Crawford County, Wisconsin Genealogy

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United States
Crawford County

Guide to Crawford County, Wisconsin ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Prairie du Chien
Organized: December 3, 1818
Parent County(s): Michigan Territory
Neighboring Counties
Allamakee (IA)  • Clayton (IA)  • Vernon  • Richland  • Grant
See County Maps
Crawford County Wisconsin CourtHouse.jpg
Location Map
WI Crawford.png

County Information


The County was named for William H. Crawford. The County has Prairie du Chien as its seat and the County was created 1818. The County is located in the southwest area of the state.[1]

County Courthouse

Crawford County Courthouse
220 N Beaumont Road
Prairie du Chien, WI 53821-1405
Phone: 608-326-0200
Crawford County Website

County Clerk has birth records from 1866, marriage records from 1820, death and burial records from 1880, divorce and court records from 1848 and probate records from 1819.[2]

Crawford County, Wisconsin Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1858 1816 1820 1819 1820

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes

  • 1818--Created as original county from Michigan Territory on December 3, 1818.
  • County seat: Prairie du Chien,br>

For animated maps illustrating Wisconsin County boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Wisconsin County Boundary Maps" (1790-1961) may be viewed for free at the website.

Populated Places


Unincorporated communities

History Timeline


Bible Records


Business, Commerce, and Occupations


Cemeteries of Crawford County, Wisconsin online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Wisconsin Cemeteries for more information


Census Records

For tips on accessing Crawford census records online, see: Wisconsin Census.

State Census

  • 1855 - 1855 Wisconsin State Census This census includes name of head of family; other individuals in the household are identified by sex and race, number of deaf and dumb, blind, insane and foreign born.
  • 1865 - 1865 Wisconsin State Census Name index and images of the 1865 State Census which names the head of household. Most records have been destroyed but schedules exist for the following counties: Dunn, Green, Jackson, Kewaunee, Ozaukee, and Sheboygan.
  • 1875 - 1875 Wisconsin State Census Identifies head of household by name.
  • 1885 - Wisconsin State Census, 1885 at FamilySearch — index and images. Search indexed census.Identifies by name of head of household. Other information is statistical and identifies the rest of the household by race, gender and country of birth.
  • 1895 - Wisconsin State Census, 1895 at FamilySearch — index and images. Identifies head of household by name. Other information is statistical.
  • 1905 - Wisconsin State Census, 1905 at FamilySearch — Name index and images of population. Enumerates by name all inhabitants.

Federal Census

Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Wisconsin denominations, view the Wisconsin Church Records wiki page.

Our Savior's Lutheran Church, Soldier's Grove

  • Records of Our Savior's Lutheran Church, Soldier's Grove, in Evangelical Lutheran Church in America database at ($).[4]

Prairie du Chien

  • Records of the American Lutheran Church, Prairie du Chien, in Evangelical Lutheran Church in America database at ($).


  • Records of the American Lutheran Church, Wauzeka, in Evangelical Lutheran Church in America database at ($).

Court Records


Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes



Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Wisconsin Land and Property for additional information about early Wisconsin land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Wisconsin Land Patents Database, Crawford County Records (USGenWeb Archives)

Local Histories

Maps and Gazetteers



Military Records

Civil War

Regiments. Service men in Crawford served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Crawford:

- 3rd Regiment, Wisconsin Cavalry, Company M
- 6th Regiment, Wisconsin Infantry, Company C
- 8th Regiment, Wisconsin Infantry, Company F
- 9th Regiment, Wisconsin Infantry, Company D
- 12th Regiment, Wisconsin Infantry, Company K

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship



Other Records


Probate Records

Probate records are held by the Crawford Clerk of Circuit Court and are housed at the Crawford Courthouse. See the wiki page Wisconsin Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, and adoptions.

Online Records

School Records

Tax Records

Wisconsin tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned property or other items that could be taxed were listed, some residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records. For more information see the Wiki page, Wisconsin Taxation.

Vital Records

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Most counties started keeping records in the 1870s. In 1907, the counties began sending copies to the state.

For pre-1907 births, deaths, and marriages, search the Wisconsin Genealogy Index.

For additional information, see Wisconsin Vital Records.





Research Facilities


  • Area Research Center - University of Wisconsin-Platteville
    Southwest Wisconsin Room-Karrmann Library
    One University Plaza
    Platteville, WI 53818-3099
    Phone: 608-342-1719

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.


  • Southwest Wisconsin Room-Karrmann Library
    Area Research Center - University of Wisconsin-Platteville
    One University Plaza
    Platteville, WI 53818-3099
    Phone: 608-342-1719
  • The Lower Wisconsin River Genealogical and Historical Research Center
    60401 Wachuta Rd
    Prairie du Chien, WI 53821



  • Crawford County Historical Society
    RFD 1, Box 17
    Ferryville, WI 54628-9789
    Phone: 608-734-3192
  • Crawford County Historical Society
    17933 State Highway 27 South
    Mt. Sterling, WI, 54645-0072
    Phone: 608-734-3192
  • Hauge Norwegian History Center
    Jacob Vedvik
    56302 County Rd B
    Ferryville, 54628
    Phone: 608-734-3192
    Hours: Open by appointment for genealogical research
    Plan Your Visit: Town of Freeman - 2 miles West of Rising Sun on County Rd B
  • Prairie du Chien Historical Society
    202 S Wacouta Ave
    Prairie du Chien, WI 53821
    Phone: 608-326-6321


Research Guides


  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Crawford County, Wisconsin " in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, ",_Wisconsin."
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Wisconsin.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Crawford County, Wisconsin," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Wisconsin#Communities, accessed 12 August 2018.
  4. "Evangelical Lutheran Church in America: An Inventory of Selected Congregational Records of the American Lutheran Church in Minnesota at the Minnesota Historical Society," Collection Finding Aids, Minnesota Historical Society,, accessed 10 June 2013.