/CO/Custer/ Custer County, Colorado Genealogy and Family History] (Linkpendium)
  
== References ==
+
== Research Guides ==
 +
{{CO Research Guides Intro|Custer}}
 +
 
 +
== References ==
 +
<references />
  
{{reflist}} {{Colorado|Colorado}}  
+
{{reflist}}
  
[[Category:Custer_County,_Colorado]]
+
{{Colorado|Colorado}}
 +
[[Category:Custer_County,_Colorado]][[Category:Colorado_Counties]]

Latest revision as of 19:39, 23 August 2017

United States
Colorado
Custer County

Guide to Custer County, Colorado ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

{{{link}}}
County Facts
County seat: Westcliffe
Organized: 9 March 1877
Parent County(s): Fremont [1]
Neighboring Counties
Fremont  • Huerfano  • Pueblo  • Saguache
See County Maps
Courthouse
ColoradoCusterCourthouse.jpg
Location Map
Colorado Custer County.png
Adoption
This page is available for adoption

County Information

Description

The County was named in honor of Lt. Colonel George Armstrong Custer, who had died the previous year. The County has Westcliffe as it's seat and the County was created March 9, 1877. The County is located in the south central area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse

Custer County Courthouse
205 S 6th St PO Box 150
Westcliffe, CO 81252
Phone: 719.783.0441
Custer County Website

County Clerk has marriage and burial records[3]

Custer County, Colorado Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1905 1877 1902 1877 1877 1877 1860
*For earlier dates, try... Church | Obituaries | Cemeteries
Some earlier marriage records are in the Fremont County miscellaneous file.[5]*

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes

Populated Places

The following are locations in Custer county[12]

Towns
Unincorporated communites
  • Cold Spring
  • Fairview
  • Greenwood
  • McKenzie Junction
  • Tanglewood Acres
Ghost towns


History Timeline

Resources

Bible Records

Biographies

Business, Commerce, and Occupations

Cemeteries

Cemeteries of Custer County, Colorado online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Colorado Cemeteries for more information

 

Census Records

In 1860, present-day Colorado was enumerated in the Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, and Utah Territories. Colorado Territory was created in 1861 and was enumerated as such in the 1870 Census. A state census was taken in 1885 for Colorado.[13] See links listed below.

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1880 8,080
1890 2,970 −63.2%
1900 2,937 −1.1%
1910 1,947 −33.7%
1920 2,172 11.6%
1930 2,124 −2.2%
1940 2,270 6.9%
1950 1,573 −30.7%
1960 1,305 −17.0%
1970 1,120 −14.2%
1980 1,528 36.4%
1990 1,926 26.0%
2000 3,503 81.9%
2010 4,255 21.5%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

State and Territory Census Records

Federal Census Records

The 1880 Census was the first Federal Census for Colorado after it became a state in 1876.[14] For links to Federal Census indexes, see Colorado Census.

  • 1860-1940 Colorado Census Records from 1860 to 1940 at FamilySearch.org — index/images

Church Records

Church records vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Colorado denominations, view the Colorado Church Records wiki page.

Online Church Records
Presbyterian Church

Court Records

Numerous records are available at Colorado Archives. To use this link scroll down the page to where it asks for Record Type. Click there and scroll down the list to the records you want and select. The next field asks for county. Select the county you want and then click on Search. You can narrow the search by adding the additional information it asks for.

Directories

Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes

Genealogies

Guardianship

Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Colorado Land and Property for additional information about early Colorado land grants.

After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where current records are also housed.


Online Land Records

For more information see Colorado Land and Property

Local Histories

Online County Histories

Maps and Gazetteers

Cocuster.jpg

Migration

Military Records

Online Collections

These collections are unique to Colorado. You will find nationwide databases for military records on U.S. Military Online Genealogy Records and Colorado Military Records.

All Veterans

Civil War

Spanish-American War (1898)

World War I

Vietnam War

For further information see Colorado Military Records.

Naturalization and Citizenship

Online Records

Newspapers

For more information, see Colorado Newspapers.

Colorado Newspapers Online

Colorado Newspaper Catalogs

  • U.S. Newspaper Directory, 1690-Present on Chronicling America - contains a list of all known newspapers and the dates they cover; once you locate a newspaper name, contact the local library to see if they have copies of the newspaper


Obituaries

Other Records

Periodicals

Probate Records

Probate records have been kept by the county courts. Colorado probate records include bonds, affidavits, letters, claims, appraisals, fee accounts, minutes, judgments, dockets, calendars, case files, and wills. The Family History Library does not have copies of probate records from Colorado.

You may obtain copies of documents from the clerk's office in the county courthouse.


Online Records

School Records

1891-1896 Colorado State Archives has put an Index to the Pupil Register for District #3 for the years 1891-1896 on-line. The index gives the name of the pupil, date, and birth place.

Tax Records

Colorado tax records complement land records and can be used as supplements to censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the records. To find tax records in the FamilySearch Catalog, do a Place Search for the county.


1907-1946 Colorado State Archives has put the Custer County Inheritance Tax Records Index for the years 1907-1946 on-line.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Vital Records Section Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Colorado.

Colorado Vital Records Search

Birth

Birth records may become public records when 100 years have elapsed after the date of birth. EXCEPTION: The birth record of any individual who is known to be currently alive will remain confidential even if they are 100 years of age or greater. [15]

Marriage

Online Records

Death

Death records may become public records when 75 years have elapsed after the date of death. [15]

Divorce

Online Records

Research Facilities

Archives

The Colorado State Archives has the following records available for Custer County, Colorado Genealogy in this online database Archives Search. For a full list of online holdings, click here.
(Statewide)
1880-1939 Divorce Index
1883-1900 Mine Accidents, Non - fatal
1897-1920 Horseshoers
1936-1942 Civilian Conservation Corps Enrollments
1966-1968 Vietnam Deaths

1879-1989 Custer County Probates
1880-1896 Custer County Teachers Registers of Students
1887-1966 Custer County Wills
1907-1946 Custer County Inheritance Tax

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Libraries

Museums

Societies

Custer Co. Historical & Genealogical Society
PO Box 436
Westcliffe, CO 81252
Telephone:719-783-2837
E-mail:dorothyurb@yahoo.com
Website

Websites

Research Guides

References

  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. Genealogy Trails History Group, "Custer County, Colorado Genealogy and History", http://genealogytrails.com/colo/custer/ 6/28/2017.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 98, Custer County, Colorado. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Custer County, Colorado. Page 98 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 92.
  5. The Red Book, American State, County, and Town Sources. Edited by Alice Eichholz. (Ancestry, Provo; 3d ed, 2004.) Colorado article by Birdie Monk Holzclaw and Marsha Hoffman Rising. page 92.
  6. 6.0 6.1 William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publ., 1987), 52. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 X2th.
  7. Brief County Histories (New Mexico) in RootsWeb (accessed 21 June 2012).
  8. Wikipedia contributors, "Colorado Territory" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopeida at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colorado_Territory (accessed 19 June 2012).
  9. Adrian B. Ettlinger, AniMap 3.0 : with SiteFinder U.S. place name database (Alamo, Calif.: Gold Bug, 2008), Colorado 1861 map. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL CD-ROM no. 4903.
  10. Handybook, 98, Fremont County, Colorado.
  11. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  12. Wikipedia contributors, "Custer County, Colorado," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Custer_County%2C_Colorado, accessed May 16, 2017.
  13. William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses (Bountiful, UT: American Genealogical Lending Library, 1985), page 51-54; Alice Eichholz, ‘’Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources,’’ 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 2004), 86. Free online version; FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004; WorldCat entry.
  14. William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses (Bountiful, UT: American Genealogical Lending Library, 1985), page 54.
  15. 15.0 15.1 Letter from Colorado State Registrar, Dated September 1, 2011. Policy Number 2011- 08. http://www.colorado.gov