Cumberland County, Illinois Genealogy

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Cumberland County, Illinois
Map of Illinois highlighting Cumberland County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the U.S. highlighting Illinois
Location of Illinois in the U.S.
Founded: March 2, 1843
County Seat Toledo
Cumberland County Courthouse.gif
Photo courtesy Illinois Regional Archives Depository, Illinois State Archives
Address Cumberland County Courthouse
140 Courthouse Square
Toledo, Illinois 62468
(217) 849-2631
Cumberland County Website

United States Gotoarrow.png IllinoisGotoarrow.png Cumberland County

County Organization

Cumberland County's civil records start the following years:

Beginning Dates for Cumberland County Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1885 1880 1844 1850 1885 1884

County records are most often kept at the County Courthouse or another local repository. For further information about where the records for Cumberland County are kept, see the Cumberland County Courthouse page.

Historical Facts

Cumberland County is named for the Cumberland Road, which was named for the town of Cumberland, Maryland.

Boundary Changes

  • 2 March 1843: - Cumberland County was created from Coles County. [1]

Record Loss

5 November 1885: Courthouse burned and many records were damaged.

For further information on researching in burned counties, see the following:

Records and Resources



Gotoarrow.png Illinois Cemeteries for more information.

Bibliography Online Gravestone Transcriptions Cemetery Gazetteers
FHLC Find A Grave | national search | county list Cemetery Location Project
(Illinois State Genealogical Society)
WorldCat USGenWeb Tombstone Transcription Project ePodunk


For information and tips on accessing census records online, see Illinois Census.


Historical populations
Census Pop.
IL Counties 1900-1990


Centennial Celebrations, etc

Church History and Records

Court Records

Ethnic Research

African American

The following have information concerning African American research.


Mailing Lists

Message Boards


Land and Property

Gotoarrow.png Illinois Land and Property for more information.


Military History and Records

Civil War

Civil War service men from Cumberland County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies or regiments that were formed from men of Cumberland County.

- 21st Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company B.
- 59th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company F.
- 97th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Companies B and D.
  • Illinois Trails History and Genealogy. 1862-1863 military census of males aged 18 to 45 in various towns of Cumberland County, who were eligible for Civil War military duty (accessed 2 Jun 2011).



Toledo Democrat
802 Court House Square
P.O. Box 7
Toledo, IL 62468
(217) 849-2000

Greenup Press
104 W. Cumberland St.
P.O. Box 127
Greenup, IL 62428
(217) 923-3704

Neoga News
577 Chestnut Ave.
P.O. Box 250
Neoga, IL 62447
(217) 895-2234


Probate Records

Gotoarrow.png Illinois Probate Records for more information.


County Courthouse

County records are most often kept at the County Courthouse or another local repository. For further information about where the records for Cumberland County are kept, see the Cumberland County Courthouse page.

Family History Centers

There are over 4500 Family History Centers worldwide which serve as branch facilities of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah.  Volunteers provide research assistance to help patrons identify their ancestors.  Microfilm and microfiche may be ordered from the FHL collection at a nominal cost.  Locate your nearest Family History Center at the FamilySearch website.  Call ahead to verify operating hours.  All are welcome.

The following centers are accessible to residents of Cumberland County, Illinois:

Champaign Illinois Family History Center
604 W Windsor Rd
Champaign, Champaign, Illinois
Phone: 217-352-8063
Hours: Thur-Sat 9:30-12:30pm; Thur 7pm-9pm; or by appt

Danville Illinois Family History Center 
1941 N Bowman Ave
Danville, Vermilion, Illinois
Phone: 217-446-5887
Hours: Sat 9:30am-2pm

Terre Haute Indiana Family History Center 
1845 N 6 1/2 St
Terre Haute, Vigo, Indiana
Phone: 812-234-0269
Hours: Tue 6:30 p.m. - 8 p.m.
Closed: Mondays after 6:00 p.m., all major holidays, inclement weather, whenever Vigo school are on delays or early dismissals.
Attention: The Center is also available by appointment.

Please note: Addresses posted are not mailing addresses. Due to limited staff, Family History Centers are unable to respond to mail inquiries.

Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD)

The Illinois State Archives administers a system of Illinois Regional Archives Depositories (IRAD) to manage the archival records of local governments.  Local governments which have transferred records to the regional depositories include counties, townships, municipalities, and school districts.  The records of Cumberland County come under the jurisdiction of the Eastern Illinois University (EIU) regional depository.

Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD)
Booth Library
Eastern Illinois University (EIU)
600 Lincoln Avenue
Charleston, IL 61920
Telephone: (217) 581-6093

Hours: Monday – Friday, except state holidays
9:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m.; 1:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m.

Note: The depository is staffed by graduate student interns. Because of class scheduling conflicts, hours may vary somewhat from the published schedule. Researchers are urged to call before planning a visit.


Sumpter Township Library
Court House Square
P.O. Box 67
Toledo, IL 62468
(217) 849-2072

Greenup Carnegie Library
101 N. Mill
P.O. Box 275
Greenup, IL 62428
(217) 923-3616

Neoga District Library
550 Chestnut Ave.
Neoga, IL 62447
(217) 895-3944

Social Groups Online


Cumberland County Historical and Genealogical Society
216 Cumberland St. Box 582
Greenup, Illinois 62428
Phone: (217) 923-9306


Vital Records

Gotoarrow.png Illinois Vital Records for more information.





Databases pertinent to Cumberland County


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.; Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002 WorldCat 50140092, FHL Book 973 D27e 2002