Difference between revisions of "Cumberland Probate Records"

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''[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Cumberland]]''
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''[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Cumberland]]''  
  
The following article is about probate records in the county of Cumberland. To read general information about English probate records click [[England Probate Records|here]].  
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The following article is about probate records in the county of Cumberland. For general information about English probate records, click [[England Probate Records|here]].  
  
 
== Getting Started  ==
 
== Getting Started  ==
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''Probate'' is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. The Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process until to 1858. Beginning in 1858, authority over probate matters was taken from ecclesiastical courts and put under the civil authority of the Principal Probate Registry. The Post-1857 Probate Records section below contains links to additional information about the records of this court.  
 
''Probate'' is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. The Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process until to 1858. Beginning in 1858, authority over probate matters was taken from ecclesiastical courts and put under the civil authority of the Principal Probate Registry. The Post-1857 Probate Records section below contains links to additional information about the records of this court.  
  
To look for a probate record before 1858:<br>
+
To look for a probate record before 1858:<br>  
  
#Discover when and where your ancestor died. If you don’t know, use the approximate date and place where they lived. <br>
+
#Discover when and where your ancestor died. If you don’t know, use the approximate date and place where they lived. <br>  
#Go to [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Cumberland_Probate_Records#Court_Jurisdictions Court Jurisdictions] section below.<br>
+
#Go to [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Cumberland_Probate_Records#Court_Jurisdictions Court Jurisdictions] section below.<br>  
#Click a letter or span of letters for your place. This opens a jurisdictions table.<br>
+
#Click a letter or span of letters for your place. This opens a jurisdictions table.<br>  
 
#Follow the instructions on the jurisdictions table page.<br>
 
#Follow the instructions on the jurisdictions table page.<br>
  
 
== Cumberland Probate Courts  ==
 
== Cumberland Probate Courts  ==
  
The following ecclesiastical courts had some probate jurisdiction over the county of Cumberland prior to 1858. Click on a court name to learn more about its records, indexes and finding a probate for your ancestor. To determine which court, go to the [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Cumberland_Probate_Records#Court_Jurisdictions Court Jurisdictions] section below.<br>
+
The following ecclesiastical courts had some probate jurisdiction over the county of Cumberland prior to 1858. Click on a court name to learn more about its records, indexes and finding a probate for your ancestor. To determine which court, go to the [https://wiki.familysearch.org/en/Cumberland_Probate_Records#Court_Jurisdictions Court Jurisdictions] section below.<br>  
  
 
*[[Court of the Bishop of Carlisle (Episcopal Consistory)]]  
 
*[[Court of the Bishop of Carlisle (Episcopal Consistory)]]  
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*[[Exchequer and Prerogative Courts of the Archbishop of York]]<br>
 
*[[Exchequer and Prerogative Courts of the Archbishop of York]]<br>
  
In addition, the [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]] had jurisdiction over the whole of England and specifically in the following cases.<br>
+
In addition, the [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]] had jurisdiction over the whole of England and specifically in the following cases.<br>  
  
*Wealthy individuals<br>
+
*Wealthy individuals<br>  
*People who owned property in more than one county<br>
+
*People who owned property in more than one county<br>  
*Military and naval personnel<br>
+
*Military and naval personnel<br>  
 
*People who lived or owned property outside England<br>
 
*People who lived or owned property outside England<br>
  
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*[[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]].
 
*[[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]].
  
== Some Explanatory Notes on the Cumberland Probate Courts<br> ==
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== Some Explanatory Notes on the Cumberland Probate Courts<br> ==
  
 
Cumberland has four&nbsp;record offices where probate material is kept. These are in Barrow, Kendall, Carlisle, and&nbsp;Whitehaven. Links to these offices are found on the [http://www.cumbria.gov.uk/archives/recordoffices/default.asp Cumbria Archive Service] site.  
 
Cumberland has four&nbsp;record offices where probate material is kept. These are in Barrow, Kendall, Carlisle, and&nbsp;Whitehaven. Links to these offices are found on the [http://www.cumbria.gov.uk/archives/recordoffices/default.asp Cumbria Archive Service] site.  
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== Court Jurisdictions  ==
 
== Court Jurisdictions  ==
  
Before 1858, every town and parish in Cumberland was under the probate jurisdiction of a primary court and several secondary courts.&nbsp; When searching for the will of an ancestor, find the name of the town or parish where he/she lived in the jurisdictions lists. Go to the list of places by clicking on a letter or series of letters below.<br>
+
Before 1858, every town and parish in Cumberland was under the probate jurisdiction of a primary court and several secondary courts.&nbsp; When searching for the will of an ancestor, find the name of the town or parish where he/she lived in the jurisdictions lists. Go to the list of places by clicking on a letter or series of letters below.<br>  
  
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" style="width: 360px; height: 30px" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0"
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{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" style="width: 360px; height: 30px;" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 
|-
 
|-
 
| &nbsp;  
 
| &nbsp;  
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== Probate Indexes  ==
 
== Probate Indexes  ==
  
Before looking for a will, you should search a probate index. It will save time and give a reference to finding a copy of a will.<br>
+
Before looking for a will, you should search a probate index. It will save time and give a reference to finding a copy of a will.<br>  
  
==== Online Indexes<br> ====
+
==== Online Indexes<br> ====
  
Indexes that cover only one court are listed in the article for the specific court. The following Web site contains a probate index for several parishes in Cumberland. <br>[http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/CUL/ProbateRecords/index.html ''Wills of Cumberland: Abstracts of Cumberland Probate Records pre-1858'']&nbsp; <br>
+
Indexes that cover only one court are listed in the article for the specific court. The following Web site contains a probate index for several parishes in Cumberland. <br>[http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/CUL/ProbateRecords/index.html ''Wills of Cumberland: Abstracts of Cumberland Probate Records pre-1858'']&nbsp; <br>  
  
==== Printed or Filmed Indexes<br> ====
+
==== Printed or Filmed Indexes<br> ====
  
 
Indexes are found in archives and in the Family History Library. To find the ones in the library,  
 
Indexes are found in archives and in the Family History Library. To find the ones in the library,  
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#Click on the title that includes the name of the court and the time period.
 
#Click on the title that includes the name of the court and the time period.
  
Many indexes are in the same catalog record as the original copies. They are not under the topic Probate-Indexes. If an index is not listed, go to the topic Probate Records. <br>
+
Many indexes are in the same catalog record as the original copies. They are not under the topic Probate-Indexes. If an index is not listed, go to the topic Probate Records. <br>  
  
== Estate Duty Records<br> ==
+
== Estate Duty Records<br> ==
  
Starting in 1796, a tax or death duty was payable on estates over a certain value. Estate duty abstracts may add considerable information not found elsewhere. Estate duty indexes may help locate a will. For more information, go to [[Estate Duty Records]].<br>
+
Starting in 1796, a tax or death duty was payable on estates over a certain value. Estate duty abstracts may add considerable information not found elsewhere. Estate duty indexes may help locate a will. For more information, go to [[Estate Duty Records]].<br>  
  
 
== Post-1857 Probate Records  ==
 
== Post-1857 Probate Records  ==
  
Beginning in 1858, the government took over the&nbsp;settlement of estates and all&nbsp;wills are now probated through the Principal Probate Registry system. For more information, go to [[Principal Probate Registry]].<br>
+
Beginning in 1858, the government took over the&nbsp;settlement of estates and all&nbsp;wills are now probated through the Principal Probate Registry system. For more information, go to [[Principal Probate Registry]].<br>  
  
<br>
+
<br>  
  
 
[[Category:England]] [[Category:Cumberland]]
 
[[Category:England]] [[Category:Cumberland]]

Revision as of 20:33, 9 June 2009

England Gotoarrow.png Cumberland

The following article is about probate records in the county of Cumberland. For general information about English probate records, click here.

Getting Started

Probate is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. The Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process until to 1858. Beginning in 1858, authority over probate matters was taken from ecclesiastical courts and put under the civil authority of the Principal Probate Registry. The Post-1857 Probate Records section below contains links to additional information about the records of this court.

To look for a probate record before 1858:

  1. Discover when and where your ancestor died. If you don’t know, use the approximate date and place where they lived.
  2. Go to Court Jurisdictions section below.
  3. Click a letter or span of letters for your place. This opens a jurisdictions table.
  4. Follow the instructions on the jurisdictions table page.

Cumberland Probate Courts

The following ecclesiastical courts had some probate jurisdiction over the county of Cumberland prior to 1858. Click on a court name to learn more about its records, indexes and finding a probate for your ancestor. To determine which court, go to the Court Jurisdictions section below.

In addition, the Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury had jurisdiction over the whole of England and specifically in the following cases.

  • Wealthy individuals
  • People who owned property in more than one county
  • Military and naval personnel
  • People who lived or owned property outside England

Appeals Courts

Any probate that was disputed and could not be settled by the county courts could be sent to these higher appeals courts:

Some Explanatory Notes on the Cumberland Probate Courts

Cumberland has four record offices where probate material is kept. These are in Barrow, Kendall, Carlisle, and Whitehaven. Links to these offices are found on the Cumbria Archive Service site.

Court Jurisdictions

Before 1858, every town and parish in Cumberland was under the probate jurisdiction of a primary court and several secondary courts.  When searching for the will of an ancestor, find the name of the town or parish where he/she lived in the jurisdictions lists. Go to the list of places by clicking on a letter or series of letters below.

      A  B-C D-H I-N O-T U-Z

Probate Indexes

Before looking for a will, you should search a probate index. It will save time and give a reference to finding a copy of a will.

Online Indexes

Indexes that cover only one court are listed in the article for the specific court. The following Web site contains a probate index for several parishes in Cumberland.
Wills of Cumberland: Abstracts of Cumberland Probate Records pre-1858 

Printed or Filmed Indexes

Indexes are found in archives and in the Family History Library. To find the ones in the library,

  1. Go to the catalog.
  2. Click Place Search.
  3. Type Cumberland and click Search.
  4. Scroll down and click the topic Probate Records--Indexes.
  5. Click on the title that includes the name of the court and the time period.

Many indexes are in the same catalog record as the original copies. They are not under the topic Probate-Indexes. If an index is not listed, go to the topic Probate Records.

Estate Duty Records

Starting in 1796, a tax or death duty was payable on estates over a certain value. Estate duty abstracts may add considerable information not found elsewhere. Estate duty indexes may help locate a will. For more information, go to Estate Duty Records.

Post-1857 Probate Records

Beginning in 1858, the government took over the settlement of estates and all wills are now probated through the Principal Probate Registry system. For more information, go to Principal Probate Registry.