Cumberland, England Genealogy

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Cumberland is a maritime and border county in England, bounded on the north by Scotland.

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 "CUMBERLAND, a maritime and border county bounded on the N by the Solway frith and Scotland, on the E by Northumberland and Durham, on the SE and S by Westmoreland and Lancashire, and on the W by the Irish sea...

"The county contains 106 parishes and 5 extra-parochial places... eighteen towns are market-towns; and there are upwards of 340 smaller towns, villages, and hamlets...

"The county is governed by a lord-lieutenant, a high sheriff, 12 deputy-lieutenants, and about 85 magistrates; and is in the Northern judiciary circuit, and in the diocese of Carlisle. The assizes and the quarter sessions are held at Carlisle...

"[The number of] marriages, in 1860, [was] 1,501, -of which 650 were not according to the rites of the Established church; births, 6,716, -of which 815 were illegitimate; deaths, 4,595, -of which 1,611 were at ages under 5 years, and 148 at ages above 85. The places of worship in 1851 were 161 of the Church of England, 2 of the Church of Scotland, 5 of the English Presbyterian church, 10 of the United Presbyterian church, 24 of Independents, 9 of Baptists, 20 of Quakers, 1 of Unitarians, 96 of Wesleyan Methodists, 23 of Primitive Methodists, 17 of the Wesleyan Association, 2 of Brethren, 7 of isolated congregations, 4 of Latter Day Saints, and 8 of Roman Catholics...

"Pop., in 1801, 117, 230; in 1821, 156, 124; in 1841, 178, 038; in 1861, 205, 276..."

The above extract is from: John Marius Wilson, Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870-72).  For the full account, go to Vision of Britain

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