Difference between revisions of "Cumberland Probate Records"

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''[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Cumberland]]''  
 
''[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Cumberland]]''  
  
The following article is about probate records in the county of Cumberland. For general information about English probate records, click [[England Probate Records|here]].
+
The following article is about probate records in the county of Cumberland. For general information about English probate records, click [[England Probate Records|here]]
  
 
== Getting Started  ==
 
== Getting Started  ==
  
''Probate'' is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. The Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process until to 1858. Beginning in 1858, authority over probate matters was taken from ecclesiastical courts and put under the civil authority of the Principal Probate Registry. The Probates After 1857 section below contains links to additional information about the records of this court.  
+
''Probate'' is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. The term probate refers to a collection of documents, such as wills, administrations (also called admons), inventories, and codicils. The Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process until to 1858. Beginning in 1858, authority over probate matters was taken from ecclesiastical courts and put under the civil authority of the Principal Probate Registry. The ''Probates After 1857'' section below links to an article about probates after 1857.
 +
 
 +
To look for a probate record before 1858:<br>
 +
 
 +
#Discover when and where your ancestor died. If you don’t know, use the approximate date and place where they lived. <br>
 +
#Go to [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Cumberland_Probate_Records#Court_Jurisdictions Court Jurisdictions] section below.<br>
 +
#Click a letter or span of letters for your place. This opens a jurisdictions table.<br>
 +
#Follow the instructions on the jurisdictions table page.<br> <br>
 +
 
 +
== Court Jurisdictions by Parish  ==
 +
 
 +
Before 1858, every town and parish in Cumberland was under the probate jurisdiction of a primary court and several secondary courts.&nbsp; When searching for the will of an ancestor, find the name of the town or parish where he/she lived in the jurisdictions lists. Go to the list of places by clicking on a letter or series of letters below.<br>
 +
 
 +
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" style="width: 360px; height: 30px;" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 +
|-
 +
| &nbsp;
 +
| &nbsp;
 +
| &nbsp;
 +
| [[Cumberland Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes A|A]]&nbsp;
 +
| [[Cumberland Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes B-C|B-C]]
 +
| [[Cumberland Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes D-H|D-H]]
 +
| [[Cumberland Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes I-N|I-N]]
 +
| [[Cumberland Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes O-T|O-T]]
 +
| [[Cumberland Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes U-Z|U-Z]]
 +
|}
  
To look for a probate record before 1858:<br>
 
  
#Discover when and where your ancestor died. If you don’t know, use the approximate date and place where they lived. <br>
 
#Go to [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Cumberland_Probate_Records#Court_Jurisdictions Court Jurisdictions] section below.<br>
 
#Click a letter or span of letters for your place. This opens a jurisdictions table.<br>
 
#Follow the instructions on the jurisdictions table page.<br>
 
  
 
== Cumberland Probate Courts  ==
 
== Cumberland Probate Courts  ==
  
The following ecclesiastical courts had some probate jurisdiction over the county of Cumberland prior to 1858. Click on a court name to learn more about its records, indexes and finding a probate for your ancestor. To determine which court, go to the [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Cumberland_Probate_Records#Court_Jurisdictions Court Jurisdictions] section below.<br>
+
The following ecclesiastical courts had some probate jurisdiction over the county of Cumberland prior to 1858. Click on a court name to learn more about its records, indexes and finding a probate for your ancestor. To determine which court, go to the [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Cumberland_Probate_Records#Court_Jurisdictions Court Jurisdictions] section below.<br>  
  
 
*[[Court of the Bishop of Carlisle (Episcopal Consistory)]]  
 
*[[Court of the Bishop of Carlisle (Episcopal Consistory)]]  
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*[[Exchequer and Prerogative Courts of the Archbishop of York]]<br>
 
*[[Exchequer and Prerogative Courts of the Archbishop of York]]<br>
  
In addition, the [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]] had jurisdiction over the whole of England and specifically in the following cases.<br>
+
In addition, the [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]] had jurisdiction over the whole of England and specifically in the following cases.<br>  
  
*Wealthy individuals<br>
+
*Wealthy individuals<br>  
*People who owned property in more than one county<br>
+
*People who owned property in more than one county<br>  
*Military and naval personnel<br>
+
*Military and naval personnel<br>  
 
*People who lived or owned property outside England<br>
 
*People who lived or owned property outside England<br>
  
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The [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]] also served as an appeals court.  
 
The [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]] also served as an appeals court.  
  
== Some Explanatory Notes on the Cumberland Probate Courts<br> ==
+
== Probate Indexes  ==
 
 
The original probate records are housed in one of four record offices in the following cities: Barrow, Kendall, Carlisle, and&nbsp;Whitehaven. Links to these offices are found on the [http://www.cumbria.gov.uk/archives/recordoffices/default.asp Cumbria Archive Service] site.
 
  
== Court Jurisdictions by Parish<br> ==
+
Before looking for a will, you should search a probate index. It will save time and give a reference to finding a copy of a will. A few indexes are mentioned here. Others indexes, especially if they only index the wills for one court, are mentioned on each court page.<br>  
  
Before 1858, every town and parish in Cumberland was under the probate jurisdiction of a primary court and several secondary courts.&nbsp; When searching for the will of an ancestor, find the name of the town or parish where he/she lived in the jurisdictions lists. Go to the list of places by clicking on a letter or series of letters below.<br>
+
==== Online Indexes  ====
 
 
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" style="width: 360px; height: 30px" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0"
 
|-
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| [[Cumberland Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes A|A]]&nbsp;
 
| [[Cumberland Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes B-C|B-C]]
 
| [[Cumberland Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes D-H|D-H]]
 
| [[Cumberland Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes I-N|I-N]]
 
| [[Cumberland Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes O-T|O-T]]
 
| [[Cumberland Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes U-Z|U-Z]]
 
|}
 
  
== Probate Indexes  ==
+
[http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/CUL/ProbateRecords/index.html ''Wills of Cumberland: Abstracts of Cumberland Probate Records pre-1858'']&nbsp; contains for several parishes in Cumberland. <br>  
 
 
Before looking for a will, you should search a probate index. It will save time and give a reference to finding a copy of a will.<br>
 
  
==== Online Indexes  ====
+
==== Printed or Filmed Indexes<br> ====
  
[http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/CUL/ProbateRecords/index.html ''Wills of Cumberland: Abstracts of Cumberland Probate Records pre-1858'']&nbsp; contains for several parishes in Cumberland. <br>
+
Indexes are found in archives and in the Family History Library. Click here to see a list of the library's holdings for [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=topicdetails&subject=506247&subject_disp=England%2C+Cumberland+-+Probate+records+-+Indexes&columns=*,0,0 indexes] and [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=topicdetails&subject=453504&subject_disp=England%2C+Cumberland+-+Probate+records&columns=*,0,0 wills]. Films can be viewed in the library or in a [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/FHC/frameset_fhc.asp family history center]. <br>  
  
==== Printed or Filmed Indexes<br> ====
+
== Some Explanatory Notes on the Cumberland Probate Courts<br> ==
  
Indexes are found in archives and in the Family History Library. Click here to see a list of the library's holdings for [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=topicdetails&subject=506247&subject_disp=England%2C+Cumberland+-+Probate+records+-+Indexes&columns=*,0,0 indexes] and [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=topicdetails&subject=453504&subject_disp=England%2C+Cumberland+-+Probate+records&columns=*,0,0 wills]. Films can be viewed in the library or in a [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/FHC/frameset_fhc.asp family history center]. <br>
+
The original probate records are housed in one of four record offices in the following cities: Barrow, Kendall, Carlisle, and&nbsp;Whitehaven. Links to these offices are found on the [http://www.cumbria.gov.uk/archives/recordoffices/default.asp Cumbria Archive Service] site.  
  
== Estate Duty Records<br> ==
+
== Estate Duty Records<br> ==
  
Starting in 1796, a tax or death duty was payable on estates over a certain value. Estate duty abstracts may add considerable information not found elsewhere. Estate duty indexes may help locate a will. For more information, go to [[Estate Duty Records]].<br>
+
Starting in 1796, a tax or death duty was payable on estates over a certain value. Estate duty abstracts may add considerable information not found elsewhere. Estate duty indexes may help locate a will. For more information, go to [[Estate Duty Records]].<br>  
  
 
== Probates After 1857  ==
 
== Probates After 1857  ==
  
Beginning in 1858, the government took over the&nbsp;settlement of estates and all&nbsp;wills are now probated through the Principal Probate Registry system. For more information, go to [[Principal Probate Registry]].<br>
+
Beginning in 1858, the government took over the&nbsp;settlement of estates and all&nbsp;wills are now probated through the Principal Probate Registry system. For more information, go to [[Principal Probate Registry]].<br>  
  
<br>
+
<br>  
  
 
[[Category:Cumberland]]
 
[[Category:Cumberland]]

Revision as of 23:19, 16 December 2009

England Gotoarrow.png Cumberland

The following article is about probate records in the county of Cumberland. For general information about English probate records, click here

Getting Started

Probate is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. The term probate refers to a collection of documents, such as wills, administrations (also called admons), inventories, and codicils. The Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process until to 1858. Beginning in 1858, authority over probate matters was taken from ecclesiastical courts and put under the civil authority of the Principal Probate Registry. The Probates After 1857 section below links to an article about probates after 1857.

To look for a probate record before 1858:

  1. Discover when and where your ancestor died. If you don’t know, use the approximate date and place where they lived.
  2. Go to Court Jurisdictions section below.
  3. Click a letter or span of letters for your place. This opens a jurisdictions table.
  4. Follow the instructions on the jurisdictions table page.

Court Jurisdictions by Parish

Before 1858, every town and parish in Cumberland was under the probate jurisdiction of a primary court and several secondary courts.  When searching for the will of an ancestor, find the name of the town or parish where he/she lived in the jurisdictions lists. Go to the list of places by clicking on a letter or series of letters below.

      A  B-C D-H I-N O-T U-Z


Cumberland Probate Courts

The following ecclesiastical courts had some probate jurisdiction over the county of Cumberland prior to 1858. Click on a court name to learn more about its records, indexes and finding a probate for your ancestor. To determine which court, go to the Court Jurisdictions section below.

In addition, the Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury had jurisdiction over the whole of England and specifically in the following cases.

  • Wealthy individuals
  • People who owned property in more than one county
  • Military and naval personnel
  • People who lived or owned property outside England

Appeals Courts

Any probate that was disputed and could not be settled by the county courts could be sent to these higher appeals courts:

The Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury also served as an appeals court.

Probate Indexes

Before looking for a will, you should search a probate index. It will save time and give a reference to finding a copy of a will. A few indexes are mentioned here. Others indexes, especially if they only index the wills for one court, are mentioned on each court page.

Online Indexes

Wills of Cumberland: Abstracts of Cumberland Probate Records pre-1858  contains for several parishes in Cumberland.

Printed or Filmed Indexes

Indexes are found in archives and in the Family History Library. Click here to see a list of the library's holdings for indexes and wills. Films can be viewed in the library or in a family history center.

Some Explanatory Notes on the Cumberland Probate Courts

The original probate records are housed in one of four record offices in the following cities: Barrow, Kendall, Carlisle, and Whitehaven. Links to these offices are found on the Cumbria Archive Service site.

Estate Duty Records

Starting in 1796, a tax or death duty was payable on estates over a certain value. Estate duty abstracts may add considerable information not found elsewhere. Estate duty indexes may help locate a will. For more information, go to Estate Duty Records.

Probates After 1857

Beginning in 1858, the government took over the settlement of estates and all wills are now probated through the Principal Probate Registry system. For more information, go to Principal Probate Registry.